How to Build an Empire with Twitter Tools?

twitter tools

Successfully manage your social media accounts are full of challenges. This is absolute, that if you want to build up decent and engage fan following you need to use various well known time-saving tools. There are several twitter tools in the market that make it difficult to which ones we trust. Therefore in order to leverage our twitter account, we need third party tool. There are many third party tools like social oomph, buffer, Tweetdeck, Paper.li. HootSuite. In this ocean of twitter tools, there are some good tools which people are mainly looking to increase their sales and reach. Here Come new ideas for Twitter Tools that boost your productivity on twitter.

  # TWEEPLE SEARCH-

 Tweeple Search
With the help of this tool you can:
*Find main audience or influencers in any domain sorted by follower count.
*Analyze your competitor’s Twitter followers to understand their marketing patterns.
*Find powerful Twitter influencers which are mainly based on keywords and the content they share.
*Tweeple Search helps you find the audience which is relevant &
*provide powerful impact for your business on Twitter.

 

 # CROWDFIRE-
 Crowdfire

 

It’s a Twitter growth tool which helps you get relevant followers with features like Copy followers and Keyword follow. -It assists you to Schedule your tweets so that you will get the maximum reach after publishing and also manage your followers who are in active or who unfollow you. It also engages your new users with the automatic direct message.
*First, it connects to your website, blogs, and social accounts and will help you grow using all of them.
*It takes you through a few tasks every time that is mainly personalized to your more goals, sales, visitors, clicks, and followers.

 

 # SOCIALOOMPH-
social oomph

This tool is also known as the “underdog of Twitter” bcoz of its simple design and powerful features. It offers both free and premium plans. This tool will take care of your Twitter profile’s automation and has been endorsed by many social media experts.
* It manages up to five Twitter profiles.
* Here you can automatically send a direct message to the new followers.
*social oomph automatically follows new followers.
* social oomph feature called Vet followers will help you to manually follow new followers.
*There is a feature called Purge Tweets that deletes all the tweets on your actual Twitter account. Always use this feature with caution, bcoz the purge is permanent.
*social oomph automatically unfollows users who unfollow you.
*Email Reply Digest is also one of the features of SocialOomph. that helps you to send a single Email Digest every day.
*It also comes with a tweet scheduling feature that helps you to schedule your tweets according to your choice.

 

 # TRIBERR-
triberr

hey, you can say triberr is a social media platform where bloggers join different tribes, and where tribe members share their posts, and followers decide whether they share it or not. It mainly connects you with other bloggers that can promote your content, as well as make it focus on sharing. In other words, if you want your content promoted to new circles, this is the right place.

 

  #FOLLOWER WONK-

follower wonk

*Followerwonk helps you to explore and grow your social graph.
* It mainly assists you to dig deeper into Twitter analytics and explains you who are your followers? where they are located ?and when do they tweet?
* With the help of this tool you find and connect with new influencers in your niche.
*with the help of this tool, you can use different visualizations and compare your graph with others.

 

 # TWTPOLL-

twtpoll

TwtPoll is another great tool for gathering interactions with the followers. Here you can create polls or surveys, where you can set up multiple questions and interact in the form of feedback from your followers. This is the great platform where you ask questions and get feedback and always engage your users.
In twtpoll, you can type different type of questions in the form of multiple choices, matrix, ranking or rating scale. Here you can display your survey to everyone or just share it with your team.
With these powerful Twitter tools, you can manage your account and engage with your audience. Regardless of your goals, a strong Twitter campaign and with the help of these tools, you can boost your productivity on twitter.

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Satellite Direct Scam – What is it

Some people complain that they could not watch the television programs that they want to watch after they have subscribed the programs like Satellite Direct TV. Well, they should understand that the programs should not be a scam and they actually should read the information carefully before they make the complaints.

In some of the cases, people cannot watch the television programs because of the problems related to the computer configuration. Therefore, they can actually watch the programs as long as they adjust the configuration of the computer and make the broadcasting software work.

You will find that Satellite Direct is not a scam. It is because there are many people who have posted comments and reviews about the wonderful programs provided by this method. They all love watching television programs in this way so that they would not need to pay a lot of money while enjoying a lot of television programs.

No doubt, people would enjoy a lot of wonderful programs compared with the traditional satellite television programs. The number of channel that you can watch from the satellite television program would be over thousands but you might only watch dozens in the traditional way. Therefore, the cost for hiring the satellite Direct program would be worthwhile and it would not be very difficult for you to see the supporter for this kind of new program in recent years.

The process for you to download the software to operate the Satellite Direct programs would be very simple and user-friendly. This is one of the misunderstandings that causes people think that it is a scam. Yes, some of the people would think that only scams would provide free downloadable programs for people to install. This is clearly not reasonable and it would not make sense. You can find that there are a lot of programs which can be downloaded in a free of charge manner and they are very helpful for you to have a wonderful experience in the computer operation. Therefore, it would not make sense if you think that satellite direct is a scam just because of the simple setup of the program installer.

If you have tried to find the information related to Satellite Direct before, you probably understand that there are many real benefits that you can enjoy. These real benefits are recognized by many users and many people have succeeded in watching their favorite programs through the satellite TV and there would be no reason for people to say that this kind of program is a scam.

To conclude, there is misunderstanding between some people because they might have some problems with their computer. Therefore, they can actually enjoy Satellite TV as long as they try their best to look for the relevant information related to it and correct the mistakes happened in their computer. It is not correct to say that Satellite Direct is a scam. Instead, it is a real product which can be used for watching the programs that people love enjoying.

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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Truth About Six Pack Abs- Overview

There are many things that men would like to have more. One of the several things would include the abs. They would like to boost the abs so that they would become someone attractive to the women. Do you also want to have six pack abs at your abdomen? If you really want to have that, you should try to find some helps. Many people would want to have that kind of abs but not everybody would have it because there are actually some works that you have to do and if you do not find the guide book to help you, you probably cannot achieve that.

One of the books that you can find help from would be Truth About Six Pack Abs. You would find that there are many benefits that you can get as long as you try your best to look for the relevant information from this book. There are many types of information covered in Truth About Six Pack Abs. First of all, you would find that nutritional information provided.

Yes, the book of Truth About Six Pack Abs would tell you a lot about how you can do in an appropriate way to eat the right food. You need to bear in mind that you should try to eat something healthy. You usually need to do gym at the same time while you are trying your best to keep the diet healthy. If you do not keep your diet healthy, your efforts in doing the gym would not work actually.

Another thing that you might find from the Truth About Six Pack Abs book would be the proper exercises that you can do. You would find that there is complete detail about the things that you can do. Yes, you will find that there is a list of the appropriate exercises that you can do to keep fit. You need to remember that the balanced diet as well as exercising would be equally important.

Last but not least, you will find that there are a lot of pieces of information related to the way that you can use to cook the food. If you want to have abs, you probably need to take enough proteins and sufficient carbohydrates. But there should also be some vitamins that you need to take so as to keep the metabolism of your whole body functions. Therefore, you would find that it is important for you to use some cooking methods to make sure that the nutrients that you are going to take would be preserved in the cooking methods instead of being damaged. On the other hand, you should also follow the cooking methods so as not to add weight to your body. For example, you would find that deep frying would ruin your plan in the abs work.

Therefore, you need to find the relevant information from Truth About Six Pack Abs and then work out your own plan such that you can eventually have the wonderful body shape.

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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How to Remove Asbestos on Pipes

How to Remove Asbestos on Pipes

For many years now health experts have advised people to stop using asbestos as it is considered to be harmful to health. Asbestos has been noted to lead to lung cancer, asbestosis, and cardiac arrest among others. The unfortunate thing about asbestos related illness is that they are yet to find a complete treatment. This means that if you are constantly being exposed to large quantities of asbestos over a long period of time, your chances of falling sick is quite high. It is for this very reason that this article is intended to equip you with the knowledge of how to remove asbestos on pipes.

This does not mean that the pipe itself has asbestos but rather the insulation on it. The removal of asbestos on pipes requires careful and cautious extraction. However hiring a professional is far much considered than doing it all by yourself, nevertheless if you follow the following instruction strictly, then you can also remove asbestos on pipes all by yourself. The process is rather challenging but the reward is pretty good. First and foremost when removing asbestos on pipes, ensure that you have in your possession a HEPA respirator, eye protection, disposable overalls, rubber gloves and boots. These will be able to protect you from direct exposure to asbestos. In addition to that, you are required to have a tank sprayer of approximately 2-3 gallons, a liquid dish detergent, 8-inch knives for removing the asbestos and a waste disposal bag for disposing the asbestos. After ensuring that you have all the necessary precaution materials, when removing asbestos on pipes ensure that you first of all remove all the furniture and shut off any windows or ventilation points. You should also turn off the electric power. By doing these things, you will be helping to minimize the exposure and contamination of asbestos. Secondly, attach a plastic sheet on top of the asbestos on pipes with a duct tape. After that build an air lock between the area that you have contained and other parts of your house, this will make it easier for workers to get out of their containment overalls without having them spread the asbestos on other parts of the house. Then you can mix few drops of the detergent that you had into the tank sprayer and soak off the asbestos.

Wait for about 30 minutes then scrap off some of the asbestos to check for any saturation. Last but not least, during the final stages of removing asbestos on pipes, seal the containment bag that contains the asbestos with duct tape. Then mark all the bags or papers containing the asbestos. Ensure you place the bags at the exit to reduce containment if any. After you have done all the aforementioned instructions, spray yourself and the containment area to remove any residue of the asbestos. After that ensure that you remove everything that you were wearing during the process and dispose of them. One thing to note, if you are unable to remove asbestos on pipes all by yourself just consult a expert to make things easier for you.

Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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guide to physical therapy practice

 

Why do you need a guide to physical therapy practice?

 

Are you planning to make a career in physical therapy? If yes then you must know that guide to physical therapy practice is very important. If you don’t have proper guidance then there is nothing that you can do so, first of all you will need to find guidance. This guidance can be in the form of a book or a person. If we are talking about book then this book can be a unique book written on the subject and if we are talking about a person then let it be a teacher who acts like a guide. These teachers are anyone’s main source of information and education and if you will not respect the teacher then you may not get anything in your life.

That is why whenever you find a guide to physical therapy practice; you should start following him so that he can teach you many good techniques. Remember that you can’t learn anything about physical therapy on your own. Even if you will learn different things then that will be a guess work and this guess work doesn’t work in practical world. That is why you should always look for a solid guide in this field.

 

Book as a guide:

Some people live in an imaginative world where they have their own rules and regulations and they don’t want anyone to break those rules. If you are looking for a guide to physical therapy practice then you can find a good book that can serve the purpose of a guide as well. it is not easy to find someone who can act like a guide and help you understand different things but it is quite easy to find a good book that will not only guide you but it will be your companion too when you are alone.

 

Teacher as a guide:

Definitely a teacher can be a guide as well. If you want to get practical experience then you better stick with those people who are near to this real world. This will help you to din an appropriate person to whom you can follow. If you are taking training classes to become a physical therapist then you can simply make your instructor your guide. Once you will make your instructor a guide, he will start taking interest in your training and you will definitely learn all those things in just one month.

 

Learning to become a physical therapist is not an easy thing to do as there are many challenges in this field. However, if you will choose the right path then it will not be very difficult for you to choose your guide to physical therapy practice. With the help of this guide, you can learn about different things at a very fast pace. Once you will learn all those things that are required to become a good physical therapist then you will be ready to start providing your services in the field of healthcare.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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Friable asbestos

Friable asbestos Friable asbestos products are those that can easily release asbestos fibers. These Friable asbestos are really dangerous. Many a times, the tiny fibers from friable  Asbestos are released and inhaled by our lungs. This can happen when asbestos-containing ore or asbestos products are crushed or broken, and the asbestos becomes friable.

Friable asbestos can be defined as an material which contains asbestos and can be easily crushed to powder when it is dry. Friable asbestos can be generally seen in tiles, plasters, wall boards etc. Although use of asbestos in these products was banned by 1978 those already in the marketplace remained on the shelves and were used in construction for many years after. They are still commonly found in homes today Many asbestos  manufacturing companies claims that their products are non friable and are nicely embedded in the product and will not release any fibers. But this doesnot happen in reality.

With day to day tear and wear, the product is deteriorated enough to release  dangerous asbestos   fibers. Sometimes a product that appears non-friable will predictably release fibers when it is installed or removed. For example, asbestos-containing brake pads commonly had to be grinded to fit before being installed, exposing automotive brake mechanics to friable asbestos.

Article publié pour la première fois le 20/03/2013

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Amitriptyline Hydrochloride 25mg

Amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg is an antidepressant drug that is prescribed only in case of severe and mostly chronic depression. When all other techniques and medicines fail, this drug is used for treatment. The dosage is increased with time depending on how the patient copes with the drug.

The 25mg of this drug is available in the form of tablets. The drug is given to the patient in three ways: injection, syrups and tablets. The tablet starts from 10mg and then moves on to a heavy dose of 25mg which is also not as high compared to the other amounts of this drug. Hydrochloride 25mg is composed of a tricyclic compound.

The neurotransmitter reabsorption is blocked by this drug which in turn makes the patient feel better for some time. The neurotransmitters include serotonin and norepinephrine. This drug also has anticholinergic, sedative and vasodilating effects.

Adults must be given the 25mg drug at bedtime. Initially the dosage may start with 10mg and then later on 25mg is slowly increased everytime so that depression is cured step by step. However, 25mg of this drug is given to regular patients but hospitalized patients are directly given 100mg drug which is slowly increased to 300mg.

Amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg can also be used for treatment of phantom limb pain. This drug acts as a pain killer in case of extreme causalgic pain.

While using amitriptyline hydrochloride 25mg, the patient must be extremely cautious. In case the patient is already having seizures, hyperthyroidism, cardiovascular diseases, bipolar disorder, paranoia, schizophrenia, urinary retention, liver dysfunction, closed-angle glaucoma and an increased intraocular pressure. Also, if the patient is old or incase of women, if they are pregnant or breastfeeding, then the drug usage must be curbed.

The drug must be administered carefully as well. While 25mg of this drug is being used, then the full dosage must be consumed before going to bed. This minimizes orthostatic hypotension. The drug must not be withdrawn immediately if any adverse reactions are noticed. It is worth remembering that the drug is often used together ith psychotherapy or relaxation techniques.

The side effects of this drug lie between less adverse reactions to acute reactions. The effects on skin include rashes, irritation, flushing and diaphoresis. Other reactions not related with skin are increased apetite, paralytic ileus, leucopenia, constipation, dry mouth, abnormal visual accommodation, high fever, causalgic pains, hypersensitivity reaction, agranulocytosis, difficulty speaking, hypomania, hallucinations, dizziness, suicidal behavior, ideation, extrpyramidal effects and too many other adverse rectons

The patient must immediately contact the doctor if the symptoms or side effects gain momentum. If these prevail, then the patient must be taught how to deal with it. The dosage must be taken exactly how the doctor has recommended. Overdosage or underdosage could cause the body to become immune to this drug so that the patient will be required to consume another heavy dosage and different amounts. Carelessness will be harmful for the life of the patient. It is essential that before consuming amitriptyline 25mg, the patient has had a detailed discussion with his or her doctor so as to prevent adverse reactions later.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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Symptoms and prevention of Heat stroke

Heat stroke is a form of  hyperthermia in which the body temperature is elevated dramatically.  body temperature is   greater than 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) due to environmental heat exposure with lack of  thermo regulation. The most important measures to prevent heat strokes are to avoid becoming dehydrated and to avoid vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather.Heat stroke is a medical emergency and can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated.

 Symptoms and Sign of heat stroke

Symptoms of heat stroke can sometimes similar to those of  heart attack  or other conditions. Sometimes a person experiences symptoms of heat exhaustion before progressing to heat strokes. common symptoms include…

1) nausea

2) vomiting

3) fatigue

4) weakness

5) headache

6) muscle cramps, aches

7) dizziness

8) high body temperature

9) absence of sweating, hot red flushed dry skin

10) rapid pulse

11) difficulty in breathing

12) strange behavior

13) hallucinations

14) confusion

15) agitation

16) disorientation

17) seizure

18) coma

Infants and children are also at risk. In particular, infants or young children who are unattended in locked cars may suffer heat-related illness quickly, since the indoor temperature of a locked care can rise to dangerous levels even in moderate weather and infants  died of heat stroke

Prevention of heat stroke

  • Go to shady area, remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin.
  •  person is able to drink liquids, cool water or other cool beverages that do not contain alcohol or caffeine.
  • Monitor body temperature with a thermometer and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101 to 102 F (38.3 to 38.8 C).
  • avoid vigorous physical activities in hot and humid weather.
  • Take frequent breaks to hydrate yourself. Wear hats and light-colored, lightweight, loose clothes.
  • Keep cars locked when not in use and never, ever, leave infants or children unattended in a locked car
  •                                                   Treatment of heat stroke
    •                                                                        Treatment involves rapid mechanical cooling.The body temperature must be lowered immediately. The patient should be moved to a cool area (indoors, or at least in the shade) and clothing removed to promote heat loss .   The person is bathed in cool water or a hypothermia vest can be applied. However, wrapping the patient in wet towels or clothes can actually act as insulation and increase the body temperature. Cold compresses to the foot , head, neck, and groin will help in cooling.. Fan or dehumidifying Air conditioners may be used to aid in evaporation of the waterImmersing a patient into a bathtub of cool (but not cold) water (immersion method) is a recognized method of cooling. This method requires the effort of 4-5 people and the patient should be monitored carefully during the treatment process. Immersion should be avoided for an unconscious patient, the patient’s head must be held above waterHydration is of paramount importance in cooling the patient. This is achieved by drinking water (oral rehydration) Intravenous hydration (via a drip) is necessary if the patient is confused, unconscious, or unable to tolerate oral fluids.

      Alcohol rubs will cause further dehydration and impairment of consciousness and should be avoided The patient’s heart rate and breathing should be monitored.

       

Article publié pour la première fois le 03/10/2011

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Physiotherapy help in Lowering Backpain

How Physiotherapy can help in Lowering Backpain

Low?r ba?k p??n ?l?gues Am?ricans to th? ?xtent that 80% will suff?r fr?m ?t at som? tim? in their liv??. It is ?ne of the mo?t ?ommon re?sons pe??le vi?it the d?ct?r. F?r man?, th? probl?m ?s mor? than a ???s?ng in??d?nt; th?y n??d ph?si?ther??y.
Ph?s?oth?r??y ?f different t???s ?an b? u?ed to tre?t l?wer b?ck ???n. Acu?un?tur? ?? fa?t b??om?ng ?n im??rt?nt m?th?d f?r the r?li?f ?f ?u?h pa?n. The doctor h?s the pat?ent lie fac?-down and in?erts th? ?cupun?tur? n??dles a?r??? the ba?k. Th? d?ct?r then fini?h?? the ?r?cedure f?r lower back pain. Pa?n rel?ef after a s?r??? of tre?tm?nts u?ually l?sts months.
M???age is ?l?o us?d f?r l?w?r back ?a?n. The m?s?ag? used mu?t b? d?ne by ?om?one w?ll-vers?d ?n the treatment ?f lower back p?in. A m?ss?g? don? b? ?n untr??ned ??rson ma? do m?re h?rm th?n go?d.
Th?s? m?thods ?r? call?d ?a???ve th?r???e?, or mod?l?ties. Th?y ar? don? t? th? ??tient and not b? th? p?t??nt. Ther? are other m?d?l?ti?s th?t ?r? ?omm?nly u?ed. H??t and ?ce ?a?ks ar? ? well-known f?rm of ???s?ve ph?s??th?ra??. Th?y ??n b? u?ed sep?ratel?, ?r th?y ??n be us?d ?lternat?l? by ? p?rson wh? is suffering from ?cut? l?w?r back pain.
A tr?n?cutan?ou? ?lectrical nerve stimul?tor (TENS) ?an b? used ?? an?ther mod?l?ty for l?w?r b??k ???n. Th? p?t??nt w?ll feel th? ??n?ati?n ?f the ?t?mulat?r in?tead ?f hi? pa?n. If the TENS un?t se?m? t? work well for him, he will be s?nt h?me with ?n? to u?? ?t his ?onven?enc?.
Ultras?und is ??pe?i?ll? u??ful ?s a ???s?ve th?r??? for ?nyon? w?th ?cut? low?r back ?ain. It delivers h??t d?ep ?nto the mus?l?s of the lower b??k. Th?? n?t only reliev?? pain. It ??n al?? ??e?d heal?ng.
Ba?k exer??s?? may be ?s??gn?d by a ?hy??other?pi?t. Th?se ex?r?ise? w?ll h?lp with l?wer b??k ???n ?f one d??s th?m ??rre?tly ?nd f??thfull?. The only ex??pt?on is ?f the ba?k ?? ?n ?n ?cute c?ndit??n requiring ?m?rgen?? c?r? ?r surg?r?.
Th? ex?rc??e? that will h?l? w?th low?r b??k pain the m??t w?ll b? ?ss?gned ?nd supervis?d by a physiotherap?st. The? ma? b? done at home, but ?t will be nec??sary to f?ll?w ?n?tructi?n? ?nd check in frequ?ntly.
Th??? ?x?r?i??s ?n?lude on?? f?r lower ba?k p?in th?t ?tr?t?h ?r ?xt?nd th? back and ones th?t ?tr?ngthen ?t. One ?s an ex?rci?e wh?re ?ne lies prone and m?ve? a? ?f swimm?ng. This ?rotect? th? back wh?l? giv?ng th? surround?ng muscle? ? w?rk?ut.
Low?r b??k pain exer?i??s ??lled fl?xi?n exer?i??? str?ngth?n the mid?e?t??n to ?rov?de supp?rt f?r the ba?k. If the l?wer b??k ??in ?s reduced wh?n ?ne sits, th?se exer??se? are ?m?ort?nt. On? ?s ? kn??-to-ch??t ?xerc?s?.
A?rob?? ?x?r??s? ?uch as walk?ng i? excellent for r?du??ng and ?r?vent?ng low?r b??k ???n ?? w?ll. Ma??ag? ?nd a?u?un?ture ?an b? ?ounted ?n to rel??v? p?in for mo?t p?t?ents. Ex?r??ses can mak? th? b?ck str?nger to both rel??v? and ?revent l?w?r ba?k p??n. An? ?h???oth?r??y th?t ?an hel? r?liev? lower ba?k pa?n will hel? mill?ons ?f ????l?.

 

 

This article has been contributed by Amrita. She is a beauty and health blogger and is currently blogging about topics such as blackhead removal on her blog which she has just started named how to get rid of blackheads remedies.

Article publié pour la première fois le 30/09/2011

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Asbestos Ban

asbesScientists at the Collegium Ramazzini in Modena, Italy have repeated calls for a total ban on all asbestos across the globe. Writing in the International Journal of Environment and Health, the Collegium points out that just 52 nations have banned asbestos but a large number still use, import and export asbestos and asbestos-containing products.
Health problems attributed to asbestos include
Asbestosis – A lung disease first found in textile workers,asbestosis is a scarring of the lung tissue from an acid produced by the body’s attempt to dissolve the fibers. The scarring may eventually become so severe that the lungs can no longer function. The latency period (meaning the time it takes for the disease to develop) is often 10–20 years.
  • Mesothelioma
  • Cancer
  • Diffuse pleural thickening
At least 125 million people around the world are today exposed to asbestos through their work with about 20 to 40% of adult men reporting past occupations that may have exposed them to the risk of mesothelioma, asbestos, and lung cancer due to asbestos
Asbestos was banned from commercial use in the 1970’s after it was declared a hazardous air pollutant. Friable asbestos products were banned immediately while non-friable products would be phased out gradually while replacements for asbestos products were developed.In 1996, the EPA lifted the total ban on asbestos allowing it to be used to a limited degree in non-friable products.[Non friable products are those which cannot be reduced to powder by hand pressure]

 

Worldwide, 60 countries (including those in the European Union) have banned the use of asbestos, in whole or in part.Some examples follow.

A nationwide ban on importing and using all forms of asbestos took effect on 31 December 2003. Reflecting the ban, the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) revised asbestos-related material to promote a consistent approach to controlling exposure to workplace asbestos and to introduce best-practice health and safety measures for asbestos management, control and removal. The ban does not cover asbestos materials or products already in use at the time the ban was implemented.

Although Australia has only a third of the UK’s population, its asbestos disease fatalities approximate Britain’s of more than 3,000 people per year.

The São Paulo State law 12.684/07 prohibits the use of any product which utilizes asbestos, this legislation having been formally upheld by the Brazilian Supremo Tribunal Federal.

The only asbestos mines still operating in Canada are in the Province of Quebec. They were owned by American and British Corporations until the Quebec government expropriated (for example) Asbestos Corporation Limited in 1981 from its American parent, General Dynamics. In the early 1990s all remaining mines and mills were sold by Quebec to the private sector . Quebec exports 95 percent of its chrysotile production, mostly to Asian and other poor countries.In 1999 the government of Canada went before the World Trade Organization to challenge, unsuccessfully, the ban on asbestos in France.

France banned the use of asbestos in 1997, and the WTO upheld France’s right to the ban in 2000. In addition, France has called for a worldwide ban.

On 21 January 2011, Indian Supreme court refused to ban Asbestos in India. This judgment was passed down for case filed by a NGO on 2004. In spite of all health hazards, Asbestos continues to be used in India widely without any restriction.

Italy fully banned the use of asbestos in 1992 and set up a comprehensive plan for asbestos decontamination in industry and housing.

Japan did not fully ban asbestos until 2004, and so its government has been held responsible for related diseases.

In 1984 the import of raw amphibole (blue and brown) asbestos into New Zealand was banned. In 2002 the import of chrysotile (white) asbestos was banned.

 

 

Check this site for asbestos class action lawsuit

 

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asbestos_and_the_law

Article publié pour la première fois le 02/04/2013

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Eye stroke

 Eye stroke

When  an artery or vein within the eye becomes  blocked(also called an occlusion) referred to as an eye stroke. An eye stroke, otherwise known as anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) or a stroke of the optic nerve, is an ocular disease that begins suddenly and occurs without any warning.It will start out in one eye, either the left or the right, and regularly develops in the unaffected eye after a period of time. Just as strokes occur in other parts of the body because blood flow is blocked, our eye also may suffer damage when vital structures such as the retina and  optic nerve are cut off from nutrients and oxygen flowing through the blood. When a blockage  occurs in the blood vessels that supply the front of the optic nerve, an eye stroke occurs results in no nutrient and oxygen supply. Without nutrients and oxygen, nerve tissue is damaged and lost, resulting in vision loss.An eye stroke results in sudden, but painless, vision loss or distorted vision in one eye. The severity of the symptoms depends on where the blockage is located, and how much blood flow is blocked.

what causes Eye stroke

Trauma of the head or eye injury, are the main causes which  are associated with AION,other include  glaucoma, giant cell arteritis, lupus, Buerger’s disease, allergies, post-viral vasculitis, post-immunization, smoking, high blood pressure, syphilis, hypertension, migraines, diabetes, atherosclerosis, carotid occlusive disease, sickle cell disease, and acute hypotension.

Retinal artery occlusion

Retinal artery occlusion occurs when an artery to the retina is blocked. The retina is the light-sensitive lining of the back of the eye that records what we see. Retinal artery occlusions are typically caused when a blood clot (or embolus) from the heart or carotid artery in the neck travels to the eye.risk factors include

1)  high blood pressure (hypertension),

2)artery disease (especially in the carotid),

3)heart disease,

4)cholesterol problems, or

5)diabetes.

When the retina  is damaged,or   if  it is the central artery that becomes blocked (called a central retinal artery occlusion, or CRAO), the result is usually sudden, total vision loss, though some peripheral vision may be present.. If the blockage occurs in one of the arteries which branch off the central blood vessel (a branch retinal artery occlusion, BRAO), we will  experience a sudden loss of  peripheral vision , with central vision possibly being affected as well. In both cases, the loss of vision is usually painless.complications may include neovascularization of the retina or iris, neovascular glaucoma, or temporal arteritis.

 Retinal Vein Occlusion 

Retinal Vein Occlusion occurs when a vein within the retina is blocked  due to  blood clot (thrombus), this is called a retinal vein occlusion. It may be either a branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), depending on which blood vessel has the blockage. Retinal vein occlusion is most commonly seen in people with hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis), high blood pressure, or glaucoma. Symptoms include sudden, painless vision loss which can be mild or severe and may include blind spots, distorted vision, or loss of peripheral vision.

