What are the Causes of Jaundice

In normal situation, the body gets rid of all old red blood cells while replacing them with the new blood cells. The bilirubin or a yellow pigment will be left behind after this process. The bile which is mixed with the feces after this process will ensure the elimination of the bilirubin in the feces.

Any problem, disorder and condition that will cause the problem in the above process will make the bilirubin to build up  in the blood system. The causes of jaundice are different in adult, in children or in new baby born.

In the newborn babies, the jaundice is common and in normal circumstances it is not serious. It gets disappeared within two weeks. This is because when a woman is pregnant, her liver helps the baby to process the bilirubin but when the child is born, the child liver will take time to learn how to process the bilirubin. This will result in yellowing of the eyes and of the skin in the new baby born. However if the jaundice in the child is caused by the infection,  blood disorder, biliary atresia and liver disease can cause serious problem in the baby.

The jaundice in the adult can be caused by the bile duct obstruction or narrowing caused by pancreatitis or gallstones,  Cancer of the pancreas or liver, cirrhosis, drug induced cholestasis, hepatitis, malaria, ischemic hepatocellular or obstruction of bile duct caused by the pregnancy. Sometime the jaundice can be caused by hemolytic anemia or sickle cell anemia.

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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Haircuts for Long Hair

If you have long hair, you have to learn the  styles that will suit you better according to your face.  Only the perfect hair cut is the style that will fit to almost everyone. But for other style you have to know the cut that you have to get and the mistake that you have to avoid.

If you have around face, you have to use the hair cut that will make your hair to look leaner and longer while you seem less round. To do this, you have to ensure that you have less volume on your face. You should use the style that will look flattering and stylish, but you have to avoid the blunt cuts, one length. If you want to curly your hair, curly them at the end or at shoulder length but never too near of the head.

If your face is square, the style that you have to use should make your face to seem strong with angular jaw. You can do this better by cutting your hair into layers. You should avoid bob or bang hairstyle.

Oval face, this is the most versatile shape and you can have any hair cut. You can make your long hair wavy or straight. Avoid putting too much volume on the top of your head.

Long face, you have to cut your hair so that it can create the width illusion. If you want to keep long hair and you have long face, you will seem as dragging your face.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2011

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How to grow a Goatee

It is supposed that a man is at his sexiest when has facial hairs. If one would like to cultivate his facial hair, there are lots of ways to do it. Choices are a full on bread, clean shave, mustache, stubble or goatee.  One of the best types of facial hair is goatee and it surpasses two day growth in coolness. As to five o’ clock shadow, a man looks more sophisticated when his beard is well trimmed. The goatee style of facial hair lies between the pencil thin moustache and full on beard. In order to grow an attractive goatee very quickly some should the following instructions.

First of all, one should grow out his facial hair. Growing facial hair is not simple as just shaving. Some people find it very difficult to grow facial hair but goatee is the best way to achieve the new look in just few days. Once one start growing facial hair, he should be ready for the nasty comments from the people. And when touches its face it sometimes it feel very uncomfortable. Once you have grown enough beards on the face then it is the time to decide the style of the goatee. For that purpose, watch for the magazines and get ideas from websites. Once one chooses the style, the next thing is to shape up hire a professional or if possible one can tackle itself. Unlike beard, goatee needs attention to shape it properly. The great thing is that when one is over his goatee, they can just shave it off and think of some other ways of new look to catch the attention of the people.

 

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Truth About Six Pack Abs Scam

There are a lot of people who want to have six pack abs. Many men would think that having six pack abs is one of the ways that they can do in order to show that they are secure. In fact, this is something that ladies would think as well. They would want their men to have six pack abs just like men would want their ladies to have wonderful body shape.

Therefore, men should try to receive the proper training in order to have the abs. But you can find that there are many types of training that you can receive and it is hard for you to find the right ways.

In that case, you can try to read Truth About Six Pack Abs. You might find that there are some people mentioned that this book is a scam and you might read their arguments from Truth About Six Pack Abs Scam. But you should find that there are actually many people who are positive with this book and they are always supportive to the book.

Yes, this book is not a scam. You will find that there are many detailed ideas about how to have the nutrition which would be possible for you to train your muscles and your abs well. On the other hand, you can also find a detailed plan of exercises that you can have in order to train your abs.

Some people would complain that this is a scam because they have tried to find the information and they have found that they cannot work out the plan according to the book. But it might not be the fault of the book indeed. You can find that sometimes people do not follow the cooking method mentioned in the book while they are preparing the food. This could ruin the result because you might not have a good nutrition if you always deep fry your food.

Yes, there are a lot of things that you need to follow if you want to have a successful training for your muscles. Therefore, it would be really important for you to read the book carefully and do the things according to the suggestions. This book is not a scam and it is very helpful as long as you follow the steps mentioned in this book to work out the training.

You will find that the exercises mentioned in this book are very user-friendly and they would not be too harsh. Some people complain that only men who are top fit can handle the work. But this is not the case indeed. Therefore, you can always try to read this book so that you can follow the information and train yourself. It is not necessary for you to be a fit man in order to read this book. Even though you might have some fats with you currently, you can also follow this book and then work out the best muscles composition in your body. Therefore, you should not think that this book is a scam and you should buy it.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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How to Trim a Goatee

Facial hair is supposed to add sexy look to an individual.  In order to grow goatee, one has to grow its facial hair. Once one start growing facial hair, he hears the nasty comments from the people. Some people think that an individual with grown facial hair is having some kind of tension or to much busy that he didn’t have to shave. But actually he is growing hair for the goatee. Once one grows enough facial hair on the face, it is the time to decide a goatee style for your face. For this purpose take help through websites or fashion magazines. Once the style for goatee is chosen, hire some professional to tackle this task. One can also tackle this task himself. To tackle this him, there are two points that should be kept in mind which is very important in art oh having a goatee.

First thing is goatee shaping. For this purpose one may use electrical shaver to shape its goatee. One can simply shave around his goatee each morning. Besides this, manual razor is also helpful for shaping the goatee. It is good for the hard areas beside each side of nose which are hard to reach by electrical shaver.

Manual razor is also helpful in the trimming of the goatee. But my suggestion is that one should electric trimmer for the trimming of goatee. Using the electrical trimmer ensures that your goatee is symmetrical and neat. Besides this, the build in sector of the trimmer enables one to select the length of hair rather than using a pair of scissors.

Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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Hair Styles For Long Hair

There are many styles that you can use if you have long hair. Hereafter are some.

Traditional prom curls: you have first to wash the hair well. you should then brush and brow dry your hair so that it can look silky and nice.  Make sure that you gathered the hair well and put them on a side part. Divide the hair so that one of it will be down and the other one will be clipped. Use the water mouse to curl the half of the hair. Let the air to stay for around 2 hours. Take out the curlers and pin the hair into a circle. You can use the curling iron to make soft curls. You have to pin the bottom in the middle of hair and you can decorate the hair with pins.

You can also make a low or a high ponytails. If you want a high ponytail, you have to ensure that your hair is totally brushed and smooth. You should brush your hair towards the place  where you want to hold the hair. You have to ensure that you hold all the hair together without anyone to part. You can braid the hair if you have made a low ponytail and you can add cute accessories to make it look beautiful. You can also do a teased ponytail for your hair by using bumps one after another. You can also use the voluminous straighten or scrunched style for your hair.

 

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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hypertension and stroke

                                                                         stroke, sometimes called a “brain attack,” occurs when blood flow to an area in the brain is compromised results in the brain cells, deprived of the oxygen and glucose needed to survive and finally die  If not caught early, permanent brain damage can result. People who have high blood pressure are 4 to 6 times   more chances of stroke. Over time, hypertension leads to atherosclerosis and hardening of the large arteries. This, in turn, leads to blockage and weakening of the walls of small blood vessels in the brain, causing them to balloon and burst and leads to hemorrhage.

High blood pressure, is characterized by a persistent increase in this pressure, even when a person is at rest. High blood pressure is also the most important risk factor for stroke  and the leading cause of disability. If left untreated, this “silent killer,” as high blood pressure is often called, is a primary cause not only of stroke, but also of  coronary heart diseases, heart failure, kidney disease, and blindness. 

 Blood pressure is the amount of force that blood exerts on the walls of blood vessels as it travels through the circulatory system. Blood does not travel in a steady flow but is propelled through the blood vessels with the force of every heartbeat. Each time the heart contracts—known as systole—blood pressure rises as more blood is forced through the arteries. Every systole is followed by a moment of relaxation, called diastole, when blood pressure drops as the heart refills with blood and rests before its next contraction. Because pressure in the arteries rises and falls with each heartbeat,  Therefore, if the  blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg, this means having systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg.

People below the age of 65 with pre-hypertension were nearly 68% more likely to have a stroke compared to those with normal blood pressure.pre-hypertension is a risk factor for stroke,” which often lead to hypertension, which can damage and weaken artery walls.The strain hypertension places on all the  blood vessels makes them weaken and predisposes them to damage. Once blood vessels weaken they are more likely to block.  This can cause an ischemic stroke and also cause  hemorrhagic strokes when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood leaks into the brain.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 05/10/2011

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Amitriptyline Side Effects

Amitriptyline Side Effects

Antidepressants are mainly used in curing depression. Amitriptyline is also one of the medications used for treating depression, migraines and neuropathic pain. The medication is usually given before going to bed and it helps make patients feel better.

Amitriptyline acts by blocking neurotransmitter reabsorption. The drug is also prescribed to curb chronic pain symptoms. It is very heavy and therefore like every other drug is susceptible to side effects. The side effects of amitriptyline range from very serious to less worrying ones. The adverse effects of this antidepressant drug must cause a patient to panic and it is advisable that the drug is only taken after doctor’s recommendation.

The common and less serious side effects of amitriptyline include a dry mouth, drowsiness, constipation, lightheadedness and dizziness while standing. Dizziness is generally caused by low blood pressure. If symptoms like dizziness show up, then the best thing would be to slowly rise up from your bed while rising up from a sitting or a lying one. Having a dry mouth is also not something to panic for. This can be combated by sucking on ice cubes or sugarless candies. Constipation can be controlled by taking a diet rich in fiber and consuming a lot of fluids.

Other less serious side effects of amitriptyline consist of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and not feeling hungry. These side effects can be curtailed easily. Blurred visions, nightmares and hallucinations are also some of the side effects and they are normal if they occur within limits. However, when these side effects go to extreme levels, then it becomes mandatory to seek physician’s advice. It rarely happens though because the drugs when they are prescribed by doctors, the benefits outweigh the side effects. Blurred vision and headaches are also quite common. It is recommended that the user must not exert himself or herself too much while under the influence of this drug. If a patient is suffering from diabetes, then he or she might experience erratic changes in blood sugar levels. There are increased risks that the person might fall due to weak muscular coordination and tiredness, also the side effects of amitriptyline. One more major side effect that individuals generally complain about is decreased sexual vigour or difficulty in orgasm.

The serious side effects are palpitations, chest pain, pounding heart rate, pain in arm and shoulders and acute numbness on one side of the body. If seizures occur at an ever-increasing rate, then it is risky. Persistent heart burn and shaking are also some of the side effects. Skin rashes, severe bruising and muscle weakness. At times, there might be some problems regarding urination too. It might become less frequent or sometimes you will not urinate at all. Breast swelling might become one of the prominent side effects in men and women. One last side effect is restless movement in eyes, jaws and tongue.

The situation becomes unbearable when the side effects displayed by this drug get uncontrollable. The serious side effects of amitriptyline require immediate attention and must not be delayed at any cost.

 

Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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Serpentine asbestos

Serpentine asbestos
Serpentine is green and sometimes white, and occurs only in metamorphic rocks.
There are three main serpentine minerals:
– antigorite
– chrysotile
-lizardite.
All are generally green from a significant iron content replacing the magnesium; other metals may include Al, Mn, Ni and Zn, and silicon may be partly replaced by Fe and Al.
Serpentine rock is subjected to high pressures and fairly low temperatures.
The coastal region of northern California is largely made of serpentinite.
White serpentine asbestos has been used in virtually every product from wall insulation and pipe lagging to automotive brake linings and fire suits. Recent legislation in the U.S. was introduced to ban new uses of asbestos in 2007 and phase out asbestos completely by 2016; however, there are still some 3500 asbestos-containing products on the market. In addition, the Canadian, Russian and Chinese asbestos industries continue to produce hundreds of thousands of tons every year, most of which is exported to developing countries.
Properties of serpentine asbestos :
Chemical formula : (Mg)2–3(Si)2O5(OH)4,
Color : White, yellow, green, gray, brown, black, purple; sometimes multicolored, especially green and yellow.
Crystal System : Monoclinic
Transparency :Translucent to opaque. Rarely transparent.
Luster: Greasy, waxy, or silky
Tenacity :Brittle. Fibrous Serpentine is flexible and elastic.

Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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Signs and Symptoms of a stroke in dogs

Signs and Symptoms of a  stroke in dogs

Dog stroke symptoms usually appear suddenly and are very different than stroke symptoms in humans. In humans, a drooping face and paralysis on one side of the body is common, this is not common in dogs  Symptoms vary based on the location of the stroke.

Canine stroke symptoms often include:

* tilting of head to the side
*  Loss of  balance, moving in circles and falling over
* whenever call they turn to the wrong way.
* eating out of  one side of the food bowl
* confusion seizure, depression is there
* lethargy/acting tired
* loss of bladder and bowel control
* loss of sight or blindness  occur
* sudden behavioral changes

* lack of coordination

*  Weakness

* Stupor

* disorientation

* Inappropriate urination

* Coma

 

Severe strokes have additional symptoms such as:

* heart arrhythmia
* collapse

*  house soiling and falling are common

* vomiting regularly

* If the dog is suffering from heat stroke, then it pants heavily and at times, he will  also collapse.

The best treatments for dog stroke is to maintain a healthy           lifestyle, prevent and control the disease from causing more damage to the brain in the future.The prognosis for dog is based on the length of survival of the stroke. Dogs that survive for several days can have a good prognosis and recovery.  The extent of the recovery depends, however, on the degree of the damage to the brain. The long-term outlook depends upon identifying, eliminating or at least controlling the underlying cause of the condition.  If the dog receives proper treatment without any delay, it can recover completely within weeks and can live a healthy life.

 

    Article publié pour la première fois le 04/10/2011

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    Satellite Direct Software

    Since the development of information technology is more and more rapid in recent decades, there are a lot of programs which are designed for people to enjoy various services through the internet. It would not be difficult for them to find the information such as satellite direct software in the market in recent years.

    Whenever you try to find information related to satellite direct software, you probably would find that there are many people supporting this kind of software. When you want to use these programs to enjoy the television or other entertainments, you should try to understand how to select the programs well so that you can enjoy using them.

    First of all, you need to select the right provider of the programs. Some of the programs or software in the market would not be very useful and it is difficult for you to watch many channels when you use those programs or software. Therefore, you need to search online for a list of reliable programs for satellite TV software. Satellite direct software would be one of the reliable programs that you can choose because it is recognized by many users and it uses the advanced technology to process the signals received so as to generate the programs that you really love watching.

    You will find that satellite direct software is poplar and there are many companies or individuals which want to simulate the success of it. Therefore, you can find that there are many programs which claim that you can watch television programs overseas after paying for the programs. But they might not be the reliable ones. Therefore, only the satellite direct software should be trusted indeed.

    If you are interested in enjoying the services like satellite direct software, you should try to ask the questions in your mind and purchase after you have resolved all the questions. Some people complain about the quality of the software because they did not understand how the software works. Therefore, they would find that there is a gap between their expectation and the reality and they would make the complaint. But this is clearly not something responsible and you should try to avoid doing this because you are wasting your time. Therefore, you are advised to ask the customer support team the questions that you have so that you can have a better understanding while you purchase the services.

    When you have any problems related to the operation of the satellite direct software, you should also try to find the help from the customer support team. There are many services that you can use in order to watch the television programs well. Usually, people fail in watching the programs because they cannot identify the right set of configurations. Therefore, the best thing that they can do would be to look for the right configurations through the help from the customer or technical support team.

    As long as you try to find the information about satellite direct software and learn before you hire the services, you would not be disappointed and you can use it to have wonderful entertainment.

    Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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    Uses of asbestos

    Uses of asbestos:

    Asbestos has been mined and used commercially in North America since the late 1800’s.
    It had lot of uses and was used in wide range of products.
    It is good for heat and sound insulation’s. Its tensile strength was properly used in roofing and floring.
    asbestos
    Asbestos strengths:
    -Strong
    -flexible
    -fire resistant
    -thermal insulator
    Because of all above properties, asbestos was heavily used in many industries.
    Some of those industries where in asbestos was used are:
    • cements
    • roofing materials
    • floor tiles
    • furnaces and furnace doors
    • Construction mastics & putties
    • Ceiling tiles/panels
    • Gaskets
    • Spray coatings

    uses of asbestos

    • Pipework lagging
    • Loft insulation
    • Ventilation system linings/lagging’s
    • School blackboards

    Despite of so many asbestos uses, there are many health risks associated with asbestos and thats why it got banned.

    Article publié pour la première fois le 21/03/2013

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    Interesting facts about jaundice

    Interesting facts about jaundice

    Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes. During pregnancy, the mother’s liver removes bilirubin for the baby, but after birth the baby’s liver must remove the bilirubin

    . In some babies, the liver might not be developed enough to efficiently get rid of bilirubin. When too much bilirubin builds up in a new baby’s body, the skin and whites of the eyes might look yellow and this yellow coloring is called jaundice.Jaundice usually goes away without treatment. most of the newborns will have normal jaundice ,one day or more after birth. Jaundice that usually appears within the first 24 hours of life, or after the first week, is not considered normal.Abnormal jaundice may be caused by the baby’s blood type (ABO or RH factor incompatibility) or one of many other causes. The yellow color is first seen in the eyes and head, then it moves down the baby’s body. A blood test is usually done if the yellow is seen below the baby’s chest. As bilirubin is flushed from the body through the stool, jaundice may persist until a baby experiences more regular bowel movements; this typically happens between the first 5 and 10 days of life

    jaundice can be easily seen in in fair-skinned infants . It can be seen by taking baby into a well-lit room, applying gentle pressure to chest, and looking for a yellowish skin as the pressure subsides. This technique may not work on children with darker skin, so in that case jaundice can be seen in their gums(yellowing of gums). When severe jaundice leaves untreated , it can cause a condition called kernicterus. Kernicterus is a type of brain damage that can result from high levels of bilirubin in a baby’s blood. It can cause athetoid cerebral palsy and hearing loss. Kernicterus also causes problems with vision and teeth and sometimes can cause intellectual disabilities. A blood test is usually done if the yellow is seen below the baby’s chest. feeding every 1-3 hours with breast milk is important so the bowel movements can pass the bilirubin.Phototherapy (light) with a special lamp or lighted blanket may be used . The high-intensity lights used during phototherapy break down bilirubin into, less toxic substance that is easier to flush from the body.Baby needs to stay in light therapy at all times except during feeding.. Only breast milk helps pass bilirubin. Make sure baby has at least three bowel movements and 4-5 wet diapers a day. Severe, abnormal jaundice may require baby to have a blood transfusion.Frequent feeding can help prevent severe jaundice. A breastfed baby needs to nurse every one to three hours (at least eight to 12 times a day).

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/11/2011

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      Asbestos waste disposal sites

      Asbestos waste disposal sites
      These are the dedicated locations for disposal of asbestos.Homeowners and asbestos contractors must dispose of waste asbestos materials properly. This is considered as solid waste.Solid waste regulations talks about  packaging of asbestos for dis-posal and disposal criteria for landfills. It is required for landfill opertaors to handle asbestos  waste in specific manner in asbestos waste disposal sites.
      Non-friable asbestos is accepted for disposal by many land-fills as long as the landfill operator is contacted for approval prior to disposal.  Friable asbestos can be disposed to dedicated and authrozied asbestos waste disposal sites
      Some points to note while planning asbestos waste disposal :
      • Asbestos should be handled by a certified asbestos abatement contractor.
      • Slightly damaged or loose asbestos can be re-wrapped rather than removed.
      • Avoid dusting, sweeping or vacuuming particles suspected of containing asbestos.
      • Asbestos containing materials should never be disposed of in a combustion facility or compacted because fibers may be released to the surrounding area.
      Regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
      There are many state and federal regulations for asbestos disposal sites:
      • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly covered
      • asbestos waste disposal sites should be properly maintained
      • Only licensed/qualified persons should work in site.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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      Hemiplegia and stroke

      Hemiplegia In Stroke

                                                  Inability to move a group of muscles of one side of the body. When hemiplegia is caused by a stroke, it involves muscles of  face, arms and legs Hemiplegia is the term use to describe paralysis of one side of the body. The term can be broken down into “hemi” means “half,” and “plegia,” means paralysis. The most common cause of hemiplegia is  stroke.   It occurs when stroke affects the  corticospinal tracts. The exact cause of hemiplegia is not known , but it appears that when  brain is deprived of oxygen , it  results in the death of  neurons. When the corticospinal tract is damaged, the injury is usually manifested on the opposite side of the body. For example if one has an injury to the right side of the brain, the hemiplegia will be on the left side of the body.Besides  all difficulties that come along with not being able to move one whole side of the body, hemiplegia often accompanied  with other problems  such as:

      • spasticity
      • atrophy
      • focal seizures
      • pain.
                                                          Hemiplegia is a more severe than hemiparesis.  In hemiparesis  there is weakness on on one side of the body. Hemiplegia may be congenital or may be acquired after an infection, stroke or trauma to the brain. In children hemiplegia is usually congenital-  means  it is acquired at birth due to unknown cause. The most common cause of hemiplegia in childhood is cerebral palsy. In most cases of hemiplegia stroke, when the injury is to the right side of the brain, the injury will appear on left side of the body and vice versa. The symptoms of hemiplegia stroke  vary  from child to child .  The typical symptoms includes

       There is difficulty  in walking
      – Difficulty with balance while standing
      – Difficulty with fine hand activity like holding, writing, using a spoon.
      –  There is continous stiffness and spasms in the muscles
      – Weakness on affected side
      – Seizures are common
      –  There is Bowel or bladder incontinence
      – Delay in developmental growth like crawling, standing, smiling or jumping
      – In many children who have cerebral palsy, the mental development is not normal and the IQ is usually below 70
      – In adults who suffer from hemiplegia the mental effects depend on severity of the injury.

