Jaundice in Adults

Talking about jaundice, the question that one needs to ask is that what  is pathological jaundice? What is the link between jaundice in newborn babies and adults based on the bilirubin levels in the blood? In the newly born, jaundice is not harmful mostly and is classified as neonatal type. Regarding pathological jaundice, whether it is in newborns or adults, this is a condition that poses a risk to health and sometimes it may be harmful. In the neonatal jaundice, it takes few days for liver to adjust and work properly after birth. Until the liver adjusts, the bilirubin is not removed effectively, so, it builds up in the body and causes symptoms like yellowish tone of skin and yellow eyes.

If one suffers from the pathological jaundice, then this condition can follow through his entire life. In this condition, bilirubin level is not being handled correctly and it builds up in the body. This condition can result due to blood transfusion incompatibilities, viral infections, Hepatitis, blood diseases, genetic disorders, infections, blocked bile duct and drug and medications. The link between jaundice and every age group is the excessive level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is pigment produced in body by liver when red blood cells are recycled. The normal level of the bilirubin in blood is one milligram per deciliter (1mg/dl) but if it exceeds this amount the one may see yellowing of skin and eyes. Unlike neonatal type of jaundice, pathological jaundice will take time to get better.

The link between neonatal type of jaundice and pathological jaundice is that there is something wrong with the body in handling the bilirubin and body cannot effectively remove it due to some disease or any underlying condition. Conditions like Hepatitis and damage to liver by virus are life threatening conditions. If the cause of jaundice occurs in childhood and cannot be corrected, then it follows the person in the adulthood as well.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Yellow jaundice

Yellow jaundice is the name given to jaundice and it is because of the yellowish pigmentation of the conjunctival membrane, of the skin or the white of the eyes. It can also cause mucous membrane to turn yellow in addition of hyperbilirubinemia. When the level of the bilirubin gets high, then the bilirubin can begin to get into extracellular fluid.

It is hard to know the level of the damage of the liver accurately. The liver damage symptoms in the early stages look exactly like the symptoms found in other diseases. The early symptoms are pain in the liver, fatigue and the feel of being sick. Sometime they can be accompanied by diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea and weakness. After getting the above symptoms, the patient can show additional symptoms when the liver is seriously damaged. The color of the skin will begin to turn yellow, in severe cases the eyes can turn also yellow. This is caused by the high level of bilirubin into the blood. Cholestasis is the reduced or a complete absence of the bile flow. The bile can be blocked into the liver or even outside the liver. This will include abdominal discomfort and the patient can begin to vomit blood because of  stomach hemorrhage. Because of the losing of fat and water, the patient can begin to lose weight. In this case, the patient should keep away from food that has sugar and unhealthy fats.  He can also reduce the symptoms by eating green vegetables and fruits.

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Jaundice Treatment

The treatment of jaundice normally depends on the underlying problem that lead to the symptoms in the first place. When the diagnosis of the problem has been made, then the treatment of the problem can begin. Sometime the patient can be required to be hospitalized or he can take the medicine home.

The treatment can be watchful waiting in your home with totally rest.  The doctor can choose to give intravenous fluids, medication, blood transfusion and antibiotics. If the cause is any toxin or any drug, then it has to be stopped immediately.

Sometime surgical treatment can be needed. According to the underlying problem, in addition of the IV fluids, antibiotics or blood transfusion, the patient may need to get additional medicine for vomiting, nausea or pain. The patient may need also to be treated by radiation, chemotherapy and the phototherapy for the new baby born.

In addition, of the medical attention found in the hospital, the patient also has to take care of himself at home. Additional care at home can be the following. You have to make sure that you keep hydrated by drinking enough fluids. Take the medicines as the doctor has instructed. Do not use any additional herb and supplements which you do not know their side effects. You should never take alcohol until the doctor tells that it is alright. The doctor may recommend to keep away from certain foods. If it is a new baby born, then you can be asked to place the child near a well lit place.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Jaundice Symptoms

Sometime the person who is suffering from jaundice can have other underlying diseases, condition or even disorders.  People who are suffering with jaundice will also show the symptoms that are identified with these other diseases.