Treatment of Eye stroke

It is important to  have  our vision should be  checked routinely.E arly detection can prevent  from getting serious vision impairments. Even with prompt treatment, a retinal artery occlusion  results in permanent vision damage. Possible treatment for  Retinal Vein Occlusion  is a laser procedure called pan-retinal laser photocoagulation, This can help to  repair some retinal  damage. During this procedure, a special laser is used to make tiny burns that seal the retina and stop vessels from growing and leaking.  The laser is used to destroy all of the dead areas of retina where blood vessels have been closed. When these areas are treated with the laser, the retina stops manufacturing new blood vessels, and those that are already present tend to decrease or disappear.

Article publié pour la première fois le 18/10/2011

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pathophysiology of jaundice

pathophysiology of jaundice

Jaundice, is characterized by yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and mucous membranes, as a result of an increase in bilirubin concentration (hyperbilirubinemia) and subsequent tissue

deposition. .When red blood cells have completed their life span of approx. 120 days, and each red blood cell traverses through the reticuloendothelial system, as its cell membrane ruptures and become fragile and prone to rupture. Cellular contents, including hemoglobin, are subsequently released into the blood.

The hemoglobin is phagocytosed by macrophages , and split into its heme and globin portions.The remainder comes from prematurely destroyed erythroid cells in the bone marrow and form hemoproteins such as myoglobin and cytochrome. Due to imbalance in bilrubin formation and clearance there results in Elevated serum bilirubin occurs. Elimination of bilirubin requires conversion to water-soluble conjugates by the hepatocytes through the action of uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronyl transferase (glucuronidation) and secretion into the bile. Conjugated bilirubin, along with bile salts, is then excreted via the biliary system into the duodenum and deconjugated by bacterial enzymes in the terminal ileum and colon. Approximately 20% of deconjugated bilirubin (urobilinogen) is reabsorbed and re- excreted in bile. Unconjugated bilirubin is mostly bound to albumin and is not filtered by the kidney; conjugated bilirubin, however, may be filtered and reabsorbed in the kidney, with a small fraction excreted in the urine. A significant amount of conjugated bilirubin in the urine suggests cholestasis and hepatobiliary dysfunction. The majority of this bilirubin comes from the breakdown of heme from expired red blood cells.

urobilinogen can take two pathways. It can either be further converted into stercobilinogen, which is then oxidized to stercobilin and passed out in the feces, or it can be reabsorbed by the intestinal cells, transported in the blood to the kidneys, and passed out in the urine as the oxidised product urobilin. Stercobilin and urobilin are the products responsible for the coloration of faeces and urine, respectively.

Article publié pour la première fois le 16/09/2016

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Pathophysiology of Stroke

Pathophysiology of Stroke

Stroke, a neurologic  disorder due to altered cerebral circulation. It  is the third leading cause of death .  there are many risk factors for stroke include hypertension, family history, and diabetes mellitus. The sub types of stroke are ischemia, infarction, and hemorrhage. Ischemia and infarction are the result of atherosclerotic development of thrombi and emboli. Decreased or absent cerebral circulation causes neuronal cellular injury and death. Intracerebral hemorrhage occurs from rupture of cerebral vessels which is mainly due to hypertension.                               The two major mechanisms which are mainly responsible for brain damagein stroke are,

1)ischemia

2)hemorrhage.

The effects of ischemia are rapid because the brain does not store glucose(the chief energy substrate)

and is incapable of anaerobic metabolism.A thrombus or an embolus can occlude a cerebral artery and

cause ischemia in the affected vascular territory. Thrombosis of a vessel can result in artery-to-

artery embolism.

                         Normal cerebral blood flow (CBF) is approximately 50-to 60 ml/100g/ Min and varies in
different parts of the brain. when ischemia occurs, the cerebral auto regulatory mechanisms compensate for a
reduction in CBF by local vasodilatation, opening the collaterals, and increasing the supply of oxygen and
 glucose from the blood.Formation of microscopic thrombi is responsible for impairment of micro circulation in
cerebral arterioles and capillaries.Formation of a micro thrombus is triggered by ischemia-induced activation of
 destructive vasoactive enzymes that are released by endothelium, leucocytes, platelets and other neuronal cells.
At a molecular level,   hypoxic- ischemic neuronal injury is greatly influenced by “overreaction" of certain
  neurotransmitters, primarily glutamate and aspartate. This process called “excitotoxicity”  and is triggered
by depletion of cellular energy stores.Glutamate, which is normally stored inside the synaptic terminals,
is cleared from the extracellular space by an energy dependent process.The greatly increased concentration of
glutamate (and aspartate) in the extracellular space in a depleted energy state results in the opening of
 calcium channels associated with N-methy1-D-asapartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxanole
 propionate (AMPA) receptors. due to Persistent membrane depolarization causes influx of calcium, sodium,and
chloride ions and efflux of potassium ions. In addition to contributing to mechanical obstruction of
microcirculation,the leucocytes also activate vasoactive substances such as oxygen free radicals,
arachidonic acid metabolites (cytokines), and nitric acid.
                                                     The cellular effects of these mediators include
vasodilatation, vasoconstriction, increased permeability, increased platelets aggregation, increased
leukocyte adherence to the endothelial wall, and immunoregulation. Morphologically, endothelial cells swell and
form “microvilli” at the luminal surface of the cell. This results in a reduction in the luminal patency of the
capillary vessel.Activation of endothelial adhesion molecules promotes leukocyte adherence to the endothelial
 wall, a key process in the initiation of the inflammatory process.
                                   Within an hour of hypoxic- ischemic ,there is a core of infarction
surrounded by an oligemic zone called the ischemic penumbra (IP).The pathophysiology of IP is closely linked to
generation of spontaneouswaves of depolarization (SWD). SWD can originate from multiple foci.  Sustained increases of
synaptic glutamate and extracellular potassium ions are closely associated with the development of SWD.
Glutamate receptor antagonists that block trans membrane calcium flux and prevent intracellular calcium
accumulation are known to suppress SWD.  Hypoxic or rapid depolarizations eventually supervene just before
irreversible neuronal death.The two processes by which injured neurons are known to die are
  a)coagulation necrosis   b) apoptosis.
                  Coagulation necrosis (CN) refers to a process in which individual cells die among living
neighbor cells without eliciting an inflammatory response.
                 apoptosis is also called “programmed cell death”, because the cells are programmed to
 die in response to certain conditions.
 
 

Article publié pour la première fois le 10/10/2011

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Identifying Asbestos in Floor Tiles

 

Identifying Asbestos in Floor Tiles 

Asbestos is a natural mineral that has nano fibers that cause lung disease when inhaled. This has led to the banning of asbestos as a construction material since the 1980s. Before this, asbestos was a common material in the construction industry as it has a high heat resistant quality that makes it a perfect material for insulation purposes. Asbestos in floor tiles was very common and also a preferred choice in manufacturing and installation with many vinyl tiles using asbestos as a filler material before they are installed in the floors of many houses.
 Asbestos in floor tiles was also widely favored due to the insulation quality of the material. Due to the risk factor posed by asbestos fibers, you need to identify the material in your home so that you can safely dispose of it and make sure that you and your family are safe from any health hazards that are presented by these fibers. The first place to start is by identifying asbestos in floor tiles. This is not as easy as it sounds and to be able to identify asbestos beyond doubt you need to conduct a test in a specialized laboratory.

There are however obvious ways to identify asbestos in floor tiles in your house. To be able to identify asbestos in floor tiles, you need to first of all know the types of tiles that have asbestos in them. One of the tiles that will contain asbestos is the asphalt asbestos tiles. The name is the first indicator that the tiles contain asbestos fibers in them. These tiles were very popular in the U.S from 1920s to the 1960s.

The first production of these tiles saw them come out with dark colors as more asphalt was used than asbestos fibers. They are still found today and if you want to identify asbestos in floor tiles, take a look at your floor tiles and confirm whether they are asphalt asbestos tiles. The second category of tiles that contain asbestos is the vinyl tiles that were featured in the late 1950s.
These tiles were laid in the same format as asphalt asbestos tiles. They normally feature a black and white color scheme and they are based on vinyl materials and asbestos was used as a filler agent. This asbestos in floor tiles can sometimes become loose and release fibers in the air where they pose a danger to the respiratory system of people within that vicinity.
Asbestos in floor tiles represents a great health risk to people but when they are intact and in good condition, they are non-friable and do not affect people. However due to wear and tear factors make the asbestos weak to a point where they can be dislodged and released in the air where they become friable. Any material that contains asbestos and can be crushed with normal hand pressure is friable hence very dangerous to the health of humans. Flooring which can be crumbled with normal hand pressure should therefore be treated with suspicion until it is proven to be safe.

Article publié pour la première fois le 16/01/2017

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deal with a Stroke

What is a Stroke and how to deal with a Stroke ?
A ?tr?ke ?? a ?ever? ev?nt th?t ??u??s the blo?d to be blo?k?d from gett?ng t? an ?r?a ?f th? brain ?nd r??ult? ?n dam?ge to t

h?t regi?n of th? br?in. Wh?n a ?toke oc?urs ?nd the ?ym?t?m? l??t f?r 24 hours ?r le?? and it i? foll?w?d by a full r??overy ?f l??t fun?t??n? th?n th?t ?????de ?s c?lled tr?nsl?nt isch?mic ?tt??k or (TIA). Th?s? e????d?? u?u?lly la?t ?nl? ? f?w minut?? and ?re warning ?ign?.

The s?m?t?m? of a str?k? ?nclud? los? or im???rment ?f s?n??t??n, m?vem?nt, ?lurred ??ee?h, he?da?h??, ??nfu??on, d?zz?nes?, v??u?l ?r?bl?m?, difficult? sw?ll?wing, ?nd c?rta?n ?p??ific function? ?ontroll?d by th? ?r?? of th? br??n th?t ?? d?m?g?d, ?uch ?s th??? ment??n?d above.
W?th ? ?tr?k? 1/3 ?f the v??t?m? w?ll ?om?let?l? r???v?r, an?th?r 1/3 w?ll h?ve p?rti?l l??? ?f fun?t??n and ?till an?th?r 1/3 w?ll not survive ?t ?ll. You can r?c?v?r from ?arti?l p?r?l?si? – ?n m?ny ?a??? y?u can le?rn t? walk ?g??n, however los? ?f ?nt?lle?tu?l funct??n?ng ?? more d?ff??ult to r?cover fr?m.
A Strok? ha? be?n found to be th? m??t ??mm?n ??us? ?f n?ur?logic?l d?mag? ?n the ?ndustr??liz?d world. And the most c?mmon ?aus?? of strok?s ?r? a thickening of the lin?ng ?f ?rter???, c?ll?d arter????l?ro???, hy??rt?ns?on, ?l?o ?alled h?gh bl?od ?r???ur? or b?th. Other risk fa?tor? in?lud? ?m?k?ng, age, ?levated bl??d fat?, bl??d ?lat?let ?ti?k?nes? which s??m? t? a??ompan? ra???d l?v?ls ?f r?d c?ll?, ? r?c?nt h??rt ?tta?k, d??b?t??, nutr?ent d?f????n?ies, ?tri?l f?br?llati?n, ?nd ? hi?tor? of a damag?d h??rt valve.
T? ?r?t?ct y?urs?lf fr?m ? ?tr?k?, s?re?n f?r and ?ddre?s e??h of th??? i??ue? b?f?r? ??u ?re un?bl? to d? ?n?th?ng t? avo?d th? ?trok?.
It h?? ?l?o been found that tho?? str?ke ??t?ent? who rec?iv? hy?erbar?? ox?g?n th?r??y with?n th? f?rst 6 hours will ?ft?n ?m?r?v? c?n??d?r?bly, ??on afterw?rd?. And th?s c?n even hel? if ??u had ? ?troke ??ar? ?g? you ?an oft?n re???r ??m? ?f the d?m?ged ?ell?. Often the?? ??lls are not d??d ju?t dormant.
For reli?f of mu?cul?r ?ar?l???? ?r?mather?p? c?n b? hel?ful. R?s?m?r?, b?sil and l?v?nd?r e???ntial ?il? ?re su??ort?v? for thi? pur??s?. You ??n mes??ge th? ???n?l ??lumn and ??ral?z?d b?d? ?art? of th? strok? ??tient w?th on? qu?rt rubb?ng ?l??h?l conta?n?ng ?n oun?e ea?h of r?s?m?r?, bas?l ?nd l?vender.
Change ??ur d??t t? one th?t ?s natural, organic and whol? f??d?. Th? ?mph?s?s ?hould b? ?n ?nion?, v?g?tabl?s, garl??, un?ro?e?s?d f?ts and fre?h fru?t. Al?o foods that ?? ri?h ?n ?m?ga-3 f?tt? acid? ?u?h ?? fr?sh w?t?r fi?h, s??d? and r?w nut?, w?ld ??lm?n, wh?le grain?, fre?h v?g?t?bl??, br?c??l?, k?lp ?nd s?r?ut?.
Av??d ??mi-?olid fat?, d?ep-fr??d f??d?, and ?n?mal fat?, ?l?nt sourc?s of ??trog?n? l?ke ?oybeans and ??anut? and l?mit ??ur ?nt?ke ?f al??h?li? dr?nk?.
T? h?l? w?th im?r?ving lost c?r?ul?t?on t? the l?gs, ?rm?, hands and feet u?e th? herbs: h???o?, y?rr?w, ?ld?r flower? ?nd ro??m?r?. R???m?ry, d?mian? lav?nder, and S?b?r??n g?ns?ng ?an help t? n?urish and t? ?nhan?e th? n?rvou? ?ystem.
The ?p?l??ati?n ?f i??, w?t?r, ?t?am, ?nd hot ?nd ??ld temp?r?ture? ?? ?alled hydr?th?ra?? ?nd can b? u??d t? m?inta?n and hel? r?stor? h?alth. Th?s? tr??tm?nts ?n?lud? ste?m b?th?, s?tz b?th?, full b?dy ?mmers??n, ??un??, h?t and cold ??m?re??es and ??lon?c irrig?t??n.
Th? f?ll?w?ng su??l?m?nt? will al?o hel? w?th ?r?v?ntion ?nd r?c?v?r? fr?m ? ?tr?k? ?nd th?? ar?: v?t?m?n B6, v?tamin B-?om?l?x, v?t?m?n C, v?tam?n E, ?u?er?x?de dismut??? (SOD), ?nd omeg?-3 fatt? ?c?d?.

This is a guest post by Amrita Saxena. She has years of experience being a freelance and ghost writer. These days she writes about how to get rid of blackheads as well as blackhead remover.

Article publié pour la première fois le 26/10/2011

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Panic Away Scam

In recent years, you can find that there are some people who want to find methods to treat problems like panic disorder. The problem of panic disorder would get more and more serious if you do not tackle it in a positive manner. In other words, the situation would become worse if you do not find methods to cure the problem as soon as possible.

Therefore, you can probably find that there are some books in the market for you to read and understand more about how to manage your emotion and get rid of the panic order. You would find that some of the books like Panic Away would be quite popular among the readers. Even though some people do not believe that this kind of book would help, the fact is that many people get the help already.

Yes, you can find that Panic Away Scam is impossible. Instead, this kind of book is awesome and it would not be difficult for you to understand more about how to control yourself as long as you try your best to read and follow the tips stated in the books.

In fact, it is very easy for you to find information about how to deal with anxiety if you try to search online. However, those methods are not the reliable methods because they might not be comprehensive enough. Yes, you might find that the information would be rough and it would be quite difficult for you to follow some tips step by step. This would certainly hinder your process of learning because you will not be successful in understanding the whole process of curing panic disorder.

If you read Panic Away, you certainly find that it is not a scam. It is because the writer also encountered the panic disorder disease when he was young. Therefore, he knew well about the world of the patients and he would always be able to describe the information and the problems encountered by the patients accurately so that the patients would be able to understand a lot about the situation.

The suggestions provided by the author in the book of Panic Away are insightful and they are not fake. Many people have tried to use this kind of methods to relax themselves and the result is that most of them are very happy with the treatment stated with the book. Therefore, you can find that there are really a lot of supporters of this book who have tried to use the methods stated there before and they have got a new life after reading the book.

You would find that there are more and more people who are interested in reading the book. Therefore, you can try to find the information related to the book if you want to have a nice experience about curing panic disorder. If you find that your friends are suffering from this kind of illness, you can try to help them by giving them this book. They would certainly thank you a lot.

Article publié pour la première fois le 18/07/2011

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Benefits of Physical Therapy

Understanding the Benefits of Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is usually prescribed for the purpose of promoting a patient’s strength, enable mobility and restoration of impaired body part functionality. Patients who receive usually prescribed physical therapy are those have impairment in their musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary, integument and neuromusculoskeletal systems. There are different types of physical therapies, which present different benefits of physical therapy. They include:

  • Orthopedic physical therapy – This is the most common type of physical therapy, which doctors usually prescribe to a patient soon after surgery treatment. The therapy can be administered while still admitted in hospital or upon discharge, receiving the treatment in an outpatient arrangement. This can be on a weekly or monthly basis.
  • Pediatric physical therapy – Pediatric physical therapy is administered to infants and children. Although it can be administered to restore an impaired part of the body, it is also administered to improve a child’s motor skills, balance, cognitive ability and for strength.
  • Geriatric physical therapy – This type of surgery is usually prescribed for the elderly who have to cope with several age-related health problems such as osteoporosis. The therapy is usually intended to lessen or manage any present pain and difficulties associated with old age.
  • Neurological physical therapy – This type of physical therapy is intended to help patients with neurological problems brought about by such disorders or diseases as Parkinson and Alzheimer’s. Stroke and spinal injury patients also receive the therapy.
  • Heat physical therapy – Both patients and healthy individuals can receive heat physical therapy. The therapy leads to improved blood circulation and relaxation of body muscles.

The benefits of physical therapy are many and are not restricted to patients. Healthy individuals such as athletes also receive physical therapy for different reasons. Some of the benefits of physical therapy include:

  • Increased strength and endurance – While patients with impaired body parts receive physical therapy for the restoration and strengthening of the same, healthy individuals such as athletes also receive the therapy to gain strength and a high degree of endurance.
  • Mobility – This is one of the main benefits of physical therapy. Accident victims have usually regained mobility after receiving therapy, which restores impaired body part(s).
  • Increased coordination – Both patients and healthy individuals do obtain increased coordination and alertness after physical therapy.
  • Decreased stress levels – Receiving physical therapy is one of the best ways for one to relieve stress.
  • Elimination of pain – Physical therapy greatly eliminates or decreases a patient’s pain. This is especially true in patients with joint pain brought about by inflammation of joints.
  • Improved blood circulation – Physical therapy relaxes body muscles, which in effect makes blood supply routes flexible, leading to improved blood circulation in the body.

The above are just some of the main benefits of physical therapy that patients obtain. Healthy individuals are also encouraged to receive physical therapy as one way of staying healthy. Physical therapy has in fact been established to prevent the occurrence of some diseases and in case of any, managing the same becomes easy.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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Some Random Mesothelioma facts

Some Random Mesothelioma facts
  • Mesothelioma which is sometimes referred to as asbestos cancer , is an aggressive cancer caused primarily by the inhalation of asbestos fibers.
  • Mesothelioma takes anywhere from 20 to 50 years to develop, which is why it is more commonly diagnosed in older individuals.
  • Mesothelioma causes for diagnosis in women and children are mainly attributed to secondary exposure to asbestos, as it was not uncommon for men to bring asbestos back into the home on their body or clothing if proper cleaning facilities were not available on site.
  • Mesothelioma is only caused by exposure to asbestos, though cases have been documented in children or other individuals with no asbestos history.
  • Mesothelioma is a difficult cancer to treat.
  • Once a diagnosis of mesothelioma is made, the majority of patients will not live longer than eighteen months.
  • Mesothelioma is a cancer that can affect the lining of the body’s primary organs.
  • Mesothelioma can develop anywhere between 10 to 70 years after the initial exposure.
  • Mesothelioma is sometimes diagnosed by coincidence, before there are any symptoms.
  • Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos and the inhalation of asbestos particles.
  • Mesothelioma attacks the mesothelium – the lining around the abdominal cavity and the lungs and heart – and is often difficult to treat, depending on where it occurs in the body and how much it has spread when found.
  • Often the effects of asbestos exposure are not seen until decades after the exposure, as mesothelioma can develop 30-50 years after exposure.
  • Mesothelioma development in rats has been demonstrated following intra-pleural inoculation of phosphorylated chrysotile fibers.
  • Mesothelioma has also been linked to radiation therapy treatments to the chest, such as those used to treat breast cancer or lymphoma.
  • Mesothelioma can cause pressure within your chest that can make you feel as if you’re always short of breath.
  • Mesothelioma originates in the mesothelial tissue surrounding the lungs, abdomen or heart.
  • Mesothelioma has a long latency period.
  • Once diagnosed the prognosis is often bleak.
  • Mesothelioma is also more common to Caucasians than in African Americans.
  • Mesothelioma is a cancer that attacks either the pleura (lining in the lungs), the peritoneum (a membrane which lines the abdominal cavity), or the pericardium (a two-layered membrane surrounding the heart).
  • Mesothelioma patients can also learn about some of the cutting edge clinical mesothelioma treatments and medical trials available.
  • Mesothelioma specialists hope that continued research may some day yield a greater survival rate and potential cure.
  • Mesothelioma lawyers specialize in tracing an asbestos disease to a source and finding those culpable for hazardous asbestos exposure.
  • Mesothelioma lawyers can also assist you with information regarding mesothelioma specialists and treatment centers around the country.
  • Mesothelioma diagnoses make up approximately 3 percent of all cancer diagnoses.
  • Mesothelioma destroys its victim and his family emotionally and physically.
  • Mesothelioma is considered very rare, however, 2000 new cases are found each year in the U.S.
  • Mesothelioma can be detected in both men and women at any age.
  • Mesothelioma treatments include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, all of which focus on extending life expectancy and raising quality of life.
  • Mesothelioma is characterized by a system of irregularly patterned tumors that spread through the mesothelium—lining of abdominal cavities.
  • Mesothelioma goes by different names, depending on the membrane in the body where it occurs.
  • Mesothelioma doctors require a health specialization because it is such a rare cancer.
  • Mesothelioma occurs more often in men than in women and risk increases with age, but this disease can appear in either men or women at any age.
  • Mesothelioma is also known as fibrous or multicystic mesothelioma and is categorized as a non-cancerous tumor that inside the pleura, the lining around and in the lungs.
  • Mesothelioma, the deadly disease which has topped news headlines for the last decade, is contracted through exposure to airborne fibers of asbestos.
  • Mesothelioma has become a household word to tens of thousands of U.S.citizens.
  • Mesothelioma patients have a median survival time of 6 – 12 months after presentation .
  • Mesothelioma metastases throughout the internal lining of the organs of the body.
  • Mesothelioma is a hazardous disease caused by the exposure to harmful asbestos fibers.
  • Mesothelioma Lawsuits are not unique: As long as there have been environmental factors with impact on our health as well as a legislative system, people have filed lawsuits if the impact has been of a negative kind.
  • Mesothelioma is a cancer primarily focused on the cells surrounding the lungs.
  • Mesothelioma cancer can develop successful the abdominal (peritoneal) and around the heart (pericardial effusion).
  • Mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis, a chronic advanced lung diseases other than cancer may cause inhalation of asbestos fibers or dust on the long term.
  • Mesothelioma symptoms are progressively slow and take years to surface.
  • Mesothelioma chemotherapy has an edge when it comes to give out the result for mesothelioma patients.
  • Mesothelioma thus becomes a deadly disease when no remedial measures are taken to overcome it and when exposure to asbestos is not controlled.
  • But at present, there are various Mesothelioma law firms which are established in many countries of the world especially in those places where there is high percentage of mesothelioma, a cancer which is the result of high exposure to asbestos.
  • Mesothelioma wrongful death lawsuits are one of the only ways available to hold big business accountable for their blatant neglect.
  • Mesothelioma is sometimes diagnosed by chance, before there are any symptoms.
  • Mesothelioma incidence rates among women in Northeast Minnesota and St.Louis County were the same (0.3) and well below the state rate.
  • Mesothelioma filings increased from 2,001 in 2002 to 2,816 in 2003, with an average of 2,184 during the period 2001 to 2003.
  • Mesothelioma differs from many other cancers because, in addition to gender, age and race, geographic location also affects incidence.
  • Mesothelioma accounted for 1.5% of the 171 900 total lung and bronchus malignancies in the US in 2003 (1, 2 ), and epidemiological studies have established exposure to asbestos fibers as the primary cause (3–5 ).
  • Although malignant mesothelioma remains a relatively uncommon malignancy in the US, it continues to be an important cause of mortality in numerous areas worldwide, e.g., England, Wales, continental Europe, and Australia.
  • Mesothelioma is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms associated with this disease closely resemble more common chest and lung diseases.
  • Mesothelioma cells were found to express mRNA for proopiomelanocortin and its processing enzymes; release -MSH peptide into supernatants; and express melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), the high-af?nity receptor for -MSH.Immunoneutralization of MC1R in the cell lines enhanced expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-6, and transforming growth factor- .Mesothelioma tissue specimens were ?xed in 10% buffered formalin and were paraf?n-embedded.Tissue sections (3 m) were cut from the paraf?n-embedded blocks.
  • Mesothelioma cells and collagen are identified in tumor fragment spheroids.
  • Mesothelioma has not been found in South African chrysotile miners and millers despite decades of producing about 100,000 tons of the mineral per year.
  • Mesothelioma can be divided into three known forms: pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial.
  • Mesothelioma continues to affect hundreds and even thousands of people each year, particularly in industrious cities such as San Diego and Los Angeles.
  • Mesothelioma symptoms are considered the swelling of the face or through and malfunctioning of other organs or parts of the body.
  • Mesothelioma is found to be in highest incidence rate in Britain, Australia and Belgium.
  • Mesothelioma is very rare in childhood with an estimated 2%–5% of all cases occurring in the first two decades of life.
  • Mesothelioma treatment is considered palliative rather than curative and usually consists of some combination of surgery and chemotherapy.
  • The most commonly used mesothelioma chemotherapy is a combination of pemetrexed and cisplatin.However, this combination is not without its risks.
  • A mesothelioma does not usually spread to the bone, brain, or adrenal glands.
  • A mesothelioma diagnosis usually begins with an accomplished medical history review and a physical enquiry of a patient who suffers from mesothelioma symptoms and signs , including shortness of the breath, chest pains, swollen abdomen, a dry, persistent cough – or in the case of pericardial mesothelioma, erratic behavior in the cardiovascular system.
  • If mesothelioma is in an early stage it can be treated with surgery in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
  • No mesothelioma cases were found among approximately 15,000 subjects of one large factory (Factory E) that started operations in 1902 and used chrysotile solely for producing textiles, insulation and friction materials (Browne and Smither, 1983).
  • No mesothelioma cases had been observed in Russia (Dobrovolsky, 1998).
  • The mesothelioma is a mucous membrane that functions as a lubricant to the organs and enables them to work efficiently and effectively.
  • The mesothelioma swelling may be in one of 2 variants: a benign and a malignant form of the cancer.
  • A mesothelioma attorney must master the many complexities associated with an asbestos exposure case.
  • When mesothelioma occurs in the lungs, it is called pleural mesothelioma ; when it occurs in the heart lining it is called pericardial mesothelioma ; and when it occurs in the abdomen it is called peritoneal mesothelioma .
  • Your mesothelioma lawyer and their team of investigators will work hard to pinpoint the place or places where you were exposed to asbestos and which companies are responsible for those products.
  • These mesothelioma lawsuits often result in millions of dollars for the victims when handled by an experienced lawyer or law firm.
  • A good mesothelioma attorney will choose to bring a mesothelioma or lung cancer claim in a jurisdiction that has favorable laws as they pertain to the client’s unique set of asbestos exposure facts.
  • These mesothelioma remedies are very costly but with a knowledgeable by your side, you ought to not have to be concerned about your medical bills.
  • Unlike mesothelioma, asbestosis usually develops when a person is exposed to high levels of asbestos over a prolonged period of time.
  • Not all mesothelioma patients are good candidates for the radical surgical procedure.
  • Pleural mesothelioma is by far the most common form of the disease, accounting for about 75% of all cases .
  • Not all mesothelioma treatment centers provide the same level of treatment.
  • Pleural mesothelioma is different from lung cancer, which grows inside the lung.
  • Pleural mesothelioma is often thought of as a type of primary lung cancer, but it is not.
  • But once mesothelioma appears, patients typically die within 9 to 12 months.
  • No, most mesothelioma lawyers work on a contingency fee basis.
  • New York mesothelioma lawyers predict there will be a huge influx over the next ten years when the devastation of 911 is taken into account.
  • Though Mesothelioma causes immense pain and suffering to the victim along with short life expectancy, certain treatments have resulted in the successful reduction and removal of the cancerous tumors of Mesothelioma.
  • Malignant mesothelioma can also affect the reproductive organs, the heart, and other major organs.
  • Malignant mesothelioma is far more common in men than in women, at a ratio of 4:1.
  • Abdominal mesothelioma presents with symptoms like weight loss, abdominal swelling and pain, bowel obstruction, blood clotting, anemia and fever.
  • Only 10% of mesothelioma patients survive more than five years after initial diagnosis.
  • Pericardial mesothelioma – This is the rarest form of mesothelioma – only about 5 to 15% of mesothelioma is pericardial mesothelioma.
  • The risk of Mesothelioma increases as the age increases but the disease can make its appearance at any age.
  • Pericardial Mesothelioma patients do not qualify for heart transplants because there is a great risk of cancerous cells being spread throughout the additional mesothelium.
  • Patients of mesothelioma are now utilizing alternative mesothelioma treatment, such as massage therapy as an effective palliative therapy in overall cancer treatment regimens.
  • At autopsy, mesothelioma with infiltration of the lower lobe of the right lung was evident.
  • No cases of mesothelioma were reported in a retrospective mortality cohort study of 1172 chrysotile asbestos product workers (17,600 person-years) in Tianjin, China, from 1972 to 1987 (Cheng and Kong, 1992).
  • In treating Mesothelioma, the anti-cancer drugs are usually given to the patient through intravenous injection (within the vein).
  • Pericardial Mesothelioma may occur in diffuse, multiple and localized forms.
  • Most of the mesothelioma attorneys give a free consultation for your first visit.
  • Treatment of Mesothelioma depends on many factors, including the stage of the cancer, the circulation of the malignant cells, pathology reports determining the nature of the cancer cells and patient’s age and health.
  • Many of these mesothelioma patients have lived years past their expected “date of death” estimate.
  • Although rare, mesothelioma affects veterans from all branches of service: Army , Navy , Air Force and Marines.

Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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Cement asbestos pipe

How Safe Are Cement Asbestos Pipe

Asbestos is a material that was widely used in building constructions for many years. However the material was banned in many of the building sectors due to the health risk it presented. The inhalation of asbestos fibers was directly linked to causing respiratory diseases and lung cancer depending on the level of exposure. As a result, the buildings with asbestos in their structure were demolished from the 1970s onwards and the asbestos fibers were safely disposed. However the use of cement asbestos pipe in buildings has not been banned. In 1999, the USA courts clarified that cement asbestos pipe posed no health risk at all to people who were exposed to it. Although both installation of cement asbestos pipe leads to a high initial presence of asbestos fibers in the water, various studies have since disassociated asbestos in water from causing any stomach cancer or tumors.

The wide avoidance of cement asbestos pipe as a building material is associated with a negative public perception which is related to the harmful asbestos fibers that are found in other places in the building. To clarify matter, asbestos is only harmful when inhaled and the ingestion of asbestos causes no health risks according to many studies that have been conducted in laboratories. The World Health organization also cited that asbestos in drinking water does not cause any health risks in their 1993 study on the Guidelines for Quality Drinking Water.

While water from cement asbestos pipe does contain asbestos fibers, these fibers cannot be inhaled and as a result they do not pose any heath risk at all. The fibers do not contain the carcinogens that are responsible to gastrointestinal cancer and they can therefore not be related to any cancer of the stomach to the intestines. Asbestos is a commonly appearing mineral so it can be found in many sources of water without the need of cement asbestos pipe. There is no consistent proof linking the ingestion of asbestos to cancer and tumors in the stomach. Cement asbestos pipe is an especially durable piece of construction material due to its resistance and strength qualities. By mixing asbestos fibers with cement, the resulting compound has very high tensile strength that makes it durable than any other building material such as wood or plastic.

Cement asbestos pipe has a life span of between 50 and 60 years that makes it ideal for constructing the water system in residential or commercial buildings. The pipes are also heat resistant and they can be used in places that are prone to fires such as boilers or near an electric circuit. Also cement asbestos pipe is bio-degradable as it is made from naturally occurring minerals which include asbestos fibers and cement from limestone. This makes them an excellent choice in the construction industry as they offer durability as well as eco-friendly features. All that should be noted is that cement asbestos pipe poses no health risk to a human or animal population and they are very durable and affordable than their iron or plastic counterparts.

Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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Hair Styles For Long Hair

There are many styles that you can use if you have long hair. Hereafter are some.

Traditional prom curls: you have first to wash the hair well. you should then brush and brow dry your hair so that it can look silky and nice. Make sure that you

gathered the hair well and put them on a side part. Divide the hair so that one of it will be down and the other one will be clipped. Use the water mouse to curl the half of the hair. Let the air to stay for around 2 hours. Take out the curlers and pin the hair into a circle. You can use the curling iron to make soft curls. You have to pin the bottom in the middle of hair and you can decorate the hair with pins. You can also make a low or a high ponytails. If you want a high ponytail, you have to ensure that your hair is totally brushed and smooth. You should brush your hair towards the place where you want to hold the hair. You have to ensure that you hold all the hair together without anyone to part. You can braid the hair if you have made a low ponytail and you can add cute accessories to make it look beautiful. You can also do a teased ponytail for your hair by using bumps one after another. You can also use the voluminous straighten or scrunched style for your hair.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2012

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Pemetrexed mesothelioma

Pemetrexed mesothelioma
Mesothelioma patients may benefit from pemetrexed-based treatment.Many researchers are testing pemetrexed-based drugs as a second-line treatment option for mesothelioma relapse.
Mesothelioma is a rare cancer of lung lining and lining of other abdominal cavities. It is caused due to exposure to asbestos fibers. There are about 2000-3000 reported cases in USA only for Mesothelioma. There are many unreported cases of Mesothelioma in many developing countries.
Researchers have found that pemetrexed drugs benefited mesothelioma patients.
Few people were given pemetrexed-based drugs alone and few were given combination of pemetrexed-based and the current standard platinum-based drugs as part of research and treatment and almost half of the patients tested showed shrunken tumors or tumors that had stopped growing.Patients who responded well to pemetrexed-based drugs as a first-line treatment benefited from the same type second-line treatments.
Pemetrexed is a novel antifolate, a class of drugs that targets the folic acid metabolic pathway, which effects availability of certain B complex vitamins.
There are some side effects also which includes blood cell abnormalities, nausea and diarrhea
Researchers have reported results showing that patients on a new chemotherapy drug regimen live longer and have less pain than those on an older drug.
Pemetrexed is a novel antifolate, a class of drugs that targets the folic acid metabolic pathway, which effects availability of certain B complex vitamins.
The result showed that tumors shrank  in 41 percent of patients onpemetrexed in combination with a more commonly used chemotherapy agent called cisplatin.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is associated with a history of asbestos exposure in about 70 to 80 percent of all cases and there is no approved or very effective chemotherapy for the disease.
Under the current expanded access program, Alimta may be available free to patients who qualify. Additionally, patients with mesothelioma may be entitled to large settlements against employers or asbestos makers.

Article publié pour la première fois le 17/03/2013

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Asbestos health hazards

Asbestos health hazards
Exposure to asbestos increases your risk of developing lung disease. That risk is made worse by smoking.
More the exposure more are the chances for developing harmful effects.
Continuous exposure to friable asbestos results in repository related diseases.
Major health hazards:
Asbestosis — Asbestosis is a serious, progressive, long-term non-cancer disease of the lungs.This is caused due to inhaling asbestos fibers  that causes lung tissues to scar. The scarring makes it hard for oxygen to get into the blood.
Lung Cancer — Lung cancer causes the largest number of deaths related to asbestos exposure. People who work in the mining, milling, manufacturing of asbestos, and those who use asbestos and its products are more likely to develop lung cancer than the general population.
Mesothelioma — Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that is found in the thin lining (membrane) of the lung, chest, abdomen, and heart and almost all cases are linked to exposure to asbestos.This disease takes many years to show up.
Exposure to asbestos:
People can be exposed to asbestos in their workplace, their communities, or their homes. Asbestos has been classified as a known human carcinogen
Risk Factors for asbestos health hazards:
  • Concentration of asbestos fibers
  • Exposure time period
  • Frequency of that time period asbestos was exposed
  • Size, shape and chemical makeup of asbestos fibers
Reduce the hazards of asbestos:
  • Employers should provide training and awareness of operations where there is any potential of exposure to asbestos.
  • Employers should force workers to have all kinds of protective and safety wearings and equipments.
  • Airborne levels of asbestos are never to exceed legal worker exposure limits.
  • Medical monitoring of workers is also required when legal limits and exposure times are exceeded.

Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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Basilar artery stroke

  Basilar artery stroke

Basilar artery is the most important artery in the posterior circulation. It is formed at the pontomedullary junction by the combination of both vertebral arteries. It lies on the ventral

surface of the pons and, along  its course,  it gives off its median, paramedian, short, and long circumferential branches.The branch of the basilar artery with the larger circumference is the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. It normally arises at the junction of the proximal and middle thirds of the basilar artery and supplies the lateral pontine tegmentum, brachium pontis or middle cerebellar peduncle, flocculus, and a small part of the anterior cerebellum. The internal auditory artery usually arises from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery; however, it may also arise as a direct branch of the basilar artery.

The terminal branch of the basilar artery is the posterior cerebral artery (PCA);  which mainly  supplies the midbrain, the thalamus, and the medial aspect of the temporal and occipital lobes. Proximal to its bifurcation into the terminal branches (ie, PCA), the basilar artery gives off the superior cerebellar arteries that supply the lateral aspect of the pons and midbrain and the superior surface of the cerebellum. The clinical manifestations depend on the location of the occlusion, the extent of thrombus, and the collateral flow. If the proximal segment of the basilar artery is occluded and the occlusion resulted from a slowly progressive stenosis, collateralization occurs within the cerebellum into the circumferential branches of the basilar artery. In  most cases of distal (top of the basilar) or proximal (vertebrobasilar junction) occlusions which  are due to embolism either from a cardiac or an arterial source. On the other hand, midbasilar artery occlusion is typically the result of atherothrombosis. Arterial dissections are very rare and usually involve the vertebral artery and occasionally extend to the basilar artery .

  •     Clinical presentation 
    • An abnormal level of consciousness and motor signs, such as hemiparesis or quadriparesis (usually asymmetric), are seen
    • Bulbar and pseudobulbar signs are the most common findings  .
    • Pupillary abnormalities, oculomotor signs, and pseudobulbar manifestations (ie, facial weakness, dysphonia, dysarthria, dysphagia) are common
                                              . The syndromes more commonly associated with basilar artery occlusion are:
      • Locked-in syndrome: It is caused by infarction of the basis pontis secondary to occlusive disease of the proximal and middle segments of the basilar artery, which leads to quadriplegia. Because the tegmentum of the pons is spared, the patient has a spared level of consciousness, preserved vertical eye movements, and blinking.
          • Top-of-the-basilar syndrome:  it is the manifestation of upper brainstem and diencephalic ischemia  which is caused by occlusion of the l basilar artery, usually by an embolus. Patients present with changes in the level of consciousness.  visual symptoms such as hallucinations and/or blindness is common. Third nerve palsy and pupillary abnormalities are also frequent. Motor abnormalities include abnormal movements or posturing.
        • Oculomotor signs are common. They usually reflect involvement of the vertical gaze center in the midbrain or the abducens nucleus, the horizontal gaze center located in the paramedian reticular formation contiguous to the abducens nucleus, and/or the medial longitudinal fasciculus. Lesions to these structures result in the following:

          • Ipsilateral abducens palsy
          • Ipsilateral conjugate gaze palsy
            • Internuclear ophthalmoplegia
            • One-and-a-half syndrome caused by a lesion simultaneously affecting the paramedian reticular formation and the medial longitudinal fasciculus, resulting in ipsilateral conjugate gaze palsy and internuclear ophthalmoplegia
            • Ocular bobbing, which localizes the lesion to the pons: This is characterized by a brisk downward movement of the eyeball with a subsequent return to the primary position.
            • Skew deviation.
                                                                              Other reported signs of pontine ischemia include limb shaking, ataxia (usually associated with mild hemiparesis), facial weakness, dysarthria, dysphagia, and hearing loss.
                           Medical care
                                              Patients with unstable  neurological symptoms, decreased level of consciousness, active cardiac or respiratory  conditions, hemodynamic instability, or a need for interventional therapies (eg, thrombolysis) must be admitted to a neurological intensive care unit.Every effort should be made to maintain a normal intravascular volume by administering isotonic solutions.. Dobutamine should be used with caution and with close monitoring of the cardiac index because it can often cause vasodilatation and hypotension.  Management of the airway is  importantl.Endotracheal intubation is recommended in most patients to keep their airway clear while maintaining normal ventilation. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is the only pharmaceutical agent used  for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke within the first 3 hours of onset. . In some cases Angioplasty with or without stent placement has been performed to treat patients with atherosclerotic stenosis or to mechanically dislodge thrombi. The combination of intravenous thrombolysis with consecutive on-demand endovascular mechanical thrombectomy may allow for early treatment initiation with high recanalization.Recanalization of the basilar artery is key to the successful treatment of basilar artery thrombosis and for improving its prognosis.

Article publié pour la première fois le 22/10/2011

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symptoms and signs of jaundice

common signs and symptoms of jaundice

Jaundice is not a disease, it is a sign of an underlying disease process. The best way to check for infant jaundice is to press your finger gently on your baby’s forehead or nose

. If the skin looks yellow where you pressed, it’s likely that baby has jaundice. If baby doesn’t have jaundice, the skin color should simply look slightly lighter than its normal color for a moment. Premature babies are more likely to develop jaundice than full-term babies.Common signs and symptoms seen in individuals with jaundice include:

  • there is yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the white portion of the eyes,
  • light-colored stools may be present,
  • there is itching of the skin.
  • nausea vomiting are common
  • abdominal pain may be present
  • fever
  • body weakness
  • there is loss of appetite,
  • headache,
  • confusion,
  • swelling of the legs and abdomen,
  • poor feeding occurs in infants,
  • lethargy,
  • there is change in muscle tone,
  • high-pitched crying occurs in infants,
  • seizures
  • there may be dull pain in the liver region.
  • baby seems listless, sick or difficult to wake
  • Sometimes, infants with significant jaundice have extreme tiredness and poor feeding.
  • Bitter taste felt in mouth
  • Occurrence of severe constipation and nausea, which might lead to undue weakness
  • There is a pale tinge seen in the urine
  • The pulse rate also is hampered once this disease sets in; the affected person experiences slower pulse rate
  • The stools would be foul-smelling and also pale
  • The tongue also turns pale or yellowish and is also referred to as ‘ furry tongue’
  • The back of the baby is arch-shaped
  • Conditions called apnea and disapnea are also witnessed in such babies
Pregnant women might also be affected by jaundice. symptoms of jaundice during pregnancy include:

  • Fever

  • Chronic abdominal pain either in the mid or upper abdominal region

  • Vaginal bleeding even if it only light

  • Dizziness or fainting

  • Abnormal thirst

  • Discomfort or pain or burning while urination. This might be sometimes accompanied by a rise in temperature and shivering or headache

Article publié pour la première fois le 18/11/2011

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cape asbestos

What is Asbestos? How It Can Harm You It is a combination of natural silicate minerals and these have desirable physical properties. These are very important minerals due to their physical properties. The inhalation of these asbestos also cause a no of diseases in human beings. Therefore we should use these minerals with care so that we can avoid from problems in future. The inhalation of asbestos may cause the lung cancer, mesothelioma and many other diseases. Therefore we should avoid from these products. In the most of the countries the asbestos products has banned due to their toxic side effects.  Especially the European countries have banned the extraction, processing and manufacture of these harmful products. The asbestos became very popular among the most of the builders and manufacturers due to its physical properties. The most important physical properties include the average tensile strength, resistant to heat and fire and many others. These physical properties are very important so the most of the builders prefer the uses of these products. The asbestos is resistant to heat and this physical property is very important. Most of the builders use the asbestos due to this specific property.

 

When the builders use cap asbestos then the fibers of asbestos mix with cement. The cape asbestos operated many factories in UK.  These factories produced a large no of products. As there are many risks associated with the use of these products therefore the cape asbestos closed its factories. There are many types of diseases associated with the use of asbestos. The most important disease is the mesothelioma. The mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops in the cavity of lungs and some doctors suggests that there is no treatment available for this disease. This disease usually leads to death after appearance of symptoms. Similarly the asbestosis is another type of disease caused by asbestos. The asbestosis is characterized by the development of fibrosis in lungs. This fibrosis effect the respiratory ability of the lungs. It usually reduces the respiratory ability of the lungs. Similarly the pleural plaques are also caused by the asbestos. This disease affects the lining of the lungs and creates the lesions on the lining of the lungs. These lesions become harder with the passage of time. There are many other types of disorders related to the use of asbestos products. Therefore the products of the cape asbestos has banned due to their side effects. The mode of action of these asbestos is very important. There is a direct connection between the asbestos and benign. The asbestos powders are microscopic in nature therefore the inhalation of the asbestos microscopic particles may be very dangerous for the workers. After the inhalation of these particles to lungs they transport to pleura. These particles are very harmful for the pleura. The pleuron is a protective layer in the chest cavity. The asbestos powder deposited in the pleural cells. The asbestos powder is very harmful against the pleura cells. Therefore we should avoid from the use of asbestos products so that we can avoid from any problem.

Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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Thrombotic Stroke

     Thrombotic Stroke

                                  stroke  which is mainly caused by the interruption of blood flow to a part of the brain due to the  formation of a blood clot along the lumen of an artery. These thrombi usually disturb the blood supply through the arteries into the brain , causing damage. These are the common form of lacunar strokes. About half to two-thirds of all strokes are thrombotic strokes.

In  such type of  stroke, a blood clot (thrombus) forms inside one of the brain’s arteries. The clot blocks blood flow to a part of the brain. This causes brain cells in that area to stop functioning and die quickly.The blood clot that triggers a thrombotic stroke usually forms inside an artery that already has been narrowed by atherosclerosis. This is a condition in which fatty deposits (plaques) build up inside blood vessels.

Thrombotic strokes can affect both large as well as small arteries of the brain. when the clot affects the larger arteries of the brain and intrupt blood flow to the greater portion of it , results in greater disability and  when a thrombotic stroke occurs in a small artery, the artery is usually one that is deep within the brain. This stroke is more specifically named a lacunar stroke. Lacunar strokes often have minimal symptoms because only a small part of the brain is affected.

Another type is embolic stroke which is also due to formation of blood clot somewhere in the body other than brain. in this the thrombi(blood clot) travels through the blood stream to the brain artery.. this blood clot usually comes from the heart

CAUSE OF THROMBOTIC STROKE

The  cause of thrombotic stroke is migraine headache. In  severe cases, a migraine headache can cause a brain artery to go into spasm for a long time. And allows to form blood clot

RISK FACTORS OF THROMBOTIC STROKE

Certain risk factors play an important role these are..

  • Family history of stroke
  • Diabeties
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 29/09/2011

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Basal ganglia stroke

 Basal ganglia stroke

basal ganglia  is generally a ganglion which  is a collection of cell bodies outside the central nervous system.It is a collection of nuclei deep to the white matter of cerebral cortex. It includes:

1) caudate,

 2)putamen,

 3)nucleus accumbens,

  4)globus pallidus,

  5)substantia nigra,

  6)subthalamic nucleus,

This region has a supply of blood that  can easily damage or blocked. When the supply of blood to any of   region in the  brain is disturbed, the individual will undergo a stroke. When a stroke occurs because of lack of blood flow in the basal ganglia it is referred as basal ganglia stroke . Strokes that damage the basal ganglia can cause a range of abnormalities in body movement.The basal ganglia mainly control coordination of movement, and when these nerve centers become damaged, the body loses its ability to coordinate. This disorder is called ataxia. If the basal ganglia become damaged by a stroke, then the muscles of face, mouth, and throat  also weaken and function incorrectly.

signs and symptoms of basal ganglia stroke

When a stroke occurs because of lack of blood flow in the basal ganglia, it leads to symptoms. The typical symptoms for a stroke in this area include:

1) Changes in body movement – when stroke occurs in the basal ganglia , a variety of anomalies in movement of the body occur.it include–

Stiff  and Rigid muscles

Loss of movement

Tremors

Ataxia(loss of ability to coordinate)

Difficulty in swallowing

Difficulty in smiling or speaking

2) Cognitive impairment- Patients having  stroke affecting the basal ganglia will experience a decrease in cognitive functionSome of the functions affected by a stroke in the basal ganglia include

difficulty in making decisions

memory disturbances,

language problem,

difficulty in attention.

These symptoms improve over time, but rarely return to normal levels

3) Unconsciousness, nausea, vomiting and headache- A hemorrhagic stroke in the basal ganglia will result in headache, nausea and vomiting.  when bleeding  occurs in the caudate nucleus  it can spread to other areas of the brain. As a result  the  blood irritates the nerves and tissues of the brain and can lead to pain and vomiting. Furthermore, the increased pressure caused by the excess blood can lead to parts of the brain shutting down. Once the brain begins to shut down, the patient can lose consciousness and  enters into the state of   coma.

4) Personality changes- A basal ganglia stroke can lead to personality changes,  like

  • Difficulty in  understanding
  • Frustration
  • Anxious
  • Lack of motivation
  • Loss of interest in any activities
  • Crying for no reason
  • Laugh for no reason
  • Depression
  • Anger

Article publié pour la première fois le 11/10/2011

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How Asbestos Workers Are Affected

How Asbestos Workers Are Affected

Asbestos is a mineral fiber that before it was banned was used in manufacturing building materials, insulation materials, in ceiling and even floor tiles.  Although asbestos workers exposed to asbestos fibers won’t at the beginning feeling the effect of exposure, in the long run the asbestos workers may experience lung disease due to the exposure. It is for this very reason, many state governments have banned the use of asbestos in any manufacture; despite the ban and the effects of asbestos, the number of asbestos workers is still on the rise. Asbestos as mentioned before has thread like features which when exposed to the atmosphere, becomes invisible.

 

Asbestos workers in this regard while working, inhales the thread without knowing it and sometimes carries it home in their clothes. Studies show that all the asbestos related sickness tends to affect the asbestos workers because of long term exposure to the fibers. It is said that the workers develop the asbestos related symptoms between 15-50 years after them being exposed. One of the ways that the asbestos workers are affected negatively is through them contracting lung cancer. When the worker breathes in the fibers, they are attached to the lung cells causing limited blood ad air flow to the lungs. Some of the earlier symptoms that one may experience is coughing persistently, difficulty in breathing and sometimes pain is associated with coughing.  The hugest risk for this lung cancer is that with time, the tumors can spread to other parts of the body causing death.

Asbestos workers also have the risk of being affected with mesothelioma which is a rare type of cancer that occurs in the lining that surrounds the organs of the body. These linings are known as mesothelium. It affects the men workers more than the women, about 80 percent of the asbestos workers who are exposed to asbestos risk being infected with mesothelioma. The problem with this type of cancer is that, it takes many years for the symptoms to show. As such by the time it is diagnosed, it usually is at the advanced stage and the only way to treat it or reduce pain is through radiation and chemotherapy.

Asbestos workers also have the risk of contracting asbestosis which is a scar like feature in the lungs. It usually is as a result of being exposed to asbestos over a long period of time. The symptoms for this disease are coughing, fingers curling and also shortness of breath. If you want to treat asbestosis, there are drugs that are advised for one to take so as to decrease inflammation of the lungs and pneumonia. Because asbestos workers have the highest risk of being infected, the health experts’ advice that the workers should limit being exposed to asbestos as that is the best way to stop the spread of the disease. According to experts also, people are exposed to asbestos if the asbestos tiles or ceilings are damaged. So, if you know that you have asbestos tiles, you should make sure that it is removed to prevent any risk.

Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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Symptoms of stroke

Symptoms of stroke
Symptoms of the stroke typically start suddenly, over seconds to minutes,. The symptoms  depend on the area of the brain affected. The more the area of brain affected, the more  functions that are likely to be lost. Some forms of stroke can cause additional symptoms. For  example, in intracranial hemorrhage, the affected area may compress other structures. Most  forms of stroke are not associated with headache, apart from subarachnoid hemorrhage and  cerebral venous thrombosis and occasionally intracerebral hemorrhage  . If the area of the brain affected contains one of the  these central nervous system pathways— spinothalamic tract  corticospinal tract, and dorsal column (medial lemniscus,  symptoms may include:  1) there will be hemeplegia and weakness of the muscles of face  2) there is feeling of numbness  3) there is decreased in sensation.  4) Firstly there is flaccidity (hypotonicity), replaced by spasticity (hypertonicity), followed by  In most cases, the symptoms affect only one side of  the body i.e. .unilateral . Depending on the part of the brain affected, the defect in the brain  is usually on the opposite side of the body.  Brain stem give rise to 12 cranial nerves, stroke affecting the brain stem and  brain therefore can produce symptoms relating to defect in these cranial nerves:  There is total or partial loss of smell, taste, hearing, or vision.  Ptosis is common i.e.drooping of eyelid and weakness of ocular muscles  There is decreased reflexes: swallow, pupil reactivity to light  decreased sensation and muscle weakness of the face  nystagmus and balance problem is common  altered breathing and heart rate  patient is notable to turn head to one side because of weakness in  sternocleidomastoid muscle  due to weakness in tongue muscles there is difficulty in protruding or move side  If the cerebral cortex is involved following  symptoms can be seen  aphasia (difficulty with verbal expression, auditory comprehension, reading and/or  writing Broca's or Wernicke's area is commonly involved)  dysarthria (difficulty in speech)  apraxia (altered voluntary movements)  visual disturbances  memory deficits due to the involvement of temporal lobe  hemineglect due to the involvement of parietal lobe  disorganized thinking, confusion, hypersexual gestures because there is involvement  anosognosia (persistent denial of the existence of a, usually stroke-related, deficit)  If the cerebellum is involved, the patient may have the following:  difficulty in walking  altered movement coordination  vertigo and or disequilibrium   Associated symptoms  There is loss of consciousness, headache, and vomiting usually occurs more often in  hemorrhagic stroke than in thrombosis because of the increased intracranial pressure from  the leaking blood compressing the brain.

Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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Whiplash Compensation

Whiplash is extremely common in horse racing and on-road accidents. Whiplash injuries are most common in UK. Most part of the accident insurance goes towards paying for whiplash compensations. Many masterminds and criminals take advantage of such type of compensation plans. They simply set up fake accidents and bring all fake witnesses to get their compensation done.

This is one of the major factors as to why government is being strict towards handing out those compensations. A conclusive and effective evidence of the accident and the related injury has to be produced, before the government hands over the compensations to you. So a doctor’s report is of much importance when it comes to handing over the compensation, as well as a genuine proof is a must to get your compensation.

This is the exact reason as to why whiplash compensation companies are in such a high demand. They know how to handle each and every such situation and have an effective approach which can get you huge sums of benefits in no time.

Victims of whiplash might not be completely aware of the fact that they have been affected by such an injury, and might not get the benefits of compensations. Hence it is always recommended to approach or consult your nearest doctors when you get some kind of neck pain or other such whiplash related symptoms. Whereas some other victims of whiplash might not be aware of such compensations and benefits they are entitled to. If you are unable to work due to whiplash injury then apply for compensation. It is the job of the compensation company to provide you with those benefits and find out the maximum number of heads than an applicant can be entitled to.

Many solicitors are taking advantage of their huge demand and have raised their fees, and even whiplash compensation companies have done the same thing. These fees are unnecessary as the government looks after all their legal expenses when the claim is put into its place, so always be warned of such type of cheats and make sure to avoid them and raise questions when they demand the fees. Never fall for such cheats.

Whiplash companies and other solicitors related to giving compensations to victims of whiplash, give you a contract to sign when you apply for the first time. They might also try to trap you into one such case where you might have to pay huge fees unnecessarily. Never fall for such traps, always make an effort to go through each and every document placed before you. Have a good look at the terms and conditions before you sign one such compensation contract. The main thing to look out for is to see to that you don’t have to pay a single buck from your own pocket if the compensation is being rejected.

A genuine whiplash compensation company who are true to their clients always has the following features.

. 1. The company makes sure that the victim is properly compensated for all expenses incurred because of their treatment, loss of work time and damage that has occurred due to accidents.

2. The company must not demand any extra fees or charges other than the money they get legally through the government to cover all these costs.