      Once hemiplegia stroke has developed in children, it does not progress but there may be problems associated with muscle spasticity, joint contractures and formation of pressure sores. Mild cases of the disorder may improve and these children may be able to use a wheel chair or an ambulatory like a walking aid. Severe cases are either bed ridden or confined to a wheel chair.

      Drugs which are mainly  used to reduce muscle spasms and seizures. Sometimes surgery may be done  to reduce joint contractures and increase mobility in the joints. Other individuals may benefit from use of orthotic devices, braces and splints. These devices may help the individual  to become more independent and be able to walk. Those individuals who are not able to eat may need placement of a feeding tube in the stomach.  Physical therapy  can increase range of motion in the joint, prevent contractures and may help individuals to become mobile if done regularly.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 19/10/2011

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      Whiplash headache

       Whiplash headache

      Whiplash is a non-medical term referred as  injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck associated with extension.  People who experience whiplash develop a chronic headache also known as a cervicogenic headache. In some people this  symptom appear within the first couple of days after the accident and usually pass after a few days to a few weeks. There are a number of  other symptoms related to whiplash – neck pain,  dizziness, blurred vision, fatigue and memory problems . There are a number of people who might walk away feeling very fine even after suffering from a whiplash injury only to experience symptoms on the next day. The headache can start immediately after the incident or can even take some time to develop. There are a number of people who suffer from late whiplash symptoms,  means that the headache can last for months and at times even years.

      What causes headache whiplash injuries

      When the head is jerked back and forth, there is sudden strain on the neck’s muscles and ligaments.  This might happen during a car accident, repetitive stress to the neck , a sports injury, a punch or something falling on the head.  The shaking of a child is a common cause in children (child abuse). In most cases, the headache whiplash injury will be resolved in the weeks after the original trauma.  However, in a very large minority pain will continue for months.

       Symptoms of headache whiplash

      After neck pain, headache  is the second commonest symptom that patients experience. After whiplash injury person feel the pain in the back of their head, or discomfort at their forehead or behind their eyes. The symptoms of this type of headache include pains that travel from the neck and up to the head. Headache after whiplash injury often shows itself for the first time on the morning after the accident. The pain sweeps up from the neck and over the back of the head. Most sufferers find that heat on the back of the neck will ease the headache. Cold makes it worse. Neck movements often aggravate the problem – particularly if the neck is moved towards extension, looking up to the ceiling is often very painful. Patients with whiplash related head pains often also get shoulder pain and touching the big trapezius muscles over the back of the neck and shoulders often provokes pain or spread of symptoms upwards. There are often tender spots or trigger points in these muscles. Women get pains in the head after whiplash injury more often than men. The other problems that can result from a head injury, caused by a whiplash incident, include problem in focusing. People might face problems in shifting their visions from one point to another. This is seen to occur more frequently in people who try to shift their vision more quickly from one point to another. There can also be a delayed tracking movement of the eye and also incidents of blurred vision in just one eye.The symptom can also lead to dizziness and disorientation, in most of the people who suffer from a whiplash injury.

       Treatment of whiplash injury

      1)    neck collar is little bit useful but prolonged immobilization of the neck by means of collar leads other problems.

      2) other treatment include

      Massage; It is helpful in the areas where there is pain, especially in the neck

            Ice and heat therapy:  Using ice is  helpful  early on in the injury (to decrease inflammation), and heat is used more often later on.

           Stretching and physical therapy:   stretching exercises may be benificial.

           Medication:  Sometimes the pain is short term and mild, and  don’t need much more than a few over the counter painkillers.  More severe pain may call for more powerful medication.  Sometimes  injections to numb the pain and avoid muscle spasms should be taken

             Rest:  Resting the injured areas can be important, perhaps bed rest early on.

            Alternative treatments:  some other  treatments  are also helpful. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) with exercise is beneficial. protect head from trauma by using sports equipments, seat belts etc

      Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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      Water Physical Therapy

      Benefits of Water Physical Therapy

      Aquatic therapy, as water physical therapy is commonly referred to has been a practice since time immemorial although on a limited scale. Traditionally, water was boiled and applied on injured parts of the body with use of a cloth. Modern aquatic therapy has built on the traditional method and incorporated exercises and the use of specialized physical therapy equipments. In any case, modern aquatic therapy is mainly undertaken with a patient immersed in water. The therapy is mostly undertaken in swimming pools although a patient is not required to swim. The temperature of water used in aquatic therapy is usually regulated for the intended treatment to be achieved.

      Aquatic therapy provides several benefits including:

      • Reduced gravity – A patient experiences reduced gravitational pull when immersed in water. This allows a patient to exercise an impaired body part without causing further damage. Water makes it easy for a patient to perform exercises prescribed by an aquatic physical therapist, which a patient may not perform comfortably on land. Several devices are used in the process including floatation belts.
      • Increased blood flow – Water used in water physical therapy is usually warm. This promotes healing at injury site(s) as blood vessels around the injured site receive adequate blood and oxygen supply, which are necessary for fast and effective healing.
      • Relaxation – Doctors normally advise their patients to obtain adequate rest and relaxation as one way of quick recovery. This is what aquatic therapy provides a patient. Since a patient is immersed in warm water, body muscles relax, in effect encouraging fast healing.
      • Balance – Aquatic water increases buoyancy, which aids a patient achieve balance. The buoyancy is also effective in minimizing or eradicating pain that a patient may be experiencing. The reduced pain comes about because the buoyancy lessens weight exerted on a patient’s injured boy part.
      • Viscosity – It is always important for a physical therapy patient to gain strength, particular at the injured site. Aquatic physical therapists do prescribe exercises that a patient needs to perform in water, the only suitable place where viscosity is available. The water’s viscosity makes it difficult for a patient to move an impaired body part. The difficulty makes an injured site develop strength in the process of exercise.
      • Change in environment – A physical therapy patient benefits greatly with change in environment that aquatic therapy provides. Moving from land into water for therapy boosts a patient’s morale, which facilitates fast recovery.

      Although water physical therapy has traditionally been a treatment available in developed countries, it is fast gaining ground around the world as one of the best ways to treat patients who require physical rehabilitation. Varied equipments, tools and objects such as foam noodles, kickboards and balls amongst others are introduced by qualified and approved aquatic therapists in treating patients. This makes water physical therapy not only enjoyable but fun as well. Physical therapists worldwide encourage the use of aquatic therapy by patients in need of physical rehabilitation. This is because studies indicate that patients who receive aquatic therapy heal faster than those who receive physical therapy on land.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Physiotherapy techniques

       

      how physiotherapy techniques can help you

       

      If you have ever been in a back pain situation then you must know how useful these physiotherapy techniques can be. A person suffering with a lot of pain can feel relaxed and relief after going through just one physiotherapy session. If you feel pain in different parts of your body occasionally or regularly then you must go for physical therapy. Well, one thing that you must keep in your mind is that, physiotherapy and physical therapy are reciprocal to each other. Some people call it physiotherapy and some call it physical therapy. However, the function of both names is same as same machines and devices are used.

      You must be thinking that what is the use of devise and machines in physiotherapy techniques? Well, there is a big use of these devices as different automatic massage devices have been developed. Now, there is no need of going to physiotherapy center and waiting for a therapist to visit you. You can lie down on floor and let any massage machine do its work. There are different aspects in which these physiotherapy techniques can be very helpful. For example; a person who has gone through an accident and due to his accident he is not able to use one of his arms, what do you think are his chances to get his arm moving again? Well, a normal person will say that there are no chances at all but if he will get a physiotherapist then he can get his arm moving and working again a few months.

      Physiotherapy techniques are just like magic; you never know and hey start showing their positive effects on your body. A person suffering from any kind of pain or disability can be treated with the help of physiotherapy.

      Below we will try to analyze those professionals who can benefit from physiotherapy.

      Doctor:

      A doctor has to spend a hectic and busy day and due to this reason he can become a lot tired. Well, there is a very simple and easy solution to this tiredness and that solution lies in physiotherapy center/ clinic. If you are feeling tired and different parts of your body are not in a healthy condition then you can simply go for physiotherapy techniques. These techniques will be applied on your body and with the help of these techniques; you will start feeling well again.

       

      Labor:

      Labor is that community with works very hard but he never gets paid in full. They have to lift burden and drag things here and this can cause some serious problem in their physic. A person who will keep working all day long and in the evening, how will he sleep and at what time he will take rest. If you feel pain in your body being a labor then you should go to a good physiotherapy center so that nothing goes wrong. In a few sessions of physiotherapy, you will start feeling better and all the pains and discomforts will be vanished away.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Chemical formula of asbestos

      Chemical formula of asbestos:
      Many people have questioned regarding chemical formula for asbestos.
      Asbestos is composed of minerals, known since antiquity, with long, thin fibrous crystals. It is not an element.
      well it depends on the type:
      Chrysotile,(white in color) , CAS No. 12001-29-5, is obtained from serpentinite rocks which are common throughout the world. Its idealized chemical formula is Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4.
      Amosite, (brown in color) ,CAS No. 12172-73-5, is a trade name for the amphiboles belonging to the cummingtonite-grunerite solid solution series, commonly from Africa, named as an acronym from Asbestos Mines of South Africa. One formula given for amosite is Fe7Si8O22(OH)2.
      Crocidolite, (blue in color) ,CAS No. 12001-28-4 is an amphibole found primarily in southern Africa, but also in Australia. It is the fibrous form of the amphibole riebeckite. One formula given for crocidolite is Na2Fe2+3Fe3+2Si8O22(OH)2.
      Check this nice article on class action asbestos.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 21/03/2013

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      The Long term Benefits To Quitting Smoking

      By now, everyone knows that cigarette smoking can be a very dangerous pass-time. Smoking causes many strokes, cancers, and health issues in society, and puts a definite strain on the health system. Every smoker has been bombarded by facts and info

      rmation on the effect that smoking is taking on their body, but they often still choose tobacco over their health on a daily basis. For many people, the risks of smoking just don’t seem to register. As smokers age, however, they can start to feel the effects on their bodies of a lifetime choice to smoke tobacco. If you’re a smoker, you may feel like the withdrawals are not worth stopping smoking, but you may not realize how quickly and efficiently your body can start to recover from a long-time tobacco habit.

      Within One Week of Quitting Smoking

      You lungs will begin to heal and repair themselves, making bronchioles relax and allowing for easier breathing. Food will begin to taste and smell more strongly, allowing you to use less salt and other harmful seasonings. Your body oxygen levels even out to where they should be, ridding your blood of harmful chemicals it has been relying on. You also decrease the likelihood of a heart attack nearly instantly.

      Within Three Months of Quitting Smoking

      Your body starts to change as your lungs continue to heal, and you may notice more energy as your airways and muscles become stronger and healthier. This means that you’ll be less likely to suffer from infection, as your body becomes better equipped to handle illness. You will also find your circulation improving, meaning less temperature regulation issues, and less will lead to fewer health complications down the road.

      After Five Years Smoke-Free

      Not only will your risk of smoke-related cancers be cut in half by the five year mark, your chance of getting other cancers which are not considered smoke-related will also fall to match the rate of a non-smoker. Risks of heart disease and strokes are also lowered drastically compared to someone who is still smoking.

      Quitting smoking also lowers the risk of diabetes, and has proven benefits which add years on to your life. You will find that simple tasks which tire you out start to become easier after just a short period of time. Socially, you will also notice a benefit in that you no longer have to step outside to curb your cravings, and you will never miss a nit of conversation at a party. The benefits to quitting smoking don’t stop there, as this lifestyle change also is often accompanied by other positive lifestyle changes. You will also start to reap such rewards as lowered health insurance rates.

      This guest post is from Allison with HealthInsuranceQuotes.org, where you can find more tips on lowering your health insurance rates.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 21/02/2012

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      Is asbestos a mineral

      There are many people searching answers for this question. Is asbestos a mineral?

      The name asbestos came from ancient times from a Greek word meaning unquenchable in reference to its resistance to fire and heat.
      Asbestos is a natural mineral which was formed during intense volcanic activities millions of years ago. But it wasn’t until the late 1800s that asbestos was mined commercially for its fireproof and virtually indestructible properties.
      Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals exploited commercially for their desirable physical properties.
      “Asbestos” refers to a small number of minerals that are formed of flexible fibers, and have the useful physical property of being very heat resistant. Because asbestos forms as flexible fibers, it is woven to make fabrics for heat-resistant and insulating materials.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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      what is asbestos used for

      asbestos uses

      What is Asbestos Used For

      In order to understand what is asbestos used for, you first have to know first of all what asbestos is. Asbestos is a tough, fireproof, elastic and a good insulator. These qualities are what determine what is asbestos used for. Also due to its durable material, asbestos is used for thermal insulation, proofing of fire, roofing, flooring and also in other building materials. The answer to what is asbestos used for can be traced back to over a thousand years ago. Nevertheless people have started using it in building in recent years. Historically, asbestos was used in cheap building materials. It was done by mixing asbestos with many other building materials to create a strong product. It was also added to building supplies to give them strength and make it fire resistant.  It is due to this usage that almost all building materials being manufactured during that period contained asbestos. In determining the importance of the answer to what is asbestos used for, the United States government banned manufacturers from using the product as it was deemed to be harmful to human beings. Despite its harmful nature, some manufacturers still insist on using as asbestos arguing that they have found no other better replacement for asbestos.

      asbestos uses

      asbestos uses

      The other answer to what is asbestos used for is in textiles. Textile products such as aprons and glass blower are made with asbestos compounds to make the product fire resistant. Take a look at what fire fighters normally wear at work, what makes their cloth fire resistant is the addition of asbestos in the textile. It is also used in paint wear. Most house paints have a drop of asbestos; also adhesives have been added with asbestos. The other answer to what is asbestos used for is in friction merchandises such as linings for brakes, assemblies for clutch and gaskets. Some manufacturers use high percentage of asbestos while others use small amount of it. Either way, its help in braking is very important. They were mostly used in the United Kingdom when it had not yet been banned. After asbestos was considered to be a health risk, most state government issued the directories to stop manufacturer from using asbestos when making any product that will expose human beings to dangers. Another answer to the question what is asbestos used for is in insulation of thermal to be used as lagging in products such as boiler pipes and heaters. It is also used in hot water tank to retain the warmth or the coldness of the water. It was also used as decorative finishing in walls and even ceilings, in addition to that some people use asbestos in their wall to make them fire resistant or rather fire proof. Last but not least, the answer to the question what is asbestos used for can be said to be in water pipes. It is assumed it is used to in water pipes to prevent the pipes from rusting. If the statement is true, then it is yet to be confirmed by experts.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      Signs and Symptoms of a Thrombotic Stroke

      Signs and Symptoms of a Thrombotic Stroke  The symptoms of a thrombotic stroke may vary, depends upon the area of brain is affected, because different areas of the brain are responsible for different functions. For example, different areas of the brain control movement, sight, speech, balance and coordination. Greater the part of brain is affected greater will be the functional disability. The various symptoms include..  1) numbness or weakness – the patient experience weakness on one side or that side may even be completely paralyzed. 2) Slurred speech- the patient may not be able to speak properly or total inability to talk. 3) Movement problems - A thrombotic stroke can cause a number of  movement problems, including an inability to coordinate one's arms or hands. A person may also have difficulty walking including staggering or veering  Headache Dizziness or confusion Visual disturbance, including sudden loss of vision  Coordination problems in the arms and hands  If any of these symptoms appear suddenly, then patient is suffering from thrombotic stroke or any other kind of stroke. Symptoms, once begin, can quickly become less prominent, stay the same or gradually get worse over hours or days.  Classic stroke symptoms can be recalled as FAST  Face — Sudden droopiness of the face or weakness or problems with vision  Arm — Sudden numbness or weakness of one or both arms  Speech — Difficulty in speaking, slurred speech, or garbled speech  Time — Time is very important in stroke treatment  Sometimes, episodes of stroke-like symptoms occur before a stroke. A short episode of stroke-like symptoms is called a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Symptoms appear suddenly and then get better over several minutes to a couple hours. Most TIAs last less than 30 minutes. One or more of these attacks occurs before more than half of all strokes.
       
      Check this website for alternative cures

      Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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      migraine and stroke

      Migraine and Stroke

      Stroke and migraine share certain symptoms, which may lead someone with a migraine to fear they are having a stroke. A migraine is a type of headache, caused by spasms of the arteries leading into the head and  stroke is the interruption of blood to the brain, which kills the cells in the immediate area and affected those in the surrounding areas. The most common type of stroke is the ischaemic stroke, which is caused by an embolism (clot or debris) blocking a blood vessel in the brain. A migraine doesn’t cause brain damage, either in the short or long term. A stroke results in brain damage that varies from mild to disabling. In severe cases, a stroke can cause coma or death. Migraine with aura has been consistently associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke. Most studies suggest that this association is particularly strong for younger women

      Migraine aura often causes visual disturbances, such as   1)flashing lights,

      2)zigzagging lines or

      3)partial loss of vision. Other symptoms may include

      4)numbness,

      5)tingling,

      6)speech difficulties and

      7)muscle weakness on one side of the body.

      These disturbing symptoms usually disappear within an hour. but in case of stroke ,  similar symptoms are caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. Migraine aura is thought to be caused by over-activity of the brain cells. The gradual onset of migraine aura is due to the slow spreading of hyperactive nerve activity across the brain surface.

      Stroke and migraine aura can have similar symptoms mainly depends upon the area of brain affected, the symptoms of stroke may include:

      •  There is Problem in vision, such as vision loss
      • Numbness and tingling of the face, sometimes on one side only
      • Speech disturbances are common
      • Muscle weakness, sometimes on one side of the bodyoccur
                                            Many times, transient ischaemic attack is mistaken for a migraine. A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is a minor stroke and a warning that a severe stroke may follow. The symptoms of a TIA are identical to those of a full stroke, but disappear within 24 hours. TIAs can appear hours, days, weeks or months before a full stroke.  TIAs need emergency treatment. It seems that TIAs are caused by tiny blockages to blood vessels. These blockages cause temporary symptoms before they dissolve. Migraine aura and TIAs share similar symptoms, such as speech disturbances, weakness and problems with vision. Since the symptoms of TIAs go away within hours, the person may mistakenly believe they suffered from migraine. The broad differences between a migraine and a TIA include:

      • Visual disturbances – in TIA, the only disturbance is vision loss, whereas visual disturbance in migraine includes flashing lights and zigzagging lines as well.
      • Speed of attack – in TIA, the symptoms occur suddenly. In migraine, symptoms spread slowly over a few minutes.
      • Age of onset – migraine tends to first occur when an individual is young, whereas stroke is more common in older people.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/10/2011

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      Panic Away Review – Yes It Works

      There are a lot of people suffering from various types of pains in recent years. They might have tried to use some methods for relieving from the pains but they failed. Therefore, you certainly need to learn a lot about how to reduce the pain.

      Panic Away Review would help you in understanding more about the performance of Panic Away. It is one of the popular products in the market in recent years.

      According to many people, the product like Panic Away would not be very costly. Therefore, many of the patients are interested in trying this product. They would be able to bring a better mindset to the patient and many people have reflected that patients taking the Panic Away products would have a peace of mind and they would also have a reduced fear of dying. They would not think of getting sickness easily after they have taken the products as well.

      You would find that more and more people would need to take these products in recent years. The economic downturn is something not acceptable to people. Therefore, it would be easy for you to find people working hard to find the information for them to get rid of the panic feeling. They have lost their confidence in their job and their life and they would want to die. But with Panic Away, the whole situation would be changed.

      You should understand that Panic Away is a kind of multi-step program. In other words, it would take time for the program to show the effectiveness. Therefore, you should be patient when you try to use this product and you should not give up the treatment if you have not given enough time to try it first.

      If you try to find information related to Panic Away in the internet world, you can easily find that there are plenty of users praising the product. They have found that this is one of the natural treatments that they can take and children can also understand about how it would work to help people. Therefore, you can give Panic Away a try and use it now.

      To conclude, panic attack is something horrible and you can find that there are a lot of people who are not used to these things. Ignorance about the illness could yield more serious illness. Therefore, you certainly need to understand more about the way that you can do so as to remove the panic attacks. If you want to find efficient methods, you can find Panic Away for help. Compared with other treatments, this would be a relatively natural one and it would not involve a lot of difficult tasks for you to experience in order to resolve the panic attacks problems. Therefore, you should devote your time and efforts to search for the relevant information related to it and learn about how you can do to relieve yourself once the panic attacks occur on you. You should always keep this in mind so as to help yourself whenever necessary.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/07/2011

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      Easy Hair Styles For Long Hair

      Many people have begun to keep their hair long as in the 1970’s. Even if you will find out that many people like the idea of having their hair long, it can become too hard to keep them. The hair can be twisted, curled, straightened or braided. There are many styles that you can use when you have long hair.  Protecting long hair is to protect it from dry ends, frizz, heat, ends and split ends. You have also to make sure that your hair is protected against any environmental damages such as cold or heat.

      First, you have to get your hair trimmed and it is better if you do this every 8 weeks.  If the end of your hair has split, then you should never let it go up to reach the shaft. Getting it cut is the best thing that you can do.

