Five Tips For a Succesful Phlebotomy
1. A comprehensive knowledge of the human body is required to locate a suitable vein
There are three veins found in the cubital fossa which are considered to be the most favorable sites for phlebotomy. Those three veins are; Basilic vein, Median cubital vein, and the cephalic vein. Due to how thin the superficial skin of the area is, these veins can be easily located by anyone, it is simple to insert a needle and draw blood. Phlebotomy can only be mastered when you have fully learned the basic physiology and anatomy of the human body. You can do a course, though many suggest getting real phlebotomy experience while working.
2. Phlebotomy operation tips to collect a specimen
For patients, the procedure of collecting blood should be a fast and simple one. Make sure that the proper track is being followed. It is important to remain steady and go slow. The blood pressure must be measured and the physiological condition of the patient in question must be inspected and assessed. During this procedure, you must remain in a relaxed mood. Keep in mind that if you were not able to collect the specimen during your first attempt, you should never puncture the same suite twice, doing s could cause the patient to panic.
3. During and after a phlebotomy, proper safety precautions should be taken
Once intact skin has been punctured by a needle, the internal tissues have become exposed. The vulnerability of a patient is increased. It is important to maintain hygiene, disinfection and sterilization are crucial. Prior to the procedure, always disinfect the skin. A sterile and disposable syringe should be used to draw blood and you should never exceed the recommend amount of blood.
That being said, make sure that the amount of blood needed by the laboratory technicians and pathologists is drawn and prepared to match the profile requested. Once the procedure is completed, a band aid should be used to cover the area, this will prevent any microorganisms to enter the body.
4. Keep patients and their families well informed
Before any medical procedures are performed, it is important to inform, explain and get the patient’s consent. It is crucial to properly inform your patient, you can advise them as to how best relax their muscles and set their mind at ease. It is also important to explain the procedure or any of the patients family members who are with them. The art of counselling your patients is one that after time,and through experiences, you will come to master.
5. Provide warning about possible side effects and offer dietary suggestions
Any side effects which could occur should be explained to the patient. It is your duty as a phlebotomist to explain side effects that could occur after blood is drawn, such as a hypersensitive reaction, weakness and fatigue. The patient should be told about the importance of increasing their water intake, at least for a week and to eat foods that are rich in iron and proteins.
Although phlebotomy is a routine procedure which should not cause any medical emergencies, there are times when something could go wrong, especially if proper care isn’t taken throughout the entire procedure. By keeping the above mentioned tops on phlebotomy in mind, you can avoid unwanted accidents and have a successful procedure. It is important to be properly trained in phlebotomy, this can help you to further your career.