Look for these features at the beginning and then go and choose the one you feel is best for you.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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Cerebral vascular accident and its types

 Cerebral vascular accident

It is defined as  damage to the brain caused by a disruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain. This disruption of blood supply can be caused by a blood clot, or by a ruptured artery. The symptoms of a cerebral vascular accident depend on the  part of the brain  affected.  CVA  are mostly related to heart function because they are often associated with conditions affecting the heart. CVA is also referred to as a Stroke. stroke  occurs all of sudden affecting the blood vessels of the brain. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the second leading cause of death in the world.  It is called a Temporary Ischemic Attack (TIA) when the symptoms are temporary (less than 24 hours), and  stroke when the loss of brain function is permanent.

This “brain attack” occurs when there is not enough blood reaching the brain. A disturbance in blood flow may be due  to one of two main  causes:

1) there is blockage due to an arterial clot or fatty deposit and vessel rupture.

2) When there is a malfunction in blood flow, cellular death or infarction occurs

In case if  stroke is left untreated , more cells in the brain die due to oxygen and nutrient starvation. Therefore, cellular death in the brain can be localized or systemic. A stroke is a medical emergency . If there is any symptom of  stroke occurs the patient  should be taken immediately to a medical facility for diagnosis and treatment.

Types of Strokes

There are two major types, ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic strokes.

Ischemic strokes involve arterial or vessel blockage. The following are two types of ischemic strokes:

Cerebral Embolism – This type of stroke is one of the most common . The carotid arteries serve as the major blood vessel that travels blood to the brain. A stroke will occur if any smaller branch  is occluded, thereby blocking the passage of blood.   This may occur if cholesterol, a clot, or other material deposited in a vessel – usually within the carotid artery – breaks off into a  smaller vessel where it becomes lodged between the vessel walls. A traveling clot or piece of debris traveling from any where in the  body to the brain is called an embolus. When blood supply is cut off from the brain, there is a very serious risk of brain damage or death.

  • Cerebral Thrombosis – The carotid artery in the neck and the cerebral artery in the brain can also succumb to a blood clot or atherosclerosis. When  it occurs , the occlusion is called a thrombus, a stationary blockage of the artery that cuts off blood passage. TIA, transient ischemic attacks, which may cause stroke-related symptoms last just a short time.
  Hemorrhagic (bleeding) Stroke is highly fatal as it involves the instantaneous rupture of a blood vessel in the brain.
  • Intracerebral Hemorrhage – When a vessel inside the brain ruptures, it spills blood into the surrounding area. The effect of vessel rupture occurs in two-folds;  the spilled blood irritates brain tissue causing inflammation and swelling and the broken vessel cuts continuous blood flow to the rest of the brain.  The main Causes of this type of stroke include drug and alcohol abuse as well as hypertension. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, puts excess pressure in the brain’s blood vessels thereby causing the walls to weaken. The risk for this stroke increases with age . This is frequently seen in young women and is congenital in nature.
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage – An aneurysm is a weakened part of a vessel wall that may become so thin that it causes a bulge in the wall. If the aneurysms breaks or bursts, a subarachnoid hemorrrhage will occur. This is a rupture, or trauma causing rupture in a certain area between coverings.

Article publié pour la première fois le 06/01/2012

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Jaundice Symptoms

Sometime the person who is suffering from jaundice can have other underlying diseases, condition or even disorders.  People who are suffering with jaundice will also show the symptoms that are identified with these other diseases.

In adults, adolescent, and children, the following are symptoms that will accompany the jaundice. The person can begin by having brown or dark urine, abdominal pain, symptoms that can be confused as flu symptoms such as cough, pains, aches or headaches. The person can also begin to suffer itchy skin, generally feeling of being ill or malaise. The person can begin to suffer nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. The stool can begin to be clay-colored or pale. The person can suffer poor appetite, some unexplained weight loss and to feel weak.

Even if the above are symptoms that can show that someone has the jaundice, there are some symptoms that can show that someone is in a life threatening situation and he has to get the doctors’ immediate attention. Ascites ( the swelling caused by the fluid on the abdomen). Breeding, if the patient begins to vomit or to pass stools with the blood.  The patient can have a changed ability in alertness or consciousness like passing out. The person can have a changed mental status like confusion. The patient can suffer shortness in breathing and difficulty in breathing. The person can feel severe weakness, shakiness and muscle tremors or acute edema on legs. If your child has fussiness, lack of urine and stool, problems in breastfeeding and unresponsiveness, you should call for the doctor immediately

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Is It Really ED

Is It Really ED? – Learn The Signs of True ED

 

Erectile dysfunction affects more than 65 million men in the United States alone. However, most people don’t really understand this condition. Many men believe that they have it, when they really do not. This leads them to seek medications that they believe will help them, but in reality they do nothing for them and they could even be dangerous.

 

So what are the real signs of erectile dysfunction?

 

Erectile dysfunction is when a man is unable to achieve an erection due to a physical cause. Most of the cases of suspected ED are not actually due to physical causes; they are caused by psychological causes. Anxiety, stress, and a host of other psychological problems can make it difficult to achieve or maintain an erection.

 

This “performance anxiety” or whatever you would like to call it, is not true ED and thus it can not be remedied by any of the erectile dysfunction medications that are prescribed by doctors to treat ED.

 

You can tell if you have actual erectile dysfunction if you are unable to achieve or maintain an erection more than 25% of the time. A doctor may also recommend a test that would determine if you are having a normal number of nighttime erections. On average, male adults have about 3 to 5 nighttime erections. If you find that you are having much less frequent erections while you sleep, this is probably a sign of erectile dysfunction.

 

So what cause and erection in the first place?

 

An erection is a result of your hormones, brain, nerves and blood vessels working together. If one of these bodily systems isn’t doing its job, the man will not be able to have a satisfactory erection. The most common reason that men are unable to achieve an erection is because the muscles in the penis do not relax so that blood can flow through the penis and cause an erection.

 

When a man is aroused, the brain will send signals to activate certain enzymes that help to relax the muscles of the penis so that blood can circulate freely through it. However, there are also enzymes that break down these “relaxant” enzymes. Too many of these enzymes (called PDE-5) and the muscles in the penis are unable to relax and thus blood flow is restricted.

 

So what can be done about ED?

 

ED medications like Viagra, Cialis and Levitra work to inhibit PDE-5. This allows the normal process to take place uninhibited. Each of these drugs works in a different way, but the principle is usually the same.

 

Erectile dysfunction is often misunderstood, and those who suffer from it often feel very embarrassed about the condition. Once people realize that ED is a normal medical condition, just like any other, and what’s more, there is a cure for it, then there would probably be much less of a stigma on men who have ED and those who have undiagnosed ED would be more likely to see their doctor about it.

 

 

 

Stacey Cavalari is a writer and blogger for AccessRx.com, a safe U.S. medication facilitator which customers can order prescription medications online. You can buy Viagra online safely in the convenience of your own home.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 30/09/2011

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The Linden Method – My Personal Experience

In recent years, you can find that the Linden Method is more and more popular. It is actually a kind of recognized program for eliminating anxiety problem from the patient. It is proved with research and the method is backed up by many studies. There are a lot of psychological studies being conducted in the past which could help to reinforce the fact that Linden Method helps.

You can find that there are many people who would find the Linden Method useful. You would find that this type of treatment would work for many types of conditions related to anxiety. For example, you would be able to use this treatment method to reduce the problem of post traumatic stress disorder. You would also find that phobias, compulsive disorder, etc, can all be cured with the right use of this method.

Even though you are not suffering from the anxiety problem, you can also find that the use of this type of method is very good. For example, you would be able to have a nice and relaxed body if you use this method. Even though you do not suffer from the panic disorder, you can also use this method to make yourself happy and reduce the stress. This is also the thing that people would try to do in order to ensure that their emotion would not further worsen or otherwise the problem like panic disorder would eventually come.

You can find that there are many scientists who are supporting this method and they would recommend this method to people who want to have natural treatment. Yes, the Linden Method is regarded as a kind of natural treatment that people can take in order to resolve the anxiety problem. Therefore, it would be popular among people who have suffered a lot from the anxiety problem but refuse to see the doctors because they do not want to take the medicines. If they use this method instead, they would be able to get relieved conveniently.

You can find that there are many products related to the Linden Methods. For example, you can find that videos or audios related to this method and you can base on these items to select the most appropriate treatment methods for you to cure yourself. Yes, you can find that it is interactive for you to use the Linden method to cure yourself. Therefore, you should not ignore the importance of this method in curing anxiety and you should always try your best to look for the relevant information related to this kind of method and get prepared for it.

As you might read from some of the review sites, the effectiveness of this method is well recognized so you actually do not need to worry about falling into any traps or scams. As long as you follow the treatment guide in the method and work out the necessary steps according to the instruction, you would feel that the panic disorder problem is getting away from your body.

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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Have you got any depression or anxiety problem? In recent years, more and more suffer from this kind of emotional illnesses because of the current economic context. Many people lose their job overnight and they could not accept this kind of sudden changes. Therefore, they become nervous about their future and they have lost confidence on themselves

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. This is the reason why you can find that many people would want to find the necessary information for them to cure anxiety.

There are many people who are experienced with the treatments of anxiety indeed. Therefore, you can find many books written to guide you through the process of anxiety treatment. But it would not be very easy for you to do so if you follow some useless tips. Therefore, you certainly need to read and understand more about the useful helps that you can take.

Linden method would be one of the methods that you can consider nowadays. This method has been used by more than 1 million of people in the world and many of these people have succeeded in enjoying a new life and saying goodbye to the problem of anxiety of intense stress.

It is always easy for you to understand about the cause of anxiety but it is not very easy for you to find comprehensive methods to cure the problem. Therefore, you will easily find that the use of Linden Method might be the first method which can successfully bring anxiety away from you.

If you are willing to search online, you would find that there are many other methods other than the Linden method. However, the successful rate of curing anxiety with the use of this method would be much higher when compared with the traditional ways or other ways that you might have found.

The cost for you to follow the Linden method would not be high. You would find that there are a lot of methods which require you to spend a large sum of money but the effect yielded would not be great. Therefore, you would easily find that the use of Linden Method would change the situation and the perception that ‘low cost cannot bring good product’. Yes, this method is affordable to many people so that people can hire the method without delaying the treatment of the anxiety problem.

In Europe, there are many doctors recommending this method for their clients. Therefore, you would find that this method is well recognized and it would not be difficult for you to find the basic information related to this method if you search online. You will be surprised by the fact that there are many people supporting this product online and they have written many reviews to mention information related to the awesome features of this method and the wonderful effectiveness of the method.

Therefore, you should not ignore the information search online as it would help you understand more about the method before you really invest in it. You can get rid of anxiety on your own also!

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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Jaundice Treatment

The treatment of jaundice normally depends on the underlying problem that lead to the symptoms in the first place. When the diagnosis of the problem has been made, then the treatment of the problem can begin. Sometime the patient can be required to be hospitalized or he can take the medicine home.

The treatment can be watchful waiting in your home with totally rest.  The doctor can choose to give intravenous fluids, medication, blood transfusion and antibiotics. If the cause is any toxin or any drug, then it has to be stopped immediately.

Sometime surgical treatment can be needed. According to the underlying problem, in addition of the IV fluids, antibiotics or blood transfusion, the patient may need to get additional medicine for vomiting, nausea or pain. The patient may need also to be treated by radiation, chemotherapy and the phototherapy for the new baby born.

In addition, of the medical attention found in the hospital, the patient also has to take care of himself at home. Additional care at home can be the following. You have to make sure that you keep hydrated by drinking enough fluids. Take the medicines as the doctor has instructed. Do not use any additional herb and supplements which you do not know their side effects. You should never take alcohol until the doctor tells that it is alright. The doctor may recommend to keep away from certain foods. If it is a new baby born, then you can be asked to place the child near a well lit place.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Acute Ischemic Stroke

ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE  Stroke is defined as loss of brain function due to disturbance in blood supply to the brain. This can be due to lack of blood flow caused by blockage which may be due to thrombosis, arterial embolism, or a haemorrhage (leakage of blood) As a result, the affected area of the brain is unable to function, which might results in inability to move one or more limbs of the body, inability understand speech, or an inability to see one side i.e. visual disturbance . stroke may cause permanent neurological damage, complications, and death.  Strokes can be classified into two major categories: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes are those that are caused by interruption of the blood supply, while hemorrhagic strokes are the ones which result from rupture of a blood vessel or an abnormal vascular structure. About 87% of strokes are caused by ischemia, and the remainder by hemorrhage.  Ischemic stroke  Strokes can be either ischemic or hemorrhagic. In an ischemic stroke, the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off because blood clot or some form of plaque stops blood supply to brain Blood clots can travel to the brain from another artery (artery-to-artery embolization) or they can come from the heart (cardioemblic stroke).  Ischemic strokes can be caused by a blockage anywhere along the arteries feeding the brain. The blockages can occur for a variety of reasons, including:  The formation of fatty material (atheroma) along the walls of an artery, which reduces blood flow  Breaking off of atheroma from the artery wall. The material can flow with the blood and become stuck in a smaller artery, causing a blockage.  Blood clots that break loose from the heart or one of its valves, known as an embolus. The clot can travel up the arteries of the brain and lodge there, causing an embolic stroke or cerebral embolism. This type of stroke is most common in people who have recently had heart surgery and in people who have defective heart valves or abnormal heart rhythms (especially atrial fibrillation).  Inflammation or an infection that narrows blood vessels that lead to the brain  Consumption of Drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines, which can also narrow the blood vessels  Strokes may also cause swelling in the brain. The pressure that results can damage brain tissue more, making neurologic problems  worse, even if the stroke itself does not enlarge.

Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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Physiotherapy for Children below 18

Title : Physiotherapy for Children below 18 – 4 Things You Must Know!

 

F?r tho?e wh? ?re und?r th? ?g? ?f 18 ?e?rs, a ch?ldren’s ?h???other?pist would b? r?qu?red t? d??l w?th an? k?nd of ?r?blem that ne?d? th?? sort ?f th?ra??. S?m?t?me? ?hildr?n ?njure th?m?elves and thi? call? for ?hysi?th?ra?? too.

 

1. Wh?t r?quir?? th? ph??i?th?r????t’s ????st?n??

If the problem i? n?t due t? an ?llne?s or a dis?rd?r b? b?rth, th?n there ?s u?u?ll? ?n ?n?ury th?t ?? not h??ling th?t ??lls for th? h?lp ?f ? ph?s??th?ra???t. Th??? ?r?blem? ??uld be br?ken bones, spr?in?, ?njur?es t? j??nt? ?r ?v?n ?urg?ry r?lat?d ?r?bl?m?. Unlik? th? full? gr?wn adult b?dy, a ch?ld’? b?d? is still d?v?lo?ing and ne?d? t? be t?ken c?r? ?f ?rop?rl? t? ensure that the d?f??t d?es not hamper their gr?wth ?r?gress ?nd their ??t?v?t???. If th?s ?? n?gl??t?d it w?ll r?tard th? ch?ld’? motivat??n t?? ?nd the child w?ll feel l?ft behind ?nd n?t ?ven try t? b?tt?r hi? perf?rm?nc?.

 

2. H?w do?s a children’? ph?siother???st b?gin tr??tment?

Just lik? tr??tm?nt f?r adults, ?v?n f?r ?h?ldren the fir?t and for?m?st thing t? b? d?n? i? a ?rop?r d??gn?si? ?f the probl?m. On?e the ?hys??th?rap??t h?? a?c?rtained the r??t of the ?r?blem then the th?rapy begin?. Th? ther????t ha? to ??n?id?r ??ver fa?tors ?n the tr??tment ?f ?h?ldr?n su?h ?? ?m?t??nal ?nd ment?l he?lth, nutr?t?on ?nd e?t?ng h?b?ts, m?t?r ?k?lls ?nd the gr?wth and d?v?l?pm?nt ?f the ?h?ld ?h?s???ll?.

 

A ?edi?tr?c??n ?tudi?? th? early d?v?lo?m?nt ?f ?n inf?nt from birth t? ??e if th? mus?l?? are d?vel???ng prop?rl?. In new borns thi? i? ??sent?al ?f the n??k mus?l?? t? ??e ?f the head ?? su???rt?d ?uffic?ently and if the ?h?ld ??n rais? the h??d. The mov?m?nt? ?f ? child ?re ? ?lu? t? th? d?v?l?pm?nt of th? org?n?, mus?l?s and b?n??. If th? gr?wth rat? ?s s?t??f?ct?ry ?t ?s f?ne, but if thi? ?? l?gg?ng behind f?r ??me re???n th?n th? ?au?? w?ll hav? to b? found ?ut ?nd tr??tm?nt st?rted t? en?ur? th?t th? gr?wth rat? ?s enhan??d ?nd br?ught t? th? normal c?teg?r? ???n.

 

3. Ar??? ?f ph????ther?p? f?r ?hildr?n

Ch?ldr?n ?om?tim?s require ther??y with reg?rd to th??r ?p??king ?b?l?ti?s and l?ngu?g? d?v?l??m?nt too. Other ?r?a? that ne?d therap? ar? the lungs ?nd ?h?st th?r?p?, ther??y f?r th? b?n?s or orth?p?d?c th?r?p? and mas??g? ?f th? ?ff??ted ar?a?. Childr?n ?f d?ff?r?nt age gr?ups requ?re phy??cal th?r???sts t? h?l? th?m with v?r?ou? ?robl?m?. A ?h??i?ther?p?st helps kid? w?th postur? ?duc?ti?n, s?f? ?tret?h?s, j??nt manipulation, mobiliz?t??n ?nd ex?r????s. Th?? ?l?o h?v? method? of ass??t?ng ?h?ldren ?nd h?l??ng th?m t? live w?th ?nd ??p? with d?wn ?yndr?m?, d??pr?x??, mult??le ?cler?si?, mu?cle w??kn??s, ?ll?rg?e?, head?ch?s, injur??s of the ?p?n?, c?sti? fibros??, ??r?br?l ??l?? and man? ?th?r d??order? ?nd disea??s that effect ch?ldren.

 

4. Manual m?th?ds of ph????th?r??y

Th?se who h?ve und?rg?n? train?ng ?n ?h?s??thera?? and ?r? full? qu?l?f??d ?n th?? method ?f tr?atm?nt, us? ma??ag? ther??y to sooth th? ?reas that ?re affect?d and ?l?o to str?ngth?n muscl?? and b?n?? ?nd t? g?t r?d of the ???n in th? aff??t?d ?r???. Apart fr?m th? m????g? th?? al?o us? ?qu??m?nt like ultras?und inst??d ?f ?n?e?t?ons, narc?ti?s ?nd drugs t? rel??ve th? d???omf?rt ?nd pa?n ?nd ?l?? ?well?ng?. Qual?f??d physi?th?r???sts ?l?o tr?in ??r?nt? t? use the d?ff?r?nt t??hn?qu?s t? help th??r ?h?ldr?n ????c??lly if it ?s d?ffi?ult t? find ? phys??th?r?p??t ?n the are?? wh?re they r?s?de.

 

Phy?i?th?r??? f?r ?hildren ?n??m?a?ses man? ar??? th?t ar? r?qu?r?d f?r th? dev?l?pm?nt ?f ?h?ldr?n, l?k? the ??r?ulat?r? ???t?m, re??irat?r? ???t?m, muscle? ?nd bon?s and t?nd?n?. Th?s will as?i?t the child ?n the?r gr?wth and well be?ng right through th??r lif?.

 

 

 

 

 

About the Author : This is a Guest Post by Rohit Naik who is a freelance writer and presently blogs on KBC and KBC 5 Gameshow.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 26/09/2011

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Risk factors of stroke

Risk factors of stroke  Certain factors that increase risk of stroke include…  1) Family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack.  2) Older people  High cholesterol — cholesterol build up fatty deposits (plaque) on blood  vessel walls. The deposits can block blood flow to the brain, causing a stroke. Diet, exercise, and family history affect blood cholesterol levels.  4) high blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke. High BP damage blood vessels called arteries that supply blood to the brain. Stroke is more common in men than women. Blacks are more likely to have strokes than are people of other races.  5) Cigarette smoking  6) Diabetes increases the risk of stroke . Diabetes is a condition that causes blood  to build up too much sugar instead of delivering it to body tissues. High blood sugar tends to  occur with high blood pressure and high cholesterol.  8) Physical inactivity.  9 ) Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, a heart defect, heart  infection, or abnormal heart rhythm. can increase risk for stroke . heart valve defects,  irregular heartbeat (including atrial fibrillation), and enlarged heart chambers, can cause blood clots that may break loose and cause a stroke.  10) Use of birth control pills or hormone therapies that include estrogen.  11) Heavy drinking.  12) Use of drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines.  13) sickle cell disease. This is a blood disorder that is associated with ischemic stroke,. A stroke can happen if sickle cells get stuck in a blood vessel and clog blood flow to the brain.

Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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Atrial fibrillation Stroke

What is Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke?  Atrial fibrillation (AF) is defined as the rapid, irregular beating of the left atrium (upper chamber) of the heart. These rapid contractions of the heart are weaker than normal contractions, results in slow flow of blood in the atrium The blood pools and becomes sluggish and can result in the formation of blood clots. When a clot leaves the heart and travels to the brain, it can cause a stroke by blocking the flow of blood through cerebral arteries. Some people with AF have no symptoms, but others will experience a fluttering feeling in the area of the chest above the heart, chest pain, light headedness or fainting, shortness of breath, and fatigue.  What Causes Atrial Fibrillation?  Atrial fibrillation can affect the structure of the heart that is why atrial fibrillation is most common in older adults. Hypertension when untreated  force the heart muscle to work overtime in order to maintain normal blood flow through the body. This extra work makes the heart muscle increase in size, known as cardiomegaly. As the size of the heart increases, its muscle becomes stiff, and atrial fibrillation increases. Other disorders that can lead to atrial fibrillation include 1)Heart valvular disorder (such as rheumatic heart disease), 2) Inflammation of pericardium (pericarditis) 3) Fluid around the heart (pericardial effusions), 4) Prior heart attacks, and 5) Diseases of the electrical conduction system of the heart overproduction of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)   can lead to atrial fibrillation, as several lung diseases and infections, such as pneumonia. Atrial fibrillation can also be caused by emotional or physical stress, alcohol, nicotine, caffeine .  Why Atrial Fibrillation Cause Strokes?  Depend upon the age of a person, and the specific cause of chronic atrial fibrillation, the incidence of stroke in people with this disorder can range from 5 to 17 times higher than that of people without atrial fibrillation. Most commonly, atrial fibrillation causes cardio embolic strokes -- those caused by a clot that escapes from the heart and blocks a blood vessel in the brain. Blood clots are known to form when blood remains clot for prolonged periods of time, or as a result of turbulent blood flow, both of which are likely to occur disorganized heart beat of atrial fibrillation.

Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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Jaundice in Newborns

In a new baby born, the first diagnosis will be done according to how the child looks. However, it will be hard to know the extent of the problem without further tests. The level of the bilirubin in the blood will help the doctor to know the treatment that he will give to your child.

The tests will be physical exam, laboratory tests of the blood sample and the skin test. If the doctor thinks that there is any other cause of the disorder, then he can order extra tests for urine and blood.

In case the child is suffering mild jaundice, it can disappear  in just few days or weeks. However if the jaundice is severe, then he can need to stay in the nursery or to get admitted into a hospital.

The treatment in new baby born can include the following.

Light therapy also known as phototherapy. This will require placing the baby under a special light which emits blue green spectrum. The light will change the bilirubin molecules into the way that will make it easier to be excreted into the stool or in the urine.

Intravenous immunoglobulin, this is the treatment that is given to the baby in case the jaundice was caused by a difference in blood type of the baby and the mother. The antibodies in the blood of the baby will cause the breakdown of the blood cells into the baby’s system. The child can also need transfusion. This  happens when the baby’s jaundice is not responding to other treatment given.

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Symptoms of intra cerebral hemorrhage

                                   Symptoms of intra cerebral hemorrhage

Symptoms  mainly depends up on the location of the bleed and the amount of brain tissue affected. The symptoms usually develop suddenly, without warning, often during activity and get worse with time. the common symptoms include

1) abnormal taste sensation

2) there is loss of conciousness. patient become  lethargic stuporous, sleepy , unconcious and                                               comatose.

3) there is difficulty in speech

4) dysphagia ( difficulty in swallowing)

5) difficulty in reading and writting

6) headache is common

7) loss of balance and coordination

8) movement changes like tremors and weakness of any body part occurs

9) nausea, vomiting seizure occur

10) there is decreased or abnormal sensation. facial paralysis is common.

11) numbness or tingling occur

12) visual disturbances like decreased vision or double vision , drooping of eyelid, uncontrollable eye movements are common.

Diagnosis  and tests

 

1)   Abnormal reflexes

2) Changes in eye movement

3) Decreased vision

4)  Inability to feel sensations properly

5) Loss of movement or coordination

6)  due to  increased pressure in the brain, Swelling of the optic nerve takes place.

 Tests may include:

a)  Bleeding time

b) cerebral angiography , spiral CT scan or angiography of the head .

c)  complete blood count(CBC)

d)  platelet count

e)  Prothrombin time (PT) or  partial thromboplastin time

f)   CT scan of head

g)  head MRI or MRA

h)  kidney function tests

i) Liver function tests

                                                              Treatment of hemorrhage

         Treatment depends on the location, cause, and amount of the hemorrhage.Surgery may be needed, especially if there is bleeding in the cerebellum Medicines used may include:Anticonvulsants to control seizures Corticosteroids or diuretics to reduce swelling Painkillers may be beneficial to reduce pain. tracheal intubation is given in some patients with decreased level of consciousness or other risk of airway obstruction. IV fluids should be given to maintain fluid balance.

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Article publié pour la première fois le 05/10/2011

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How to Identify Asbestos in Houses

Tips on How to Identify Asbestos in Houses

One of the most commonly used materials in the construction of houses in the last century was asbestos. This naturally occurring mineral was preferred due to its heat retardant qualities. Asbestos was used in areas where there was a fire threat such as fireplaces and near electrical installations so as to contain any fire threat.  This wide range use of asbestos in houses continued until 1970 when it was banned from commercial and residential purposes.

 

The use of asbestos in houses was banned because asbestos was linked to respiratory diseases. Scientists begun to note that people who were exposed to asbestos for long periods of times suffered from respiratory diseases such as lung scarring to cancer of the lungs. These connections of asbestos to diseases lead the CDC to ban its overall use in buildings and products. When you find asbestos in houses, have an expert remove it or ask for tips to remove the material for the safety of your family. Below is a detail guide on how to identify asbestos in your house. Therefore it is important for you to try and identify asbestos in houses especially if the house is more than 40 years old. The presence of asbestos in houses can expose you and your family to the dangers lung disease so it is advised that you be able to identify asbestos easily in your house. The best way to identify asbestos in houses is to first of all identify when the house was constructed. If the house was constructed prior to 1980s, then it is very likely that it contains some parts that consist of asbestos. In such a house, check the insulating tape on pipes on the house and if you see a thread like, orange colored material then that is asbestos. On tapings, it can be mostly found in pipe and valves. Another place you can find asbestos in houses is on fireplaces or in furnaces. This is because the material is fire resistant and it was the preferred material to use as an insulator in these places. It will be contained in a caulking material in the fireplace. The tiles of your house are another place you can find asbestos are on the tiles of the house. Many vinyl tiles have asbestos in the underlay, so consult a professional asbestos remover if you do find vinyl tiles in your home. The wall is another place to look at.

 

Asbestos in houses can normally be located to the in the plastering on the wall. These plaster and sometimes stucco coatings will have asbestos threads. As such a professional should be contacted to help with the removal of asbestos as the fibers once released in the air will cause a lot of harm to the family. Normally, if the asbestos is left undisturbed, it will not cause any harm, but this is a risk you cannot take, especially with kids in the house. At the first sign of asbestos, take the precautionary measures advised by experts and then consult a professional who will help with the removal.

Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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Male Pattern Baldness

 

What Causes Male Pattern Baldness?

 

Baldness is something that most men worry about throughout their lives. Some even say that the stress caused by worrying about becoming bald, can actual lead to baldness. But what really causes male pattern baldness? Is it hereditary? Is it a matter of stress or physical damage to the scalp? Can you prevent baldness with proper care? And why do some women suffer from “male” pattern baldness?

??

The Real Culprits

While there certainly is a genetic factor involved, much of the hair loss people experience can be prevented or reduced by proper care of the hair and scalp and general good health and diet. Some men start to experience hair loss in their early twenties, and this can be very difficult for them and their self-esteem often suffers because of this. Other men lose their hair later on in life, and the experience, although not entirely unexpected, can be just as troubling, with men feeling like they are truly “getting old”.