      Ensure that your hair is always moisturized. It is advised if you use moisturizing mask regularly. you should wet your hair before applying the moisturizer, if not the moisturizer will not hold. Use a flat iron to tap foiled section for few times. This method is used to smoother the ends and to provide deep conditioning. If you do not want to use the heat, then you should use oil mask and you can wrap the hair into a bun and leave the hair to dry for around 15 minutes. Make sure that you hair is protected from breakage and tangle to keep them long for a long time.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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      professional physical therapy

      Where to Find Professional Physical Therapy Services

      Sustaining injury that leads to pain and impairment of any body part definitely requires medical attention. Although many people embark on searching for a physical therapist, it is highly recommended that you consult your regular physician before you do so. It is your physician who is responsible for referring you to a physical therapist. In any case, you will give your physician the opportunity to address other medical issues that may not be addressed by a physical therapist. Note that there are different types of physical therapy and your physician is better placed to know which type is appropriate for you. Orthopedic, pediatric, heat, geriatric and neurological physical therapists are available and your physician will be able to refer you to the appropriate physical therapist.

      It is important to point out that your physician may refer you to more than one physical therapist, depending on your injury. This is in case your injury requires a combination of physical therapies. Certain situations do however arise where you do not have the time to consult reach your regular physician and you need to find a physical therapist fast. It is always important to search for a professional physical therapy practitioner. Where do you find a professional practitioner? There are several places where you can find a professional physical therapy practitioner who will address your particular physical therapy need. Such include:

      • Local public hospital – Many governments around the world have taken measures to train physical therapists who are posted to public health institutions upon graduation to manage rehabilitation centers. In case there is none, you will be referred to appropriate physical therapist.
      • Local private hospitals – Private hospital are in most cases well equipped than public hospitals and do have different professional physical therapy practitioners. Some private hospitals engage the services of locally available physical therapists in private practice.
      • Local health clubs – Local health clubs, whether public or private are some of the places you are likely to find a professional physical therapist. However, you may need to be a member of such a club in order to receive physical therapy services.
      • Yellow pages – You can easily get information on physical therapists from yellow pages including where they are located, hours of operation and their contacts. You however need to establish if one you engage is approved before committing yourself.
      • On the Internet – Many professional physical therapists and in particular professional therapists have their websites online from where you can get valuable information regarding their services.
      • Local association of physical therapists – It is a common practice throughout the world for medical practitioners including physical therapists to form associations. You can find valuable information on physical therapists in your locality and pick the most suitable one.
      • From friends – You can get useful information from friends who know or have received physical therapy. Being referred by friends can prove valuable because of the already established relationship between your friend(s) and the physical therapist.

      It is always important and beneficial to both you and your professional physical therapy practitioner to divulge all information regarding your injury and the problems that you have. This informs your physical therapist on the best physical therapy techniques to employ for fast recovery and restoration.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      asbestos Canada

      The environmental Safety of Asbestos in Canada There has been recommendation in Canada to assess the safety of asbestos. The recommendation came as a response in opposition the proposed opening of Jeffery mine-an asbestos Canada town.

       

      Asbestos Canada like all asbestos occurs naturally as a mineral in the earth’s surface. It contains strong fibers that are resistant to fire, is highly durable and was widely used in residential houses until 1978 when it was banned. Fibers of asbestos are very thin and in fact are more than 150 times thinner than the human hair. They can even float in air and not be visible to the eye thereby making it easy to be inhaled. Scientifically, it has been shown that living in a building that has materials made of this fiber is not harmful except it is damaged or disturbed. It may be difficult to notice products within your home that are made of these materials by just looking. However you may identify them because they are bound in a few products that were once used in the construction industry. These two ways may be helpful in identifying them: Firmly bound or bonded asbestos Canada is a fiber cement product that is embedded firmly in a cement medium that is hardened however new fibers especially those made of cellulose are now used today as replacement and you can find them around homes that have been built before the 1970s in some of the following materials: vinyl floor tiles, textured paints, plaster patching mixtures, the backing of vinyl floor coverings, flat or corrugated sheeting, roof shingles, limitation brick siding and water or flue pipes. The loosely bound asbestos is described as friable. This type is found in older types of household insulations used on heater, stoves and ceiling insulation materials. But today they have replaced by glass fibers. You do not need t panic when you find materials containing asbestos as you may even leave the materials in place. For instance if there is an internal sheet walls made of them and the sheet walls are in good condition and possibly coated with paint, then there is no cause for alarm as there is no health risk posed and the external cement roofs and siding may not have need to be replaced except their surfaces are damaged or are broken. Furthermore cement construction products can be disposed or removed safely provided you take the proper precautions in order to prevent the release of the poisonous dusts

      However as stated earlier asbestos Canada is not exempted from danger every asbestos possess to people when it is exposed or disturbed, which happens especially during renovation and it is quite costly to remove because the procedure is no ordinary one that should be handled by individuals whenever they wish. It is mandatory to get the attention state licensed technicians who will handle the processes in a specially sealed environment. Also the removal may be dangerous since if done improperly may contaminate the air further. Encapsulation which is the sealing off the disintegrated materials may be good alternative method or control.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      General classification of jaundice

      General classification of jaundice

      Jaundice is a term  which is mainly used to describe an increase in the amount of bilirubin in the body, which results in the  yellow colouration of white area of eye, and skin . jaundice can be categoriz

      e into three different types; each results in yellowing pigmentation but for different reasons.

      Physiologic Jaundice

      Physiologic jaundice is common in newborns whose livers have not fully developed the ability to process bilirubin. This period of jaundice usually resolves itself within two to three days. A type of exaggerated physiologic jaundice is referred to as “breastfeeding jaundice,” which usually appears during the first week of a newborn’s life., breastfeeding jaundice is believed to be a result of inadequate breast milk intake, leading to dehydration or low caloric intake. Breastfeeding jaundice usually peaks during an infant’s second or third week of life, and providing the infant is ingesting sufficient calories usually resolves itself without causing any medical problems. .

       

      Pathologic Jaundice

      Pathologic jaundice can occur in children and adults and is diagnosed when jaundice presents a health risk. In infants, pathologic jaundice can occur when physiologic jaundice becomes exacerbated by dehydration or a premature or complicated birth. In adults, there are several causes of pathological jaundice, including blood incompatibilities and diseases, and hereditary syndromes. Several forms of hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver and other liver diseases, bile duct blockage, along with infections and medications, can also cause pathological jaundice

      Gilbert Syndrome

      Gilbert’s syndrome is a harmless hereditary condition that results in mild jaundice. During times of illness or stress, people with Gilbert’s syndrome will experience low levels of some bilirubin-processing enzymes in their livers.

      the other  types of jaundice are:

      • Hemolytic Jaundice: Hemo means ‘blood’ and lytic means ‘breakdown of cells’; together ‘hemolytic’ means breakdown of red blood cells. In hemolytic jaundice or pre-hepatic jaundice, the bilirubin level is raised due to excess breakdown of red blood cells.In this form, overproduction of bilirubin results from excessive breakdown of red blood cells (hemolysis). For this process to cause jaundice, the degree of hemolysis usually has to be severe enough to produce a degree of anemia as well.

        Causes  include defects in the structure of the hemoglobin (thalassemia), faulty red blood cell membranes (spherocytosis) and infection in the blood cells (malaria). Each of these make the red blood cells more fragile and susceptible to hemolysis.

      • Obstructive Jaundice: Also known as post-hepatic jaundice is caused by obstruction of bile flow from the liver. This increases the level of bilirubin in the blood, thereby causing obstructive jaundice. Obstructive Jaundice can cause extreme pruritus (itching) due to build up of salt and other biles constituents.When the bile duct is blocked, bilirubin builds up in the liver. As it no longer being excreted from the body the level in the bloodstream then rises and produces jaundice. The most common cause of obstructive jaundice is a gallstone leaving the gall bladder and becoming lodged in the bile duct. In older people, cancers of the gall bladder and pancreas may also obstruct the duct.
      • Hepatocellular Jaundice: This type of jaundice is very common and occurs due to inability of the liver to metabolize and remove bilirubin from the biliary system.Damaged liver cells cannot remove and conjugate the normal quantity of bilirubin circulating in the blood, thus causing the level of bilirubin in the blood to rise. Viral hepatitis  is the most common liver disease that causes jaundice. Liver inflammation caused by certain toxic chemicals, alcohol (alcoholic hepatitis), and glandular fever may also be associated with jaundice.
      • Neonatal Jaundice:. Neontal jaundice is marked by yellow discoloration of skin and other tissues of a newborn. The symptoms generally become apparent on the second or fourth day after the baby is born and disappear on it own within two to three weeks.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/11/2011

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      Cute Hair Styles For Long Hair

      Regardless of the style that you choose to use, you have to ensure that it keeps the breakage and tangle away for your hair especially if your hair is long. You can do this by keeping away from using a brush on wet hair after conditioning or washing it. You should use a smooth and a wide set teeth to detangle the hair from the root of the hair. You should also keep away from blow-drying wet hair. This will cause thermal damage for your hair. You should wrap your hair into a towel before you use any hair dryer.

      To make the style you want, you should always use the spray on or leave in conditioner to protect your hair especially when you are using heat tools. You should not wash your long hair on daily basis, since the more you wash it the harder it will be to hold in the texture or style. If you have a fine and thin hair, wash it every two days. If you have a thick hair you should take at least five years to shampoo it.

      You have many style to choose from when you have long hair, you can make it in a curly ponytail, into beaded ring, into ponytail flip twist, into a hair roll and into a French braid headband. Regardless of the style you want to use, you should always keep in mind that excessive heating, brushing, teasing, backcombing can damage the hair so keep them in minimum.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/08/2011

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      Right hemisphere stroke

      Right hemisphere stroke

      stroke occurs when blood  flow to our brain get compromised. This is caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in our brain, or a torn vessel bleeding into our brain. The right side (hemisphere) of  brain controls the left side of your body. . It also controls certain calculation tasks, such as judging distance, size, speed, or position A stroke in the right hemisphere often causes paralysis in the left side of the body. This is known as left hemiplegia.

      what causes  Right hemisphere stroke 
                                    Ischemic stroke: when an artery to our brain gets blocked which may be caused by having plaque in an artery. Plaque  occurs  when fatty deposits and other things build up in an artery or blood clot  blocks the artery.The clot can break loose from an artery somewhere else and travel to the brainstem. This clot may get stuck in a narrow blood vessel, stopping blood and oxygen from reaching our brain. This is called an ischemic stroke. Most strokes are ischemic strokes.

      Hemorrhagic stroke: some times,  blood vessel may break and leak if a clot gets stuck in it, or the vessel wall is weak. Blood then flows out of the vessel and into brain tissue. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke

      Risk factors of Right hemisphere stroke

      1) older people of or above 55 years of age

      2) women using birth control pills, or  take  replacement medicine after menopause.

      3)  father or mother had a stroke,

      4) have high blood pressure, or blood vessel or sickle cell disease that was not treated.

      5)  have atrial fibrillation, diabetes or other heart or blood vessel condition

      Signs and Symptoms  of right sided stroke

      the common symptoms of right sided stroke are

      a)  these people generally  have problems with their spatial and perceptual abilities due to which they  misjudge distances (leading to a fall) or be unable to guide their hands to pick up an object, button a shirt or tie their shoes.  Due to  their impaired ability to judge spatial relationships, survivors of right-hemisphere strokes often have judgment difficulties that show up in their behavioral styles.

      b)  these patients  also experience left-sided neglect.. left-sided neglect causes the survivor of a right-hemisphere stroke to “forget” or “ignore” objects or people on their left side.

      c)  they may be unable to remember what they ate for breakfast that morning.

      d)  Vision problems are common these people  may not see objects to their left.

      e)  Language and speech problems are present.they   may not be able to understand what others are saying. these people  may have trouble in  reading ,  writing and speaking. When  they talk, they  may not show any feeling.

       Treatment of right hemisphere  stroke

      Treatment depends on what causes stroke, signs and symptoms of the patient
      1) Cholesterol medicine should be given to  decrease (lower) the amount of cholesterol (fat) in the blood.

      2)  if stroke was caused by a blood clot,  following medicines should be given

      Thrombolytics: This medicine is given to break apart blood clots and help blood flow more easily.

                      Aspirin: This is medicine that may be given to help thin the blood to keep blood clots from forming.

                       Antiplatelets: This medicine is given to prevent blood clots from forming.

      3) sedation  medicine will  help  to decrease the pressure in our brain. It can also help to decrease pain

      4) other medicine to treat diabetes, high blood cholesterol,  high blood pressure or to prevent seizures

      5) surgery should be done if medication is not helpful.it include

      Ventriculostomy:  it should be done if  too much fluid and swelling around our brain is present, a tube may be placed through skull to drain the fluid. This tube also checks the pressure in our brain.

      Craniotomy: If  stroke was caused by bleeding into brain tissue,  surgery on our brain is done  to remove the blood or fix a damaged blood vessel.

      Carotid endarterectomy: Blocked carotid arteries can cause poor blood flow to your brain. If such  carotid arteries are blocked, surgery called carotid endarterectomy may be done. This surgery widens the arteries so that blood can flow  more easily.

      • .

      Article publié pour la première fois le 09/10/2011

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      Posterior circulation stroke

      posterior circulation stroke

      a type of cerebral infarction affecting the  posterior circulation that supply one side of the brain.            Posterior circulation ischemia can range from brainstem symptoms, caused by reduced posterior circulation,

      to the “locked-in syndrome,” which is caused by basilar artery or bilateral vertebral artery occlusion.

                                                 The posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs) are paired vessels,
       usually arising from the top of the basilar artery and curves laterally, posteriorly, and superiorly
       around the midbrain. The PCA  mainly supplies midbrain, subthalamic nucleus, basal nucleus, thalamus,
      medial inferior temporal lobe, and occipital and occipitoparietal cortices. PCAs, via the posterior
       communicating arteries (PCOM), may become sources of collateral circulation for the middle
      cerebral artery (MCA)

      PCA is divided into P1 and P2 segments by the PCOM. Penetrating branches to the mesencephalon, subthalamic, basal structures, and thalamus arise primarily from the P1 segment and the PCOM. These penetrating arteries include the thalamogeniculate, splenial (posterior paricallosal artery), and lateral and medial posterior choroidal arteries.

      The P2 segment  is divided into the posterior temporal artery and the internal occipital artery. The posterior temporal artery further divides into anterior, middle, posterior, and hippocampal branches. The internal occipital artery divides into calcarine and occipitoparietal branches.

                                                         Posterior Circulation Stroke Syndrome (POCS) refers to the symptoms of a patient who suffered from a posterior circulation infarct, but clinically no diagnosis is there. PCA stroke syndromes comprises of

        • Paramedian thalamic infarction
        • Visual field loss
        • Visual agnosia
        • Balint syndrome
        • Prosopagnosia
        • Palinopsia, micropsia, and macropsia
        • Disorders of reading
        • Disorders of color vision
        • Memory impairment
        • Motor dysfunction
                            etiologyof posterior circulation stroke  
                               Ischemic stroke occurs when a region of cerebral blood flow is suddenly limited.. Common  causes of PCA stroke include
      cardiogenic embolization,
      atheromatous disease of proximal vessels resulting in occlusion and/or artery-to-artery embolization,
      dissection of proximal vessels resulting in occlusion and/or artery-to-artery embolization,
      intrinsic PCA atheromatous disease.
                                                                           Less common etiologies include
       migrainous cerebral infarction (which preferentially affects the PCA distribution),
      anterior circulation disease (when fetal PCA variant is present),
      hypercoagulable disorders,
      illicit substance use,
      vasculitis

         signs and symptoms of posterior circulation stroke

      Patients present with a wide variety of syndromes. Neurological dysfunction includes
       1) hemi or quadriparesis,
       2) cranial nerve deficits (III-XII),
       3) respiratory difficulty,
       4) altered sensorium,
       5) vertigo  6) ataxia.
              As the posterior circulation supplies the brainstem, cerebellum, and occipital cortex,
       the symptoms frequently involve the "5Ds": dizziness, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia, and dystaxia.
                                   Wallenberg Syndrome or Lateral Medullary Syndrome is characterized by
       sensory loss. Vertebral artery and posterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion causes
       nystagmus,vertigo, ataxia, hoarseness, dysphagia, Horner's Syndrome and loss of pain and temperature
      sensation in the face on the same side of the lesion, and loss of pain and temperature on the opposite side of the body.               Basilar Syndrome (Anton Syndrome) is caused by occlusion of the basilar artery tip as it bifurcates into the posterior cerebral arteries therefore also affecting the occipital lobes and
      deeper structures which results in somnolence, memory defects, confusion, mutism, visual hallucinations, and bilateral loss of vision with unawareness or denial of blindness, as well as vertical gaze paralysis and deviation of the eyes.
                    Weber Syndrome is caused by vascular occlusion to the midbrain  which may be due to aneurysm
      or tumor resulting in ipsilateral oculomotor palsy  with contralateral hemiplegia.                                Dejerine-Roussy Syndrome occurs due to ischemia or malignancy causing a
      hemi sensory loss  on one side of the body, contralateral to the side of the lesion. Position sense is
      affected more than any other sensory function, and deep sensory loss is  more than cutaneous sensory loss.
          The most dreaded posterior circulation infarction is the "Locked-In Syndrome," which is caused by basilar artery occlusion. The syndrome is characterized by a progression of symptoms leading to
      quadriplegia with paralysis of horizontal gaze and bilateral facial and oropharyngeal palsy.  The patient
      is awake and is only able to move his or her eyes vertically.Patients become stuporous or comatose as the
      reticular activating system becomes involved.
                             Treatment of posterior circulation stroke
        anticoagulants of the heparin and warfarin types were being used to treat patients with myocardial
      infarction and pulmonary embolism. management of hypertension, hyperglycemia, cerebral edema with
      increased intracranial pressure, hemorrhagic transformation of cerebral infarction, infections aspiration,
       deep venous thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and other stroke-associated conditions.
       recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator( rtPA) should be  administered within 3 hours of stroke onset
       Extracranial bypass may be undertaken by connection of the occipital artery to the vertebral, superior cere
      bellar, anterior ICA, or posterior ICA. The superficial temporal artery has also been used as a donor artery.
      Shunting to the PCA may be accomplished by using veins or synthetic grafts.
                                            rehabilitation should begin early. Involvement of a speech  therapist may be required if alexia is present, with or without aphasia. The occupational therapist should be able to help in  teaching patients to turn to look in the blank visual hemifield. Recreational therapy helps patients with posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stroke to adapt to visual deficits and facilitates a healthy affect (since depression is a common occurrence in stroke.Nutrition may need to be provided by alternative means, such as a nasogastric device or a percutaneous enteric gastrostomy tube in patients who have severe dysphagia. revascularization procedures in the posterior circulation is the prevention of vertebrobasilar ischemic stroke.


      Article publié pour la première fois le 18/10/2011

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      Stroke education

      Stroke education  Blood brings oxygen and nutrients to brain cells. stroke occurs when blood flow is interrupted to part of the brain. Without blood, brain cells quickly begin to die. it is estimated that the brain is deprived of oxygen, 32,000 brain cells die in every second.. stroke effect people in different ways. Greater the area of brain affected ,greater will be the extent of functional disability. Stroke is the number one cause of serious permanent disability. Disabilities commonly caused by stroke .  1) decreased or loss of sensation 2)partial or complete paralysis (hemiplegia) 3) loss of bowel and bladder control 4)difficulty in walking and problems with coordination and balance (ataxia) 5)visual disturbances 6)sexual ability is decreased 7)loss of balance 8)loss or decreased muscle tone 9)spasticity(increase in muscle tone) 10)central pain syndrome (thalamic pain) 11) difficulty in speech and understanding language (aphasia) 12)shortened retention spans and difficulty learning new information 13)inability or difficulty with swallowing(dysphagia) 14) impaired ability to do calculations or to organize, reason, and analyze  15)loss of short-term memory 16) Behavioural changes are common, such as lack of concern about situations, impulsivity, inappropriateness, and depression 17)coma 18)death can also occur  Emotional disturbances are also common in stroke. It can cause lack of control emotions and an improper response This is called the pseudo bulbar affect (PBA). PBA is also known as emotional liability, which is a neurological disorder that causes sudden and unpredictable episodes of crying, laughing, or other emotional displays. Every 45 seconds someone suffers a stroke. Stroke kills nearly 160,000 people each year. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in this country. individuals who generally affected from stroke are under 65 years of age. men affected more as compared to women and blacks almost twice more often than whites. Stroke is the third- leading cause of serious, long-term disability. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel (artery) that supplies blood to the brain leaks, bursts or is blocked by a blood clot. Within an hour, the nerve cells in that area of the brain become damaged and may die. As a result, the part of the body controlled by the damaged area of the brain cannot work properly.  Stroke requires immediate treatment. The sooner treatment is received, the better the chances of survival. . Thrombolytic therapy is the use of drugs to break the clot that is the main cause of stroke. patients who come to hospital  within 3 hrs of the first sign of a stroke occur they have the possibility to receive Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA). There are many factors that determine whether or not a patient is able to receive thrombolytic therapy. Mostly it depends upon the amount of time between the onset of symptoms and presentation to the hospital.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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      Stroke in Dogs or Canine stroke

      Stroke in Dogs or Canine stroke

      A “stroke” is the sudden and severe attack  in which there is rupture of a blood vessel in the brain that deprives parts of the brain of their normal blood supply,results in  loss of consciousness, paralysis and perhaps other symptoms depending upon the site and extent of the brain damage.

      In dogs, strokes occur when the normal blood supply to the brain has been compromised,When dog has a stroke, they don’t show signs such as paralyzed like human.At that time we  have to  help,  pay attention, right care and treatments for the dog  to get back to normal condition within a short period of time. If the treatment is delayed or if proper treatment is not provided, then it can surely lead to the death of the dog. If the dog is has had a stroke,we can immediately observe a change in the dog behavior. Bull dogs and pugs are more prone to stroke. Since, the respiratory pathway of these dogs is extremely narrow, they are prone to strokes.  Very old and very young dogs are also susceptible to strokes.

