Hemiplegia In Stroke
- focal seizures
– There is difficulty in walking
– Difficulty with balance while standing
– Difficulty with fine hand activity like holding, writing, using a spoon.
– There is continous stiffness and spasms in the muscles
– Weakness on affected side
– Seizures are common
– There is Bowel or bladder incontinence
– Delay in developmental growth like crawling, standing, smiling or jumping
– In many children who have cerebral palsy, the mental development is not normal and the IQ is usually below 70
– In adults who suffer from hemiplegia the mental effects depend on severity of the injury.
Once hemiplegia stroke has developed in children, it does not progress but there may be problems associated with muscle spasticity, joint contractures and formation of pressure sores. Mild cases of the disorder may improve and these children may be able to use a wheel chair or an ambulatory like a walking aid. Severe cases are either bed ridden or confined to a wheel chair.
Drugs which are mainly used to reduce muscle spasms and seizures. Sometimes surgery may be done to reduce joint contractures and increase mobility in the joints. Other individuals may benefit from use of orthotic devices, braces and splints. These devices may help the individual to become more independent and be able to walk. Those individuals who are not able to eat may need placement of a feeding tube in the stomach. Physical therapy can increase range of motion in the joint, prevent contractures and may help individuals to become mobile if done regularly.