 

However, male pattern baldness isn’t solely caused by age, and many times hair loss can be reduced by proper care. Male pattern baldness is actually caused when the hair follicles on a person’s head fail to produce a certain type of stem cell. This is where the hereditary factor comes in. Men who are more genetically prone to hair loss, may actually run out of these stem cells and thus their hair follicles are no longer able to produce a healthy shaft of hair. In these individuals, the cells are depleted and only certain medications can help to prevent this.

 

Hormones play a part in this as well. Testosterone may cause the hair follicles to produce fewer of these hair progenitor stem cells. This is why baldness is primarily a male problem. However, women may also suffer from hair loss due to an imbalance in hormones. Sometimes, hormone therapy can help to halt or even reverse this.

 

In other people, the hair follicles could simply be unhealthy due to improper care, and thus they are not able to produce healthy hair. The culprit here is a tarry substance known as sebum, which is basically a mix of oils, sweat and bacteria that clog up the follicles and cause them to be unhealthy. Gentle scalp massages (with fingertips and NOT nails) can help to break up the sebum and allow your scalp to “breath”. There are also many shampoos that do a very good job of keeping the scalp clean and healthy.

 

Even though hair loss is seen as one of those unavoidable facts of life, the truth is that there are great strides being made in the medical community that could eventually put a stop to male pattern baldness and other forms of hair loss. There are already a few really effective hair loss treatments and there will probably be even more effective remedies in the near future.

 

Stacey Cavalari holds a B.A. in Literature and currently writes for AccessRx.com, an online facilitator for Levitra online and other safe FDA-approved medications such as Propecia. Stacey uses her research scientist skills to cover and uncover big pharma news she shares on the AccessRx Blog.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 12/10/2011

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Goatee Styles

Talking about the facial hair styling, there are many different kinds of the styles available. Men may go through the routes of wearing a bread, clean shave face or goatee. Some men who create their own styles are incredibly original and involves the previous styles just is styled in a special way by one for himself. We will make a look on all of three traditional men’s facial hair style.

Beards are considerably more popular in winter and many older men wear breads. Some people like to wear beard in only in winter only for change in look while some wear beard all around the year because it’s their style. Another important facial hair style is clean shaven, having no hair on the face. Lots of men are fond of the clean shave but the drawback of clean shave is that it needs to be maintaining daily. The third one is goatees. It is longer facial hair around mouth and chin. Some people like to have full goatee while some enjoy having a half goatee. A half goatee is the hair just around the chin. The goatee is becoming very much popular nowadays, especially in the young generation. There are different styles in goatee as well. Some people like to have really full thick goatees while others like to have small but clearly defined goatee.

The best thing about facial hair styles is that facial hairs grow very quickly and one doesn’t need to wait to for the longer time in order to make a change and try some new styles.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Left hemispheric stroke

        Left hemispheric stroke

stroke occurs when blood supply is intrrupted to the brain. This is caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in our brain, or a torn vessel bleeding into our brain. The left side (hemisphere) of our brain controls the right side of your body. It also controls our speech and language abilities. After a left hemispheric stroke, we may have trouble in  talking, swallowing, or walking. we become more slowly and our memory may be worse than before the stroke. A left-hemisphere stroke often causes paralysis of the right side of the body. This is known as right hemiplegia.

Causes of left side stroke

There are mainly two causes of stroke

 1)Ischemic stroke:   this mainly occurs when an artery to our brain gets blocked due to  plaque  in our artery. Plaque happens when fatty deposits and other things build up in an artery. It  can also get a blocked artery from a blood clot also. The clot can break loose from an artery somewhere else and travel to our brainstem. The clot may get stuck in a narrow blood vessel, stopping blood and oxygen from reaching our brain. This is called an ischemic stroke. Most strokes are ischemic strokes.

 2)Hemorrhagic stroke: A blood vessel may break and leak if a clot gets stuck in it, or the vessel wall is weak. Blood then flows out of the vessel and into brain tissue. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke

 Risk factors for left hemisphere stroke

  •  patient may be  55 years old or more than that..
  • Common in  woman  who  use birth control pills, or take  hormone replacement medicine after menopause.
  •  father or mother already had a stroke, or  had a low weight when we were born.
  • There is high blood pressure, or blood vessel or sickle cell disease that is not being treated.
  •  There may be atrial fibrillation, diabetes or other heart or blood vessel conditions.
             Effects of left hemisphere stroke

                                         The effects of a left hemisphere stroke may include the following:

  •  There may be right-sided weakness (right hemiparesis) or paralysis (right hemiplegia) and sensory impairment.
  •  Difficulty in  speech and understanding language (aphasia)
  • visual problems are common , including  inability to see the right visual field of each eye (homonymous hemianopsia)
  • impaired ability to do math or to organize, reason, and analyze items
  • behavioral changes such as depression, cautiousness, and hesitancy are common
  • impaired ability to read, write, and learn new information.
  • memory problems are common
             Treatment of left side stroke

                                   Treatment mainly depends  causes of stroke, and  signs and symptoms of the patient. we  need the following medicines:

  • Cholesterol medicine: This type of medicine is given to  decrease (lower) the amount of cholesterol (fat) in our blood.
  • Other medicines: You may need medicine to  treat diabetes or to prevent seizures. Medicine may be given to keep our blood pressure at a certain level if it is too high or too low.

                                                                    If  stroke was caused by a blood clot, you may also need the following medicines:

  • Thrombolytics: This medicine is given to break  blood clots and help blood flow more easily.
  • Aspirin: This is medicine that may be given to help thin the blood to keep blood clots from forming.
  • Antiplatelets: This medicine is given to prevent formation of blood clots
                                                Other treatment include
  • Ventilator: A ventilator is a special machine that can breathe for us, if  we cannot breathe  we may have an endotracheal tube (ET tube) in our mouth or nose. A tube called a trach may go into an incision (cut) in the front of our neck. The ET tube or trach is hooked to the ventilator. The ventilator can also give oxygen
  • Surgery:
    • Ventriculostomy: If  there is  too much fluid and swelling around  brain, a tube may be placed through skull to drain the fluid. This tube also checks the pressure in  brain.
    • Craniotomy: If  stroke was caused by bleeding into brain tissue,  surgery  should be done to remove the blood or fix a damaged blood vessel.
        • Carotid endarterectomy: Blocked carotid arteries can cause poor blood flow to our brain. If our carotid arteries are blocked, surgery called carotid endarterectomy may be done. This surgery widens the arteries so that blood can flow through more easily.
        • Blood vessel filter: If we  are at high risk of getting a clot in our leg (DVT) we  may need to have a filter device placed in our blood vessel. This is called an inferior vena cava filter.Go to your rehabilitation sessions:
        •                        Rehabilitation (rehab) is an exercise and activities program. Rehab can help to  return to our usual activities and prevent problems, such as muscle shortening (contractures) and  skin  breakdown (bedsores). Physical therapists may work  to strengthen arms, legs, and hands. They may help relearn or improve how  we walk (gait training). Occupational therapists may teach tthe  new ways to do daily activities, such as getting dressed. A speech therapist may help  in  relearn or improve our ability to talk and swallow
        •                                                   rehab program may include functional electrical stimulation that  help our muscles work better.  weight lifting to increase our strength.  exercises to improve our balance and movement to decrease risk of falling. Stretching exercises, riding a bike, or walking can also help to recove

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/10/2011

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Asbestos waste disposal sites

asbAsbestos waste disposal sites
These are the dedicated locations for disposal of asbestos.Homeowners and asbestos contractors must dispose of waste asbestos materials properly. This is considered as solid waste.Solid waste regulations talks about  packaging of asbestos for disposal and disposal criteria for landfills. It is required for landfill opertaors to handle asbestos  waste in specific manner in asbestos waste disposal sites.
Non-friable asbestos is accepted for disposal by many land-fills as long as the landfill operator is contacted for approval prior to disposal.  Friable asbestos can be disposed to dedicated and authrozied asbestos waste disposal sites
Some points to note while planning asbestos waste disposal :
  • Asbestos should be handled by a certified asbestos abatement contractor.
  • Slightly damaged or loose asbestos can be re-wrapped rather than removed.
  • Avoid dusting, sweeping or vacuuming particles suspected of containing asbestos.
  • Asbestos containing materials should never be disposed of in a combustion facility or compacted because fibers may be released to the surrounding area.
Regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
There are many state and federal regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
  • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly covered
  • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly maintained
  • Only licensed/qualified persons should work in site.

Article publié pour la première fois le 02/04/2013

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The Midlife Crisis – Fact or Myth?

The Midlife Crisis – Fact or Myth?

 

Ask anyone who has actually gone through that troubling time of doubt and uncertainty that seems to hit you once you reach midlife, and they will tell you that the midlife crisis is very real. There may be many factors that combine to make this period unsettling for people; change in hormones and metabolism, realization that you are growing older, the death of parents or other aged loved ones, looking back on your life and realizing you didn’t accomplish that which you had set out to do; all these can cause a very troubling time, which is often referred to as a midlife crisis.

 

However, while it is very evident that the midlife crisis is something that exists, and which countless people experience in their lives, there are many misconceptions and myths regarding midlife crisis that should be cleared up.

 

Myth #1 – Midlife Crises Signify The Beginning Of The End

 

This simply isn’t true. While going through a midlife crisis is very difficult, going through this period usually causes people to enter a period of self-reflection which can lead to a turning point where they can reevaluate their lives and get on a path that will lead to greater fulfillment.

 

Myth #2 – You Can’t Teach An Old Dog New Tricks

 

When you lose your job at this point in your life, it can very quickly spiral you into a period of hopelessness and despair. Losing your job at any point in your life can be very difficult, but middle aged people tend to have more fears associated with losing their jobs, because they feel that they are too old to start a new career and they wouldn’t be able to learn the skills a new job would require. Again, this simply isn’t true. Men in women who have been in the work force for years are much better able to adapt to a new career, simply because they have more experience under their belt than younger workers.

 

Myth #3 – “It’s All Downhill From Here…”

 

It’s true that our bodies start to slow down as we age. However, there have been many medical advances, and because of this, midlife doesn’t have to slow down your life or affect your health. Also, at this age, more people are aware of their health, and thus they tend to put more emphasis on eating better and getting proper exercise. Many people who start to add exercise and proper diet to their daily routines actually say that they feel better than they did when they were younger and “in their prime”.

 

As you can see, going through a midlife crisis doesn’t have to be the end of the world. Different people experience this change of life to different degrees, and some people don’t experience any form of “crisis” at all. However, if you do find yourself going through a midlife crisis, it is important to educate yourself about it and get help if needed. This time in your life can be a turning point for you, and can be a stepping stone to greater things!

 

Stacey Cavalari is a writer and health blogger for AccessRx.com, a safe U.S. medication facilitator where customers can buy Viagra online & safely order Cialis in the convenience of their own home.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 02/11/2011

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Serpentine asbestos

Serpentine asbestos
Serpentine is green and sometimes white, and occurs only in metamorphic rocks.
There are three main serpentine minerals:
– antigorite
– chrysotile
-lizardite.
All are generally green from a significant iron content replacing the magnesium; other metals may include Al, Mn, Ni and Zn, and silicon may be partly replaced by Fe and Al.
Serpentine rock is subjected to high pressures and fairly low temperatures.
The coastal region of northern California is largely made of serpentinite.
White serpentine asbestos has been used in virtually every product from wall insulation and pipe lagging to automotive brake linings and fire suits. Recent legislation in the U.S. was introduced to ban new uses of asbestos in 2007 and phase out asbestos completely by 2016; however, there are still some 3500 asbestos-containing products on the market. In addition, the Canadian, Russian and Chinese asbestos industries continue to produce hundreds of thousands of tons every year, most of which is exported to developing countries.
Properties of serpentine asbestos :
Chemical formula : (Mg)2–3(Si)2O5(OH)4,
Color : White, yellow, green, gray, brown, black, purple; sometimes multicolored, especially green and yellow.
Crystal System : Monoclinic
Transparency :Translucent to opaque. Rarely transparent.
Luster: Greasy, waxy, or silky
Tenacity :Brittle. Fibrous Serpentine is flexible and elastic.

Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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how to get my christian ex back
When you have found that your friends suffer from anxiety, you would usually be very depressed. You would want to find methods to help him or her but you might also find that you are going to suffer from the depression problems. Yes, emotional problems like anxiety and panic attack can come very suddenly and you might find that it is important for you to understand more before you really get the illness.

If you want to understand more about the possible treatments for anxiety, you should try

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to find methods like Linden method. Some people say that this method is a scam. However, you can easily find that the method works and it is not a scam indeed.

If your friends suffer from panic attack, you will find that Linden method would help. it is because this method involves the use of some natural steps for people to get rid of the anxiety and become relaxed. Yes, the process of treatment through Linden method would not be very complicated and it would be quite natural.

The success rate of curing the patients is very hire when you take Linden Method. You can probably find from the internet that over 97% of people using the Linden Method would get a relief from the problem. In other words, you can find that Linden Method Scam is not valid and this method is actually valid in helping you.

Some people think that the Linden method is a scam because they cannot find many supports for the effects of the treatment. They do not believe that the reviews and comments related to the products are real. This is a very serious mistake indeed. The reviews provided by the clients and the users on the internet are real and they are proving that this method can help clients get relief from the anxiety. Therefore, you should try to read them carefully and trust the words there. If you do not try to trust the information there, you probably cannot resolve the panic attack which might cost your life in the serious case.

Almost all people understand that it is very difficult for people to remove problems like anxiety. Therefore, scientists are working hard to find the effective methods for dealing with the problem. And it has been found that Linden Method would be one of the most useful ways that you can consider. Therefore, you should not ignore the usefulness of this method and you should always try to search and buy the method so that you can get relief. If you want to help your friend, you can also succeed in doing so if you try to find the relevant information carefully and purchase the services through Linden Method.

The time required for you to search for this method might be long. However, you will find that it is worthwhile for you to do so because the yield would be awesome. If you want to help your friends, you definitely would find that helping your friends would be the most important.

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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Panic Away By Joe Barry

Many people would not deny that the panic feeling and the anxiety would be something very horrible. In some severe cases, the feeling of anxiety can kill you. Therefore, you probably can find that there are a lot of people who want to look for the information for them to get relaxed.

You can find that Panic Away would be one of the products that you can get from the market for overcoming the problem. You will find that Panic Away By Joe Barry is very useful because of the detailed explanation provided.

He realizes that he is not the only one suffering from the anxiety problem. Therefore, he tries his best to find the methods which can help him persuade and educate the others to handle the anxiety problem. He would not give up finding the relevant information and teaches the people who are suffering from anxiety. Therefore, Panic Away By Joe Barry is produced.

Since anxiety usually originates from the mindset, people would usually need to receive some treatments for them to correct their mindsets. Therefore, Panic Away By Joe Barry would be one of the great products to help you in that case. You would not be required to do something like to take a deep breathe. Instead, you would be told to reflect on yourself and find the problems that you might be having. You are told to face your weakness directly so that you would be able to understand more about the whole thing related to yourself and you would then be able to adjust your mindset so as to bring a change of yourself from the bottom of your heart.

Yes, you can find that Panic Away is one of the guide books that you can choose to read when you have anxiety. There are many practical steps that you can follow in the book and this would enable you to understand more about the world and be positive. You would not be negative anymore after you have read this book and follow the information provided to correct some of the weaknesses that you have.

To conclude, a lot of people have found that reading books like Panic Away By Joe Barry would be helpful for them to become positive and get rid of the panic disorder. Therefore, they would not mind spending money to purchase the book and work according to the suggestions of the book. You can find that many people recommend this book to the others in the internet so you can also try to make similar search in the internet so as to buy this book after reading the basic idea about it.

Article publié pour la première fois le 20/07/2011

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What are the Causes of Jaundice

In normal situation, the body gets rid of all old red blood cells while replacing them with the new blood cells. The bilirubin or a yellow pigment will be left behind after this process. The bile which is mixed with the feces after this process will ensure the elimination of the bilirubin in the feces.

Any problem, disorder and condition that will cause the problem in the above process will make the bilirubin to build up  in the blood system. The causes of jaundice are different in adult, in children or in new baby born.

In the newborn babies, the jaundice is common and in normal circumstances it is not serious. It gets disappeared within two weeks. This is because when a woman is pregnant, her liver helps the baby to process the bilirubin but when the child is born, the child liver will take time to learn how to process the bilirubin. This will result in yellowing of the eyes and of the skin in the new baby born. However if the jaundice in the child is caused by the infection,  blood disorder, biliary atresia and liver disease can cause serious problem in the baby.

The jaundice in the adult can be caused by the bile duct obstruction or narrowing caused by pancreatitis or gallstones,  Cancer of the pancreas or liver, cirrhosis, drug induced cholestasis, hepatitis, malaria, ischemic hepatocellular or obstruction of bile duct caused by the pregnancy. Sometime the jaundice can be caused by hemolytic anemia or sickle cell anemia.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Haircuts for Long Hair

If you have long hair, you have to learn the  styles that will suit you better according to your face.  Only the perfect hair cut is the style that will fit to almost everyone. But for other style you have to know the cut that you have to get and the mistake that you have to avoid.

If you have around face, you have to use the hair cut that will make your hair to look leaner and longer while you seem less round. To do this, you have to ensure that you have less volume on your face. You should use the style that will look flattering and stylish, but you have to avoid the blunt cuts, one length. If you want to curly your hair, curly them at the end or at shoulder length but never too near of the head.

If your face is square, the style that you have to use should make your face to seem strong with angular jaw. You can do this better by cutting your hair into layers. You should avoid bob or bang hairstyle.

Oval face, this is the most versatile shape and you can have any hair cut. You can make your long hair wavy or straight. Avoid putting too much volume on the top of your head.

Long face, you have to cut your hair so that it can create the width illusion. If you want to keep long hair and you have long face, you will seem as dragging your face.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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How to grow a Goatee

It is supposed that a man is at his sexiest when has facial hairs. If one would like to cultivate his facial hair, there are lots of ways to do it. Choices are a full on bread, clean shave, mustache, stubble or goatee.  One of the best types of facial hair is goatee and it surpasses two day growth in coolness. As to five o’ clock shadow, a man looks more sophisticated when his beard is well trimmed. The goatee style of facial hair lies between the pencil thin moustache and full on beard. In order to grow an attractive goatee very quickly some should the following instructions.

First of all, one should grow out his facial hair. Growing facial hair is not simple as just shaving. Some people find it very difficult to grow facial hair but goatee is the best way to achieve the new look in just few days. Once one start growing facial hair, he should be ready for the nasty comments from the people. And when touches its face it sometimes it feel very uncomfortable. Once you have grown enough beards on the face then it is the time to decide the style of the goatee. For that purpose, watch for the magazines and get ideas from websites. Once one chooses the style, the next thing is to shape up hire a professional or if possible one can tackle itself. Unlike beard, goatee needs attention to shape it properly. The great thing is that when one is over his goatee, they can just shave it off and think of some other ways of new look to catch the attention of the people.

 

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Truth About Six Pack Abs Scam

There are a lot of people who want to have six pack abs. Many men would think that having six pack abs is one of the ways that they can do in order to show that they are secure. In fact, this is something that ladies would think as well. They would want their men to have six pack abs just like men would want their ladies to have wonderful body shape.

Therefore, men should try to receive the proper training in order to have the abs. But you can find that there are many types of training that you can receive and it is hard for you to find the right ways.

In that case, you can try to read Truth About Six Pack Abs. You might find that there are some people mentioned that this book is a scam and you might read their arguments from Truth About Six Pack Abs Scam. But you should find that there are actually many people who are positive with this book and they are always supportive to the book.

Yes, this book is not a scam. You will find that there are many detailed ideas about how to have the nutrition which would be possible for you to train your muscles and your abs well. On the other hand, you can also find a detailed plan of exercises that you can have in order to train your abs.

Some people would complain that this is a scam because they have tried to find the information and they have found that they cannot work out the plan according to the book. But it might not be the fault of the book indeed. You can find that sometimes people do not follow the cooking method mentioned in the book while they are preparing the food. This could ruin the result because you might not have a good nutrition if you always deep fry your food.

Yes, there are a lot of things that you need to follow if you want to have a successful training for your muscles. Therefore, it would be really important for you to read the book carefully and do the things according to the suggestions. This book is not a scam and it is very helpful as long as you follow the steps mentioned in this book to work out the training.

You will find that the exercises mentioned in this book are very user-friendly and they would not be too harsh. Some people complain that only men who are top fit can handle the work. But this is not the case indeed. Therefore, you can always try to read this book so that you can follow the information and train yourself. It is not necessary for you to be a fit man in order to read this book. Even though you might have some fats with you currently, you can also follow this book and then work out the best muscles composition in your body. Therefore, you should not think that this book is a scam and you should buy it.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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How to Trim a Goatee

Facial hair is supposed to add sexy look to an individual.  In order to grow goatee, one has to grow its facial hair. Once one start growing facial hair, he hears the nasty comments from the people. Some people think that an individual with grown facial hair is having some kind of tension or to much busy that he didn’t have to shave. But actually he is growing hair for the goatee. Once one grows enough facial hair on the face, it is the time to decide a goatee style for your face. For this purpose take help through websites or fashion magazines. Once the style for goatee is chosen, hire some professional to tackle this task. One can also tackle this task himself. To tackle this him, there are two points that should be kept in mind which is very important in art oh having a goatee.

First thing is goatee shaping. For this purpose one may use electrical shaver to shape its goatee. One can simply shave around his goatee each morning. Besides this, manual razor is also helpful for shaping the goatee. It is good for the hard areas beside each side of nose which are hard to reach by electrical shaver.

Manual razor is also helpful in the trimming of the goatee. But my suggestion is that one should electric trimmer for the trimming of goatee. Using the electrical trimmer ensures that your goatee is symmetrical and neat. Besides this, the build in sector of the trimmer enables one to select the length of hair rather than using a pair of scissors.

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Hair Styles For Long Hair

There are many styles that you can use if you have long hair. Hereafter are some.

Traditional prom curls: you have first to wash the hair well. you should then brush and brow dry your hair so that it can look silky and nice.  Make sure that you gathered the hair well and put them on a side part. Divide the hair so that one of it will be down and the other one will be clipped. Use the water mouse to curl the half of the hair. Let the air to stay for around 2 hours. Take out the curlers and pin the hair into a circle. You can use the curling iron to make soft curls. You have to pin the bottom in the middle of hair and you can decorate the hair with pins.

You can also make a low or a high ponytails. If you want a high ponytail, you have to ensure that your hair is totally brushed and smooth. You should brush your hair towards the place  where you want to hold the hair. You have to ensure that you hold all the hair together without anyone to part. You can braid the hair if you have made a low ponytail and you can add cute accessories to make it look beautiful. You can also do a teased ponytail for your hair by using bumps one after another. You can also use the voluminous straighten or scrunched style for your hair.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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hypertension and stroke

                                                                         stroke, sometimes called a “brain attack,” occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is compromised results in the brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive and finally die  If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. People who have high blood pressure are 4 to 6 times   more chances of stroke. Over time, hypertension leads to atherosclerosis and hardening of the large arteries. This, in turn, leads to blockage and weakening of the walls of small blood vessels in the brain, causing them to balloon and burst and leads to hemorrhage.

High blood pressure, is characterized by a persistent increase in this pressure, even when a person is at rest. High blood pressure is also the most important risk factor for stroke  and the leading cause of disability. If left untreated, this “silent killer,” as high blood pressure is often called, is a primary cause not only of stroke, but also of  coronary heart diseases, heart failure, kidney disease, and blindness. 

 Blood pressure is the amount of force that blood exerts on the walls of blood vessels as it travels through the circulatory system. Blood does not travel in a steady flow but is propelled through the blood vessels with the force of every heartbeat. Each time the heart contracts—known as systole—blood pressure rises as more blood is forced through the arteries. Every systole is followed by a moment of relaxation, called diastole, when blood pressure drops as the heart refills with blood and rests before its next contraction. Because pressure in the arteries rises and falls with each heartbeat,  Therefore, if the  blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg, this means having systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg.

People below the age of 65 with pre-hypertension were nearly 68% more likely to have a stroke compared to those with normal blood pressure.pre-hypertension is a risk factor for stroke,” which often lead to hypertension, which can damage and weaken artery walls.The strain hypertension places on all the  blood vessels makes them weaken and predisposes them to damage. Once blood vessels weaken they are more likely to block.  This can cause an ischemic stroke and also cause  hemorrhagic strokes when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood leaks into the brain.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 05/10/2011

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Amitriptyline Side Effects

Amitriptyline Side Effects

Antidepressants are mainly used in curing depression. Amitriptyline is also one of the medications used for treating depression, migraines and neuropathic pain. The medication is usually given before going to bed and it helps make patients feel better.

Amitriptyline acts by blocking neurotransmitter reabsorption. The drug is also prescribed to curb chronic pain symptoms. It is very heavy and therefore like every other drug is susceptible to side effects. The side effects of amitriptyline range from very serious to less worrying ones. The adverse effects of this antidepressant drug must cause a patient to panic and it is advisable that the drug is only taken after doctor’s recommendation.

The common and less serious side effects of amitriptyline include a dry mouth, drowsiness, constipation, lightheadedness and dizziness while standing. Dizziness is generally caused by low blood pressure. If symptoms like dizziness show up, then the best thing would be to slowly rise up from your bed while rising up from a sitting or a lying one. Having a dry mouth is also not something to panic for. This can be combated by sucking on ice cubes or sugarless candies. Constipation can be controlled by taking a diet rich in fiber and consuming a lot of fluids.

Other less serious side effects of amitriptyline consist of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and not feeling hungry. These side effects can be curtailed easily. Blurred visions, nightmares and hallucinations are also some of the side effects and they are normal if they occur within limits. However, when these side effects go to extreme levels, then it becomes mandatory to seek physician’s advice. It rarely happens though because the drugs when they are prescribed by doctors, the benefits outweigh the side effects. Blurred vision and headaches are also quite common. It is recommended that the user must not exert himself or herself too much while under the influence of this drug. If a patient is suffering from diabetes, then he or she might experience erratic changes in blood sugar levels. There are increased risks that the person might fall due to weak muscular coordination and tiredness, also the side effects of amitriptyline. One more major side effect that individuals generally complain about is decreased sexual vigour or difficulty in orgasm.

The serious side effects are palpitations, chest pain, pounding heart rate, pain in arm and shoulders and acute numbness on one side of the body. If seizures occur at an ever-increasing rate, then it is risky. Persistent heart burn and shaking are also some of the side effects. Skin rashes, severe bruising and muscle weakness. At times, there might be some problems regarding urination too. It might become less frequent or sometimes you will not urinate at all. Breast swelling might become one of the prominent side effects in men and women. One last side effect is restless movement in eyes, jaws and tongue.

The situation becomes unbearable when the side effects displayed by this drug get uncontrollable. The serious side effects of amitriptyline require immediate attention and must not be delayed at any cost.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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Serpentine asbestos

Serpentine asbestos
Serpentine is green and sometimes white, and occurs only in metamorphic rocks.
There are three main serpentine minerals:
– antigorite
– chrysotile
-lizardite.
All are generally green from a significant iron content replacing the magnesium; other metals may include Al, Mn, Ni and Zn, and silicon may be partly replaced by Fe and Al.
Serpentine rock is subjected to high pressures and fairly low temperatures.
The coastal region of northern California is largely made of serpentinite.
White serpentine asbestos has been used in virtually every product from wall insulation and pipe lagging to automotive brake linings and fire suits. Recent legislation in the U.S. was introduced to ban new uses of asbestos in 2007 and phase out asbestos completely by 2016; however, there are still some 3500 asbestos-containing products on the market. In addition, the Canadian, Russian and Chinese asbestos industries continue to produce hundreds of thousands of tons every year, most of which is exported to developing countries.
Properties of serpentine asbestos :
Chemical formula : (Mg)2–3(Si)2O5(OH)4,
Color : White, yellow, green, gray, brown, black, purple; sometimes multicolored, especially green and yellow.
Crystal System : Monoclinic
Transparency :Translucent to opaque. Rarely transparent.
Luster: Greasy, waxy, or silky
Tenacity :Brittle. Fibrous Serpentine is flexible and elastic.

Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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Signs and Symptoms of a stroke in dogs

Signs and Symptoms of a  stroke in dogs

Dog stroke symptoms usually appear suddenly and are very different than stroke symptoms in humans. In humans, a drooping face and paralysis on one side of the body is common, this is not common in dogs  Symptoms vary based on the location of the stroke.