                                 Types of  canine stroke 

                                                There are  mainly two types of canine stroke

                    1) ischemic

                     2) hemorrhagic

                                                        Ischemic stroke is caused by sudden stop of blood flow feed to the brain and hemorrhagic stroke when blood vessels in the brain start to  bleed  and blood actually starts pooling around and in the brain. Both of these types of stroke are very serious.

                              Causes of canine stroke

                                                 Ischemic stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted due to a blocked artery. the main causes of ischemic  stroke include

                         a) any type of Kidney, liver, heart or cushing’s disease

                         b)Diabetes

                         c)Parasites

                         d) tumours

                        e) hypertension (High blood pressure )

                        f) Over or under active of thyroid

                                                                         Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when  blood vessel  get ruptured lead to bleed in the brain. The following conditions are the main causes:

                           1)  All types of diseases that can lead to high blood pressure such as kidney, heart, cushing’s, blood                               clotting diseases etc.

      2) Head trauma

      3) brain tumour

      4) consumption of rat poison

      5) inflammation of arteries(vasculitis)

      6) Lung worm (angiostrongylosis)

      7) Immune-mediated thrombo cytopenia

      8) Abnormal blood vessel development in the brain

                                      How stroke happens?

      Strokes happen when blood flow get  disrupt in the brain. The disruption causes the nerves and neural pathways in the brain to stop working properly, which can create serious problems with coordination, vision and general behavior. If left untreated, a canine stroke will almost certainly result in death.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 04/10/2011

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      Physical Therapy Terminology

      Understanding Physical Therapy Terminology

      Physical therapy is a specialized medical field that involves many players including patients with physical injuries, government regulatory agencies, physical therapy associations and medical training institutions that train physical therapists. Physical therapy is not however restricted to enabling individuals with physical injuries to regain the use of their injured body parts; healthy individuals and in particular athletes receive physical therapy in order to keep fit and enhance their performance.

      Like in other medical fields, physical therapists use varied terminologies in their practice and it is always good to have an understanding of any physical therapy terminology a therapist uses. Some of the most common terminologies include:

      • Angular kinematics – This refers to the study of angular motions within the body.
      • Active motion – This is the motion that results from the construction of body muscles.
      • Agonist – This refers to the principle muscle that establishes motion in the joints.
      • Arthrodial joint – This is one of the various non-axial joints that have their surfaces almost flat.
      • Arthrokinematics movement – This describes the movement between any joint surfaces within the body.
      • Aponeurosis – This refers to the dense tissues or membranes that connect body muscles to bones.
      • Acromioclavicular (AC) joint – This refers to the joint in the shoulder where the scapula and distal end meet.
      • Balance – Like in other areas, the term refers to body dynamics that enable for appropriate posture.
      • Biaxial joint – This is a term that refers to any joints in the body that allow movement in a perpendicular axis.
      • Composite impairment – This is a term that physical therapists use to refer to an impairment caused by direct and indirect effects of original cause.
      • Concentric contraction – Body muscles contract in different ways and this term specifically refers to one type of muscle contraction where the rate of movement is constant while the body is in motion.
      • Cancellous bone – This does not refer to bones but rather loose bone tissue consisting of branching trabeculae.
      • Diarthrosis – This refers to articular cavity between any two bones.
      • Displacement – This is the most common physical therapy terminology physical therapists use. Displacement refers to change in position of any body part.
      • Electromyogram (EMG) – This is a common test that physicians do recommend to establish a patient’s nerve function before referring a patient to a neurotherapist.
      • Fracture – This is the other physical therapy terminology that is mostly used by both physical therapists and others to refer to a break or crack in bones. The term is also used in physical therapy to refer to crack in cartilage.
      • Kinesiology – This is a physical therapy terminology that refers to the movement of human body.
      • Orthogonal axis – This refers to the axis where two planes cross at right angles.
      • Parallel fiber motion – This refers to body muscles whose fibers are in parallel to its axis from where the muscles obtain necessary force.
      • Peak torque – This describes the maximum extent a muscle can contract.

      Understanding physical therapy terminology is at times beneficial to a patient as it informs a patient on the kind of injury sustained.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Guest bloggers wanted

      Guest bloggers are wanted to contribute useful articles to this website.

       

      Guest Bloggers Wanted – Guidelines:

      It must be a useful and informative post.

      The article you submit must be original and should not have been submitted anywhere else before.

      You must not put the article anywhere else (E.g. On your own website or article submission websites).

      You may include two of your own links in a brief “About The Author” section at the bottom of the post.

      You may send any supporting images along with the article. These images however must not be copyrighted.

       

       

      Guest Bloggers Needed – Ready To Submit?

      Then email us at [email protected] with your article and your links. We will also market your article along with other posts.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 16/10/2011

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      when asbestos was banned

      When Was Asbestos Banned

      So that we can begin to identify when asbestos was banned we need to look at the history f the material in the construction industry. Asbestos related diseases were identified by scientists as early as in the 1920s. After this, workers started to file compensation cases in court which were resolved in secrecy and the cases came into light in the 1970s.

      The health issues that asbestos presented to anyone who was exposed to the material for significant periods of time. The main reason that led to the banning of asbestos as a construction material was due to its close affiliation with asbestosis. This is a lung disease that was first noticed in textile workers. The disease scars the tissues in the lungs due to acid produced by the body’s attempt to dissolve the asbestos fibers in the lungs. The scarring with time becomes severe and the lungs can no longer function. The disease takes 10 to 20 years to develop and when asbestos was banned this contributed to the decision greatly. Another disease related to asbestos that affects the respiratory system is Mesothelioma.

      It is a kind of cancer that affects the mesothelial lining in the lungs and chest cavity. It also affects the abdominal cavity and the sac surrounding the heart. This particular cancer has no association with smoking like lung cancer. The only factor that causes this type of cancer is asbestos fibers that contain carcinogens that are associated with lung cancer.

      When asbestos was banned this was cited as a chief health risk to individuals who were exposed to asbestos fibers and the latency period of the disease was put between 20 to 50 years after which it becomes fully blown. After a patient is diagnosed with this terminal cancer, the life expectancy is 12 months after diagnosis. Asbestos is also associated with cancer of the lung, gastrointestinal tract, kidney and larynx cancer. This link between asbestos and a wide range of cancers led to its ban in the late 1970s after the U.S Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) declared that asbestos should not be used in wallboards, patching compounds and gas fireplaces because the use of asbestos in these places led to asbestos fibers being released in the environment. This did not constitute an actual ban and manufacturers voluntarily withdrew electric hair dryers that had asbestos in their components.

      The actual time when asbestos was banned was July 12 1989 when the EPA issued a final banning on most products that contained asbestos in them. However, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans overturned this decision and allowed asbestos to be used in materials that had been manufactured prior to 1989. However, after the court’s decision, flooring felt, roll board and corrugated materials that had asbestos in their structure remained banned. This ban was also applied to products that did not historically contain asbestos which are referred to as ‘new uses’ of asbestos.  Regulations from the EPA require schools to inspect for damaged asbestos and eliminate them so that the fibers are not released into the atmosphere. These regulations are still in force today.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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      Role of Physiotherapy in treating stroke

      Stroke may be defined as the abrupt onset of the neurological disorder that may occur due to some vascular cause. It occurs if an area of brain tissue is deprived of its blood

      supply, causing brain cells to lose their supply of oxygen. Without oxygen, brain cells can become irreversibly damaged within minutes. Stroke is mainly caused by disruption of blood flow to the brain as a result of blockage or leakage in a blood vessel. The effects of stroke vary depending on the severity of the blockage or leakage.

      Stroke commonly causes an arm , leg weakness, facial weakness and speech problems. This may lead to decreased mobility, balance problems and difficulty in performing everyday tasks. Unlike other cells in the body, if brain cells are irreversibly damaged then they are unable to heal themselves. The brain, however is capable of learning new tasks to compensate for the areas that have been damaged and physiotherapy thus encourages the learning and help the body relearn normal movement patterns.

      Types of strokes

      Stroke is mainly of two types

      a) Ischemic stroke

      b) Haemorrhagic stroke

      Ischemic stroke

      Ischemic stroke is usually caused by a blockage within an artery. This blockage results in decreased blood flow to an area of brain and therefore the brain cells in that area are damaged due to the lack of oxygen.

      Haemorrhagic stroke

      It is also called as “brain haemorrhage”. This occurs when blood vessels in the brain ruptures causing bleeding into the area of brain. This causes a build up of pressure and damages the delicate tissues of the brain. Blood flow to the neighbouring brain cells also reduced and these cells get damaged due to lack of oxygen and causes stroke.

      Common physical limitations during stroke

      the common physical limitations that occur during stroke are as follows;

      a) stair climbing

      b) bathing

      c) walking

      d) feeding

      e) urinary/faecal incontinence

      The brain is however, very adaptable i.e. capable of relearning new tasks and, with physiotherapy recovery can take place. Patients often have recovery in first few months, followed by slower recovery over the following years. With the correct physiotherapy input and advice patient have lots of potential to improve from the condition. Physiotherapy will assist in regaining as much movement and function as possible. Treatment often focuses on sitting, balance, standing, walking, using affected arm/hand, managing any change in the muscle tone , pain or stiffness. After stroke many people experience difficulties in performing tasks that were previously simple. Therefore physiotherapist will advise the patient the use of walking aids like crutches, sticks, splints and supports.

      Manual handling training service should be done. This training involves teaching safe therapeutic handling and positioning techniques that will promote normal movement patterns and normal postural alignments of patients. Use of slings and wheel chair can also be taught.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/01/2012

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      Define physical therapy

      How would you Define physical therapy?

      If someone asked you to define physical therapy then what will be your answer? Well, you may have some kind of answer in your mind but unfortunately many people in our society don’t even know about physiotherapy, how and why it is done. If you are also from one of those people who don’t have sufficient knowledge about this therapy system then you are at the right place at the moment. In this article you will get information about physical therapy and how it is done. There are vast uses of this technique and it is used all over the world.

      If someone asked to define physical therapy then I would present its definition in such way. Physical therapy is a therapeutic system in which a patient is treated in physical manner. There are different exercises and massages involved in physical therapy. If I say that almost every person in this world needs a physical therapy then I will not be wrong but the truth is, not all of the people in this world want to go thorough physical therapy. The main reason behind is not any kind of painful process but they don’t want to accept the change in society.

      If someone doesn’t even know about the function of physical therapy then how can he define physical therapy? Well, there is no need to define a system nowadays because things are being generalized and people are living a casual life not an official life. However, it is very important for a person to know about this therapy system and how it is carried out. It is not easy to treat someone who has one or more physical parts totally impaired. Such patients that have impaired physical organs are normally treated with the help of this method.

      A person may define physical therapy as; it is a system that treats physically disabled people and try to give them a new life. There are certain diseases and disabilities that can be treated very easily with the help of physical therapy but still there are different disabilities that require a surgery process or proper medication. For example; if an aged person is not able to move his hands properly then he can be treated with physical therapy. In this therapy, that old person will be taught to do different simple exercise that can help him to lead a good and healthy life.

      It is not easy to define physical therapy because there are different processes involved in it. Only a person can understand about the therapeutic system once he enters into it. if you will not enter in to physical therapy system then you will not get a proper understanding about this system. However, all those people who have information about this therapeutic system are spending their lives with peace because they know that if there will be any physical problem with them then they can easily go for physical therapy and get rid of that problem in a few days, weeks or months.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Wrist Splints as good as a cast for Children

      This post send by Lucie Crouch

      Wrist fractures are the most common injuries in children, and frequent trips to the A&E department of the local hospital. The arm is treated with a cast which stays on for normally four to six weeks, then a follow up with the orthopaedic surgeon. But this has been the standard treatment for so long it has only recently been questioned with the use of an alternate remedy- thewrist splint.

      A study randomised and controlled with 100 children aged five to twelve years old, half with wrist fractures (distal radius) were treated with splints and half treated with a cast. The splint group could only remove it to wash, and like the others had to keep it on for the rest of the trial duration. After six weeks, each participant was assessed by a physiotherapist who did not know which treatment they had received.

      Dr. Kathy Boutis, Staff Physician and Associate Scientist at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) explains that:

      \\\"Our results support the growing body of evidence that promote splinting as a suitable alternative to casting for specific distal radius fractures”.

      As well as patient and parental satisfaction with the splint being much higher, 68% of children with casts say they’d much rather have had a splint, and only 12% would rather have the cast.

      \\\"There were no differences in maintaining fracture stability, complications, and the splint was shown to be superior in terms of family preferences.

      \\\"Inherent benefits of a pre-fabricated splint include easier hygiene, eliminating discomfort and anxiety associated with cast saw use, and easy application and removal. Thus, evidence from this research combined with the advantages of the splint advocate for this device in the treatment of these fracture cases\\\".

      Another benefit of the splint is that it allows the wrist to move a little more, so muscle wastage and weakening is reduced so after treatment the patient is able to resume normal tasks at a higher rate.

      Lucie writes on behalf ofPhysio-Med, leaders in physiotherapy equipment, with a wide range of stock for any business or home.

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      Asbestos Ban

      asbesScientists at the Collegium Ramazzini in Modena, Italy have repeated calls for a total ban on all asbestos across the globe. Writing in the International Journal of Environment and Health, the Collegium points out that just 52 nations have banned asbestos but a large number still use, import and export asbestos and asbestos-containing products.
      Health problems attributed to asbestos include
      Asbestosis – A lung disease first found in textile workers,asbestosis is a scarring of the lung tissue from an acid produced by the body’s attempt to dissolve the fibers. The scarring may eventually become so severe that the lungs can no longer function. The latency period (meaning the time it takes for the disease to develop) is often 10–20 years.
      • Mesothelioma
      • Cancer
      • Diffuse pleural thickening
      At least 125 million people around the world are today exposed to asbestos through their work with about 20 to 40% of adult men reporting past occupations that may have exposed them to the risk of mesothelioma, asbestos, and lung cancer due to asbestos
      Asbestos was banned from commercial use in the 1970’s after it was declared a hazardous air pollutant. Friable asbestos products were banned immediately while non-friable products would be phased out gradually while replacements for asbestos products were developed.In 1996, the EPA lifted the total ban on asbestos allowing it to be used to a limited degree in non-friable products.[Non friable products are those which cannot be reduced to powder by hand pressure]

       

      Worldwide, 60 countries (including those in the European Union) have banned the use of asbestos, in whole or in part.Some examples follow.

      A nationwide ban on importing and using all forms of asbestos took effect on 31 December 2003. Reflecting the ban, the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission (NOHSC) revised asbestos-related material to promote a consistent approach to controlling exposure to workplace asbestos and to introduce best-practice health and safety measures for asbestos management, control and removal. The ban does not cover asbestos materials or products already in use at the time the ban was implemented.

      Although Australia has only a third of the UK’s population, its asbestos disease fatalities approximate Britain’s of more than 3,000 people per year.

      The São Paulo State law 12.684/07 prohibits the use of any product which utilizes asbestos, this legislation having been formally upheld by the Brazilian Supremo Tribunal Federal.

      The only asbestos mines still operating in Canada are in the Province of Quebec. They were owned by American and British Corporations until the Quebec government expropriated (for example) Asbestos Corporation Limited in 1981 from its American parent, General Dynamics. In the early 1990s all remaining mines and mills were sold by Quebec to the private sector . Quebec exports 95 percent of its chrysotile production, mostly to Asian and other poor countries.In 1999 the government of Canada went before the World Trade Organization to challenge, unsuccessfully, the ban on asbestos in France.

      France banned the use of asbestos in 1997, and the WTO upheld France’s right to the ban in 2000. In addition, France has called for a worldwide ban.

      On 21 January 2011, Indian Supreme court refused to ban Asbestos in India. This judgment was passed down for case filed by a NGO on 2004. In spite of all health hazards, Asbestos continues to be used in India widely without any restriction.

      Italy fully banned the use of asbestos in 1992 and set up a comprehensive plan for asbestos decontamination in industry and housing.

      Japan did not fully ban asbestos until 2004, and so its government has been held responsible for related diseases.

      In 1984 the import of raw amphibole (blue and brown) asbestos into New Zealand was banned. In 2002 the import of chrysotile (white) asbestos was banned.

       

       

      Check this site for asbestos class action lawsuit

       

      Reference:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asbestos_and_the_law

      Article publié pour la première fois le 02/04/2013

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      what are the common diseases that cause jaundice

                 what are the common diseases that cause jaundice

      There are several uncommon conditions that give rise to jaundice. It mainly includes

      a) increased or over-production of bilirubin

      Certain conditions that elevate the level of   bilirubin in the blood results in either mild or moderate jaundice that is difficult to detect.These conditions include:

      1) rapid destruction of red blood cells ( hemolysis),

      2) a defect in the formation of red blood cells that leads to the over-production of hemoglobin in the bone marrow ( ineffective erythropoiesis),

      3) absorption of large amounts of hemoglobin when there has been much bleeding into tissue( from hematomas, collections of blood in the tissues)

      b) Acute inflammation of the liver

      sometimes, liver becomes inflamed that reduce the ability of the liver to conjugate (attach glucuronic acid to) and secrete bilirubin. It include acute viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, and Tylenol-induced liver toxicity.

         c)Chronic liver diseases

      Chronic inflammation of the liver can lead to scarring and cirrhosis, and can ultimately result in jaundice. Common examples include chronic hepatitis-B and C, alcoholic liver disease with cirrhosis, and autoimmune hepatitis

         d) Infiltrative diseases of the liver

      It refer to diseases in which the liver is filled with cells or substances that don’t belong there. The most common example would be metastatic cancer to the liver , usually from cancers within the abdomen.

          e) Inflammation of the bile ducts

      some  diseases causing inflammation of the bile ducts, for example, primary biliary cirrhosis or sclerosing cholangitis and some drugs, that  can stop the flow of bile and elimination of bilirubin and lead to jaundice.

         f) Blockage of the bile ducts

      The most common causes of blockage of the bile ducts are gallstones and pancreatic cancer. Less common causes include cancers of the liver and bile ducts.

      g)  Genetic disorders

      There are several rare genetic disorders present from birth that give rise to jaundice. Crigler-Najjar syndrome is caused by a defect in the conjugation of bilirubin in the liver due to a reduction or absence of the enzyme responsible for conjugating the glucuronic acid to bilirubin.
      The only common genetic disorder that may cause jaundice is Gilbert’s syndrome . It is caused by a mild reduction in the activity of the enzyme responsible for conjugating the glucuronic acid to bilirubin. The increase in bilirubin in the blood usually is mild and infrequently reaches levels that cause jaundice.

          h) Developmental abnormalities of bile ducts

      sometimes bile ducts do not develop normally and the flow of bile is interrupted. Jaundice frequently occurs. These diseases usually are present from birth . Cysts of the bile duct (choledochal cysts) are an example of such a developmental abnormality. Another example is Caroli’s disease.

          i)Jaundice of pregnancy

      there are some additional causes of jaundice that are unique to pregnancy.

      1) Cholestasis of pregnancy. Cholestasis of pregnancy is an uncommon condition that occurs in pregnant women during the third trimester. The cholestasis is often accompanied by itching but infrequently causes jaundice.

      2) Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a very serious complication of pregnancy. It occurs late in pregnancy and results in failure of the liver. It can almost always be reversed by immediate delivery of the fetus. There is an increased risk of infant death. Jaundice is common, but not always present in AFLP. Treatment usually involves delivery of the fetus as soon as possible.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 14/11/2011

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      Stroke complications

      Stroke complications

      A stroke cause temporary or permanent disabilities, depending on how long the brain suffers a lack of blood flow and which part of the brain was affected.

      The most common complications are: • Brain edema  —  In this swelling of the brain  occurs after a stroke. • Seizures —  There is abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing convulsions. • Clinical depression — a treatable illness that often occurs with stroke and causes unwanted emotional and physical
       reactions to changes and losses. • Bedsores —  After stroke pressure ulcers occurs due to decreased ability to move and pressure on areas of the body
      because of immobility.
      • Limb contractures —  There is shortness of  muscles in an arm or leg  because of  reduuced range of motion or lack of
      exercise.
      • Shoulder pain — common due to hemiplegia or exercise of an arm. This usually is caused when the affected arm hangs
       resulting on pulling of the arm on the shoulder.
      • Deep venous thrombosis — This is because of  blood clots form in veins of the legs because of immobility  due to stroke. • Urinary tract infection and bladder control —  such as urgency and incontinence are common. • Pneumonia — causes breathing problems, a complication of many major illnesses.
         .   Paralysis or loss of muscle movement. Sometimes when there is  a lack of blood flow to the brain  person become paralyzed on one side of the body, or lose control of certain muscles, such as those on one side of the face
      • Difficulty talking or swallowing. A stroke may cause a person to have less control over the way the muscles in the mouth and throat move, which makes it difficult to talk, swallow or eat. A person may also have a hard time in speaking because a stroke has caused aphasia, a condition in which a person has difficulty expressing thoughts through language.
      • Memory loss or trouble with understanding. It’s common that people who’ve had a stroke has some memory loss. Others may find difficulty in making judgments, reasoning and understanding concepts. These complications may improve with rehabilitation therapies.
      • Pain. Some people who have a stroke may have pain, numbness or other strange sensations in parts of their bodies affected by stroke. For example, if a stroke causes lose feeling in left arm, you may develop an uncomfortable tingling sensation in that arm. It may also be sensitive to temperature changes, especially extreme cold. This is called central stroke pain or central pain syndrome (CPS). This complication generally develops several weeks after a stroke, and it may improve as more time passes. But because the pain is caused by a problem in the brain instead of a physical injury, there are few medications to treat CPS.
      • Changes in behavior and self-care. People who have a stroke may become more withdrawn and less social or more impulsive. They may lose the ability to care for themselves and may need a caretaker to help them .

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/10/2011

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      Amitriptyline Side Effects in Women

      Amitriptyline side effects vary from one person to another. The drug is basically used as a cure for depression. The drug is heavy in its influence and must only be consumed after seeking a doctor’s assurance. The drug must be used with great caution especially by pregnant women because it could have adverse effects on their health. Even women who are planning on pregnancy should be cautious. In case of the latter condition, the recommendation is only made by physicians if the negative effects do not outweigh the positive ones.

      The common side effects of amitriptyline which are present in all women are the common symptoms of this drug. These include dry mouth, disbalance, seizures, convulsions and hallucinations, dizziness, fluctuating blood sugar levels, palpitations and tremors and many more.

      However, the side effects that are associated with only women are that lactating mothers should orthodoxly avoid taking this drug because the chemicals present in it may pass into the mother’s milk and create complications for the child. Consumption of amitriptyline might also affect your periods because of the chemicals and reactions it has on the body. Women might have disturbed menstrual cycles. The drug is something serious and women should be fully aware of its effects before they plan to consume these. Apart from menstruation, the drug also results in decreased feeling of sexual pleasure sometimes no orgasm at all. Sexual displeasure in women is also characterized by swelling in women and decreased lubrication in the vagina. Weight gain is also unstoppable and sudden among women undergoing amitriptyline drug therapy. This abrupt gain in weight is actually followed by irregular menses.

      Suicide is also one problem that may reach its peak at the time of the usage of this antidepressant drug amitriptyline. Women and especially young girls may feel prone to committing suicides. Suicidal feelings will mostly result due to extreme mood swings. Mood changes are quite abrupt in these women. The drug also induces sleeplessness in women and could also cause memory degeneration. Women who are used to consuming cigarettes are also susceptible to its various side effects. The nicotine and other cigarette chemicals cause a reduction in the level of blood after using this medication.

      The remaining side effects of amitriptyline in women are irritability, increased sensitivity to sun, unusual sweating and uninformed bodily changes. Women are also more susceptible then men to be affected by amitriptyline and the changes that this drug causes in pregnant women could prove disastrous for their new born.

      Women must consult the phycisian and have a detailed discussion with their doctors, gathering enough information as possible on the issue. It is advisable that they consult before concluding on their own. The drug is not a candy but has a strong impact on whole bodily functions. The drug attempts to cure depression and is powerful in its action so caution on the part of women is essential if they want to save themselves from the serious side effects of amitriptyline.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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      Asbestos Mine

      Asbestos Mine
      Asbestos was first mined in Vermont in 1899 on Belvidere Mountain.  Chrysotile deposits of ultramafic rock were quarried in the Mt. Belvidere mines located in Eden and Lowell, Vermont.
      How asbestos is mined :
      Asbestos is mined by the open pit method in most countries where the top layers of the sediment are removed and the minerals taken out. Layer after layer of rock will be blasted away until the asbestos is exposed and then harvested with machinery. Asbestos comes in different forms and is a waxy almost greasy mineral that is relatively soft. It is very brittle and easily fractures into many pieces that are stringy.
      At the heart of the current controversy is the Mine Jeffrey, the world’s largest asbestos mine and the last of several exhausted asbestos pits clustered in Quebec’s Eastern Township area. From this region, for more than a century, has come almost 90 percent of the world’s commercial asbestos.
      According to the United States Geological Survey statistics, asbestos production is led by Russia, which in the year 2000 alone mined 752,000 tons of asbestos. China was next with a little under half that total with Canada at 320,000 tons. Brazil came in fourth in terms of asbestos tonnage with 209,000 and Kazakhstan fifth at 179,000 tons. After Zimbabwe’s 152,000 tons asbestos production drops off significantly with countries, such as Greece, India, South Africa, and the United States mining less than 32,000 tons.
      Most asbestos mines have been closed down. But wherever asbestos was extracted from the earth or processed in nearby plants, the fibers remain in dust, in the soil, blown by the wind, posing a hazard to local residents. All those sites need to be cleaned up and the asbestos safely disposed of.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 02/04/2013

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      young stroke

      stroke in young adults

      many of  adults in their 30s and 40s are being hospitalized for stroke,which  may be a sign that that rising rates of obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure among teenagers and young adults . Ischemic stroke occurs when a clot or narrowing of the arteries decreases or stop the blood supply to the brain.  A rise in obesity and other related health problems may  explain some of the increase risk of stroke. some  hypothesis seemed to be that in young people with stroke of unknown etiology, the use of a statin agent would have an effect on the risk for recurrent stroke. . Furthermore, patients who took a statin agent intermittently, or discontinuously, in the follow-up had an intermediate risk of having a stroke. Hypertension, diabetes, obesity, lipid disorders and tobacco use were among the most common conditions found among young people for stroke.  strokes is related to atypical causes such as migraine, drug use, and carotid dissection.Although the primary causes of stroke — obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, and excess alcohol consumption — contribute as well, the atypical causes are more common in the younger age groups than in older individuals. In addition to the causes congenital heart disease, patent foramen ovale, and blood clotting abnormalities need to be considered in the younger population of stroke sufferers,Family history comes into play as well, and there is a history of cerebrovascular problems also.

      symptoms of young stroke  – the common symptoms  of stroke that occur both in men and women are as under

       1)Weakness

      Sudden weakness is a classic symptom of stroke. this  weakness can occur on either side of the body; affecting the arms, legs and face.  this type of weakness generally notice, when there is sudden difficulty in  moving  arms or legs, or  trouble grasping or holding onto objects.

      walking  may become  difficult . In some cases, a facial droop will be noticeable. The mouth may sag on the affected side and smiling will be difficult. Women with stroke-induced weakness may lean toward her affected side when sitting and have trouble maintaining a seated position without assistance

       

       2)Headache

      patients  may experience a severe headache during the onset of stroke. stroke-induced headache can be sudden and have no apparent cause Blurred vision and dizziness may accompany  headache as well. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain, causing blood to leak into brain tissue, and is often responsible for stroke-related headache.

       

       3)Difficulty in Breathing

                women can feel unique stroke symptoms compared to men, including difficulty in  breathing. A woman may notice that her chest feels heavy and it is harder to take a satisfactory breath. She may also experience chest pain in addition to pressure, nausea and heartburn.

       4)Confusion

      stroke is mainly due to  interrupt blood flow to vital organs, including the brain. Confusion often results  when  brain receives less oxygen and struggles to function. Memory loss, inability to recall events, and confusion over person, place and time can accompany a stroke.

       

      Loss of Coordination

      • Sudden dizziness, problems in  walking and general loss of coordination or balance are classic signs of a stroke.

        Speech Problems

      • There is  sudden onsets of  problem in  speaking or understanding speech  which is  common  in stroke

      Visual Impairment

      • There may be Sudden vision problems, including double vision, seeing spots or flashing lights, or experiencing a blind spot, can be indicative of a stroke.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 13/10/2011

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      Breast stroke

      A swimming stroke in which a person lies face down in the water and extends the arms in front of the head, then sweeps them both back laterally under the surface of the water.Also defined as stroke in which the arms are extended in front of the head and swept back on either side while the legs are drawn up beneath the body and thrust back together.  we also name it as, lazy breaststroke swimming style. We call it “paní Radová” breaststroke. In the olden days, the  wife of the town’s mayor used to be very respected individual, lazily strolling through the town with her nose held high. And this was translated into the swimming terms when someone swims very slow breaststroke with the head above the water at all times as if they are above anything else.  This type of breaststroke puts quite a lot of pressure on ones lower back since the swimmer needs to bend to keep the head above the water.

      there are  four general principles for breast stroke

      1) When a swimmer begins the stroke, they  “pulls” (sculls)themselves beyond the point where the hands began the stroke.

      2) The hands and feet act like  wings creating lift and drag as they pull or kick through the water.

      3) The weight of the water over the hands and the feet is important in keeping the hands and feet from slipping.

      4) The hands and feet must be accelerated through the range of motion caring not to break the plane that they are sculling (pulling or kicking) on.                                                                              

                                                                                 The swimmer should begin the arm stroke with arms extended at a slight angle down with the hands about 6 to 8 inches under the water. Hands should be side by side or slightly overlapping with the little finger pitched slightly up. The stroke begins with the little fingers leading the way and the wrists flexing outward. The arms sweep out and down. At the widest part of the stroke the fingers point down and the hands pitch in. The elbows are high with the hands below. On the insweep the hands accelerate to their fastest speed with the forearms and upper arms pressing in as one unit. The hands finish the stroke in a praying position and recover at the surface of the water. The hands should not be sculled past the shoulder.The head position is always in an up position with little up and down movement. Swimmers should look forward and slightly down during the arm recovery and kick portion of the stroke and above the water during the end of the insweep and breathing portion of the stroke.The first series of breaststroke drills focuses on proper kicking technique.  For the first drill, have swimmers insert a buoy between their knees before performing the breaststroke.  If the buoy slips or they are unable to hold it in place, wrap a large band around their knees.  The purpose of the drill is to keep the knees together which is an essential aspect of a successful breaststroke.  The Breaststroke is typically the most popular swim stroke among leisure swimmers and once perfected allows swimmers to enjoy swimming for a long time without tiring.

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      Jaundice in Adults

      Talking about jaundice, the question that one needs to ask is that what  is pathological jaundice? What is the link between jaundice in newborn babies and adults based on the bilirubin levels in the blood? In the newly born, jaundice is not harmful mostly and is classified as neonatal type. Regarding pathological jaundice, whether it is in newborns or adults, this is a condition that poses a risk to health and sometimes it may be harmful. In the neonatal jaundice, it takes few days for liver to adjust and work properly after birth. Until the liver adjusts, the bilirubin is not removed effectively, so, it builds up in the body and causes symptoms like yellowish tone of skin and yellow eyes.

      If one suffers from the pathological jaundice, then this condition can follow through his entire life. In this condition, bilirubin level is not being handled correctly and it builds up in the body. This condition can result due to blood transfusion incompatibilities, viral infections, Hepatitis, blood diseases, genetic disorders, infections, blocked bile duct and drug and medications. The link between jaundice and every age group is the excessive level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is pigment produced in body by liver when red blood cells are recycled. The normal level of the bilirubin in blood is one milligram per deciliter (1mg/dl) but if it exceeds this amount the one may see yellowing of skin and eyes. Unlike neonatal type of jaundice, pathological jaundice will take time to get better.

      The link between neonatal type of jaundice and pathological jaundice is that there is something wrong with the body in handling the bilirubin and body cannot effectively remove it due to some disease or any underlying condition. Conditions like Hepatitis and damage to liver by virus are life threatening conditions. If the cause of jaundice occurs in childhood and cannot be corrected, then it follows the person in the adulthood as well.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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      Linings of the lung

      Linings of the lung :
      Lung Lining cancer is very different from a lung cancer. It happens in mesothelium- a thin membrane that covers many of the internal organs of the body.
      The mesothelium of the lungs is called the Pleura. Lung Lining cancer is also sometimes called as mesothelioma after the area in which it occurs.
      If the lung lining is localized and found only  in that place where it was originated , then this can be cured by surgical operations.  If it has spread to other parts of body , then it is really harmful and considered as malignant.
      Majority of Lung Lining cancers are due to Asbestos exposure. These fibers gets into your body mainly from work places like mines , automobiles and construction.Asbestos  was used in old constructions because of its strength and after knowing the problems due to its exposure , people have stopped using it. But thi sis still present in old building and can be exposed to workers. Apart from work places , Asbestos  can also spread from skin or hair of family members.
      Mesothelioma grows on the linings of the lung as a diffuse multi-site tumor with masses being spread on a wide area of the pleura. Some symptoms of Lung lining cancer are persistent cough, chest pain, recurring pneumonia.
      Some other lung lining cancers are :
      • Pleurisy inflammation
      • Pneumothorax
      • Empyema
      • Pleural effusion
      Lung lining cancers can be more bad if you are  smoking.
      It is advisable to stop smoking if you are have Lung Lining cancer.

      Linings of the lung :Lung Lining cancer Lung Lining cancer lung lining Mesothelioma

      • Pleurisy inflammation
      • Pneumothorax
      • Empyema
      • Pleural effusion

      Article publié pour la première fois le 17/03/2013

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      Jaundice in Pregnancy

      jaundice in pregnancy

      Jaundice in pregnancy

      Jaundice in pregnancy, whilst relatively rare, has potentially serious consequences for maternal and fetal health. It can be caused by pregnancy or occur intercurrently. Causes of jaundice specific to pregnancy include:

      • pre- eclampsia associated with HELLP syndrome (= haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count).
      • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy.
      • hypermesis gravidarum
      • Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

      Approximately 3-5% of pregnant women may have abnormal liver function tests.

      Acute viral hepatitis 
                                                         This is the most common cause of jaundice in pregnancy with infections due to hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D and hepatitis E viruses. The incidence of hepatitis in pregnancy varies greatly around the world; in developed countries the incidence is around 0.1%, whilst in developing countries it can range from 3-20% or higher.
      The course of most viral hepatitis infections is unaltered by pregnancy – the exception is hepatitis E , where pregnant women who contract the disease exhibit fatality rates of 10-20%.

      Hepatitis A

       

      • Isolate the infected patient to prevent spread.
      • Symptomatic treatment includes maintenance of adequate hydration and nutrition.
      • Pregnant women exposed to the virus can be given immune globulin within 2 weeks of exposure, together with vaccine.
      • It is not clear if the virus is transmitted from mother to baby but, if the illness has occurred in the final month of pregnancy, the neonate should receive immune globulin.

      Hepatitis B

       

      • This is the most common cause of acute viral hepatitis in pregnancy and can occur in acute, subclinical or chronic form.
      • The presence of HBeAg is associated with a very high risk of neonatal infection.
      • All women should now be offered hepatitis B screening as part of routine antenatal screening
      • Infants of HBsAg-positive women should receive hepatitis B immune globulin immunoprophylaxis at birth and hepatitis B vaccine at one week, one month and six months old. This regime reduces the incidence of hepatitis B vertical transmission to less than 3%.
      • The prevalence of neonatal infection depends on the time during gestation that maternal infection takes place: rare in the first trimester, 6% in the second trimester and 67% of those in the third trimester.

      Hepatitis C

       

      • No therapy has been shown to influence the neonatal transmission of hepatitis C virus.
      • Interferon should not be used during pregnancy because of possible adverse effects on the fetus.

      Hepatitis D

      This develops as a co-infection with hepatitis B. When present, it increases the incidence of acute hepatic failure.

      Hepatitis E

      • This is rare in the developed world but, in developing countries (where it is more common), it is responsible for a high level of fulminant hepatic failure and mortality in pregnant women.
      • In India it appears to be associated with a higher maternal mortality rate and worse obstetric and fetal outcomes compared with other causes of acute viral hepatitis in pregnancy.

      Epidemiology

      This may affect as many as 6% of pregnant women but jaundice occurs only in about 1 in 20 of these women. Pregnancy alters bile composition and gallbladder emptying slows in the second trimester, increasing the risk of gallstones.

      Individual risk factors are multiparity and previous gall bladder disease

      Management

      Obstructive jaundice requires surgical intervention, usually via laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There is an associated fetal loss of approximately 6%.

      Chronic liver diseaseChronic liver disease in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal loss:

      • In patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), ursodeoxycholic acid can be safely continued. Cholestasis may worsen during pregnancy with PBC.
      • Infants of patients with marked hyperbilirubinaemia during pregnancy may require exchange transfusion at birth.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2012

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      When is asbestos dangerous

      Your Health and Safety: When is asbestos dangerous?

      Asbestos is a common product that is mostly used by home owners in floors, walls and even the ceiling. The question that continues to be worrying consumers is at what level of using asbestos will it be dangerous, this means that many people want to know when is asbestos dangerous. In order to know when is asbestos dangerous, we have to find out fast how the asbestos enter the body. One of the usual way for asbestos or its fibers to enter the human body is basically through breathing. This is to say at present stage the asbestos itself is not dangerous, it is only considered dangerous when it is emitting dust or fibers. This is so because, when it released in the air, it is ingested then with time it is trapped into the throat and nose’s mucus membrane. At that point it is easily removed, but when it enters the lungs or the digestive system, the answer to the question when is asbestos dangerous, will simply be when it enters the lung. As mentioned before, the answer to the question when is asbestos dangerous is when it is released into the atmosphere as fibers.

      This includes asbestos sprayed on insulation pipes. Ceiling and floor tiles which contain asbestos will not discharge asbestos threads, save for if they are damaged in a certain way. For example if an asbestos floor tile is broken, it may end up releasing fibers into the air thus bringing the issue of when is asbestos dangerous. If however it remains undisturbed, then it may not pose a health risk. The fibers are not only released if the ceiling or floor tile is damaged but also as they age. When they are used for long, it makes it more possible for fibers to be emitted in to the atmosphere. Also when searching the answer to the question when is asbestos dangerous, you ought to be aware of the health effects that is accompanied by exposure to asbestos.  Through asbestos, you can get asbestosis which is a serious respiratory illness which is also cancerous. With this illness, the victim experiences shortness of breath and pain in the lungs whilst breathing. Also if it advances it may result to cardiac arrest and hence death. The answer to when is asbestos dangerous is when the victim realizes that as per now there is no effective cure for asbestos. For those who work with asbestos, they are more prone to be infected with this respiratory disease.

       

       

      In also determining when is asbestos dangerous is determining how it affects the lungs. The asbestos is extremely dangerous when after affecting your lungs; you are unable to breath and may experience shortage in breath and/or pain when you are coughing. With this lung cancer, the victim ends up dying a long painful death. As noted above you do not have to suffer the aforementioned respiratory diseases to know when is asbestos dangerous. Ensure that you get your house tested for any traces of asbestos, after all prevention is better than cure.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      Techniques deals with hemiplegia in stroke

      Techniques  deal with hemiplegia in stroke

      Hemiplegia is the term which is mainly  used to describe paralysis of one side of the body. The term can be broken down into “hemi” means “half,” and “plegia,” means paralysis.  The most common cause of hemiplegia is  stroke.   .  After stroke, the next most common cause of hemiplegia in adults is trauma. In hemiplegia one side of the body can become paralyzed or weak after a stroke. One sided paralysis or weakness occurs when a stroke affects the corticospinal tract of one side of the brain. The right side of the brain controls the motor function of the left side of the body. The left side of the brain controls the motor function of the right side of the body. Thus when one side of the brain is damaged, it causes only one side of the body to be affected. There are certain techniques which helps an hemiplegic patient to become mobile  and help to perform their functional activities. These include

      a) range of motion

      b) orthotics

      c) slings

      d) positioning

      e) strengthening

                                                                 Range of Motion – Moving the paralyzed or weak limb or extremity can help  to prevent stiffness and muscle contractures. Range of motion can be passive, active-assistive, or active depending if the extremity or limb can voluntarily produce any movement or if it has to be moved by an external factor such as a caregiver.

                                            Orthotics (Braces) –  sometimes braces may be prescribed  such as wrist and hand orthoses (WHO), elbow brace, or ankle foot orthoses (AFO)  which help  to maintain proper joint alignment and provide support to weak muscles, and prevent contractures.

                                   Slings – There are various arm slings that help  to support the arm when subluxation  occurs. Subluxation commonly caused  when the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) has dropped out of the shoulder socket due to weakened ligaments and musculature.

                     Positioning – It is important to position the weak arm or leg appropriately. When sitting, one can support the affected arm on a pillow, lapboard.  The leg during sitting should be positioned comfortably without too much rotation at the hip. Try to position the knee where it is facing forward and not out to the side or turned inward. The foot should be flat on the floor or footrest with no rolling of the ankle.

      When lying on back, place a pillow by  side (parallel to your body) and place the weak arm out straight on the pillow. If there is edema in the hand,  we can use an extra pillow to elevate the hand to decrease swelling. When lying on  non-affected side, support the weak arm and leg on pillows in front of the body. If lying on the weak side, just make sure the affected shoulder is slightly forward and we are not lying directly on the shoulder joint.

      Strengthening – Strengthening and active range of motion exercises can be done with stroke patients who  generaaly have  weakness . Patients with more severe paralysis may have some small individual movements that can be strengthened as well.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 19/10/2011

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      deal with a Stroke

      What is a Stroke and how to deal with a Stroke ?
      A ?tr?ke ?? a ?ever? ev?nt th?t ??u??s the blo?d to be blo?k?d from gett?ng t? an ?r?a ?f th? brain ?nd r??ult? ?n dam?ge to t

      h?t regi?n of th? br?in. Wh?n a ?toke oc?urs ?nd the ?ym?t?m? l??t f?r 24 hours ?r le?? and it i? foll?w?d by a full r??overy ?f l??t fun?t??n? th?n th?t ?????de ?s c?lled tr?nsl?nt isch?mic ?tt??k or (TIA). Th?s? e????d?? u?u?lly la?t ?nl? ? f?w minut?? and ?re warning ?ign?.