In adults, adolescent, and children, the following are symptoms that will accompany the jaundice. The person can begin by having brown or dark urine, abdominal pain, symptoms that can be confused as flu symptoms such as cough, pains, aches or headaches. The person can also begin to suffer itchy skin, generally feeling of being ill or malaise. The person can begin to suffer nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. The stool can begin to be clay-colored or pale. The person can suffer poor appetite, some unexplained weight loss and to feel weak.

Even if the above are symptoms that can show that someone has the jaundice, there are some symptoms that can show that someone is in a life threatening situation and he has to get the doctors’ immediate attention. Ascites ( the swelling caused by the fluid on the abdomen). Breeding, if the patient begins to vomit or to pass stools with the blood.  The patient can have a changed ability in alertness or consciousness like passing out. The person can have a changed mental status like confusion. The patient can suffer shortness in breathing and difficulty in breathing. The person can feel severe weakness, shakiness and muscle tremors or acute edema on legs. If your child has fussiness, lack of urine and stool, problems in breastfeeding and unresponsiveness, you should call for the doctor immediately

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Jaundice in Newborns

In a new baby born, the first diagnosis will be done according to how the child looks. However, it will be hard to know the extent of the problem without further tests. The level of the bilirubin in the blood will help the doctor to know the treatment that he will give to your child.

The tests will be physical exam, laboratory tests of the blood sample and the skin test. If the doctor thinks that there is any other cause of the disorder, then he can order extra tests for urine and blood.

In case the child is suffering mild jaundice, it can disappear  in just few days or weeks. However if the jaundice is severe, then he can need to stay in the nursery or to get admitted into a hospital.

The treatment in new baby born can include the following.

Light therapy also known as phototherapy. This will require placing the baby under a special light which emits blue green spectrum. The light will change the bilirubin molecules into the way that will make it easier to be excreted into the stool or in the urine.

Intravenous immunoglobulin, this is the treatment that is given to the baby in case the jaundice was caused by a difference in blood type of the baby and the mother. The antibodies in the blood of the baby will cause the breakdown of the blood cells into the baby’s system. The child can also need transfusion. This  happens when the baby’s jaundice is not responding to other treatment given.

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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What is Jaundice

The jaundice is the name given to the sickness that turns the mucous membranes, skin and white of eyes into a yellow color. It is also called icterus and it is the result of bilirubin in blood. The bilirubin is a result of old red cells in the blood. In normal cases, bilirubin has to be processed by the use of the liver and it is mixed with bile before it gets excreted into the feces.

Sometime the children can be born with the yellowing of the eyes and skin which is the condition known as newborn jaundice. This is a common problem and it can be found in more than 60% new babies.

In some cases, this problem does not need any treatment. However to be in the safe side, you have to contact your childcare provider if you see any yellowing of the skin or the eyes. This is to monitor and to evaluate the level of bilirubin in your child’s blood.

In children or in adult, the jaundice will be build up if there is any sickness that affects the liver and which can make the liver to dysfunction or to get damaged. Sometime the problem also can cause the bile duct to block. The problem that can cause the bile duct blockage are gallstones and pancreatitis.

Serious diseases than can cause the damage of the liver are cirrhosis or hepatitis. The jaundice can be caused by hemolytic anemia. Any other problems that cause the destruction of red blood cells also cause the jaundice.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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What are the Causes of Jaundice

In normal situation, the body gets rid of all old red blood cells while replacing them with the new blood cells. The bilirubin or a yellow pigment will be left behind after this process. The bile which is mixed with the feces after this process will ensure the elimination of the bilirubin in the feces.

Any problem, disorder and condition that will cause the problem in the above process will make the bilirubin to build up  in the blood system. The causes of jaundice are different in adult, in children or in new baby born.

In the newborn babies, the jaundice is common and in normal circumstances it is not serious. It gets disappeared within two weeks. This is because when a woman is pregnant, her liver helps the baby to process the bilirubin but when the child is born, the child liver will take time to learn how to process the bilirubin. This will result in yellowing of the eyes and of the skin in the new baby born. However if the jaundice in the child is caused by the infection,  blood disorder, biliary atresia and liver disease can cause serious problem in the baby.

The jaundice in the adult can be caused by the bile duct obstruction or narrowing caused by pancreatitis or gallstones,  Cancer of the pancreas or liver, cirrhosis, drug induced cholestasis, hepatitis, malaria, ischemic hepatocellular or obstruction of bile duct caused by the pregnancy. Sometime the jaundice can be caused by hemolytic anemia or sickle cell anemia.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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