Cerebral palsy stages and Risk factors..

stage of cp

   INTRODUCTION    

Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that mainly affects  body movements, balance and posture. In simple words Cerebral palsy  is also known as BRAIN PARALYSIS. It mainly affects the early childhood i.e. during infancy . In this disease , there is delay in the developmental milestones such as rolling , crawling, sitting and walking.

Cerebral palsy is mainly caused  because of damage in one or more parts of the brain that mainly controls the movements of the muscles  and its tone which  leads to the in coordination of the movements. Patient finds difficulty in  normal activities like balance, walking, speaking and swallowing.

stage of cp

 

STAGES OF CEREBRAL PALSY

Cerebral palsy has many types.The main  types of Cerebral palsy..

1) Spastic  Cerebral palsy

2) Dys kinetic  cerebral palsy

3) mixed cerebral palsy.

  Spastic cerebral palsy–

In spastic cerebral palsy there is increased in the muscle tone. Classification of this type mainly  depends on the body part affected. For example if both the legs are affected it is known as DIPLEGIA. In some cases there is involvement of one side of body then it is called as HEMIPLEGIA. When whole body involvement is there it is known as QUADRIPLEGIA.

   Dyskinetic cerebral palsy–

It mainly affects  coordination of movements. It is further divided into

a) Athetoid  cerebral palsy—– In this the person has uncontrolled movements and these movements can affect any part of the body including  face , mouth, or tongue.

b) Ataxic Cerebral palsy— It mainly affects  balance and coordination of the patient. In this deep perception is mainly affected. Gait of the person is improper. Patient generally finds difficulty in standing.

 Mixed Cerebral palsy–

The other type is mixed type which mainly involves combination of spastic and athetoid  cerebral palsy.

RISK FACTORS OF CEREBRAL PALSY–

Cerebral palsy mainly involves the brain and nervous system  functions. Most of these problem occurs during first  2 years of life or sometimes while the baby’s brain is still developing. There is involvement of many risk factors that can cause cerebral palsy

1) Premature infants have the highest risk  of developing cerebral palsy  because of under development of many organs of the body.

2) Infection of brain like Encephalitis ( inflammation , irritation or swelling of the brain) , meningitis ( bacterial infection of the membranes covering meninges and spinal cord) or herpes simplex infection.

3) Infection  to the mother during pregnancy due to rubella virus.

4) Head injury or bleeding in the brain.

5) RH factor in compatibility– Difference in the mother and fetus blood causes brain damage in fetus . Most of the times it is detects early and treated in women.

6) Hypoxia  lack of oxygen  reaching the brain before or after the birth.

7) Severe jaundice.

8) Complications during labor or delivery.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 06/03/2013

Incoming search terms:

Related Posts: