In a new baby born, the first diagnosis will be done according to how the child looks. However, it will be hard to know the extent of the problem without further tests. The level of the bilirubin in the blood will help the doctor to know the treatment that he will give to your child.
The tests will be physical exam, laboratory tests of the blood sample and the skin test. If the doctor thinks that there is any other cause of the disorder, then he can order extra tests for urine and blood.
In case the child is suffering mild jaundice, it can disappear in just few days or weeks. However if the jaundice is severe, then he can need to stay in the nursery or to get admitted into a hospital.
The treatment in new baby born can include the following.
Light therapy also known as phototherapy. This will require placing the baby under a special light which emits blue green spectrum. The light will change the bilirubin molecules into the way that will make it easier to be excreted into the stool or in the urine.
Intravenous immunoglobulin, this is the treatment that is given to the baby in case the jaundice was caused by a difference in blood type of the baby and the mother. The antibodies in the blood of the baby will cause the breakdown of the blood cells into the baby’s system. The child can also need transfusion. This happens when the baby’s jaundice is not responding to other treatment given.