SYMPTOMS OF CEREBRAL PALSY–
Symptoms of cerebral palsy differs from person to person. These symptoms ranges from mild to severe. It mainly involves one side or both sides of the body or involves both arms and the legs. These symptoms mainly seen before 2 years of age and sometimes it can be seen as early as 3 months. most of the time parents mislead about children delay in reaching or developmental stages like rolling, crawling and sitting.
Symptoms of spastic cerebral palsy include tightness in muscles, gait become abnormal and arms get tucked toward the sides, legs make ” SCISSORS”. Joint contractures are common i.e. joint becomes tight and do not open up all the way. There is weakness in the muscles or loss of movements mainly in the group of muscles. Abnormal movements like Twisting or writhing in hands, feet or legs get worsen during stressful conditions. Tremors are also common. There is loss of coordination.
Learning disabilities are common but intelligence is normal. Speech problem i.e. dysarthria is common. Hearing or visual problems can be felt. Seizures are very common. Sometime adult patients feel pain which is very difficult to manage. Usually there is difficulty in sucking or feeding in infants. Problem in swallowing or feeling of vomiting or constipation occurs. Irregular breathing occurs. Urinary continence is common. In some cases patient may drool also.
SIGNS AND TESTS–
There is mainly no medical test that confirms cerebral palsy. Diagnosis mainly involves medical history of both mother’s and father’s families. Check mother’s medical problems before and during pregnancy. Various blood and urine test may be checked. In order to rule out genetic syndrome analysis of child chromosome or DNA testing should be done. Other tests include–
ULTRASOUND OF THE BRAIN–
It can be done in order to detect various type of abnormalities. With ultrasound you can show bleeding in the brain or damage due to lack of oxygen to the brain.
CT SCAN OF BRAIN–
With this you can identify malformation , hemorrhages or certain abnormalities more clearer than the ultrasound.
MRI OF BRAIN–
With this test you can identify brain structures and their abnormalities.
With this test you can identify certain seizure disorders.
It may be helpful in differentiating Cerebral palsy from other muscle or nerve disorders.