Stroke complications

Stroke complications

A stroke cause temporary or permanent disabilities, depending on how long the brain suffers a lack of blood flow and which part of the brain was affected.

The most common complications are: • Brain edema  —  In this swelling of the brain  occurs after a stroke. • Seizures —  There is abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing convulsions. • Clinical depression — a treatable illness that often occurs with stroke and causes unwanted emotional and physical
 reactions to changes and losses. • Bedsores —  After stroke pressure ulcers occurs due to decreased ability to move and pressure on areas of the body
because of immobility.
• Limb contractures —  There is shortness of  muscles in an arm or leg  because of  reduuced range of motion or lack of
exercise.
• Shoulder pain — common due to hemiplegia or exercise of an arm. This usually is caused when the affected arm hangs
 resulting on pulling of the arm on the shoulder.
• Deep venous thrombosis — This is because of  blood clots form in veins of the legs because of immobility  due to stroke. • Urinary tract infection and bladder control —  such as urgency and incontinence are common. • Pneumonia — causes breathing problems, a complication of many major illnesses.
   .   Paralysis or loss of muscle movement. Sometimes when there is  a lack of blood flow to the brain  person become paralyzed on one side of the body, or lose control of certain muscles, such as those on one side of the face
  • Difficulty talking or swallowing. A stroke may cause a person to have less control over the way the muscles in the mouth and throat move, which makes it difficult to talk, swallow or eat. A person may also have a hard time in speaking because a stroke has caused aphasia, a condition in which a person has difficulty expressing thoughts through language.
  • Memory loss or trouble with understanding. It’s common that people who’ve had a stroke has some memory loss. Others may find difficulty in making judgments, reasoning and understanding concepts. These complications may improve with rehabilitation therapies.
  • Pain. Some people who have a stroke may have pain, numbness or other strange sensations in parts of their bodies affected by stroke. For example, if a stroke causes lose feeling in left arm, you may develop an uncomfortable tingling sensation in that arm. It may also be sensitive to temperature changes, especially extreme cold. This is called central stroke pain or central pain syndrome (CPS). This complication generally develops several weeks after a stroke, and it may improve as more time passes. But because the pain is caused by a problem in the brain instead of a physical injury, there are few medications to treat CPS.
  • Changes in behavior and self-care. People who have a stroke may become more withdrawn and less social or more impulsive. They may lose the ability to care for themselves and may need a caretaker to help them .

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 22/10/2011

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