      The s?m?t?m? of a str?k? ?nclud? los? or im???rment ?f s?n??t??n, m?vem?nt, ?lurred ??ee?h, he?da?h??, ??nfu??on, d?zz?nes?, v??u?l ?r?bl?m?, difficult? sw?ll?wing, ?nd c?rta?n ?p??ific function? ?ontroll?d by th? ?r?? of th? br??n th?t ?? d?m?g?d, ?uch ?s th??? ment??n?d above.
      W?th ? ?tr?k? 1/3 ?f the v??t?m? w?ll ?om?let?l? r???v?r, an?th?r 1/3 w?ll h?ve p?rti?l l??? ?f fun?t??n and ?till an?th?r 1/3 w?ll not survive ?t ?ll. You can r?c?v?r from ?arti?l p?r?l?si? – ?n m?ny ?a??? y?u can le?rn t? walk ?g??n, however los? ?f ?nt?lle?tu?l funct??n?ng ?? more d?ff??ult to r?cover fr?m.
      A Strok? ha? be?n found to be th? m??t ??mm?n ??us? ?f n?ur?logic?l d?mag? ?n the ?ndustr??liz?d world. And the most c?mmon ?aus?? of strok?s ?r? a thickening of the lin?ng ?f ?rter???, c?ll?d arter????l?ro???, hy??rt?ns?on, ?l?o ?alled h?gh bl?od ?r???ur? or b?th. Other risk fa?tor? in?lud? ?m?k?ng, age, ?levated bl??d fat?, bl??d ?lat?let ?ti?k?nes? which s??m? t? a??ompan? ra???d l?v?ls ?f r?d c?ll?, ? r?c?nt h??rt ?tta?k, d??b?t??, nutr?ent d?f????n?ies, ?tri?l f?br?llati?n, ?nd ? hi?tor? of a damag?d h??rt valve.
      T? ?r?t?ct y?urs?lf fr?m ? ?tr?k?, s?re?n f?r and ?ddre?s e??h of th??? i??ue? b?f?r? ??u ?re un?bl? to d? ?n?th?ng t? avo?d th? ?trok?.
      It h?? ?l?o been found that tho?? str?ke ??t?ent? who rec?iv? hy?erbar?? ox?g?n th?r??y with?n th? f?rst 6 hours will ?ft?n ?m?r?v? c?n??d?r?bly, ??on afterw?rd?. And th?s c?n even hel? if ??u had ? ?troke ??ar? ?g? you ?an oft?n re???r ??m? ?f the d?m?ged ?ell?. Often the?? ??lls are not d??d ju?t dormant.
      For reli?f of mu?cul?r ?ar?l???? ?r?mather?p? c?n b? hel?ful. R?s?m?r?, b?sil and l?v?nd?r e???ntial ?il? ?re su??ort?v? for thi? pur??s?. You ??n mes??ge th? ???n?l ??lumn and ??ral?z?d b?d? ?art? of th? strok? ??tient w?th on? qu?rt rubb?ng ?l??h?l conta?n?ng ?n oun?e ea?h of r?s?m?r?, bas?l ?nd l?vender.
      Change ??ur d??t t? one th?t ?s natural, organic and whol? f??d?. Th? ?mph?s?s ?hould b? ?n ?nion?, v?g?tabl?s, garl??, un?ro?e?s?d f?ts and fre?h fru?t. Al?o foods that ?? ri?h ?n ?m?ga-3 f?tt? acid? ?u?h ?? fr?sh w?t?r fi?h, s??d? and r?w nut?, w?ld ??lm?n, wh?le grain?, fre?h v?g?t?bl??, br?c??l?, k?lp ?nd s?r?ut?.
      Av??d ??mi-?olid fat?, d?ep-fr??d f??d?, and ?n?mal fat?, ?l?nt sourc?s of ??trog?n? l?ke ?oybeans and ??anut? and l?mit ??ur ?nt?ke ?f al??h?li? dr?nk?.
      T? h?l? w?th im?r?ving lost c?r?ul?t?on t? the l?gs, ?rm?, hands and feet u?e th? herbs: h???o?, y?rr?w, ?ld?r flower? ?nd ro??m?r?. R???m?ry, d?mian? lav?nder, and S?b?r??n g?ns?ng ?an help t? n?urish and t? ?nhan?e th? n?rvou? ?ystem.
      The ?p?l??ati?n ?f i??, w?t?r, ?t?am, ?nd hot ?nd ??ld temp?r?ture? ?? ?alled hydr?th?ra?? ?nd can b? u??d t? m?inta?n and hel? r?stor? h?alth. Th?s? tr??tm?nts ?n?lud? ste?m b?th?, s?tz b?th?, full b?dy ?mmers??n, ??un??, h?t and cold ??m?re??es and ??lon?c irrig?t??n.
      Th? f?ll?w?ng su??l?m?nt? will al?o hel? w?th ?r?v?ntion ?nd r?c?v?r? fr?m ? ?tr?k? ?nd th?? ar?: v?t?m?n B6, v?tamin B-?om?l?x, v?t?m?n C, v?tam?n E, ?u?er?x?de dismut??? (SOD), ?nd omeg?-3 fatt? ?c?d?.

      This is a guest post by Amrita Saxena. She has years of experience being a freelance and ghost writer. These days she writes about how to get rid of blackheads as well as blackhead remover.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 26/10/2011

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      Post stroke depression

      Post-stroke depression (PSD)

      It is considered as one of most frequent and important neuropsychiatric consequence of stroke..This condition can produce an adverse effect on cognitive functionand functional recovery and survival of the patient. post-stroke depression as “mood disorder commonly occur due to stroke having depressive features, major depressive-like episodes, manic features, or mixed features. Approximately one-third of stroke survivors experience major depression.
      there are two types of depressive disorders associated with cerebral ischemia:major depression, which occurs in up to 25% of patients; and minor depression, as a depressed mood or loss of interest and at least two but fewer than four symptoms of major depression. Minor depression occurs in up to 30% of patients following
      strokethe course of the depression generally after stroke is for 1-2 years, however, it was also noted that in few cases depression becomes chronic and may persist more than 3 years following stroke . On the other hand, minor depression appeared to be more variable, with both short term and long term depression occurring in these
      patients .

       

       

      what cause post stroke depression

      the depletion of monoaminergic amines occurring after stroke play a role in post stroke-depression. There may be point that norepinephrinergic and serotonergic nuclei send projections to the frontal cortex and arc posteriorly,
      running through the deep layers of the cortex, where they arborize and send terminal  projections into the superficial cortical layers. These norepinephrinergic and serotoninergic pathways are disrupted in basal ganglia and frontal lobe lesions – sites that are shown to be associated with post stroke depression.
      Most of the patients donot have any history of depression before stroke Approximately 20 % will have a prior history.

       

      Risk for Dependency
      Most of the patients of the stroke who attain dependency are who become older or suffering from major health problems or severely depressed rather than those who are younger free from any health problem or less depressed , If
      the.treatment and improvement of post-stroke depression does not directly influence recovery, it is extremely important for depression to be identified and treated, since it is associated with other health and social problems.”individuals who remain depressed three months after a stroke are more likely to have decreased functional
      capabilities than those whose depression was successfully treated. Functional capabilities include getting dressed, feeding oneself, and accomplishing other tasks.

      These capabilities increased significantly in those individuals who were treated for depression.”Post-stroke depression often impacts quality of life after stroke more than even functional impairments. Since it is treatable with common medications, cognitive behavioral therapy and exercise .Post stroke depression is commonly associated with higher levels of disability and low social support. Rehabilitation must not only focus on the physical recovery of post-stroke patients but also address mental health. Anxiety seems to get better over time, whereas untreated depression
      remains an on-going burden to all persons concerned, patients and family. The type of rehabilitation therapies such as physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy not only treat the post stroke depression , their treatment is basically treated with the help of anti depressant medications.

       

       

      Some of the symptoms of a stroke
      stroke is a loss of blood supply to a region of the brain, caused usually
      by the formation of a clot within an artery in the brain or by a blood clot, usually
      from the heart, breaking off and traveling up the artery into the brain. These are
      thromboembolic strokes.

      There are also strokes due to bleeding inside the brain,
      called hemorrhagic strokes. The most common place for a stroke to occur is in the
      distribution of the middle cerebral artery. The middle cerebral artery supplies much
      of the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes of the brain as well as the subcorticol
      basoganglia.

      The symptoms produced by middle cerebral artery blockage include
      a loss of ability to move the arm or the leg on the opposite side of the body. So, if
      the left side of the brain suffers a stroke, the right side of the body shows physical
      weakness. Another common symptom of stroke is loss of sensation, that is, sensation
      on the opposite side of the body. A feeling of numbness on the right side of the body
      may be the result of a left middle cerebral artery infarction or blockage. Another
      common symptom that occurs with stroke is loss of language ability. Language is
      predominantly localized to one side of the brain, which we refer to as the dominant
      hemisphere. In the great majority of patients, the dominant hemisphere is the left
      hemisphere. If a stroke occurs in the dominant hemisphere in the frontal area of
      the brain, the patient will lose the ability to produce language. If a stroke occurs in
      the posterior portion of the dominant hemisphere where the temporal and parietal
      lobes come together, the patient will lose the ability to comprehend language that is
      spoken to them. If a patient loses the ability to comprehend language and to produce
      language with a very large middle cerebral artery stroke, we refer to that as a global
      aphasia. There are quite a number of other symptoms that may be produced by stroke,
      including the ability to see on one side of the body, the ability to swallow or to move
      the tongue in a normal way.

      Some of the signs of depression
      In patients who have had a stroke, the
      symptoms of depression include a sad mood, loss of interest or enjoyment in usual
      activities, loss of energy, difficulty with concentration, decreased appetite with
      weight loss, sleep disturbance (particularly waking during the middle of the night
      and having difficulty getting back to sleep), a feeling of self-blame or guilt, feelings
      of hopelessness about the future, a slowing of the thought process with slowing of
      movement and thinking, and thoughts of death or suicide. Check this site for vitamin b complex depression.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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      Jaundice

      what is jaundice

      Jaundice is the  yellowish colouring of the skin and sclerae (the white portion of the eyes) that is caused by high levels in blood of the chemical bilirubin( hyperbilirubinemia).

      It  is not a disease but rather a sign that can occur due to manydiseases.  Jaundice can occur in babies, children, and adults.  The excess bilirubin  level causes the skin, eyes, and mucus membranes in the mouth to turn a yellowish color. Jaundice is often seen in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer . It may also indicate obstruction of the  biliary tract, for example by gallstones or pancreatic cancer , or less commonly  may be congenital  The color of the skin and sclerae vary depending on the level of bilirubin. When the bilirubin level is mildly elevated, they are yellowish and when the bilirubin level is high, they tend to be brown.

      what causes jaundice

      Jaundice  is mainly caused by an increase in the amount of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment that is produced from the breakdown of heme (blood), primarily from hemoglobin and red blood cells (RBCs).  When red blood cells get old, they are destroyed. Hemoglobin , the iron-containing chemical in red blood cells that carries oxygen, is released from the destroyed red blood cells after the iron it contains is removed. The chemical that remains in the blood after the iron is removed becomes bilirubin. liver  remove toxic chemicals or waste products from the blood, and bilirubin is a waste product. The liver removes bilirubin from the blood. After the bilirubin has entered the liver cells, the cells conjugate (attaching other chemicals, primarily glucuronic acid) to the bilirubin, and then secrete the bilirubinglucuronic acid complex into bile. The complex that is secreted in bile is called conjugated bilirubin. The conjugated bilirubin is eliminated in the feces, due to the presesnce of bilrubin in the feces it appears to be yellow in colour.

      Jaundice occurs when there is

      1)   large amount of  bilirubin is  being produced for the liver to remove from the blood . It commonly occurs in patients with  hemolytic anemia have an abnormally rapid rate of destruction of their red blood cells that releases large amounts of bilirubin into the blood

      2)  There is  defect in the liver that prevents bilirubin from being removed from the blood, converted to bilirubin glucuronic acid (conjugated) or secreted in bile

      3) There is  blockage of the bile ducts that decreases the flow of bile and bilirubin from the liver into the intestines. The bile ducts can be blocked by cancers gall stones, or inflammation of the bile ducts. The decreased conjugation, secretion, or flow of bile that can result in jaundice is referred to as cholestasis: however, cholestasis does not always result in jaundice.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 15/09/2016

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      Mesothelium

      Be Keen Of Your Health And Understand What Mesothelium is

      The cancer of Mesothelium is a very rare but insistent type of cancer that is said to be caused by being exposed to asbestos.  Nearly around 2500-3500 people yearly are diagnosed with this type of cancer. This article is dedicated to letting you understand everything regarding Mesothelium.

      First and foremost, there are various known factors for Mesothelium, including being exposed to asbestos and also exposure to a certain mineral known as zeolite. The risks are determined by how far you are exposed to the two.  The most general cause of Mesothelium as mentioned earlier on is the exposure to fibers. In this regard, asbestos is a viable term that refers to a set of minerals which occur all by themselves in the environment and are normally mined. In addition to that, it is important to know that asbestos consists of silicon, oxygen, hydrogen, and a positively charged ion that is found on some metals.  Also asbestos is widely known for its qualities such as being resistant to heat and fire and also its strength.

      Before this mineral product was banned, it was popular in very many companies. Factories that were involved in asbestos exposure included leading aluminum factories; chemical factories; oil refineries; shipyards; power plants; steel mills; construction sites among others. Asbestos was also used in constructing of houses (for example in, in insulation, flooring and roofing materials).

      It ought to be noted that due to its usage Mesothelium affected many people who were involved with asbestos. Now days, asbestos has been used to manufacture many household items, such as hair dryers and blow dryers. In fact, recent studies show that approximately 4000 product have been manufactured with asbestos. After looking at the uses of asbestos, it is now sufficient to low how Mesothelium comes about one thing to note is that asbestos becomes dangerous only when it is inhaled and this is usually after the asbestos has been damaged or worn out due to old age. It is normally at this stage that the fibers after being inhaled are implanted in the tissues and with continuance exposure it leads to Mesothelium.

      When the fibers are implanted in to the tissues, they harden and as a result of this, air flow and blood flow to the lungs is reduced causing great pain. Once one is exposed to asbestos, the person will always have a high risk of developing Mesothelium. Once a person is infected with this kind, his or her chances of being completely cured are almost none. The severity of the Mesothelium depends on a number of factors such as to how much they were exposed to; the duration that one was exposed for; how often one was exposed; and lastly the kind of asbestos that one was exposed to. It naturally takes between fifteen to forty years after one is exposed for the disease to build up and to be diagnosed with Mesothelium.

      It is important to note that secondary exposure can also happen. to be sure, have your lungs checked out by a physician.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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      Satellite Direct Review – A Wonderful Software

      If you have tried to spend the time to read some Satellite Direct Reviews, you probably find that there are a lot of benefits that you can enjoy from using the Satellite Direct.

      According to many of the Satellite Direct Reviews, the benefits of watching this type of TV would include the convenient setup. In the traditional way, you would usually need to spend a lot of time to set up the satellite dish and it would be quite troublesome indeed. But with the new thing, you would find that it is very easy for you to handle the setup and you can watch the TV very quickly after you have purchased the services.

      Secondly, you can find that you would be able to watch many channels if you use the Satellite Direct software for watching the television programs. You would usually be able to watch the programs worldwide and it would be different from the programs that you can enjoy through the traditional way. In the traditional way, you might usually need to spend a lot of money but you might only be able to watch dozens of the programs. However, you can enjoy thousands of programs if you try to use the online software for watching the television programs.

      You might usually find that there are some people who do not support the use of these software TV programs. It is because they would not watch television programs often. Of course, it would not be worthwhile for you to purchase the software if you do not watch television programs often. But for those people who frequently watch the television programs, using this kind of satellite tv programs would be very helpful and you should not ignore it. You would be able to save a lot of money especially when you find the discount periods.

      Some of the websites hosting the satellite tv services are not reliable and the quality of the programs can be quite poor. Therefore, you certainly need to be aware of these websites and try your best to look for the relevant information related to the reliability of the websites. If you do not try to find the reliability of the websites, you would find that it is quite difficult for you to choose the right satellite tv site. Since you are going to pay for the services, you should have the responsibility to search carefully before you hire the services.

      To conclude, you can find that the Satellite Direct TV is quite reliable and it would be one of the popular choices of people when they want to watch more television programs in the future. Therefore, you can try to find the information now and you would probably find that there are many benefits that you can enjoy. Therefore, you should search online and get a list of possible sites base on the programs that you really want to watch. Yes, you should choose some programs which can give you the right television shows that you love watching.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 18/07/2011

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      Whiplash Symptoms

      symptoms whipSymptoms of whiplash aren’t quite immediate. They can even last for several years depending on how badly you have affected the nerve of your neck. All people aren’t the same some might have better immunity than the other, so it can’t be decided on how long the injury might last just based on other peoples experience.

      Neck pain is one of the major and common symptoms of whiplash. If you are involved in an accident or had a big fall, you are more likely to be a victim of whiplash injuries.

      There are many symptoms of whiplash, some of the major symptoms of whiplash are:

      • Neck/shoulder pain.
      • Lower back/spinal cord pain.
      • Unusual Fatigue.
      • Dizziness.
      • Vision problems.
      • Insomnia.
      • Loss of memory/ difficulty in concentrating.
      • Hearing problem.
      • Frequent headaches.
      • A feeling of numbness.

       

      These symptoms might occur directly after the injury, but they are often not felt until days afterwards. Whiplash is usually restricted to the spinal cord and some of its areas. Necks and mid-backs are most likely to be affected. If these injuries are not treated on time then they might last for several long years.

      Whiplashes often result in sudden violent moments involving the neck.  In the case of normal
      whiplash injury there would be pain in the muscles, at the front end of the neck, movement of the neck could also help you identify Whiplash injuries. There is no doubt that these injuries don’t have any proven remedy to defend it.

      In the case of accidents involving the neck or back it is better to approach a spinal therapist of a chiropractor wellness care. Hiring them quickly would certainly help you to get rid of this injury quickly and effectively.

      Spiral therapy’s might help you in a long way to heal it off, as quickly as possible as this therapy gives relaxation to your muscles, at the back end of the body and you will obviously feel very comfortable and relaxed.  Any gentle massage between the vertebrae and the tissues surrounding it might help you to get rid of this injury very quickly.  This might generally take around a few weeks to be fully cured, but spinal therapy is always beneficial and would prevent the injury from spreading rapidly.

      It’s not unusual to experience whiplash symptoms rather lately. In fact it is much more common thing to have indication of whiplash around a gap of 30 hours – 72 hours, after really falling into this injury. This might be because of the fact that human body cannot sense it as soon as it occurs and would certainly take more than 24 hours to generate a kind of irritation. It might also turn out to take more than weeks of time to identify such a kind of injury, it never happens in a flash. Irritation is certainly one of the best ways to identify this injury. Care must be taken to avoid worsening of this injury. Some kind of legal drugs can also be taken when whiplash occurs.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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      Diet For Pregnant Women With Jaundice

      photo (17)

      Causes Of Jaundice During Pregnancy

      When a pregnant woman has jaundice, there are often a few underlying reasons why this is occurring. Among these are the following:

      • Acute fatty liver of pregnancy that occurs during the second trimester, which is fatal if left undiagnosed and untreated.
      • Viral hepatitis causes the inflammation of the person’s liver. It can be caused by different kinds of viruses that bring about the different types of hepatitis.
        • Choledocholithiasis is a problem that is caused by gallstones in the person’s bile duct.
        • HELLP Syndrome is a rare but very dangerously fatal condition is associated with pre-eclampsia.

      What to Do to Avoid and Cure Jaundice During Pregnancy

      Mothers should know how to prevent jaundice during pregnancy. If they do find themselves with this problem, they should know the right diet for pregnant women with jaundice. Here are some tips:

      • Get yourself vaccinated for hepatitis before you get yourself pregnant.
      • Pregnant women with jaundice should avoid fatty food and other sources like butter, lard, and other similar fatty substances.
        • Avoid spicy foods, too much sweets, pickles, alcohol, coffee, and salted meats.
        • Adequate care and precaution should be taken by pregnant women with jaundice to avoid foetal loss and worsening of the condition.
        • Seek immediate attention once jaundice is evident.
        A liquid diet consists mostly of fruit juices, vegetable soups and protein shakes. Rest is also an important part of being on the liquid diet. Pregnant women who have been diagnosed with jaundice are advised to sleep as much as they can throughout the day. Sleep helps in the development of the baby. Pressure and stress should be avoided as much as possible. Yoga and meditation can help immensely. Always speak to your doctor before making drastic changes to your diet and exercise routine, especially during pregnancy
        .

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2012

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      Everyday asbestos uses

      Everyday’s asbestos uses

      Asbestos is a kind mineral that is made up of six known compounds. These compounds include silicon, hydrogen, oxygen and magnesium. It also consists of other elements that give the asbestos its resistance to flame property. Asbestos use dates back to thousands of years when it was used to create fire proof materials and building materials as well. Despite it being known to cause disease such as lung cancer, asbestosis and cardiac failure, it is still being used by many people.

      The major asbestos use is in cement products. More and more people are mixing asbestos with cement to give it durability and strength. This practice also dates back to many years ago when the early settlers used it to strengthen materials. After the compound was mixed, they were then used in joint along chimneys, windows and among others. It was also used to encircle boilers and water tanks so as to retain heat or cold. Now days, floor tiles and ceiling tiles that have been added asbestos are being manufactured despite the great health risk that it posses.

      The second asbestos use is in insulation materials. Materials that contain asbestos were used for insulation as early as 1970. This included insulation in pipes and furnace, steam water pipes insulation and hot water insulation. It was also used in the insulation of the attic. The whole purpose of insulation is attributed to the fire proof resistant quality of asbestos. This means that it is able to retain heat or cold. Some kind of insulation of vermiculite has also deemed to contain asbestos.

      The third kind of asbestos use is to be found in motor vehicle products. Asbestos is found in a wide range of motor vehicle products; they include brake pedal, clutches, gasket materials, heat seals, valve rings and many more. Being a very reliable addition to insulator makes asbestos a favorite to many when it comes to using it in hand brake and lining for the clutch. As a result of this, many brake and clutch repair experts are deemed to be at high risk for asbestosis and mesothelioma due to being exposed to asbestos exposure.

