Epilepsy risk factors and prevention

epilepBrain normally controls the body movements by sending small electrical signals through nerves to the muscles but when the brain sends out abnormal signals resulted in seizures or convulsions. Single seizure that does not  happen again is not epilepsy. Seizures vary from person to person. The important risk factors include–

1)Babies born with abnormal brain structures

2)Bleeding into brain

3)Babies who have seizure in the first month of life

4)Babies who are small for their gestational age

5)Abnormal blood vessels in brain

6)Lack of oxygen to brain

7)Serious brain injuries

8)Infection in brain like abscess, meningitis


10)Cerebral palsy

11)Seizures within days after head injury( early postraumatic seizure)

12) Family history of epilepsy

13)Fever related seizure

14)Use of illegal drugs like cocaine

15)Brain tumors.


Epilepsy can be life long, but many people having history of multiple seizures will stop having seizures. People who are younger when seizure start are more likely to stop having seizures. In most of people with epilepsy, seizure can be controlled with medication.


Epilepsy remains unknown therefore, there is no way to prevent seizures. Certain important points help to prevent epilepsy due to head injury includes

1) Wear seat belt while driving

2) Equip your car with air bags

3) Wear an approved helmet while riding bike or doing other activities like skating.

These points will minimize the  risk of of  injury of seizure. Good prenatal care including high blood pressure treatment and infections during pregnancy