Amitriptyline Side Effects

Amitriptyline Side Effects

Antidepressants are mainly used in curing depression. Amitriptyline is also one of the medications used for treating depression, migraines and neuropathic pain. The medication is usually given before going to bed and it helps make patients feel better.

Amitriptyline acts by blocking neurotransmitter reabsorption. The drug is also prescribed to curb chronic pain symptoms. It is very heavy and therefore like every other drug is susceptible to side effects. The side effects of amitriptyline range from very serious to less worrying ones. The adverse effects of this antidepressant drug must cause a patient to panic and it is advisable that the drug is only taken after doctor’s recommendation.

The common and less serious side effects of amitriptyline include a dry mouth, drowsiness, constipation, lightheadedness and dizziness while standing. Dizziness is generally caused by low blood pressure. If symptoms like dizziness show up, then the best thing would be to slowly rise up from your bed while rising up from a sitting or a lying one. Having a dry mouth is also not something to panic for. This can be combated by sucking on ice cubes or sugarless candies. Constipation can be controlled by taking a diet rich in fiber and consuming a lot of fluids.

Other less serious side effects of amitriptyline consist of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and not feeling hungry. These side effects can be curtailed easily. Blurred visions, nightmares and hallucinations are also some of the side effects and they are normal if they occur within limits. However, when these side effects go to extreme levels, then it becomes mandatory to seek physician’s advice. It rarely happens though because the drugs when they are prescribed by doctors, the benefits outweigh the side effects. Blurred vision and headaches are also quite common. It is recommended that the user must not exert himself or herself too much while under the influence of this drug. If a patient is suffering from diabetes, then he or she might experience erratic changes in blood sugar levels. There are increased risks that the person might fall due to weak muscular coordination and tiredness, also the side effects of amitriptyline. One more major side effect that individuals generally complain about is decreased sexual vigour or difficulty in orgasm.

The serious side effects are palpitations, chest pain, pounding heart rate, pain in arm and shoulders and acute numbness on one side of the body. If seizures occur at an ever-increasing rate, then it is risky. Persistent heart burn and shaking are also some of the side effects. Skin rashes, severe bruising and muscle weakness. At times, there might be some problems regarding urination too. It might become less frequent or sometimes you will not urinate at all. Breast swelling might become one of the prominent side effects in men and women. One last side effect is restless movement in eyes, jaws and tongue.

The situation becomes unbearable when the side effects displayed by this drug get uncontrollable. The serious side effects of amitriptyline require immediate attention and must not be delayed at any cost.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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Amitriptyline Hydrochloride 25mg

Amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg is an antidepressant drug that is prescribed only in case of severe and mostly chronic depression. When all other techniques and medicines fail, this drug is used for treatment. The dosage is increased with time depending on how the patient copes with the drug.

The 25mg of this drug is available in the form of tablets. The drug is given to the patient in three ways: injection, syrups and tablets. The tablet starts from 10mg and then moves on to a heavy dose of 25mg which is also not as high compared to the other amounts of this drug. Hydrochloride 25mg is composed of a tricyclic compound.

The neurotransmitter reabsorption is blocked by this drug which in turn makes the patient feel better for some time. The neurotransmitters include serotonin and norepinephrine. This drug also has anticholinergic, sedative and vasodilating effects.

Adults must be given the 25mg drug at bedtime. Initially the dosage may start with 10mg and then later on 25mg is slowly increased everytime so that depression is cured step by step. However, 25mg of this drug is given to regular patients but hospitalized patients are directly given 100mg drug which is slowly increased to 300mg.

Amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg can also be used for treatment of phantom limb pain. This drug acts as a pain killer in case of extreme causalgic pain.

While using amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg, the patient must be extremely cautious. In case the patient is already having seizures, hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular diseases, bipolar disorder, paranoia, schizophrenia, urinary retention, liver dysfunction, closed-angle glaucoma and an increased intraocular pressure. Also, if the patient is old or incase of women, if they are pregnant or breastfeeding, then the drug usage must be curbed.

The drug must be administered carefully as well. While 25mg of this drug is being used, then the full dosage must be consumed before going to bed. This minimizes orthostatic hypotension. The drug must not be withdrawn immediately if any adverse reactions are noticed. It is worth remembering that the drug is often used together ith psychotherapy or relaxation techniques.

The side effects of this drug lie between less adverse reactions to acute reactions. The effects on skin include rashes, irritation, flushing and diaphoresis. Other reactions not related with skin are increased apetite, paralytic ileus, leucopenia, constipation, dry mouth, abnormal visual accommodation, high fever, causalgic pains, hypersensitivity reaction, agranulocytosis, difficulty speaking, hypomania, hallucinations, dizziness, suicidal behavior, ideation, extrpyramidal effects and too many other adverse rectons

The patient must immediately contact the doctor if the symptoms or side effects gain momentum. If these prevail, then the patient must be taught how to deal with it. The dosage must be taken exactly how the doctor has recommended. Overdosage or underdosage could cause the body to become immune to this drug so that the patient will be required to consume another heavy dosage and different amounts. Carelessness will be harmful for the life of the patient. It is essential that before consuming amitriptyline 25mg, the patient has had a detailed discussion with his or her doctor so as to prevent adverse reactions later.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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