      The fourth asbestos use is found in adhesive products. Adhesives that have been mixed with asbestos were used in a variety of ways in the early 90s. Such asbestos induced adhesives were used during the application of carpets, ceiling tiles and floor tiles. Many health experts advice that if you have asbestos floors, then you should remove it as long exposure to it poses a huge risk to your health. They also advice that you should not remove the asbestos file on your own as you may end up destroying it and crumbling it; and that due to this fact you have a high chance of inhaling the asbestos in to your lungs.

      Last but not least is that asbestos use is applied in the tobacco industry. During the 80s, studies show that asbestos was used to manufacture tobacco products so as to make it burn slowly.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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      Asbestos Meaning

      Asbestos Meaning
      The term asbestos is traceable to Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder’s manuscript Natural History, and his use of the term asbestinon, meaning “unquenchable”.
      Asbestos is a  mineral fiber that can pollute air or water and cause cancer or asbestosis when inhaled. EPA has banned or severely restricted its use in manufacturing and construction.
      Asbestos properties:
      • Asbestos is  fibrous amphibole
      • Asbestos is extremely resistant to fire and heat
      • Asbestos strands can be extracted from the rock and woven and spun much like cotton or other conventional fabrics.
      • Asbestos is an outstanding insulator
      • Asbestos has high tensile strength
      • Asbestos is chemically stable
      • Asbestosis  silicate-mineral fiber that becomes brittle (‘friable’) with age
      Asbestos Uses:
      • Asbestos is used for making fireproof articles
      • Asbestos is used in variety of household items.
      • Asbestos is used in industrial applications from ancient times
      Asbestos health hazards
      • Asbestos inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer (mesothelioma).
      • Asbestos can pollutes air and water as extremely fine particles that can cause serious illnesses
      • Asbestos causes respiratory disease.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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      neonatal jaundice

      Neonatal jaundice

      Jaundice in babies usually occurs because of a normal increase in red blood cell breakdown and the fact that their immature livers are not efficient at removing bilirubin from the bloodstream.Most jaun

      dice in newborn babies is a normal event and is not serious. In most cases, this jaundice will disappear after a few days, often without any special treatment. Jaundice in the infant appears first in the face and upper body and progresses downward toward the toes. Premature infants are more likely to develop jaundice than full-term babies.Most babies with jaundice have physiologic jaundice. This is the type of jaundice that is caused because of the natural process of breaking down red blood cells.

      what causes jaundice

      There are at least two significant processes that predispose normal infants to jaundice:

      • The rate of bilirubin production is higher in infants than adults because their red blood cells have a shorter half-life and turn over more rapidly.
      • Infants have a relatively limited ability to conjugate bilirubin, and conjugation in the liver is necessary for efficient elimination.

      Additionally, there are a number of pathologic conditions that can result in neonatal jaundice. It include:

      • Conditions that cause accelerated destruction of red cells, which can occur as a result of immune-mediated hemolysis, certain enzyme deficiencies, or structural abnormalities in red cells.
      • Increased intestinal absorption of bilirubin, which blunts the infant’s ability to eliminate this waste product. Infants that fail to feed well are often deficient in the types of intestinal bacteria that metabolize bilirubin, and in such cases, significant amounts of bilirubin of reabsorbed into blood.
      • Genetic defects in hepatic uptake of bilirubin (e.g. Gilbert’s syndrome) or deficiency in the enzyme necessary for conjugating bilirubin (uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase).
      other cause of new born jaundice include Breast milk jaundice. This condition may persist as a prolonged physiological
      jaundice or it may appear for-the first time after the first week. It is common in solely breast fed babies and the intensity is maximum between 10-14 days of life. But if bilirubin is > 15 mg/dl at 3 weeks, cessation of breast milk for 48 hours will decrease bilirubin levels dramatically and breast milk can be resumed without any risk of recurrence of jaundice.
      Risk factors of jaundice
      A simple pneumonic for risk factors of jaundice is JAUNDICE
      J – Jaundice within first 24 hrs of life
      A – A sibling who was jaundiced as neonate
      U – Unrecognized hemolysis
      N – Non-optimal sucking/nursing
      D – Deficiency of G6PD
      I – infection
      C – Cephalhematoma /bruising
      E – East Asian/North Indian
      Symptoms of jaundice
      The main symptom is a yellow color of the skin. The yellow color is best seen right after gently pressing a finger onto the skin. The color sometimes begins on the face and then moves down to the chest, belly area, legs, and soles of the feet. sometimes jaundice cause extreme tiredness and poor feeding.
      Newborn Jaundice Diagnosis
      Before a baby can be treated, a careful examination by a pediatrician is all that is needed. The serum bilirubin level may be checked. A Coombs test checks for antibodies that destroy an infant’s red blood cells. Complete blood count and Reticulocyte count should be done.
      Newborn Jaundice Medical Treatment
      jaundice is often treated with phototherapy. These lights are able to penetrate a baby’s skin and affect the bilirubin within the child. The light changes bilirubin into lumirubin, which is easily handled by the baby’s body. If phototherapy doesn’t work to reduce a baby’s bilirubin level the baby may be placed on a fiber optic blanket and an additional bank of lights may be added.
      When all other treatments have failed to reduce the bilirubin level , then exchange transfusion should be done. In this treatment, the baby’s blood is exchanged with donated blood.
      Newborn Jaundice Self-Care at Home
      1) Sunlight – Place the child in a well-lit window for 10 minutes twice a day is often all that is needed to help cure mild jaundice. Never place an infant in direct sunlight.
      2) photo therapy – If the bilirubin level is too high, the child may need to be placed under a special type of light. This treatment is called phototherapy. such lights can be set up at our home with careful monitoring

      Article publié pour la première fois le 23/12/2011

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      ASBESTOS

      ASBESTOS: Asbestos is a greeck word meaning “UNQUENCHABLE”.In general if coal is lot of dust and little
      fibrosis,asbestos is little dust and lot of fibrosis prolonged exposure for number of years to asbestos dust produces
      ‘three’ types of severe diseases-‘ASBESTOSIS OF LUNGS,PLEURAL DISEASES and TUMOURS’.
      Due to its fibre strength and heat resistant properties,asbestos has been used for a wide range ofmanufactured GOODS,mostly
      in building materials like ROOFING SHINGLES,CEILING and FLOOR TILES,paper products and asbestos cement products,
      friction products like AUTOMOBILES CLUTCH,BRAKES and TRANSMISSION PARTS,heat resistant fibries,Gaskets and Coatings.

      when asbestos containing materials are damaged or disturbed ,then by REPAIRING,REMODELING or DEMOLITION
      activities,microscopic fibers become air borne and can be inhaled into lungs, causing significant health problems.
      Exposure to people who work in industries that mine or make asbestos products and those living near
      industries are more prone to asbestos disorders.

      ILL EFFECTS OF ASBESTOS OVER HEALTH: Over exposure to asbestos for more than a decade may produce
      ‘ASBESTOS OF LUNGS,PLEURAL LESIONS and CERTAIN TUMOURS.The inhaled asbestos fibers are phagocytosed by alveolar macrophages
      from where they reach the interstitum.Some of the engulfed dust is transported via lymphatics to the pleura and regional lymph nodes.
      The asbestos-laden macrophages release “CHEMOATTRACTANTS”for neutrophills and for more macrophages,thus inciting
      cellular reaction around them.these asbestos fibers are coated with glycoprotein and endogenous HAEMOSIDERIN to
      produce characterstic ‘BEADED’ or ‘DUMBELL’shaped asbestos bodies.

      These asbestos are fibrogenic and results in INTERSTITIAL FIBROSIS.Fibroblastic proliferation may occur
      via macrophage derived growth factor such as “INTERLEUKIN-1”.alternatively,fibrosis may occur as a reparative
      response to tissue injury by lysosomal enzymes released from macrophages and neutrophills or by toxic free radicals.
      A few immunological abnormalities such ‘ANTI NUCLEAR ANTIBODIES’ and ‘RHEUMATOID FACTOR’have been found in cases of
      asbestosis but their role in the genesis is not yet clear…

      Article publié pour la première fois le 17/03/2013

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      advanced physical therapy

       

      What are the advantages of advanced physical therapy?

       

      Physical therapy is not a new field in the world. This field has existed since many years and its roots can be traced back in ancient times however, it is not sure that when it was finally called physical therapy. Today, we have another form of physical therapy and it is called advanced physical therapy. This new ad advanced form is more efficient and result productive as compared to old one and its old techniques. There are so many advantages of this new physical therapy system and it will not be a wrong statement that things have been changed completely in this field now.

       

      There was a time when only humans used to do physiotherapy but today, there are so many machines and devices available in this field. This is the reason why it is called advanced physical therapy as most of the things are done with the help of machines and devices. If you want to do a particular exercise then you can do it with the help of a machine and similarly, you can easily get any kind of massage with the help of massage device. These gadgets have made this field a revolutionary and ever green field.

       

      There are so many advantages that you can get from these new techniques that are now used in physical therapy. Some of the advantages are listed and described in this article. In past, there was no possibility for a patient to get instant attention as he had to wait for his turn. Imagine what would have happened to those people who used to sit and wait in severe physical pain. Anyhow, with the help of advanced physical therapy it is possible now to manage as many patients as possible. These machines and devices are made for the welfare and human being and the best thing about them is that they don’t get tired at all.

       

      With the help of technology getting involved in this field, physical therapy has become a lot cheaper as compared to old times. This is also due to advanced physical therapy and techniques used in it. Now a patient can get these services at a very reasonable price and he will not have to go here and there in search of proper therapy because these machines can take care of everything. However, you can’t rely on these machines completely as well and that is why there is still need of physical therapists that examine a person and suggest a treatment and therapy plan for him

       

      With the help of advanced physical therapy systems, lives have become more easily and happier. Today, there are all those facilities in physical therapy field about which no one would have ever heard. However, all these things are part of past and today we are living in present world where everything is advanced and enhanced. If you want to do anything then you can do it in an advanced way. The best thing about advanced field of physical therapy is that, people will get cured very soon now.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      how dangerous is asbestos

      Health Concerns: How Dangerous Is Asbestos?

      Mesothelioma is the answer to the question how dangerous is asbestos. Over 5000 people are leaving with asbestos related illness, and the numbers continue too as more and more people continue to be diagnosed. In order to be able to answer the question how dangerous is asbestos, we have to look at what asbestos is all about. Asbestos is a mineral that can be mined and has a lot of uses.  Asbestos is known to be resistant to heat and fire as such it is used in a number of customer and business products from plastic carpets to brake pads on the vehicles. As mentioned before it is a mineral that is mined serpentine rocks; it usually grows in the form of crystals.

      The asbestos thread in this case when ingested leads to formation of lung cancer. The question of how dangerous is asbestos dates as far back as the ancient Greeks culture. Even they were aware of how dangerous is asbestos if ingested. They realized that their slaves who worked in mining the asbestos mineral stared suffering from lung diseases. It is the form of the asbestos threads that is said to be the leading cause of the health risks.  At the far end of an asbestos thread is a hook- like feature that allows it to grab onto tissue of the lungs. Mesothelioma being an answer to the question how dangerous is asbestos is a form of rare cancer that attacks the lungs and it mostly affects people such as textile workers and miners who work with asbestos.

      People who work in asbestos mines, mills, shipyards and factories that use asbestos also can be affected with mesothelioma. Mesothelioma also affects individuals who manufacture asbestos insulators. This show how dangerous is asbestos.

      There are 3 things that determines how dangerous is asbestos. This is in regard to the likelihood of being infected with the asbestos related lung disease. First is the extent and duration of exposure. This means that the more one is exposed to threads of asbestos, the higher the chances of them being able to experience asbestos health related problems. While there is no level of safety in exposure of asbestos, people who are exposed more frequently and over a long duration of time are more at danger. The second thing that determines how dangerous is asbestos is your age.

      Recent studies show that it is mostly children of people who work with asbestos who are affected. The children got the asbestos from the parent who came home with asbestos dust on their clothing. The fibers find it easier to enter the children’s lungs as their immune system is still weak.

      The last thing that determines how dangerous is asbestos is after how long one has detected that they are suffering from an asbestos related sickness that they got treatment. If you are able to detect the symptoms earlier, then chances of cure is a bit high. Because every exposure to asbestos raises the body composition of asbestos, it is very necessary to try and reduce your exposure.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 28/07/2013

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      Sports Rehabilitation Training

      Sports Rehabilitation Training

      Training is very important in any area but such needs to be suitable training. Proper training equips one with the necessary skills and techniques necessary for addressing and solving problems that arise in a particular area. As more sports personalities become health conscious and want to be active for a long time, sports rehabilitation has become very necessary. Contrary to common misconception, rehabilitation in sports is not restricted to treating injured athletes but rather covers prevention of injuries.

      Sports rehabilitation training is a very challenging training program that addresses particular health issues relating to athletes. The training program is challenging because of the varied sports disciplines that present different health challenges. In many jurisdictions, rehabilitation training is strictly regulated, with training offered at different levels. Training authorities in different jurisdictions have developed training programs from certificate level to diploma, higher diploma and degree level. Those wishing to receive the training are obligated to meet training entry requirements for admission. In most jurisdictions, those wishing to receive training at degree level must have high qualifications in science subjects.

      Te training covers different areas including sports exercises, injury prevention, musculoskeletal screening and postural assessment. These are divided into different training modules that a trainee has to cover in three years for award of a degree. Sports rehabilitation training is not however restricted to the indicated areas. One also receives training in sports nutrition, physiotherapy and biomechanics. At the end of training, a sports rehabilitator is expected to be able to:

      • Help prevent sports injuries in athletes placed under their care by providing education on the safe ways to undertake sports exercises.
      • Diagnose and treat musculoskeletal injuries in athletes.
      • Apply appropriate rehabilitation techniques in treating injured athletes to enable them recover quickly to return to their sports activities.
      • Uphold and maintain high standards in the course of his/her practice and in particular, dealing with different athletes.

      Generally, sports rehabilitators are expected to conduct themselves the way doctors do; treat athletes in confidence and release any details of their injuries with their approval.

      Like in other medical training courses, a sports rehabilitator does not go straight into practice upon graduation. A rehabilitator is obligated to practice under the supervision of a recognized and approved orthopedic specialist or consultant. Such placement is usually for one month. A qualified rehabilitator is obligated to practice under different orthopedic specialists before he/she is certified and approved to practice independently. Sports injury clinics, professional sports clubs and private practice are some of the environments qualified rehabilitators are engaged in.

      Sports rehabilitation training does end at the degree level. The basic degree training opens up other avenues for additional training. Some sports rehabilitators have proceeded to undertaken further training, qualifying with Master’s and Doctorate degrees in Sports Injury Rehabilitation. Although there are many universities and other higher education training institutions around the world, very few offer rehabilitation in sports as a course. In any case, the universities and other institutions offering the training are mainly in developed countries. As demand for rehabilitation services in sports increases however, things are bound to change and many training institutions will certainly embrace rehabilitation in sports as a training course.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      guide to physical therapy practice

       

      Why do you need a guide to physical therapy practice?

       

      Are you planning to make a career in physical therapy? If yes then you must know that guide to physical therapy practice is very important. If you don’t have proper guidance then there is nothing that you can do so, first of all you will need to find guidance. This guidance can be in the form of a book or a person. If we are talking about book then this book can be a unique book written on the subject and if we are talking about a person then let it be a teacher who acts like a guide. These teachers are anyone’s main source of information and education and if you will not respect the teacher then you may not get anything in your life.

      That is why whenever you find a guide to physical therapy practice; you should start following him so that he can teach you many good techniques. Remember that you can’t learn anything about physical therapy on your own. Even if you will learn different things then that will be a guess work and this guess work doesn’t work in practical world. That is why you should always look for a solid guide in this field.

       

      Book as a guide:

      Some people live in an imaginative world where they have their own rules and regulations and they don’t want anyone to break those rules. If you are looking for a guide to physical therapy practice then you can find a good book that can serve the purpose of a guide as well. it is not easy to find someone who can act like a guide and help you understand different things but it is quite easy to find a good book that will not only guide you but it will be your companion too when you are alone.

       

      Teacher as a guide:

      Definitely a teacher can be a guide as well. If you want to get practical experience then you better stick with those people who are near to this real world. This will help you to din an appropriate person to whom you can follow. If you are taking training classes to become a physical therapist then you can simply make your instructor your guide. Once you will make your instructor a guide, he will start taking interest in your training and you will definitely learn all those things in just one month.

       

      Learning to become a physical therapist is not an easy thing to do as there are many challenges in this field. However, if you will choose the right path then it will not be very difficult for you to choose your guide to physical therapy practice. With the help of this guide, you can learn about different things at a very fast pace. Once you will learn all those things that are required to become a good physical therapist then you will be ready to start providing your services in the field of healthcare.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      Common Diabetes Myths

      Common Diabetes Myths

      I recently created a resource for people with diabetes which required me to surf through hundreds of different forums and blogs. In the process of researching and creating content, I saw a handful of statements that sounded humorous. Granted, I did a lot of research on the topic and consider myself quite knowledgeable on the disease, but I realized that others were starting to believe them as facts. Here are the top myths we came across:

      1. Once you have diabetes, you have the disease for life: There is a bit of truth to this in that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that is irreversible. Unfortunately, the body is unable to produce insulin on its own and those with type 1 diabetes will require insulin until a cure is found. However, 95% of those with diabetes have type 2, which is reversible! With a healthy diet and exercise program that promotes weight loss, one can eliminate their dependency on insulin. This will only happen if the diabetic loses a considerable amount of weight, which a doctor and dietitian can help with.
      2. People with diabetes shouldn’t play sports: I saw several people ask whether those with diabetes should play sports and saw several people respond that they shouldn’t for a wide variety of reasons. This is completely not true! People with diabetes can play sports just like everyone else. In fact, playing sports is a great form of exercise which can help with your weight loss goals and make managing the disease easier. There are several famous athletes that have led exceptional careers with diabetes, including:
        • Jay Cutler- Quarterback for the Chicago Bears
        • Wade Wilson- Was an NFL quarterback for 17 years
        • Jerry Stackhouse- Won the NBA championship with the Dallas Mavericks in 2011
        • Walt Frazier- NBA legend
        • Mark Lowe- current pitcher for the Texas Rangers
        • Jackie Robinson- First African American baseball player and MLB legend
      3. Eating too much sugar causes diabetes- This is simply not true. Eating a diet that is high in sugar and fat can ultimately cause one to be overweight, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. However, there is no direct link between a diet that is high in sugar and developing diabetes.

      There are several other rumors that our team saw during the creation of our diabetes guide that frighten us. Some of the answers people posted to questions contained information that was very false and could have serious consequences if readers interpret them to be facts. We hope to help de-bunk these myths so that people have a better understanding of the disease.

      Bio: Adam Bruk is an online marketing specialist for socks4life.com. When he isn’t busy analyzing retail and fashion trends in diabetic socks for men, he enjoys golfing, cooking, and traveling.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 19/10/2011

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      Benefits of Asbestos Paint

      The Benefits of Asbestos Paint

      Asbestos was a commonly use material in the building industry before the 1980s. This is because the material exhibited a high resistant to heat and also it was very durable. As a result many old houses feature asbestos in their interior or exterior. However, scientist later discovered that asbestos fibers were responsible for crippling lung diseases such s cancer. Following this, asbestos was banned as a construction material and houses that contain asbestos have either to be demolished or have the asbestos covered to prevent the fibers from contaminating the air. The second option is the best as the owner of the house does not suffer from financial loss. One of the best ways to deal with asbestos in building is to cover it with paint.

      Asbestos paint covering came as neither solution when it was realized that people could still neither live in a house with asbestos provided that the material was nor releasing fibers into the air. To do this asbestos paint was used to maintain the integrity of the material and prevent it from leaking into the atmosphere. One of the places that asbestos paint can be used is on shingles. Asbestos shingles are not normally a health risk until they start breaking. With the onset of breaking, shingles can present a health risk to all individuals who live in the surroundings. To prevent this, you can repaint the asbestos shingles in your house so that the asbestos is not exposed. However, take care of yourself while carrying out this task. Make sure you cover yourself including your nose so that you do not inhale asbestos fibers.  Another precaution you can do while applying asbestos paint on shingles is wetting the shingles before you paint them. This will help you scrub of the dirt without unsettling the asbestos fibers.

      Asbestos paint can also be applied on the walls of a house that contain asbestos. This will preserve the integrity of asbestos and thus prevent the release of harmful asbestos fibers into the atmosphere. To do this safely, you need t observe a few guidelines. This will make sure your health is not compromised by being exposed to harmful asbestos fibers. The plaster used in walls of old houses will contain asbestos and with age, the asbestos may become loose and contaminate the air with dangerous fibers. To successfully apply asbestos paint on walls, you will need a small spray gun and mark ff the edges of the wall that do not need to be painted over. Next use an oil based paint or primer mixture to spray the wall that contains asbestos plaster. Cover your face with a protective masking and start spraying the wall slowly so that you do not upset the asbestos. You can achieve this by spraying the wall 6 to 8 inches away so that the spray jet does not dislodge the asbestos. To achieve the best results in asbestos paint process, use two to three layers of paint s that the asbestos is fully covered.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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      Truth About Six Pack Abs Review

      Do you want to have a great body shape? Many ladies would want to do that. But you can find that there are also many men who would like to have perfect body shape! The definition of perfect body shape varies from men to women. For men, body shape should be perfect only when they have the six pack abs.

      But you would find that there are some people who fail to have the abs even though they try their best to work on the exercises. One of the reasons is that they do not know the right way that they should do and they therefore fail to achieve the results that they expect to have.

      If you encounter similar difficulties, you can try to find information from the book Truth About Six Pack Abs. As you can read from some of the Truth About Six Pack Abs Reviews, there are a lot of useful tips that you can bear in mind from this book.

      For example, you will know the food which can help you equip yourself with the necessary energy while keeping your body shape great. Some of the food would help you build your muscles well so that you can take these foods if you want to have the six pack abs. On the other hand, you will also find that some of the food should be prohibited while you are working hard to train your body. Some people did not know clearly about this and this is the reason why they failed to have a good body shape.