Canine stroke symptoms often include:

* tilting of head to the side
*  Loss of  balance, moving in circles and falling over
* whenever call they turn to the wrong way.
* eating out of  one side of the food bowl
* confusion seizure, depression is there
* lethargy/acting tired
* loss of bladder and bowel control
* loss of sight or blindness  occur
* sudden behavioral changes

* lack of coordination

*  Weakness

* Stupor

* disorientation

* Inappropriate urination

* Coma

 

Severe strokes have additional symptoms such as:

* heart arrhythmia
* collapse

*  house soiling and falling are common

* vomiting regularly

* If the dog is suffering from heat stroke, then it pants heavily and at times, he will  also collapse.

The best treatments for dog stroke is to maintain a healthy           lifestyle, prevent and control the disease from causing more damage to the brain in the future.The prognosis for dog is based on the length of survival of the stroke. Dogs that survive for several days can have a good prognosis and recovery.  The extent of the recovery depends, however, on the degree of the damage to the brain. The long-term outlook depends upon identifying, eliminating or at least controlling the underlying cause of the condition.  If the dog receives proper treatment without any delay, it can recover completely within weeks and can live a healthy life.

 

    Article publié pour la première fois le 04/10/2011

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    Satellite Direct Software

    Since the development of information technology is more and more rapid in recent decades, there are a lot of programs which are designed for people to enjoy various services through the internet. It would not be difficult for them to find the information such as satellite direct software in the market in recent years.

    Whenever you try to find information related to satellite direct software, you probably would find that there are many people supporting this kind of software. When you want to use these programs to enjoy the television or other entertainments, you should try to understand how to select the programs well so that you can enjoy using them.

    First of all, you need to select the right provider of the programs. Some of the programs or software in the market would not be very useful and it is difficult for you to watch many channels when you use those programs or software. Therefore, you need to search online for a list of reliable programs for satellite TV software. Satellite direct software would be one of the reliable programs that you can choose because it is recognized by many users and it uses the advanced technology to process the signals received so as to generate the programs that you really love watching.

    You will find that satellite direct software is poplar and there are many companies or individuals which want to simulate the success of it. Therefore, you can find that there are many programs which claim that you can watch television programs overseas after paying for the programs. But they might not be the reliable ones. Therefore, only the satellite direct software should be trusted indeed.

    If you are interested in enjoying the services like satellite direct software, you should try to ask the questions in your mind and purchase after you have resolved all the questions. Some people complain about the quality of the software because they did not understand how the software works. Therefore, they would find that there is a gap between their expectation and the reality and they would make the complaint. But this is clearly not something responsible and you should try to avoid doing this because you are wasting your time. Therefore, you are advised to ask the customer support team the questions that you have so that you can have a better understanding while you purchase the services.

    When you have any problems related to the operation of the satellite direct software, you should also try to find the help from the customer support team. There are many services that you can use in order to watch the television programs well. Usually, people fail in watching the programs because they cannot identify the right set of configurations. Therefore, the best thing that they can do would be to look for the right configurations through the help from the customer or technical support team.

    As long as you try to find the information about satellite direct software and learn before you hire the services, you would not be disappointed and you can use it to have wonderful entertainment.

    Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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    Uses of asbestos

    Uses of asbestos:

    Asbestos has been mined and used commercially in North America since the late 1800’s.
    It had lot of uses and was used in wide range of products.
    It is good for heat and sound insulation’s. Its tensile strength was properly used in roofing and floring.
    asbestos
    Asbestos strengths:
    -Strong
    -flexible
    -fire resistant
    -thermal insulator
    Because of all above properties, asbestos was heavily used in many industries.
    Some of those industries where in asbestos was used are:
    • cements
    • roofing materials
    • floor tiles
    • furnaces and furnace doors
    • Construction mastics & putties
    • Ceiling tiles/panels
    • Gaskets
    • Spray coatings

    uses of asbestos

    • Pipework lagging
    • Loft insulation
    • Ventilation system linings/lagging’s
    • School blackboards

    Despite of so many asbestos uses, there are many health risks associated with asbestos and thats why it got banned.

    Article publié pour la première fois le 21/03/2013

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    Interesting facts about jaundice

    Interesting facts about jaundice

    Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes. During pregnancy, the mother’s liver removes bilirubin for the baby, but after birth the baby’s liver must remove the bilirubin

    . In some babies, the liver might not be developed enough to efficiently get rid of bilirubin. When too much bilirubin builds up in a new baby’s body, the skin and whites of the eyes might look yellow and this yellow coloring is called jaundice.Jaundice usually goes away without treatment. most of the newborns will have normal jaundice ,one day or more after birth. Jaundice that usually appears within the first 24 hours of life, or after the first week, is not considered normal.Abnormal jaundice may be caused by the baby’s blood type (ABO or RH factor incompatibility) or one of many other causes. The yellow color is first seen in the eyes and head, then it moves down the baby’s body. A blood test is usually done if the yellow is seen below the baby’s chest. As bilirubin is flushed from the body through the stool, jaundice may persist until a baby experiences more regular bowel movements; this typically happens between the first 5 and 10 days of life

    jaundice can be easily seen in in fair-skinned infants . It can be seen by taking baby into a well-lit room, applying gentle pressure to chest, and looking for a yellowish skin as the pressure subsides. This technique may not work on children with darker skin, so in that case jaundice can be seen in their gums(yellowing of gums). When severe jaundice leaves untreated , it can cause a condition called kernicterus. Kernicterus is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy and hearing loss. Kernicterus also causes problems with vision and teeth and sometimes can cause intellectual disabilities. A blood test is usually done if the yellow is seen below the baby’s chest. feeding every 1-3 hours with breast milk is important so the bowel movements can pass the bilirubin.Phototherapy (light) with a special lamp or lighted blanket may be used . The high-intensity lights used during phototherapy break down bilirubin into, less toxic substance that is easier to flush from the body.Baby needs to stay in light therapy at all times except during feeding.. Only breast milk helps pass bilirubin. Make sure baby has at least three bowel movements and 4-5 wet diapers a day. Severe, abnormal jaundice may require baby to have a blood transfusion.Frequent feeding can help prevent severe jaundice. A breastfed baby needs to nurse every one to three hours (at least eight to 12 times a day).

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/11/2011

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      Asbestos waste disposal sites

      Asbestos waste disposal sites
      These are the dedicated locations for disposal of asbestos.Homeowners and asbestos contractors must dispose of waste asbestos materials properly. This is considered as solid waste.Solid waste regulations talks about  packaging of asbestos for dis-posal and disposal criteria for landfills. It is required for landfill opertaors to handle asbestos  waste in specific manner in asbestos waste disposal sites.
      Non-friable asbestos is accepted for disposal by many land-fills as long as the landfill operator is contacted for approval prior to disposal.  Friable asbestos can be disposed to dedicated and authrozied asbestos waste disposal sites
      Some points to note while planning asbestos waste disposal :
      • Asbestos should be handled by a certified asbestos abatement contractor.
      • Slightly damaged or loose asbestos can be re-wrapped rather than removed.
      • Avoid dusting, sweeping or vacuuming particles suspected of containing asbestos.
      • Asbestos containing materials should never be disposed of in a combustion facility or compacted because fibers may be released to the surrounding area.
      Regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
      There are many state and federal regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
      • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly covered
      • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly maintained
      • Only licensed/qualified persons should work in site.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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      Hemiplegia and stroke

      Hemiplegia In Stroke

                                                  Inability to move a group of muscles of one side of the body. When hemiplegia is caused by a stroke, it involves muscles of  face, arms and legs Hemiplegia is the term use to describe paralysis of one side of the body. The term can be broken down into “hemi” means “half,” and “plegia,” means paralysis. The most common cause of hemiplegia is  stroke.   It occurs when stroke affects the  corticospinal tracts. The exact cause of hemiplegia is not known , but it appears that when  brain is deprived of oxygen , it  results in the death of  neurons. When the corticospinal tract is damaged, the injury is usually manifested on the opposite side of the body. For example if one has an injury to the right side of the brain, the hemiplegia will be on the left side of the body.Besides  all difficulties that come along with not being able to move one whole side of the body, hemiplegia often accompanied  with other problems  such as:

      • spasticity
      • atrophy
      • focal seizures
      • pain.
                                                          Hemiplegia is a more severe than hemiparesis.  In hemiparesis  there is weakness on on one side of the body. Hemiplegia may be congenital or may be acquired after an infection, stroke or trauma to the brain. In children hemiplegia is usually congenital-  means  it is acquired at birth due to unknown cause. The most common cause of hemiplegia in childhood is cerebral palsy. In most cases of hemiplegia stroke, when the injury is to the right side of the brain, the injury will appear on left side of the body and vice versa. The symptoms of hemiplegia stroke  vary  from child to child .  The typical symptoms includes

       There is difficulty  in walking
      – Difficulty with balance while standing
      – Difficulty with fine hand activity like holding, writing, using a spoon.
      –  There is continous stiffness and spasms in the muscles
      – Weakness on affected side
      – Seizures are common
      –  There is Bowel or bladder incontinence
      – Delay in developmental growth like crawling, standing, smiling or jumping
      – In many children who have cerebral palsy, the mental development is not normal and the IQ is usually below 70
      – In adults who suffer from hemiplegia the mental effects depend on severity of the injury.

      Once hemiplegia stroke has developed in children, it does not progress but there may be problems associated with muscle spasticity, joint contractures and formation of pressure sores. Mild cases of the disorder may improve and these children may be able to use a wheel chair or an ambulatory like a walking aid. Severe cases are either bed ridden or confined to a wheel chair.

      Drugs which are mainly  used to reduce muscle spasms and seizures. Sometimes surgery may be done  to reduce joint contractures and increase mobility in the joints. Other individuals may benefit from use of orthotic devices, braces and splints. These devices may help the individual  to become more independent and be able to walk. Those individuals who are not able to eat may need placement of a feeding tube in the stomach.  Physical therapy  can increase range of motion in the joint, prevent contractures and may help individuals to become mobile if done regularly.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 19/10/2011

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      Whiplash headache

       Whiplash headache

      Whiplash is a non-medical term referred as  injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck associated with extension.  People who experience whiplash develop a chronic headache also known as a cervicogenic headache. In some people this  symptom appear within the first couple of days after the accident and usually pass after a few days to a few weeks. There are a number of  other symptoms related to whiplash – neck pain,  dizziness, blurred vision, fatigue and memory problems . There are a number of people who might walk away feeling very fine even after suffering from a whiplash injury only to experience symptoms on the next day. The headache can start immediately after the incident or can even take some time to develop. There are a number of people who suffer from late whiplash symptoms,  means that the headache can last for months and at times even years.

      What causes headache whiplash injuries

      When the head is jerked back and forth, there is sudden strain on the neck’s muscles and ligaments.  This might happen during a car accident, repetitive stress to the neck , a sports injury, a punch or something falling on the head.  The shaking of a child is a common cause in children (child abuse). In most cases, the headache whiplash injury will be resolved in the weeks after the original trauma.  However, in a very large minority pain will continue for months.

       Symptoms of headache whiplash

      After neck pain, headache  is the second commonest symptom that patients experience. After whiplash injury person feel the pain in the back of their head, or discomfort at their forehead or behind their eyes. The symptoms of this type of headache include pains that travel from the neck and up to the head. Headache after whiplash injury often shows itself for the first time on the morning after the accident. The pain sweeps up from the neck and over the back of the head. Most sufferers find that heat on the back of the neck will ease the headache. Cold makes it worse. Neck movements often aggravate the problem – particularly if the neck is moved towards extension, looking up to the ceiling is often very painful. Patients with whiplash related head pains often also get shoulder pain and touching the big trapezius muscles over the back of the neck and shoulders often provokes pain or spread of symptoms upwards. There are often tender spots or trigger points in these muscles. Women get pains in the head after whiplash injury more often than men. The other problems that can result from a head injury, caused by a whiplash incident, include problem in focusing. People might face problems in shifting their visions from one point to another. This is seen to occur more frequently in people who try to shift their vision more quickly from one point to another. There can also be a delayed tracking movement of the eye and also incidents of blurred vision in just one eye.The symptom can also lead to dizziness and disorientation, in most of the people who suffer from a whiplash injury.

       Treatment of whiplash injury

      1)    neck collar is little bit useful but prolonged immobilization of the neck by means of collar leads other problems.

      2) other treatment include

      Massage; It is helpful in the areas where there is pain, especially in the neck

            Ice and heat therapy:  Using ice is  helpful  early on in the injury (to decrease inflammation), and heat is used more often later on.

           Stretching and physical therapy:   stretching exercises may be benificial.

           Medication:  Sometimes the pain is short term and mild, and  don’t need much more than a few over the counter painkillers.  More severe pain may call for more powerful medication.  Sometimes  injections to numb the pain and avoid muscle spasms should be taken

             Rest:  Resting the injured areas can be important, perhaps bed rest early on.

            Alternative treatments:  some other  treatments  are also helpful. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) with exercise is beneficial. protect head from trauma by using sports equipments, seat belts etc

      Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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      Water Physical Therapy

      Benefits of Water Physical Therapy

      Aquatic therapy, as water physical therapy is commonly referred to has been a practice since time immemorial although on a limited scale. Traditionally, water was boiled and applied on injured parts of the body with use of a cloth. Modern aquatic therapy has built on the traditional method and incorporated exercises and the use of specialized physical therapy equipments. In any case, modern aquatic therapy is mainly undertaken with a patient immersed in water. The therapy is mostly undertaken in swimming pools although a patient is not required to swim. The temperature of water used in aquatic therapy is usually regulated for the intended treatment to be achieved.

      Aquatic therapy provides several benefits including:

      • Reduced gravity – A patient experiences reduced gravitational pull when immersed in water. This allows a patient to exercise an impaired body part without causing further damage. Water makes it easy for a patient to perform exercises prescribed by an aquatic physical therapist, which a patient may not perform comfortably on land. Several devices are used in the process including floatation belts.
      • Increased blood flow – Water used in water physical therapy is usually warm. This promotes healing at injury site(s) as blood vessels around the injured site receive adequate blood and oxygen supply, which are necessary for fast and effective healing.
      • Relaxation – Doctors normally advise their patients to obtain adequate rest and relaxation as one way of quick recovery. This is what aquatic therapy provides a patient. Since a patient is immersed in warm water, body muscles relax, in effect encouraging fast healing.
      • Balance – Aquatic water increases buoyancy, which aids a patient achieve balance. The buoyancy is also effective in minimizing or eradicating pain that a patient may be experiencing. The reduced pain comes about because the buoyancy lessens weight exerted on a patient’s injured boy part.
      • Viscosity – It is always important for a physical therapy patient to gain strength, particular at the injured site. Aquatic physical therapists do prescribe exercises that a patient needs to perform in water, the only suitable place where viscosity is available. The water’s viscosity makes it difficult for a patient to move an impaired body part. The difficulty makes an injured site develop strength in the process of exercise.
      • Change in environment – A physical therapy patient benefits greatly with change in environment that aquatic therapy provides. Moving from land into water for therapy boosts a patient’s morale, which facilitates fast recovery.

      Although water physical therapy has traditionally been a treatment available in developed countries, it is fast gaining ground around the world as one of the best ways to treat patients who require physical rehabilitation. Varied equipments, tools and objects such as foam noodles, kickboards and balls amongst others are introduced by qualified and approved aquatic therapists in treating patients. This makes water physical therapy not only enjoyable but fun as well. Physical therapists worldwide encourage the use of aquatic therapy by patients in need of physical rehabilitation. This is because studies indicate that patients who receive aquatic therapy heal faster than those who receive physical therapy on land.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Physiotherapy techniques

       

      how physiotherapy techniques can help you

       

      If you have ever been in a back pain situation then you must know how useful these physiotherapy techniques can be. A person suffering with a lot of pain can feel relaxed and relief after going through just one physiotherapy session. If you feel pain in different parts of your body occasionally or regularly then you must go for physical therapy. Well, one thing that you must keep in your mind is that, physiotherapy and physical therapy are reciprocal to each other. Some people call it physiotherapy and some call it physical therapy. However, the function of both names is same as same machines and devices are used.

      You must be thinking that what is the use of devise and machines in physiotherapy techniques? Well, there is a big use of these devices as different automatic massage devices have been developed. Now, there is no need of going to physiotherapy center and waiting for a therapist to visit you. You can lie down on floor and let any massage machine do its work. There are different aspects in which these physiotherapy techniques can be very helpful. For example; a person who has gone through an accident and due to his accident he is not able to use one of his arms, what do you think are his chances to get his arm moving again? Well, a normal person will say that there are no chances at all but if he will get a physiotherapist then he can get his arm moving and working again a few months.

      Physiotherapy techniques are just like magic; you never know and hey start showing their positive effects on your body. A person suffering from any kind of pain or disability can be treated with the help of physiotherapy.

      Below we will try to analyze those professionals who can benefit from physiotherapy.

      Doctor:

      A doctor has to spend a hectic and busy day and due to this reason he can become a lot tired. Well, there is a very simple and easy solution to this tiredness and that solution lies in physiotherapy center/ clinic. If you are feeling tired and different parts of your body are not in a healthy condition then you can simply go for physiotherapy techniques. These techniques will be applied on your body and with the help of these techniques; you will start feeling well again.

       

      Labor:

      Labor is that community with works very hard but he never gets paid in full. They have to lift burden and drag things here and this can cause some serious problem in their physic. A person who will keep working all day long and in the evening, how will he sleep and at what time he will take rest. If you feel pain in your body being a labor then you should go to a good physiotherapy center so that nothing goes wrong. In a few sessions of physiotherapy, you will start feeling better and all the pains and discomforts will be vanished away.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Chemical formula of asbestos

      Chemical formula of asbestos:
      Many people have questioned regarding chemical formula for asbestos.
      Asbestos is composed of minerals, known since antiquity, with long, thin fibrous crystals. It is not an element.
      well it depends on the type:
      Chrysotile,(white in color) , CAS No. 12001-29-5, is obtained from serpentinite rocks which are common throughout the world. Its idealized chemical formula is Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4.
      Amosite, (brown in color) ,CAS No. 12172-73-5, is a trade name for the amphiboles belonging to the cummingtonite-grunerite solid solution series, commonly from Africa, named as an acronym from Asbestos Mines of South Africa. One formula given for amosite is Fe7Si8O22(OH)2.
      Crocidolite, (blue in color) ,CAS No. 12001-28-4 is an amphibole found primarily in southern Africa, but also in Australia. It is the fibrous form of the amphibole riebeckite. One formula given for crocidolite is Na2Fe2+3Fe3+2Si8O22(OH)2.
      Check this nice article on class action asbestos.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 21/03/2013

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      The Long term Benefits To Quitting Smoking

      By now, everyone knows that cigarette smoking can be a very dangerous pass-time. Smoking causes many strokes, cancers, and health issues in society, and puts a definite strain on the health system. Every smoker has been bombarded by facts and info

      rmation on the effect that smoking is taking on their body, but they often still choose tobacco over their health on a daily basis. For many people, the risks of smoking just don’t seem to register. As smokers age, however, they can start to feel the effects on their bodies of a lifetime choice to smoke tobacco. If you’re a smoker, you may feel like the withdrawals are not worth stopping smoking, but you may not realize how quickly and efficiently your body can start to recover from a long-time tobacco habit.

      Within One Week of Quitting Smoking

      You lungs will begin to heal and repair themselves, making bronchioles relax and allowing for easier breathing. Food will begin to taste and smell more strongly, allowing you to use less salt and other harmful seasonings. Your body oxygen levels even out to where they should be, ridding your blood of harmful chemicals it has been relying on. You also decrease the likelihood of a heart attack nearly instantly.

      Within Three Months of Quitting Smoking

      Your body starts to change as your lungs continue to heal, and you may notice more energy as your airways and muscles become stronger and healthier. This means that you’ll be less likely to suffer from infection, as your body becomes better equipped to handle illness. You will also find your circulation improving, meaning less temperature regulation issues, and less will lead to fewer health complications down the road.

      After Five Years Smoke-Free

      Not only will your risk of smoke-related cancers be cut in half by the five year mark, your chance of getting other cancers which are not considered smoke-related will also fall to match the rate of a non-smoker. Risks of heart disease and strokes are also lowered drastically compared to someone who is still smoking.

      Quitting smoking also lowers the risk of diabetes, and has proven benefits which add years on to your life. You will find that simple tasks which tire you out start to become easier after just a short period of time. Socially, you will also notice a benefit in that you no longer have to step outside to curb your cravings, and you will never miss a nit of conversation at a party. The benefits to quitting smoking don’t stop there, as this lifestyle change also is often accompanied by other positive lifestyle changes. You will also start to reap such rewards as lowered health insurance rates.

      This guest post is from Allison with HealthInsuranceQuotes.org, where you can find more tips on lowering your health insurance rates.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 21/02/2012

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      Is asbestos a mineral

      There are many people searching answers for this question. Is asbestos a mineral?

      The name asbestos came from ancient times from a Greek word meaning unquenchable in reference to its resistance to fire and heat.
      Asbestos is a natural mineral which was formed during intense volcanic activities millions of years ago. But it wasn’t until the late 1800s that asbestos was mined commercially for its fireproof and virtually indestructible properties.
      Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals exploited commercially for their desirable physical properties.
      “Asbestos” refers to a small number of minerals that are formed of flexible fibers, and have the useful physical property of being very heat resistant. Because asbestos forms as flexible fibers, it is woven to make fabrics for heat-resistant and insulating materials.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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      what is asbestos used for

      asbestos uses

      What is Asbestos Used For

      In order to understand what is asbestos used for, you first have to know first of all what asbestos is. Asbestos is a tough, fireproof, elastic and a good insulator. These qualities are what determine what is asbestos used for. Also due to its durable material, asbestos is used for thermal insulation, proofing of fire, roofing, flooring and also in other building materials. The answer to what is asbestos used for can be traced back to over a thousand years ago. Nevertheless people have started using it in building in recent years. Historically, asbestos was used in cheap building materials. It was done by mixing asbestos with many other building materials to create a strong product. It was also added to building supplies to give them strength and make it fire resistant.  It is due to this usage that almost all building materials being manufactured during that period contained asbestos. In determining the importance of the answer to what is asbestos used for, the United States government banned manufacturers from using the product as it was deemed to be harmful to human beings. Despite its harmful nature, some manufacturers still insist on using as asbestos arguing that they have found no other better replacement for asbestos.

      asbestos uses

      asbestos uses

      The other answer to what is asbestos used for is in textiles. Textile products such as aprons and glass blower are made with asbestos compounds to make the product fire resistant. Take a look at what fire fighters normally wear at work, what makes their cloth fire resistant is the addition of asbestos in the textile. It is also used in paint wear. Most house paints have a drop of asbestos; also adhesives have been added with asbestos. The other answer to what is asbestos used for is in friction merchandises such as linings for brakes, assemblies for clutch and gaskets. Some manufacturers use high percentage of asbestos while others use small amount of it. Either way, its help in braking is very important. They were mostly used in the United Kingdom when it had not yet been banned. After asbestos was considered to be a health risk, most state government issued the directories to stop manufacturer from using asbestos when making any product that will expose human beings to dangers. Another answer to the question what is asbestos used for is in insulation of thermal to be used as lagging in products such as boiler pipes and heaters. It is also used in hot water tank to retain the warmth or the coldness of the water. It was also used as decorative finishing in walls and even ceilings, in addition to that some people use asbestos in their wall to make them fire resistant or rather fire proof. Last but not least, the answer to the question what is asbestos used for can be said to be in water pipes. It is assumed it is used to in water pipes to prevent the pipes from rusting. If the statement is true, then it is yet to be confirmed by experts.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      Signs and Symptoms of a Thrombotic Stroke

      Signs and Symptoms of a Thrombotic Stroke  The symptoms of a thrombotic stroke may vary, depends upon the area of brain is affected, because different areas of the brain are responsible for different functions. For example, different areas of the brain control movement, sight, speech, balance and coordination. Greater the part of brain is affected greater will be the functional disability. The various symptoms include..  1) numbness or weakness – the patient experience weakness on one side or that side may even be completely paralyzed. 2) Slurred speech- the patient may not be able to speak properly or total inability to talk. 3) Movement problems - A thrombotic stroke can cause a number of  movement problems, including an inability to coordinate one's arms or hands. A person may also have difficulty walking including staggering or veering  Headache Dizziness or confusion Visual disturbance, including sudden loss of vision  Coordination problems in the arms and hands  If any of these symptoms appear suddenly, then patient is suffering from thrombotic stroke or any other kind of stroke. Symptoms, once begin, can quickly become less prominent, stay the same or gradually get worse over hours or days.  Classic stroke symptoms can be recalled as FAST  Face — Sudden droopiness of the face or weakness or problems with vision  Arm — Sudden numbness or weakness of one or both arms  Speech — Difficulty in speaking, slurred speech, or garbled speech  Time — Time is very important in stroke treatment  Sometimes, episodes of stroke-like symptoms occur before a stroke. A short episode of stroke-like symptoms is called a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Symptoms appear suddenly and then get better over several minutes to a couple hours. Most TIAs last less than 30 minutes. One or more of these attacks occurs before more than half of all strokes.
       
      Check this website for alternative cures

      Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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      migraine and stroke

      Migraine and Stroke

      Stroke and migraine share certain symptoms, which may lead someone with a migraine to fear they are having a stroke. A migraine is a type of headache, caused by spasms of the arteries leading into the head and  stroke is the interruption of blood to the brain, which kills the cells in the immediate area and affected those in the surrounding areas. The most common type of stroke is the ischaemic stroke, which is caused by an embolism (clot or debris) blocking a blood vessel in the brain. A migraine doesn’t cause brain damage, either in the short or long term. A stroke results in brain damage that varies from mild to disabling. In severe cases, a stroke can cause coma or death. Migraine with aura has been consistently associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke. Most studies suggest that this association is particularly strong for younger women

      Migraine aura often causes visual disturbances, such as   1)flashing lights,

      2)zigzagging lines or

      3)partial loss of vision. Other symptoms may include

      4)numbness,

      5)tingling,

      6)speech difficulties and

      7)muscle weakness on one side of the body.

      These disturbing symptoms usually disappear within an hour. but in case of stroke ,  similar symptoms are caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. Migraine aura is thought to be caused by over-activity of the brain cells. The gradual onset of migraine aura is due to the slow spreading of hyperactive nerve activity across the brain surface.

      Stroke and migraine aura can have similar symptoms mainly depends upon the area of brain affected, the symptoms of stroke may include:

      •  There is Problem in vision, such as vision loss
      • Numbness and tingling of the face, sometimes on one side only
      • Speech disturbances are common
      • Muscle weakness, sometimes on one side of the bodyoccur
                                            Many times, transient ischaemic attack is mistaken for a migraine. A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is a minor stroke and a warning that a severe stroke may follow. The symptoms of a TIA are identical to those of a full stroke, but disappear within 24 hours. TIAs can appear hours, days, weeks or months before a full stroke.  TIAs need emergency treatment. It seems that TIAs are caused by tiny blockages to blood vessels. These blockages cause temporary symptoms before they dissolve. Migraine aura and TIAs share similar symptoms, such as speech disturbances, weakness and problems with vision. Since the symptoms of TIAs go away within hours, the person may mistakenly believe they suffered from migraine. The broad differences between a migraine and a TIA include:

      • Visual disturbances – in TIA, the only disturbance is vision loss, whereas visual disturbance in migraine includes flashing lights and zigzagging lines as well.
      • Speed of attack – in TIA, the symptoms occur suddenly. In migraine, symptoms spread slowly over a few minutes.
      • Age of onset – migraine tends to first occur when an individual is young, whereas stroke is more common in older people.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/10/2011

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      Panic Away Review – Yes It Works

      There are a lot of people suffering from various types of pains in recent years. They might have tried to use some methods for relieving from the pains but they failed. Therefore, you certainly need to learn a lot about how to reduce the pain.

      Panic Away Review would help you in understanding more about the performance of Panic Away. It is one of the popular products in the market in recent years.

      According to many people, the product like Panic Away would not be very costly. Therefore, many of the patients are interested in trying this product. They would be able to bring a better mindset to the patient and many people have reflected that patients taking the Panic Away products would have a peace of mind and they would also have a reduced fear of dying. They would not think of getting sickness easily after they have taken the products as well.

      You would find that more and more people would need to take these products in recent years. The economic downturn is something not acceptable to people. Therefore, it would be easy for you to find people working hard to find the information for them to get rid of the panic feeling. They have lost their confidence in their job and their life and they would want to die. But with Panic Away, the whole situation would be changed.

      You should understand that Panic Away is a kind of multi-step program. In other words, it would take time for the program to show the effectiveness. Therefore, you should be patient when you try to use this product and you should not give up the treatment if you have not given enough time to try it first.

      If you try to find information related to Panic Away in the internet world, you can easily find that there are plenty of users praising the product. They have found that this is one of the natural treatments that they can take and children can also understand about how it would work to help people. Therefore, you can give Panic Away a try and use it now.

      To conclude, panic attack is something horrible and you can find that there are a lot of people who are not used to these things. Ignorance about the illness could yield more serious illness. Therefore, you certainly need to understand more about the way that you can do so as to remove the panic attacks. If you want to find efficient methods, you can find Panic Away for help. Compared with other treatments, this would be a relatively natural one and it would not involve a lot of difficult tasks for you to experience in order to resolve the panic attacks problems. Therefore, you should devote your time and efforts to search for the relevant information related to it and learn about how you can do to relieve yourself once the panic attacks occur on you. You should always keep this in mind so as to help yourself whenever necessary.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/07/2011

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      Easy Hair Styles For Long Hair

      Many people have begun to keep their hair long as in the 1970’s. Even if you will find out that many people like the idea of having their hair long, it can become too hard to keep them. The hair can be twisted, curled, straightened or braided. There are many styles that you can use when you have long hair.  Protecting long hair is to protect it from dry ends, frizz, heat, ends and split ends. You have also to make sure that your hair is protected against any environmental damages such as cold or heat.

      First, you have to get your hair trimmed and it is better if you do this every 8 weeks.  If the end of your hair has split, then you should never let it go up to reach the shaft. Getting it cut is the best thing that you can do.

      Ensure that your hair is always moisturized. It is advised if you use moisturizing mask regularly. you should wet your hair before applying the moisturizer, if not the moisturizer will not hold. Use a flat iron to tap foiled section for few times. This method is used to smoother the ends and to provide deep conditioning. If you do not want to use the heat, then you should use oil mask and you can wrap the hair into a bun and leave the hair to dry for around 15 minutes. Make sure that you hair is protected from breakage and tangle to keep them long for a long time.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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      professional physical therapy

      Where to Find Professional Physical Therapy Services

      Sustaining injury that leads to pain and impairment of any body part definitely requires medical attention. Although many people embark on searching for a physical therapist, it is highly recommended that you consult your regular physician before you do so. It is your physician who is responsible for referring you to a physical therapist. In any case, you will give your physician the opportunity to address other medical issues that may not be addressed by a physical therapist. Note that there are different types of physical therapy and your physician is better placed to know which type is appropriate for you. Orthopedic, pediatric, heat, geriatric and neurological physical therapists are available and your physician will be able to refer you to the appropriate physical therapist.

      It is important to point out that your physician may refer you to more than one physical therapist, depending on your injury. This is in case your injury requires a combination of physical therapies. Certain situations do however arise where you do not have the time to consult reach your regular physician and you need to find a physical therapist fast. It is always important to search for a professional physical therapy practitioner. Where do you find a professional practitioner? There are several places where you can find a professional physical therapy practitioner who will address your particular physical therapy need. Such include:

      • Local public hospital – Many governments around the world have taken measures to train physical therapists who are posted to public health institutions upon graduation to manage rehabilitation centers. In case there is none, you will be referred to appropriate physical therapist.
      • Local private hospitals – Private hospital are in most cases well equipped than public hospitals and do have different professional physical therapy practitioners. Some private hospitals engage the services of locally available physical therapists in private practice.
      • Local health clubs – Local health clubs, whether public or private are some of the places you are likely to find a professional physical therapist. However, you may need to be a member of such a club in order to receive physical therapy services.
      • Yellow pages – You can easily get information on physical therapists from yellow pages including where they are located, hours of operation and their contacts. You however need to establish if one you engage is approved before committing yourself.
      • On the Internet – Many professional physical therapists and in particular professional therapists have their websites online from where you can get valuable information regarding their services.
      • Local association of physical therapists – It is a common practice throughout the world for medical practitioners including physical therapists to form associations. You can find valuable information on physical therapists in your locality and pick the most suitable one.
      • From friends – You can get useful information from friends who know or have received physical therapy. Being referred by friends can prove valuable because of the already established relationship between your friend(s) and the physical therapist.

      It is always important and beneficial to both you and your professional physical therapy practitioner to divulge all information regarding your injury and the problems that you have. This informs your physical therapist on the best physical therapy techniques to employ for fast recovery and restoration.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      asbestos Canada

      The environmental Safety of Asbestos in Canada There has been recommendation in Canada to assess the safety of asbestos. The recommendation came as a response in opposition the proposed opening of Jeffery mine-an asbestos Canada town.

       

      Asbestos Canada like all asbestos occurs naturally as a mineral in the earth’s surface. It contains strong fibers that are resistant to fire, is highly durable and was widely used in residential houses until 1978 when it was banned. Fibers of asbestos are very thin and in fact are more than 150 times thinner than the human hair. They can even float in air and not be visible to the eye thereby making it easy to be inhaled. Scientifically, it has been shown that living in a building that has materials made of this fiber is not harmful except it is damaged or disturbed. It may be difficult to notice products within your home that are made of these materials by just looking. However you may identify them because they are bound in a few products that were once used in the construction industry. These two ways may be helpful in identifying them: Firmly bound or bonded asbestos Canada is a fiber cement product that is embedded firmly in a cement medium that is hardened however new fibers especially those made of cellulose are now used today as replacement and you can find them around homes that have been built before the 1970s in some of the following materials: vinyl floor tiles, textured paints, plaster patching mixtures, the backing of vinyl floor coverings, flat or corrugated sheeting, roof shingles, limitation brick siding and water or flue pipes. The loosely bound asbestos is described as friable. This type is found in older types of household insulations used on heater, stoves and ceiling insulation materials. But today they have replaced by glass fibers. You do not need t panic when you find materials containing asbestos as you may even leave the materials in place. For instance if there is an internal sheet walls made of them and the sheet walls are in good condition and possibly coated with paint, then there is no cause for alarm as there is no health risk posed and the external cement roofs and siding may not have need to be replaced except their surfaces are damaged or are broken. Furthermore cement construction products can be disposed or removed safely provided you take the proper precautions in order to prevent the release of the poisonous dusts

      However as stated earlier asbestos Canada is not exempted from danger every asbestos possess to people when it is exposed or disturbed, which happens especially during renovation and it is quite costly to remove because the procedure is no ordinary one that should be handled by individuals whenever they wish. It is mandatory to get the attention state licensed technicians who will handle the processes in a specially sealed environment. Also the removal may be dangerous since if done improperly may contaminate the air further. Encapsulation which is the sealing off the disintegrated materials may be good alternative method or control.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      General classification of jaundice

      General classification of jaundice

      Jaundice is a term  which is mainly used to describe an increase in the amount of bilirubin in the body, which results in the  yellow colouration of white area of eye, and skin . jaundice can be categoriz

      e into three different types; each results in yellowing pigmentation but for different reasons.

      Physiologic Jaundice

      Physiologic jaundice is common in newborns whose livers have not fully developed the ability to process bilirubin. This period of jaundice usually resolves itself within two to three days. A type of exaggerated physiologic jaundice is referred to as “breastfeeding jaundice,” which usually appears during the first week of a newborn’s life., breastfeeding jaundice is believed to be a result of inadequate breast milk intake, leading to dehydration or low caloric intake. Breastfeeding jaundice usually peaks during an infant’s second or third week of life, and providing the infant is ingesting sufficient calories usually resolves itself without causing any medical problems. .

       

      Pathologic Jaundice

      Pathologic jaundice can occur in children and adults and is diagnosed when jaundice presents a health risk. In infants, pathologic jaundice can occur when physiologic jaundice becomes exacerbated by dehydration or a premature or complicated birth. In adults, there are several causes of pathological jaundice, including blood incompatibilities and diseases, and hereditary syndromes. Several forms of hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver and other liver diseases, bile duct blockage, along with infections and medications, can also cause pathological jaundice

      Gilbert Syndrome

      Gilbert’s syndrome is a harmless hereditary condition that results in mild jaundice. During times of illness or stress, people with Gilbert’s syndrome will experience low levels of some bilirubin-processing enzymes in their livers.

      the other  types of jaundice are:

      • Hemolytic Jaundice: Hemo means ‘blood’ and lytic means ‘breakdown of cells’; together ‘hemolytic’ means breakdown of red blood cells. In hemolytic jaundice or pre-hepatic jaundice, the bilirubin level is raised due to excess breakdown of red blood cells.In this form, overproduction of bilirubin results from excessive breakdown of red blood cells (hemolysis). For this process to cause jaundice, the degree of hemolysis usually has to be severe enough to produce a degree of anemia as well.

        Causes  include defects in the structure of the hemoglobin (thalassemia), faulty red blood cell membranes (spherocytosis) and infection in the blood cells (malaria). Each of these make the red blood cells more fragile and susceptible to hemolysis.

      • Obstructive Jaundice: Also known as post-hepatic jaundice is caused by obstruction of bile flow from the liver. This increases the level of bilirubin in the blood, thereby causing obstructive jaundice. Obstructive Jaundice can cause extreme pruritus (itching) due to build up of salt and other biles constituents.When the bile duct is blocked, bilirubin builds up in the liver. As it no longer being excreted from the body the level in the bloodstream then rises and produces jaundice. The most common cause of obstructive jaundice is a gallstone leaving the gall bladder and becoming lodged in the bile duct. In older people, cancers of the gall bladder and pancreas may also obstruct the duct.
      • Hepatocellular Jaundice: This type of jaundice is very common and occurs due to inability of the liver to metabolize and remove bilirubin from the biliary system.Damaged liver cells cannot remove and conjugate the normal quantity of bilirubin circulating in the blood, thus causing the level of bilirubin in the blood to rise. Viral hepatitis  is the most common liver disease that causes jaundice. Liver inflammation caused by certain toxic chemicals, alcohol (alcoholic hepatitis), and glandular fever may also be associated with jaundice.
      • Neonatal Jaundice:. Neontal jaundice is marked by yellow discoloration of skin and other tissues of a newborn. The symptoms generally become apparent on the second or fourth day after the baby is born and disappear on it own within two to three weeks.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/11/2011

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      Cute Hair Styles For Long Hair

      Regardless of the style that you choose to use, you have to ensure that it keeps the breakage and tangle away for your hair especially if your hair is long. You can do this by keeping away from using a brush on wet hair after conditioning or washing it. You should use a smooth and a wide set teeth to detangle the hair from the root of the hair. You should also keep away from blow-drying wet hair. This will cause thermal damage for your hair. You should wrap your hair into a towel before you use any hair dryer.

      To make the style you want, you should always use the spray on or leave in conditioner to protect your hair especially when you are using heat tools. You should not wash your long hair on daily basis, since the more you wash it the harder it will be to hold in the texture or style. If you have a fine and thin hair, wash it every two days. If you have a thick hair you should take at least five years to shampoo it.

      You have many style to choose from when you have long hair, you can make it in a curly ponytail, into beaded ring, into ponytail flip twist, into a hair roll and into a French braid headband. Regardless of the style you want to use, you should always keep in mind that excessive heating, brushing, teasing, backcombing can damage the hair so keep them in minimum.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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      Right hemisphere stroke

      Right hemisphere stroke

      stroke occurs when blood  flow to our brain get compromised. This is caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in our brain, or a torn vessel bleeding into our brain. The right side (hemisphere) of  brain controls the left side of your body. . It also controls certain calculation tasks, such as judging distance, size, speed, or position A stroke in the right hemisphere often causes paralysis in the left side of the body. This is known as left hemiplegia.

      what causes  Right hemisphere stroke 
                                    Ischemic stroke: when an artery to our brain gets blocked which may be caused by having plaque in an artery. Plaque  occurs  when fatty deposits and other things build up in an artery or blood clot  blocks the artery.The clot can break loose from an artery somewhere else and travel to the brainstem. This clot may get stuck in a narrow blood vessel, stopping blood and oxygen from reaching our brain. This is called an ischemic stroke. Most strokes are ischemic strokes.

      Hemorrhagic stroke: some times,  blood vessel may break and leak if a clot gets stuck in it, or the vessel wall is weak. Blood then flows out of the vessel and into brain tissue. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke

      Risk factors of Right hemisphere stroke

      1) older people of or above 55 years of age

      2) women using birth control pills, or  take  replacement medicine after menopause.

      3)  father or mother had a stroke,

      4) have high blood pressure, or blood vessel or sickle cell disease that was not treated.

      5)  have atrial fibrillation, diabetes or other heart or blood vessel condition

      Signs and Symptoms  of right sided stroke

      the common symptoms of right sided stroke are

      a)  these people generally  have problems with their spatial and perceptual abilities due to which they  misjudge distances (leading to a fall) or be unable to guide their hands to pick up an object, button a shirt or tie their shoes.  Due to  their impaired ability to judge spatial relationships, survivors of right-hemisphere strokes often have judgment difficulties that show up in their behavioral styles.

      b)  these patients  also experience left-sided neglect.. left-sided neglect causes the survivor of a right-hemisphere stroke to “forget” or “ignore” objects or people on their left side.

      c)  they may be unable to remember what they ate for breakfast that morning.

      d)  Vision problems are common these people  may not see objects to their left.

      e)  Language and speech problems are present.they   may not be able to understand what others are saying. these people  may have trouble in  reading ,  writing and speaking. When  they talk, they  may not show any feeling.

       Treatment of right hemisphere  stroke

      Treatment depends on what causes stroke, signs and symptoms of the patient
      1) Cholesterol medicine should be given to  decrease (lower) the amount of cholesterol (fat) in the blood.

      2)  if stroke was caused by a blood clot,  following medicines should be given

      Thrombolytics: This medicine is given to break apart blood clots and help blood flow more easily.

                      Aspirin: This is medicine that may be given to help thin the blood to keep blood clots from forming.

                       Antiplatelets: This medicine is given to prevent blood clots from forming.

      3) sedation  medicine will  help  to decrease the pressure in our brain. It can also help to decrease pain

      4) other medicine to treat diabetes, high blood cholesterol,  high blood pressure or to prevent seizures

      5) surgery should be done if medication is not helpful.it include

      Ventriculostomy:  it should be done if  too much fluid and swelling around our brain is present, a tube may be placed through skull to drain the fluid. This tube also checks the pressure in our brain.

      Craniotomy: If  stroke was caused by bleeding into brain tissue,  surgery on our brain is done  to remove the blood or fix a damaged blood vessel.

      Carotid endarterectomy: Blocked carotid arteries can cause poor blood flow to your brain. If such  carotid arteries are blocked, surgery called carotid endarterectomy may be done. This surgery widens the arteries so that blood can flow  more easily.

      • .

      Article publié pour la première fois le 09/10/2011

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      Posterior circulation stroke

      posterior circulation stroke

      a type of cerebral infarction affecting the  posterior circulation that supply one side of the brain.            Posterior circulation ischemia can range from brainstem symptoms, caused by reduced posterior circulation,

      to the “locked-in syndrome,” which is caused by basilar artery or bilateral vertebral artery occlusion.

                                                 The posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs) are paired vessels,
       usually arising from the top of the basilar artery and curves laterally, posteriorly, and superiorly
       around the midbrain. The PCA  mainly supplies midbrain, subthalamic nucleus, basal nucleus, thalamus,
      medial inferior temporal lobe, and occipital and occipitoparietal cortices. PCAs, via the posterior
       communicating arteries (PCOM), may become sources of collateral circulation for the middle
      cerebral artery (MCA)

      PCA is divided into P1 and P2 segments by the PCOM. Penetrating branches to the mesencephalon, subthalamic, basal structures, and thalamus arise primarily from the P1 segment and the PCOM. These penetrating arteries include the thalamogeniculate, splenial (posterior paricallosal artery), and lateral and medial posterior choroidal arteries.

      The P2 segment  is divided into the posterior temporal artery and the internal occipital artery. The posterior temporal artery further divides into anterior, middle, posterior, and hippocampal branches. The internal occipital artery divides into calcarine and occipitoparietal branches.

                                                         Posterior Circulation Stroke Syndrome (POCS) refers to the symptoms of a patient who suffered from a posterior circulation infarct, but clinically no diagnosis is there. PCA stroke syndromes comprises of

        • Paramedian thalamic infarction
        • Visual field loss
        • Visual agnosia
        • Balint syndrome
        • Prosopagnosia
        • Palinopsia, micropsia, and macropsia
        • Disorders of reading
        • Disorders of color vision
        • Memory impairment
        • Motor dysfunction
                            etiologyof posterior circulation stroke  
                               Ischemic stroke occurs when a region of cerebral blood flow is suddenly limited.. Common  causes of PCA stroke include
      cardiogenic embolization,
      atheromatous disease of proximal vessels resulting in occlusion and/or artery-to-artery embolization,
      dissection of proximal vessels resulting in occlusion and/or artery-to-artery embolization,
      intrinsic PCA atheromatous disease.
                                                                           Less common etiologies include
       migrainous cerebral infarction (which preferentially affects the PCA distribution),
      anterior circulation disease (when fetal PCA variant is present),
      hypercoagulable disorders,
      illicit substance use,
      vasculitis

         signs and symptoms of posterior circulation stroke

      Patients present with a wide variety of syndromes. Neurological dysfunction includes
       1) hemi or quadriparesis,
       2) cranial nerve deficits (III-XII),
       3) respiratory difficulty,
       4) altered sensorium,
       5) vertigo  6) ataxia.
              As the posterior circulation supplies the brainstem, cerebellum, and occipital cortex,
       the symptoms frequently involve the "5Ds": dizziness, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and dystaxia.
                                   Wallenberg Syndrome or Lateral Medullary Syndrome is characterized by
       sensory loss. Vertebral artery and posterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion causes
       nystagmus,vertigo, ataxia, hoarseness, dysphagia, Horner's Syndrome and loss of pain and temperature
      sensation in the face on the same side of the lesion, and loss of pain and temperature on the opposite side of the body.               Basilar Syndrome (Anton Syndrome) is caused by occlusion of the basilar artery tip as it bifurcates into the posterior cerebral arteries therefore also affecting the occipital lobes and
      deeper structures which results in somnolence, memory defects, confusion, mutism, visual hallucinations, and bilateral loss of vision with unawareness or denial of blindness, as well as vertical gaze paralysis and deviation of the eyes.
                    Weber Syndrome is caused by vascular occlusion to the midbrain  which may be due to aneurysm
      or tumor resulting in ipsilateral oculomotor palsy  with contralateral hemiplegia.                                Dejerine-Roussy Syndrome occurs due to ischemia or malignancy causing a
      hemi sensory loss  on one side of the body, contralateral to the side of the lesion. Position sense is
      affected more than any other sensory function, and deep sensory loss is  more than cutaneous sensory loss.
          The most dreaded posterior circulation infarction is the "Locked-In Syndrome," which is caused by basilar artery occlusion. The syndrome is characterized by a progression of symptoms leading to
      quadriplegia with paralysis of horizontal gaze and bilateral facial and oropharyngeal palsy.  The patient
      is awake and is only able to move his or her eyes vertically.Patients become stuporous or comatose as the
      reticular activating system becomes involved.
                             Treatment of posterior circulation stroke
        anticoagulants of the heparin and warfarin types were being used to treat patients with myocardial
      infarction and pulmonary embolism. management of hypertension, hyperglycemia, cerebral edema with
      increased intracranial pressure, hemorrhagic transformation of cerebral infarction, infections aspiration,
       deep venous thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and other stroke-associated conditions.
       recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator( rtPA) should be  administered within 3 hours of stroke onset
       Extracranial bypass may be undertaken by connection of the occipital artery to the vertebral, superior cere
      bellar, anterior ICA, or posterior ICA. The superficial temporal artery has also been used as a donor artery.
      Shunting to the PCA may be accomplished by using veins or synthetic grafts.
                                            rehabilitation should begin early. Involvement of a speech  therapist may be required if alexia is present, with or without aphasia. The occupational therapist should be able to help in  teaching patients to turn to look in the blank visual hemifield. Recreational therapy helps patients with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke to adapt to visual deficits and facilitates a healthy affect (since depression is a common occurrence in stroke.Nutrition may need to be provided by alternative means, such as a nasogastric device or a percutaneous enteric gastrostomy tube in patients who have severe dysphagia. revascularization procedures in the posterior circulation is the prevention of vertebrobasilar ischemic stroke.


      Article publié pour la première fois le 18/10/2011

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      Stroke education

      Stroke education  Blood brings oxygen and nutrients to brain cells. stroke occurs when blood flow is interrupted to part of the brain. Without blood, brain cells quickly begin to die. it is estimated that the brain is deprived of oxygen, 32,000 brain cells die in every second.. stroke effect people in different ways. Greater the area of brain affected ,greater will be the extent of functional disability. Stroke is the number one cause of serious permanent disability. Disabilities commonly caused by stroke .  1) decreased or loss of sensation 2)partial or complete paralysis (hemiplegia) 3) loss of bowel and bladder control 4)difficulty in walking and problems with coordination and balance (ataxia) 5)visual disturbances 6)sexual ability is decreased 7)loss of balance 8)loss or decreased muscle tone 9)spasticity(increase in muscle tone) 10)central pain syndrome (thalamic pain) 11) difficulty in speech and understanding language (aphasia) 12)shortened retention spans and difficulty learning new information 13)inability or difficulty with swallowing(dysphagia) 14) impaired ability to do calculations or to organize, reason, and analyze  15)loss of short-term memory 16) Behavioural changes are common, such as lack of concern about situations, impulsivity, inappropriateness, and depression 17)coma 18)death can also occur  Emotional disturbances are also common in stroke. It can cause lack of control emotions and an improper response This is called the pseudo bulbar affect (PBA). PBA is also known as emotional liability, which is a neurological disorder that causes sudden and unpredictable episodes of crying, laughing, or other emotional displays. Every 45 seconds someone suffers a stroke. Stroke kills nearly 160,000 people each year. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in this country. individuals who generally affected from stroke are under 65 years of age. men affected more as compared to women and blacks almost twice more often than whites. Stroke is the third- leading cause of serious, long-term disability. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel (artery) that supplies blood to the brain leaks, bursts or is blocked by a blood clot. Within an hour, the nerve cells in that area of the brain become damaged and may die. As a result, the part of the body controlled by the damaged area of the brain cannot work properly.  Stroke requires immediate treatment. The sooner treatment is received, the better the chances of survival. . Thrombolytic therapy is the use of drugs to break the clot that is the main cause of stroke. patients who come to hospital  within 3 hrs of the first sign of a stroke occur they have the possibility to receive Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA). There are many factors that determine whether or not a patient is able to receive thrombolytic therapy. Mostly it depends upon the amount of time between the onset of symptoms and presentation to the hospital.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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      Stroke in Dogs or Canine stroke

      Stroke in Dogs or Canine stroke

      A “stroke” is the sudden and severe attack  in which there is rupture of a blood vessel in the brain that deprives parts of the brain of their normal blood supply,results in  loss of consciousness, paralysis and perhaps other symptoms depending upon the site and extent of the brain damage.

      In dogs, strokes occur when the normal blood supply to the brain has been compromised,When dog has a stroke, they don’t show signs such as paralyzed like human.At that time we  have to  help,  pay attention, right care and treatments for the dog  to get back to normal condition within a short period of time. If the treatment is delayed or if proper treatment is not provided, then it can surely lead to the death of the dog. If the dog is has had a stroke,we can immediately observe a change in the dog behavior. Bull dogs and pugs are more prone to stroke. Since, the respiratory pathway of these dogs is extremely narrow, they are prone to strokes.  Very old and very young dogs are also susceptible to strokes.

                                 Types of  canine stroke 

                                                There are  mainly two types of canine stroke

                    1) ischemic

                     2) hemorrhagic

                                                        Ischemic stroke is caused by sudden stop of blood flow feed to the brain and hemorrhagic stroke when blood vessels in the brain start to  bleed  and blood actually starts pooling around and in the brain. Both of these types of stroke are very serious.

                              Causes of canine stroke

                                                 Ischemic stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted due to a blocked artery. the main causes of ischemic  stroke include

                         a) any type of Kidney, liver, heart or cushing’s disease

                         b)Diabetes

                         c)Parasites

                         d) tumours

                        e) hypertension (High blood pressure )

                        f) Over or under active of thyroid

                                                                         Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when  blood vessel  get ruptured lead to bleed in the brain. The following conditions are the main causes:

                           1)  All types of diseases that can lead to high blood pressure such as kidney, heart, cushing’s, blood                               clotting diseases etc.

      2) Head trauma

      3) brain tumour

      4) consumption of rat poison

      5) inflammation of arteries(vasculitis)

      6) Lung worm (angiostrongylosis)

      7) Immune-mediated thrombo cytopenia

      8) Abnormal blood vessel development in the brain

                                      How stroke happens?

      Strokes happen when blood flow get  disrupt in the brain. The disruption causes the nerves and neural pathways in the brain to stop working properly, which can create serious problems with coordination, vision and general behavior. If left untreated, a canine stroke will almost certainly result in death.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/10/2011

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      Physical Therapy Terminology

      Understanding Physical Therapy Terminology

      Physical therapy is a specialized medical field that involves many players including patients with physical injuries, government regulatory agencies, physical therapy associations and medical training institutions that train physical therapists. Physical therapy is not however restricted to enabling individuals with physical injuries to regain the use of their injured body parts; healthy individuals and in particular athletes receive physical therapy in order to keep fit and enhance their performance.

      Like in other medical fields, physical therapists use varied terminologies in their practice and it is always good to have an understanding of any physical therapy terminology a therapist uses. Some of the most common terminologies include:

      • Angular kinematics – This refers to the study of angular motions within the body.
      • Active motion – This is the motion that results from the construction of body muscles.
      • Agonist – This refers to the principle muscle that establishes motion in the joints.
      • Arthrodial joint – This is one of the various non-axial joints that have their surfaces almost flat.
      • Arthrokinematics movement – This describes the movement between any joint surfaces within the body.
      • Aponeurosis – This refers to the dense tissues or membranes that connect body muscles to bones.
      • Acromioclavicular (AC) joint – This refers to the joint in the shoulder where the scapula and distal end meet.
      • Balance – Like in other areas, the term refers to body dynamics that enable for appropriate posture.
      • Biaxial joint – This is a term that refers to any joints in the body that allow movement in a perpendicular axis.
      • Composite impairment – This is a term that physical therapists use to refer to an impairment caused by direct and indirect effects of original cause.
      • Concentric contraction – Body muscles contract in different ways and this term specifically refers to one type of muscle contraction where the rate of movement is constant while the body is in motion.
      • Cancellous bone – This does not refer to bones but rather loose bone tissue consisting of branching trabeculae.
      • Diarthrosis – This refers to articular cavity between any two bones.
      • Displacement – This is the most common physical therapy terminology physical therapists use. Displacement refers to change in position of any body part.
      • Electromyogram (EMG) – This is a common test that physicians do recommend to establish a patient’s nerve function before referring a patient to a neurotherapist.
      • Fracture – This is the other physical therapy terminology that is mostly used by both physical therapists and others to refer to a break or crack in bones. The term is also used in physical therapy to refer to crack in cartilage.
      • Kinesiology – This is a physical therapy terminology that refers to the movement of human body.
      • Orthogonal axis – This refers to the axis where two planes cross at right angles.
      • Parallel fiber motion – This refers to body muscles whose fibers are in parallel to its axis from where the muscles obtain necessary force.
      • Peak torque – This describes the maximum extent a muscle can contract.

      Understanding physical therapy terminology is at times beneficial to a patient as it informs a patient on the kind of injury sustained.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Guest bloggers wanted

      Guest bloggers are wanted to contribute useful articles to this website.

       

      Guest Bloggers Wanted – Guidelines:

      It must be a useful and informative post.

      The article you submit must be original and should not have been submitted anywhere else before.

      You must not put the article anywhere else (E.g. On your own website or article submission websites).

      You may include two of your own links in a brief “About The Author” section at the bottom of the post.

      You may send any supporting images along with the article. These images however must not be copyrighted.

       

       

      Guest Bloggers Needed – Ready To Submit?

      Then email us at [email protected] with your article and your links. We will also market your article along with other posts.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/10/2011

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      when asbestos was banned

      When Was Asbestos Banned

      So that we can begin to identify when asbestos was banned we need to look at the history f the material in the construction industry. Asbestos related diseases were identified by scientists as early as in the 1920s. After this, workers started to file compensation cases in court which were resolved in secrecy and the cases came into light in the 1970s.

      The health issues that asbestos presented to anyone who was exposed to the material for significant periods of time. The main reason that led to the banning of asbestos as a construction material was due to its close affiliation with asbestosis. This is a lung disease that was first noticed in textile workers. The disease scars the tissues in the lungs due to acid produced by the body’s attempt to dissolve the asbestos fibers in the lungs. The scarring with time becomes severe and the lungs can no longer function. The disease takes 10 to 20 years to develop and when asbestos was banned this contributed to the decision greatly. Another disease related to asbestos that affects the respiratory system is Mesothelioma.

      It is a kind of cancer that affects the mesothelial lining in the lungs and chest cavity. It also affects the abdominal cavity and the sac surrounding the heart. This particular cancer has no association with smoking like lung cancer. The only factor that causes this type of cancer is asbestos fibers that contain carcinogens that are associated with lung cancer.

      When asbestos was banned this was cited as a chief health risk to individuals who were exposed to asbestos fibers and the latency period of the disease was put between 20 to 50 years after which it becomes fully blown. After a patient is diagnosed with this terminal cancer, the life expectancy is 12 months after diagnosis. Asbestos is also associated with cancer of the lung, gastrointestinal tract, kidney and larynx cancer. This link between asbestos and a wide range of cancers led to its ban in the late 1970s after the U.S Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) declared that asbestos should not be used in wallboards, patching compounds and gas fireplaces because the use of asbestos in these places led to asbestos fibers being released in the environment. This did not constitute an actual ban and manufacturers voluntarily withdrew electric hair dryers that had asbestos in their components.

      The actual time when asbestos was banned was July 12 1989 when the EPA issued a final banning on most products that contained asbestos in them. However, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans overturned this decision and allowed asbestos to be used in materials that had been manufactured prior to 1989. However, after the court’s decision, flooring felt, roll board and corrugated materials that had asbestos in their structure remained banned. This ban was also applied to products that did not historically contain asbestos which are referred to as ‘new uses’ of asbestos.  Regulations from the EPA require schools to inspect for damaged asbestos and eliminate them so that the fibers are not released into the atmosphere. These regulations are still in force today.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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      Role of Physiotherapy in treating stroke

      Stroke may be defined as the abrupt onset of the neurological disorder that may occur due to some vascular cause. It occurs if an area of brain tissue is deprived of its blood

      supply, causing brain cells to lose their supply of oxygen. Without oxygen, brain cells can become irreversibly damaged within minutes. Stroke is mainly caused by disruption of blood flow to the brain as a result of blockage or leakage in a blood vessel. The effects of stroke vary depending on the severity of the blockage or leakage.

      Stroke commonly causes an arm , leg weakness, facial weakness and speech problems. This may lead to decreased mobility, balance problems and difficulty in performing everyday tasks. Unlike other cells in the body, if brain cells are irreversibly damaged then they are unable to heal themselves. The brain, however is capable of learning new tasks to compensate for the areas that have been damaged and physiotherapy thus encourages the learning and help the body relearn normal movement patterns.

      Types of strokes

      Stroke is mainly of two types

      a) Ischemic stroke

      b) Haemorrhagic stroke

      Ischemic stroke

      Ischemic stroke is usually caused by a blockage within an artery. This blockage results in decreased blood flow to an area of brain and therefore the brain cells in that area are damaged due to the lack of oxygen.

      Haemorrhagic stroke

      It is also called as “brain haemorrhage”. This occurs when blood vessels in the brain ruptures causing bleeding into the area of brain. This causes a build up of pressure and damages the delicate tissues of the brain. Blood flow to the neighbouring brain cells also reduced and these cells get damaged due to lack of oxygen and causes stroke.

      Common physical limitations during stroke

      the common physical limitations that occur during stroke are as follows;

      a) stair climbing

      b) bathing

      c) walking

      d) feeding

      e) urinary/faecal incontinence

      The brain is however, very adaptable i.e. capable of relearning new tasks and, with physiotherapy recovery can take place. Patients often have recovery in first few months, followed by slower recovery over the following years. With the correct physiotherapy input and advice patient have lots of potential to improve from the condition. Physiotherapy will assist in regaining as much movement and function as possible. Treatment often focuses on sitting, balance, standing, walking, using affected arm/hand, managing any change in the muscle tone , pain or stiffness. After stroke many people experience difficulties in performing tasks that were previously simple. Therefore physiotherapist will advise the patient the use of walking aids like crutches, sticks, splints and supports.

      Manual handling training service should be done. This training involves teaching safe therapeutic handling and positioning techniques that will promote normal movement patterns and normal postural alignments of patients. Use of slings and wheel chair can also be taught.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/01/2012

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      Define physical therapy

      How would you Define physical therapy?

      If someone asked you to define physical therapy then what will be your answer? Well, you may have some kind of answer in your mind but unfortunately many people in our society don’t even know about physiotherapy, how and why it is done. If you are also from one of those people who don’t have sufficient knowledge about this therapy system then you are at the right place at the moment. In this article you will get information about physical therapy and how it is done. There are vast uses of this technique and it is used all over the world.

      If someone asked to define physical therapy then I would present its definition in such way. Physical therapy is a therapeutic system in which a patient is treated in physical manner. There are different exercises and massages involved in physical therapy. If I say that almost every person in this world needs a physical therapy then I will not be wrong but the truth is, not all of the people in this world want to go thorough physical therapy. The main reason behind is not any kind of painful process but they don’t want to accept the change in society.

      If someone doesn’t even know about the function of physical therapy then how can he define physical therapy? Well, there is no need to define a system nowadays because things are being generalized and people are living a casual life not an official life. However, it is very important for a person to know about this therapy system and how it is carried out. It is not easy to treat someone who has one or more physical parts totally impaired. Such patients that have impaired physical organs are normally treated with the help of this method.

      A person may define physical therapy as; it is a system that treats physically disabled people and try to give them a new life. There are certain diseases and disabilities that can be treated very easily with the help of physical therapy but still there are different disabilities that require a surgery process or proper medication. For example; if an aged person is not able to move his hands properly then he can be treated with physical therapy. In this therapy, that old person will be taught to do different simple exercise that can help him to lead a good and healthy life.

      It is not easy to define physical therapy because there are different processes involved in it. Only a person can understand about the therapeutic system once he enters into it. if you will not enter in to physical therapy system then you will not get a proper understanding about this system. However, all those people who have information about this therapeutic system are spending their lives with peace because they know that if there will be any physical problem with them then they can easily go for physical therapy and get rid of that problem in a few days, weeks or months.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Wrist Splints as good as a cast for Children

      This post send by Lucie Crouch

      Wrist fractures are the most common injuries in children, and frequent trips to the A&E department of the local hospital. The arm is treated with a cast which stays on for normally four to six weeks, then a follow up with the orthopaedic surgeon. But this has been the standard treatment for so long it has only recently been questioned with the use of an alternate remedy- thewrist splint.

      A study randomised and controlled with 100 children aged five to twelve years old, half with wrist fractures (distal radius) were treated with splints and half treated with a cast. The splint group could only remove it to wash, and like the others had to keep it on for the rest of the trial duration. After six weeks, each participant was assessed by a physiotherapist who did not know which treatment they had received.

      Dr. Kathy Boutis, Staff Physician and Associate Scientist at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) explains that:

      \\\"Our results support the growing body of evidence that promote splinting as a suitable alternative to casting for specific distal radius fractures”.

      As well as patient and parental satisfaction with the splint being much higher, 68% of children with casts say they’d much rather have had a splint, and only 12% would rather have the cast.

      \\\"There were no differences in maintaining fracture stability, complications, and the splint was shown to be superior in terms of family preferences.

      \\\"Inherent benefits of a pre-fabricated splint include easier hygiene, eliminating discomfort and anxiety associated with cast saw use, and easy application and removal. Thus, evidence from this research combined with the advantages of the splint advocate for this device in the treatment of these fracture cases\\\".

      Another benefit of the splint is that it allows the wrist to move a little more, so muscle wastage and weakening is reduced so after treatment the patient is able to resume normal tasks at a higher rate.

      Lucie writes on behalf ofPhysio-Med, leaders in physiotherapy equipment, with a wide range of stock for any business or home.

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      what are the common diseases that cause jaundice

                 what are the common diseases that cause jaundice

      There are several uncommon conditions that give rise to jaundice. It mainly includes

      a) increased or over-production of bilirubin

      Certain conditions that elevate the level of   bilirubin in the blood results in either mild or moderate jaundice that is difficult to detect.These conditions include:

      1) rapid destruction of red blood cells ( hemolysis),

      2) a defect in the formation of red blood cells that leads to the over-production of hemoglobin in the bone marrow ( ineffective erythropoiesis),

      3) absorption of large amounts of hemoglobin when there has been much bleeding into tissue( from hematomas, collections of blood in the tissues)

      b) Acute inflammation of the liver

      sometimes, liver becomes inflamed that reduce the ability of the liver to conjugate (attach glucuronic acid to) and secrete bilirubin. It include acute viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, and Tylenol-induced liver toxicity.

         c)Chronic liver diseases

      Chronic inflammation of the liver can lead to scarring and cirrhosis, and can ultimately result in jaundice. Common examples include chronic hepatitis-B and C, alcoholic liver disease with cirrhosis, and autoimmune hepatitis

         d) Infiltrative diseases of the liver

      It refer to diseases in which the liver is filled with cells or substances that don’t belong there. The most common example would be metastatic cancer to the liver , usually from cancers within the abdomen.

          e) Inflammation of the bile ducts

      some  diseases causing inflammation of the bile ducts, for example, primary biliary cirrhosis or sclerosing cholangitis and some drugs, that  can stop the flow of bile and elimination of bilirubin and lead to jaundice.

         f) Blockage of the bile ducts

      The most common causes of blockage of the bile ducts are gallstones and pancreatic cancer. Less common causes include cancers of the liver and bile ducts.

      g)  Genetic disorders

      There are several rare genetic disorders present from birth that give rise to jaundice. Crigler-Najjar syndrome is caused by a defect in the conjugation of bilirubin in the liver due to a reduction or absence of the enzyme responsible for conjugating the glucuronic acid to bilirubin.
      The only common genetic disorder that may cause jaundice is Gilbert’s syndrome . It is caused by a mild reduction in the activity of the enzyme responsible for conjugating the glucuronic acid to bilirubin. The increase in bilirubin in the blood usually is mild and infrequently reaches levels that cause jaundice.

          h) Developmental abnormalities of bile ducts

      sometimes bile ducts do not develop normally and the flow of bile is interrupted. Jaundice frequently occurs. These diseases usually are present from birth . Cysts of the bile duct (choledochal cysts) are an example of such a developmental abnormality. Another example is Caroli’s disease.

          i)Jaundice of pregnancy

      there are some additional causes of jaundice that are unique to pregnancy.

      1) Cholestasis of pregnancy. Cholestasis of pregnancy is an uncommon condition that occurs in pregnant women during the third trimester. The cholestasis is often accompanied by itching but infrequently causes jaundice.

      2) Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a very serious complication of pregnancy. It occurs late in pregnancy and results in failure of the liver. It can almost always be reversed by immediate delivery of the fetus. There is an increased risk of infant death. Jaundice is common, but not always present in AFLP. Treatment usually involves delivery of the fetus as soon as possible.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 14/11/2011

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      Stroke complications

      Stroke complications

      A stroke cause temporary or permanent disabilities, depending on how long the brain suffers a lack of blood flow and which part of the brain was affected.

      The most common complications are: • Brain edema  —  In this swelling of the brain  occurs after a stroke. • Seizures —  There is abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing convulsions. • Clinical depression — a treatable illness that often occurs with stroke and causes unwanted emotional and physical
       reactions to changes and losses. • Bedsores —  After stroke pressure ulcers occurs due to decreased ability to move and pressure on areas of the body
      because of immobility.
      • Limb contractures —  There is shortness of  muscles in an arm or leg  because of  reduuced range of motion or lack of
      exercise.
      • Shoulder pain — common due to hemiplegia or exercise of an arm. This usually is caused when the affected arm hangs
       resulting on pulling of the arm on the shoulder.
      • Deep venous thrombosis — This is because of  blood clots form in veins of the legs because of immobility  due to stroke. • Urinary tract infection and bladder control —  such as urgency and incontinence are common. • Pneumonia — causes breathing problems, a complication of many major illnesses.
         .   Paralysis or loss of muscle movement. Sometimes when there is  a lack of blood flow to the brain  person become paralyzed on one side of the body, or lose control of certain muscles, such as those on one side of the face
      • Difficulty talking or swallowing. A stroke may cause a person to have less control over the way the muscles in the mouth and throat move, which makes it difficult to talk, swallow or eat. A person may also have a hard time in speaking because a stroke has caused aphasia, a condition in which a person has difficulty expressing thoughts through language.
      • Memory loss or trouble with understanding. It’s common that people who’ve had a stroke has some memory loss. Others may find difficulty in making judgments, reasoning and understanding concepts. These complications may improve with rehabilitation therapies.
      • Pain. Some people who have a stroke may have pain, numbness or other strange sensations in parts of their bodies affected by stroke. For example, if a stroke causes lose feeling in left arm, you may develop an uncomfortable tingling sensation in that arm. It may also be sensitive to temperature changes, especially extreme cold. This is called central stroke pain or central pain syndrome (CPS). This complication generally develops several weeks after a stroke, and it may improve as more time passes. But because the pain is caused by a problem in the brain instead of a physical injury, there are few medications to treat CPS.
      • Changes in behavior and self-care. People who have a stroke may become more withdrawn and less social or more impulsive. They may lose the ability to care for themselves and may need a caretaker to help them .

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/10/2011

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      Amitriptyline Side Effects in Women

      Amitriptyline side effects vary from one person to another. The drug is basically used as a cure for depression. The drug is heavy in its influence and must only be consumed after seeking a doctor’s assurance. The drug must be used with great caution especially by pregnant women because it could have adverse effects on their health. Even women who are planning on pregnancy should be cautious. In case of the latter condition, the recommendation is only made by physicians if the negative effects do not outweigh the positive ones.

      The common side effects of amitriptyline which are present in all women are the common symptoms of this drug. These include dry mouth, disbalance, seizures, convulsions and hallucinations, dizziness, fluctuating blood sugar levels, palpitations and tremors and many more.

      However, the side effects that are associated with only women are that lactating mothers should orthodoxly avoid taking this drug because the chemicals present in it may pass into the mother’s milk and create complications for the child. Consumption of amitriptyline might also affect your periods because of the chemicals and reactions it has on the body. Women might have disturbed menstrual cycles. The drug is something serious and women should be fully aware of its effects before they plan to consume these. Apart from menstruation, the drug also results in decreased feeling of sexual pleasure sometimes no orgasm at all. Sexual displeasure in women is also characterized by swelling in women and decreased lubrication in the vagina. Weight gain is also unstoppable and sudden among women undergoing amitriptyline drug therapy. This abrupt gain in weight is actually followed by irregular menses.

      Suicide is also one problem that may reach its peak at the time of the usage of this antidepressant drug amitriptyline. Women and especially young girls may feel prone to committing suicides. Suicidal feelings will mostly result due to extreme mood swings. Mood changes are quite abrupt in these women. The drug also induces sleeplessness in women and could also cause memory degeneration. Women who are used to consuming cigarettes are also susceptible to its various side effects. The nicotine and other cigarette chemicals cause a reduction in the level of blood after using this medication.

      The remaining side effects of amitriptyline in women are irritability, increased sensitivity to sun, unusual sweating and uninformed bodily changes. Women are also more susceptible then men to be affected by amitriptyline and the changes that this drug causes in pregnant women could prove disastrous for their new born.

      Women must consult the phycisian and have a detailed discussion with their doctors, gathering enough information as possible on the issue. It is advisable that they consult before concluding on their own. The drug is not a candy but has a strong impact on whole bodily functions. The drug attempts to cure depression and is powerful in its action so caution on the part of women is essential if they want to save themselves from the serious side effects of amitriptyline.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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      Asbestos Mine

      Asbestos Mine
      Asbestos was first mined in Vermont in 1899 on Belvidere Mountain.  Chrysotile deposits of ultramafic rock were quarried in the Mt. Belvidere mines located in Eden and Lowell, Vermont.
      How asbestos is mined :
      Asbestos is mined by the open pit method in most countries where the top layers of the sediment are removed and the minerals taken out. Layer after layer of rock will be blasted away until the asbestos is exposed and then harvested with machinery. Asbestos comes in different forms and is a waxy almost greasy mineral that is relatively soft. It is very brittle and easily fractures into many pieces that are stringy.
      At the heart of the current controversy is the Mine Jeffrey, the world’s largest asbestos mine and the last of several exhausted asbestos pits clustered in Quebec’s Eastern Township area. From this region, for more than a century, has come almost 90 percent of the world’s commercial asbestos.
      According to the United States Geological Survey statistics, asbestos production is led by Russia, which in the year 2000 alone mined 752,000 tons of asbestos. China was next with a little under half that total with Canada at 320,000 tons. Brazil came in fourth in terms of asbestos tonnage with 209,000 and Kazakhstan fifth at 179,000 tons. After Zimbabwe’s 152,000 tons asbestos production drops off significantly with countries, such as Greece, India, South Africa, and the United States mining less than 32,000 tons.
      Most asbestos mines have been closed down. But wherever asbestos was extracted from the earth or processed in nearby plants, the fibers remain in dust, in the soil, blown by the wind, posing a hazard to local residents. All those sites need to be cleaned up and the asbestos safely disposed of.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 02/04/2013

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      young stroke

      stroke in young adults

      many of  adults in their 30s and 40s are being hospitalized for stroke,which  may be a sign that that rising rates of obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure among teenagers and young adults . Ischemic stroke occurs when a clot or narrowing of the arteries decreases or stop the blood supply to the brain.  A rise in obesity and other related health problems may  explain some of the increase risk of stroke. some  hypothesis seemed to be that in young people with stroke of unknown etiology, the use of a statin agent would have an effect on the risk for recurrent stroke. . Furthermore, patients who took a statin agent intermittently, or discontinuously, in the follow-up had an intermediate risk of having a stroke. Hypertension, diabetes, obesity, lipid disorders and tobacco use were among the most common conditions found among young people for stroke.  strokes is related to atypical causes such as migraine, drug use, and carotid dissection.Although the primary causes of stroke — obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, and excess alcohol consumption — contribute as well, the atypical causes are more common in the younger age groups than in older individuals. In addition to the causes congenital heart disease, patent foramen ovale, and blood clotting abnormalities need to be considered in the younger population of stroke sufferers,Family history comes into play as well, and there is a history of cerebrovascular problems also.

      symptoms of young stroke  – the common symptoms  of stroke that occur both in men and women are as under

       1)Weakness

      Sudden weakness is a classic symptom of stroke. this  weakness can occur on either side of the body; affecting the arms, legs and face.  this type of weakness generally notice, when there is sudden difficulty in  moving  arms or legs, or  trouble grasping or holding onto objects.

      walking  may become  difficult . In some cases, a facial droop will be noticeable. The mouth may sag on the affected side and smiling will be difficult. Women with stroke-induced weakness may lean toward her affected side when sitting and have trouble maintaining a seated position without assistance

       

       2)Headache

      patients  may experience a severe headache during the onset of stroke. stroke-induced headache can be sudden and have no apparent cause Blurred vision and dizziness may accompany  headache as well. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain, causing blood to leak into brain tissue, and is often responsible for stroke-related headache.

       

       3)Difficulty in Breathing

                women can feel unique stroke symptoms compared to men, including difficulty in  breathing. A woman may notice that her chest feels heavy and it is harder to take a satisfactory breath. She may also experience chest pain in addition to pressure, nausea and heartburn.

       4)Confusion

      stroke is mainly due to  interrupt blood flow to vital organs, including the brain. Confusion often results  when  brain receives less oxygen and struggles to function. Memory loss, inability to recall events, and confusion over person, place and time can accompany a stroke.

       

      Loss of Coordination

      • Sudden dizziness, problems in  walking and general loss of coordination or balance are classic signs of a stroke.

        Speech Problems

      • There is  sudden onsets of  problem in  speaking or understanding speech  which is  common  in stroke

      Visual Impairment

      • There may be Sudden vision problems, including double vision, seeing spots or flashing lights, or experiencing a blind spot, can be indicative of a stroke.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/10/2011

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      Breast stroke

      A swimming stroke in which a person lies face down in the water and extends the arms in front of the head, then sweeps them both back laterally under the surface of the water.Also defined as stroke in which the arms are extended in front of the head and swept back on either side while the legs are drawn up beneath the body and thrust back together.  we also name it as, lazy breaststroke swimming style. We call it “paní Radová” breaststroke. In the olden days, the  wife of the town’s mayor used to be very respected individual, lazily strolling through the town with her nose held high. And this was translated into the swimming terms when someone swims very slow breaststroke with the head above the water at all times as if they are above anything else.  This type of breaststroke puts quite a lot of pressure on ones lower back since the swimmer needs to bend to keep the head above the water.

      there are  four general principles for breast stroke

      1) When a swimmer begins the stroke, they  “pulls” (sculls)themselves beyond the point where the hands began the stroke.

      2) The hands and feet act like  wings creating lift and drag as they pull or kick through the water.

      3) The weight of the water over the hands and the feet is important in keeping the hands and feet from slipping.

      4) The hands and feet must be accelerated through the range of motion caring not to break the plane that they are sculling (pulling or kicking) on.                                                                              

                                                                                 The swimmer should begin the arm stroke with arms extended at a slight angle down with the hands about 6 to 8 inches under the water. Hands should be side by side or slightly overlapping with the little finger pitched slightly up. The stroke begins with the little fingers leading the way and the wrists flexing outward. The arms sweep out and down. At the widest part of the stroke the fingers point down and the hands pitch in. The elbows are high with the hands below. On the insweep the hands accelerate to their fastest speed with the forearms and upper arms pressing in as one unit. The hands finish the stroke in a praying position and recover at the surface of the water. The hands should not be sculled past the shoulder.The head position is always in an up position with little up and down movement. Swimmers should look forward and slightly down during the arm recovery and kick portion of the stroke and above the water during the end of the insweep and breathing portion of the stroke.The first series of breaststroke drills focuses on proper kicking technique.  For the first drill, have swimmers insert a buoy between their knees before performing the breaststroke.  If the buoy slips or they are unable to hold it in place, wrap a large band around their knees.  The purpose of the drill is to keep the knees together which is an essential aspect of a successful breaststroke.  The Breaststroke is typically the most popular swim stroke among leisure swimmers and once perfected allows swimmers to enjoy swimming for a long time without tiring.

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      Jaundice in Adults

      Talking about jaundice, the question that one needs to ask is that what  is pathological jaundice? What is the link between jaundice in newborn babies and adults based on the bilirubin levels in the blood? In the newly born, jaundice is not harmful mostly and is classified as neonatal type. Regarding pathological jaundice, whether it is in newborns or adults, this is a condition that poses a risk to health and sometimes it may be harmful. In the neonatal jaundice, it takes few days for liver to adjust and work properly after birth. Until the liver adjusts, the bilirubin is not removed effectively, so, it builds up in the body and causes symptoms like yellowish tone of skin and yellow eyes.

      If one suffers from the pathological jaundice, then this condition can follow through his entire life. In this condition, bilirubin level is not being handled correctly and it builds up in the body. This condition can result due to blood transfusion incompatibilities, viral infections, Hepatitis, blood diseases, genetic disorders, infections, blocked bile duct and drug and medications. The link between jaundice and every age group is the excessive level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is pigment produced in body by liver when red blood cells are recycled. The normal level of the bilirubin in blood is one milligram per deciliter (1mg/dl) but if it exceeds this amount the one may see yellowing of skin and eyes. Unlike neonatal type of jaundice, pathological jaundice will take time to get better.

      The link between neonatal type of jaundice and pathological jaundice is that there is something wrong with the body in handling the bilirubin and body cannot effectively remove it due to some disease or any underlying condition. Conditions like Hepatitis and damage to liver by virus are life threatening conditions. If the cause of jaundice occurs in childhood and cannot be corrected, then it follows the person in the adulthood as well.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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      Linings of the lung

      Linings of the lung :
      Lung Lining cancer is very different from a lung cancer. It happens in mesothelium- a thin membrane that covers many of the internal organs of the body.
      The mesothelium of the lungs is called the Pleura. Lung Lining cancer is also sometimes called as mesothelioma after the area in which it occurs.
      If the lung lining is localized and found only  in that place where it was originated , then this can be cured by surgical operations.  If it has spread to other parts of body , then it is really harmful and considered as malignant.
      Majority of Lung Lining cancers are due to Asbestos exposure. These fibers gets into your body mainly from work places like mines , automobiles and construction.Asbestos  was used in old constructions because of its strength and after knowing the problems due to its exposure , people have stopped using it. But thi sis still present in old building and can be exposed to workers. Apart from work places , Asbestos  can also spread from skin or hair of family members.
      Mesothelioma grows on the linings of the lung as a diffuse multi-site tumor with masses being spread on a wide area of the pleura. Some symptoms of Lung lining cancer are persistent cough, chest pain, recurring pneumonia.
      Some other lung lining cancers are :
      • Pleurisy inflammation
      • Pneumothorax
      • Empyema
      • Pleural effusion
      Lung lining cancers can be more bad if you are  smoking.
      It is advisable to stop smoking if you are have Lung Lining cancer.

      Linings of the lung :Lung Lining cancer Lung Lining cancer lung lining Mesothelioma

      • Pleurisy inflammation
      • Pneumothorax
      • Empyema
      • Pleural effusion

      Article publié pour la première fois le 17/03/2013

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      Jaundice in Pregnancy

      jaundice in pregnancy

      Jaundice in pregnancy

      Jaundice in pregnancy, whilst relatively rare, has potentially serious consequences for maternal and fetal health. It can be caused by pregnancy or occur intercurrently. Causes of jaundice specific to pregnancy include:

      • pre- eclampsia associated with HELLP syndrome (= haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count).
      • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy.
      • hypermesis gravidarum
      • Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

      Approximately 3-5% of pregnant women may have abnormal liver function tests.

      Acute viral hepatitis 
                                                         This is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy with infections due to hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D and hepatitis E viruses. The incidence of hepatitis in pregnancy varies greatly around the world; in developed countries the incidence is around 0.1%, whilst in developing countries it can range from 3-20% or higher.
      The course of most viral hepatitis infections is unaltered by pregnancy – the exception is hepatitis E , where pregnant women who contract the disease exhibit fatality rates of 10-20%.

      Hepatitis A

       

      • Isolate the infected patient to prevent spread.
      • Symptomatic treatment includes maintenance of adequate hydration and nutrition.
      • Pregnant women exposed to the virus can be given immune globulin within 2 weeks of exposure, together with vaccine.
      • It is not clear if the virus is transmitted from mother to baby but, if the illness has occurred in the final month of pregnancy, the neonate should receive immune globulin.

      Hepatitis B

       

      • This is the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis in pregnancy and can occur in acute, subclinical or chronic form.
      • The presence of HBeAg is associated with a very high risk of neonatal infection.
      • All women should now be offered hepatitis B screening as part of routine antenatal screening
      • Infants of HBsAg-positive women should receive hepatitis B immune globulin immunoprophylaxis at birth and hepatitis B vaccine at one week, one month and six months old. This regime reduces the incidence of hepatitis B vertical transmission to less than 3%.
      • The prevalence of neonatal infection depends on the time during gestation that maternal infection takes place: rare in the first trimester, 6% in the second trimester and 67% of those in the third trimester.

      Hepatitis C

       

      • No therapy has been shown to influence the neonatal transmission of hepatitis C virus.
      • Interferon should not be used during pregnancy because of possible adverse effects on the fetus.

      Hepatitis D

      This develops as a co-infection with hepatitis B. When present, it increases the incidence of acute hepatic failure.

      Hepatitis E

      • This is rare in the developed world but, in developing countries (where it is more common), it is responsible for a high level of fulminant hepatic failure and mortality in pregnant women.
      • In India it appears to be associated with a higher maternal mortality rate and worse obstetric and fetal outcomes compared with other causes of acute viral hepatitis in pregnancy.

      Epidemiology

      This may affect as many as 6% of pregnant women but jaundice occurs only in about 1 in 20 of these women. Pregnancy alters bile composition and gallbladder emptying slows in the second trimester, increasing the risk of gallstones.

      Individual risk factors are multiparity and previous gall bladder disease

      Management

      Obstructive jaundice requires surgical intervention, usually via laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is an associated fetal loss of approximately 6%.

      Chronic liver diseaseChronic liver disease in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal loss:

      • In patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), ursodeoxycholic acid can be safely continued. Cholestasis may worsen during pregnancy with PBC.
      • Infants of patients with marked hyperbilirubinaemia during pregnancy may require exchange transfusion at birth.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2012

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