      On the other hand, this book would tell you a lot about the right way that you can do in order to have the results in training. There are a lot of people who do exercises but they might not be doing the right exercises to train the particular part of body for the six pack abs. Therefore, you can find that the training of six pack abs mentioned from this book would be quite useful.

      Some people think that this book is designed for people who have already got fitness. However, this book is actually designed for all men to do. You will find that thin men can also follow the tips provided by this book and train themselves to become fit men with the six pack abs.

      Therefore, you would find that there are a lot of people recommending this book to the others. It is very good for you to buy this book to read because you would find that there are many new ways that you can try to have the training. If you are ladies, you can also buy this book for your men so that your men would have the wonderful six pack abs. Therefore, you can try to find the relevant information online which can help you understand better about this book. You will definitely find the relevant information from Truth About Six Pack Abs Review and understand more about how to work on training.

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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      Yellow jaundice

      Yellow jaundice is the name given to jaundice and it is because of the yellowish pigmentation of the conjunctival membrane, of the skin or the white of the eyes. It can also cause mucous membrane to turn yellow in addition of hyperbilirubinemia. When the level of the bilirubin gets high, then the bilirubin can begin to get into extracellular fluid.

      It is hard to know the level of the damage of the liver accurately. The liver damage symptoms in the early stages look exactly like the symptoms found in other diseases. The early symptoms are pain in the liver, fatigue and the feel of being sick. Sometime they can be accompanied by diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea and weakness. After getting the above symptoms, the patient can show additional symptoms when the liver is seriously damaged. The color of the skin will begin to turn yellow, in severe cases the eyes can turn also yellow. This is caused by the high level of bilirubin into the blood. Cholestasis is the reduced or a complete absence of the bile flow. The bile can be blocked into the liver or even outside the liver. This will include abdominal discomfort and the patient can begin to vomit blood because of  stomach hemorrhage. Because of the losing of fat and water, the patient can begin to lose weight. In this case, the patient should keep away from food that has sugar and unhealthy fats.  He can also reduce the symptoms by eating green vegetables and fruits.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 08/08/2011

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      Symptoms and Treatment of Whiplash

      whiplashWhiplashes vary in their symptoms. Neck pains are the most common and the major symptoms of whiplash. Numbness of arms, shoulder or hands is most commonly seen in these patients. Headaches and vision related problems are other symptoms of whiplash which cannot be neglected and must be taken into consideration, and a few lots of people even experience hearing difficulties and dizziness.

      There are various set of treatments for Whiplash. Quebec task force have recommended that individuals who are a victim of whiplash associated disorder grade 1-2 must be involved in motion related exercises, mobilizations, and manipulations.   Drugs like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and Non-narcotic analgesics can also be prescribed if the case comes under WAD 3 or WAD3. But the use of these drugs should be limited. They can only be used up to the period of 3 weeks only, not more than that. A cervical collar must be used within the period of 72 hours, i.e. 3 days from the first one or it might lead to a series of inactivity for many years. Doctors treating patients with such type of injuries always encourage their patients to perform natural activities, as that might lead to a fast recovery.

      The national institute for Neurological disorders and stroke has taken a little bit more different approach to these injuries which includes pain medications, antidepressants ,the use of muscle relaxants and cervical collar apart from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug which was already recommended by Quebec Task Force (QTF). As said earlier these medicines must not be taken for more than 3 days in a row. Apart from drugs and medications, the national institute for neurological disorders and stroke has also prescribed exercises related to motion, physical therapies and cervical traction. To relive muscle tension they recommend the use of supplemental heat applications.

      There are many healthcare clinics that you can approach. Chiropractic wellness care is one such noted clinics which are very famous in dealing with injuries related to whiplash, you can always approach these clinics to get treatment.

      During treatments the important parts that doctors concentrate are:

      • Spinal motion.
      • The way in which the victim holds on to his/her body
      • The damage that have occurred to the nerves and spinal cord of these victims.
      • The present status of the joints, muscles and Ligaments.

       

      Though these treatments might work out, but always keep in mind that “Prevention is better than cure” .There is no substitute for prevention.

      Hence always consider these 4 points to avoid whiplashes.

      • Use headrests in cars and wear helmets while driving motor vehicles.
      • Use headrests effectively and make sure that they are not lesser than your height.
      • While performing exercises make sure that you don’t give a lot of stress to your neck.
      • Approach the concerned doctor immediately if you get any sort of neck pain.

      While getting treated for whiplash injuries don’t go for ordinary doctors, just take an advice or two from your nearest doctor and then go for specialist doctors to get it treated. Never neglect any of the neck pains. Communicate properly with the doctor who is treating you, never hide any of your pains, and always be frank.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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      cholestatic jaundice

      Cholestatic jaundice

      Cholestatic jaundice is a condition in which there is a blockage in the flow of bile movement which then causes the overflow into the bloodstream. It is a condition where blockage of the flow of bile from t

      he liver causes overspill of bile products into the blood and incomplete bile excretion from the body results.

      Causes of cholestatic jaundice

      There are several causes of Cholestatic jaundice, which are given as under

      • caroli’s disease ( congenital disorder characterized by multifocal, segmental dilatation of large intrahepatic bile ducts )
      • cystic fibrosis (an inherited disease of the mucus glands that affects many body systems causes progressive damage to the respiratory system and chronic digestive system problems)
      • choledocholithiasis (presence of at least one gallstone in the common bile duct)
      • hepatic adenoma (are uncommon benign epithelial liver tumors frequently located in the right hepatic lobe)
      • primary biliary cirrhosis ( irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the bile ducts of the liver)
      • sarcoidosis ( patches of inflamed cells — called granulomas , usually in the lungs and nearby lymph nodes occurs)
      • liver cancer
      • alveolar hydatid disease ( parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of a microscopic tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis)
      • combined oral contraceptives
      • gold salts
      • diazepam
      • phenyl butazone
      • para- amino salicylic acid
      • liver metastasis
      • lathosterolosis ( defect of cholesterol biosynthesis due to the deficiency of the enzyme sterol-C5-desaturase)
      • dubin-johnson syndrome ( rare genetic disorder, in which a child must get a copy of the defective gene from both parents)
      • pencillamine
      • oxazepam
      • citrullinemia type 2
      • pyritinol
      • primary sclerosing cholangitis ( disease that leads to liver damage and, eventually, liver failure)
      • indomethacin
      • choledochal cyst
      • cholangitis
      • pancreatic cancer
      • lorazepam
      • gall bladder cancer
      • rifampicin
      • mirizzi syndrome ( common hepatic duct obstruction caused by an extrinsic compression from an impacted stone in the cystic duct or Hartmann’s pouch of the gallbladder)
      • klatskin tumor(bile duct bifurcation)

      symptoms of cholestatic jaundice

      symptoms mainly include

      • dark coloured urine
      • pale stools
      • Yellow colouration of skin and eyes
      • itchy skin
      • fever
      • chills
      • rigors
      • Episodic right upper abdominal pain
      • weight loss
      • diarrhoea
      • Steatorrhoea
      • fatty
      • Smelly stools that are difficult to flush away due to fat malabsorption
      • excessive bleeding
      • brusing
      • Enlarged liver (tender mass under right rib cage)
      • Enlarged spleen (tender mass under left side of rib cage)
      • night sweats
      • anorexia
      • malaise
      • Xanthelasma/xanthomata (fatty yellow nodules under eyes/on wrists and hands)
      • abdominal distention
      • ascitis
      Treatment of cholestatic jaundice
      • Surgical removal of obstruction – generally laparascopic surgery or ERCP should be done
      • stop the drugs that is suspected to cause liver inflammation – e.g. steroids, sulfonylureas
      • antibiotics
      • liver transplantation

      Article publié pour la première fois le 17/09/2016

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      occupational therapy vs physical therapy

       

      The great battle: occupational therapy vs physical therapy

       

      If it is really required to bring a battle like occupational therapy vs physical therapy then I would definitely like to play my part in this battle. Basically I will not call it as a battle or battle ground because these are two different fields that are often mixed with each other. The main reason for this misshapen is the less knowledge database of people. Even health care professional are not able to convey their messages properly to the common people. The common people are those people who will be in need of occupational or physical therapy in future but when they will not know anything about these fields then how they will be able to help themselves?

       

      Basically occupational therapy vs physical therapy is a very simple topic and a person like me can simply say that don’t mess these two fields with each other. However, the purpose of these two therapeutic methods is similar to each other and that is why they are often confused in the society. However, by the end of this article, there will be no confusion in your mind as we will differentiate both these fields very easily.

       

      There was a time when occupational therapy vs physical therapy was not a hot topic but today, this has been made as one of the hottest topic in online market. Let us discuss about physical therapist first. The working strategy of physical therapist can be understood very easily as most of the things are said by this name “physical therapy”. In this process, different physical processes are applied on human body so that those parts of the body that are not working properly can start working properly. If a child has broken his arm while playing then he can be brought to a physical therapist and he will do proper therapy for that child so that he can start playing in streets again.

       

      On the other hand if we talk about occupational therapists, while living in occupational therapy vs physical therapy then I must say that occupational therapists are different from physical therapists. Physical therapists are just limited to physical therapy and there is nothing else that they can do or they have the license to do. If you have got any problem in your life or you think that you will not be able to spend a happy life ahead because there is so much on your mind then you can take services of an occupational therapist. These therapists not only work in favor of those people who are going through some mental struggle but they help all those people who have any emotional imbalance in their life. Moreover, if a patient is having some serious physical problem then he can also be treated with the help of occupational therapy. An occupational therapist has the experience to deal with different kind of patients and he know very well how to control a situation in hospital or therapy center.

       

       

      Article publié pour la première fois le 06/08/2011

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      How to identify asbestos

      How to identify asbestos

      Homes and buildings built after the mid 1980s are unlikely to contain asbestos-based construction materials. These materials were phased out in the 1980s, but it was used heavily in buildings/homes built from 1930 to 1980.

      how to identify asbestos? Asbestos cannot easily be recognized. Unless a material is labeled as containing asbestos, just looking at it with the naked eye will not discern the presence of asbestos. There are still some ways to identify asbestos. These are not accurate but can give you an idea on how to identify asbestos:

      -Sidings – Asbestos fibers were heavily used for making home sidings. Look at the thickness of paint on the siding. If there are many layers of paint, then it means the sliding is old enough to contain asbestos.

      -Pipe insulation –  In the manufacturing process, asbestos pipe insulation was covered with a corrugated cardboard wrapper.And modern pipes are coated with heavy weight craft paper.Just see the exposed end of the pipe insulation. You can easily identify cardboard wrapper against craft paper.

      – Floor tiles- Asbestos was also used heavily in making tiles and you can see them in old houses or renovated flooring.These tiles are typically black, brown or dark gray and tend to be much thicker than more modern, asbestos-free tiles. Most products which contain asbestos and can be inhaled are required to be labeled these days.

      Article publié pour la première fois le 20/03/2013

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      Intracerebral hemorrhage

       Intracerebral hemorrhage

      It  is a subtype of intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding inside the skull) that occurs within the brain tissue itself. Most intracerebral hemorrhages occur in the basal ganglia, cerebral lobes, cerebellum, or pons. Intracerebral hemorrhage may also occur in other parts of the brain stem or in the midbrain

      .   intra cerebral hemorrhage is  divided into..

      1) intra-axial hemorrhage; that it occurs within the brain tissue rather than outside of it.there are mainly two types of intra cranial hemorrhage i.e. intra parenchymal hemorrhage and intravenous hemorrhages.

               2) extra-axial hemorrhage, such as  epidural, sub- dural and sub arachnoid hematomas which all occor within the skull but outside the brain tissue  

       

      Alternative Names of hemorrhage

      Intra cranial hemorrhage; Hemorrhage – intracerebral; Hypertensive hemorrhage; Hemorrhagic cerebro vascular  disease

       

      causes of hemorrhage

      Internal bleeding can occur in any part of the brain. Blood may build up in the brain tissues, or in the space between the brain and the membranes that cover it.The bleeding may only be in one hemisphere ( lobar intracerebral hemorrhage). Or it may occur in other brain structures, such as the thalamus, basal ganglia, pons, or cerebellum (deep  intracerebral hemorrhage)  causes are..

      1) aneurysm or vascular malformation

      2)  High blood pressure

      3) amyloid angiopathy ( Protein deposits along blood vessels)

      4) trauma to the brain

      in some cases it may be due to unknown cause. Blood irritates the brain tissues, causing swelling (cerebral edema). It can collect into a mass called a hematoma. Either swelling or a hematoma will increase pressure on nearby brain tissues

      Risk factors of hemorrhage

      the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage include the following:

      a) Blood and bleeding disorders

      b) Decreased levels of blood platelets

      c) disseminated intravascular coagulation

      d) hypertension

      e) diabeties

      f) menopause

      g) cigarette smoking

      h)  drink alcohol

      i) hemophillia

      j) leukemia

      k) sickle cell anemia

      l) brain tumors

      m) liver diseases

      n) use of aspirin or anti coagulant medications.

      Premature infants (born earlier than 35 weeks) will sometimes have bleeding into the fluid-filled spaces (ventricles) in the brain. This type of bleed is called intra-ventricular hemorrhage (IVH). This occurs in the first day or so of life and is usually not preventable

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Article publié pour la première fois le 04/10/2011

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        How to identify asbestos

        How to identify asbestos Homes and buildings built after the mid 1980s are unlikely to contain asbestos-based construction materials. These materials were phased out in the 1980s, but it was used heavily in buildings/homes built from 1930 to 1980.

         

        how to identify asbestos? Asbestos cannot easily be recognized. Unless a material is labeled as containing asbestos, just looking at it with the naked eye will not discern the presence of asbestos. There are still some ways to identify asbestos. These are not accurate but can give you an idea on how to identify asbestos: – Sidings – Asbestos fibers were heavily used for making home sidings. Look at the thickness of paint on the siding. If there are many layers of paint, then it means the sliding is old enough to contain asbestos. -Pipe insulation –  In the manufacturing process, asbestos pipe insulation was covered with a corrugated cardboard wrapper.And modern pipes are coated with heavy weight craft paper.Just see the exposed end of the pipe insulation. You can easily identify cardboard wrapper against craft paper. – Floor tiles- Asbestos was also used heavily in making tiles and you can see them in old houses or renovated flooring.These tiles are typically black, brown or dark gray and tend to be much thicker than more modern, asbestos-free tiles. Most products which contain asbestos and can be inhaled are required to be labeled these days.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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        Diagnosis andTreatment of basal ganglia stroke

        Diagnosis and treatment of basal ganglia stroke

        Diagnosis of a stroke is based on

        1)individual’s history,

        2)neurological examination

        3)brain imaging.

        4)CT scan

        During the acute phase of a stroke, treatment ranges  from conservative treatment  to  invasive treatment. conservative treatment consisting of:

        1)Pain medication

        2)Stabilizing vital signs

        3)Lowering pressure inside the head

         invasive treatment  consist of:

        a)Surgery to remove any blood to relieve pressure

        b) shunt operation to drain the system

        After the acute phase Rehabilitation therapy plays a vital  role to getting the patient back to health as quickly as possible.

          Basal ganglia stroke recovery

        Most of the individual start  recovery process from a stroke virtually moments after the stroke happening. Recovery which is spontaneous usually explains the  progress in the first month after a stroke. Recovery mainly depends upon

        • Brain damage extent
        • Individual’s attitude
        • Skills of the medical professionals
        • Assistance of friends and family
                                          Basal ganglia stroke prognosis                          person will progress from basal ganglia stroke depends on several factors – such as:

        • Severity of any impairment
        • Exact location of injury to the brain
        • Individual’s age
        • Individual’s general medical condition

        Article publié pour la première fois le 11/10/2011

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        Non-friable asbestos

        Non-friable asbestos:
        There are two types of asbestos- friable and non friable.Friable means which can be crushed into powder by hand pressure while non friable cannot be crushed by hand.Non-friable asbestos is hard to break into smaller pieces.
        Non friable asbestos is less dangerous than friable asbestos, however it should still be treated with caution and disposed of properly.
        Some properties of non friable asbestos:
        • It has low probability  of releasing fibers into air.
        • Difficult to break or crush  by hand
        • Fibers are bound or locked into matrix of binder material, such as cement, vinyl or resin.
        Examples of non friable asbestos:
        • base flashing
        • asphalt/cement roofing products
        • asbestos cement  pipes
        • siding
        • vinyl asbestos floor tile
        • gaskets
        Categories of non friable asbestos:
        Non friable asbestos is broadly categorized into 2 categories:
        Category I Non-Friable: It consists of asbestos which are very tough or unlikely to be made into friable.
        Examples include vinyl floor coverings, vinyl asbestos tile
        Category II Non-Friable: These materials are more likely to be made friable, as they are not resistant to weathering or crushing forces.
        Handling of non friable asbestos:
        Never break up or smash an asbestos product this will release asbestos.
        For example :If you are removing asbestos tiles, you can do so safely if the tiles can be pulled without shattering, pulverizing or crumbling.
        You shouldnot sand, grind, saw, chip, pound or use hand or power tools on the VATs so that it creates dust. You must remove the tiles intact.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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        Panic Away Scam

        In recent years, you can find that there are some people who want to find methods to treat problems like panic disorder. The problem of panic disorder would get more and more serious if you do not tackle it in a positive manner. In other words, the situation would become worse if you do not find methods to cure the problem as soon as possible.

        Therefore, you can probably find that there are some books in the market for you to read and understand more about how to manage your emotion and get rid of the panic order. You would find that some of the books like Panic Away would be quite popular among the readers. Even though some people do not believe that this kind of book would help, the fact is that many people get the help already.

        Yes, you can find that Panic Away Scam is impossible. Instead, this kind of book is awesome and it would not be difficult for you to understand more about how to control yourself as long as you try your best to read and follow the tips stated in the books.

        In fact, it is very easy for you to find information about how to deal with anxiety if you try to search online. However, those methods are not the reliable methods because they might not be comprehensive enough. Yes, you might find that the information would be rough and it would be quite difficult for you to follow some tips step by step. This would certainly hinder your process of learning because you will not be successful in understanding the whole process of curing panic disorder.

        If you read Panic Away, you certainly find that it is not a scam. It is because the writer also encountered the panic disorder disease when he was young. Therefore, he knew well about the world of the patients and he would always be able to describe the information and the problems encountered by the patients accurately so that the patients would be able to understand a lot about the situation.

        The suggestions provided by the author in the book of Panic Away are insightful and they are not fake. Many people have tried to use this kind of methods to relax themselves and the result is that most of them are very happy with the treatment stated with the book. Therefore, you can find that there are really a lot of supporters of this book who have tried to use the methods stated there before and they have got a new life after reading the book.

        You would find that there are more and more people who are interested in reading the book. Therefore, you can try to find the information related to the book if you want to have a nice experience about curing panic disorder. If you find that your friends are suffering from this kind of illness, you can try to help them by giving them this book. They would certainly thank you a lot.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 18/07/2011

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        How Asbestos Workers Are Affected

        How Asbestos Workers Are Affected

        Asbestos is a mineral fiber that before it was banned was used in manufacturing building materials, insulation materials, in ceiling and even floor tiles.  Although asbestos workers exposed to asbestos fibers won’t at the beginning feeling the effect of exposure, in the long run the asbestos workers may experience lung disease due to the exposure. It is for this very reason, many state governments have banned the use of asbestos in any manufacture; despite the ban and the effects of asbestos, the number of asbestos workers is still on the rise. Asbestos as mentioned before has thread like features which when exposed to the atmosphere, becomes invisible.

         

        Asbestos workers in this regard while working, inhales the thread without knowing it and sometimes carries it home in their clothes. Studies show that all the asbestos related sickness tends to affect the asbestos workers because of long term exposure to the fibers. It is said that the workers develop the asbestos related symptoms between 15-50 years after them being exposed. One of the ways that the asbestos workers are affected negatively is through them contracting lung cancer. When the worker breathes in the fibers, they are attached to the lung cells causing limited blood ad air flow to the lungs. Some of the earlier symptoms that one may experience is coughing persistently, difficulty in breathing and sometimes pain is associated with coughing.  The hugest risk for this lung cancer is that with time, the tumors can spread to other parts of the body causing death.

        Asbestos workers also have the risk of being affected with mesothelioma which is a rare type of cancer that occurs in the lining that surrounds the organs of the body. These linings are known as mesothelium. It affects the men workers more than the women, about 80 percent of the asbestos workers who are exposed to asbestos risk being infected with mesothelioma. The problem with this type of cancer is that, it takes many years for the symptoms to show. As such by the time it is diagnosed, it usually is at the advanced stage and the only way to treat it or reduce pain is through radiation and chemotherapy.

        Asbestos workers also have the risk of contracting asbestosis which is a scar like feature in the lungs. It usually is as a result of being exposed to asbestos over a long period of time. The symptoms for this disease are coughing, fingers curling and also shortness of breath. If you want to treat asbestosis, there are drugs that are advised for one to take so as to decrease inflammation of the lungs and pneumonia. Because asbestos workers have the highest risk of being infected, the health experts’ advice that the workers should limit being exposed to asbestos as that is the best way to stop the spread of the disease. According to experts also, people are exposed to asbestos if the asbestos tiles or ceilings are damaged. So, if you know that you have asbestos tiles, you should make sure that it is removed to prevent any risk.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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        Mesothelioma

        Mesothelioma
        One of the most common form of cancer that develops in mesothelial cell lining of many organs and body cavities. This cancer typically attack the thin lining of lungs,abdomen,heart known as mesothelium. Sometime also affect the lining of testicals.In this condition the tissue cells in the lungs or in bronchial tubes divide rapidly and uncontrollably with abnormal characteristics.
        RISK FACTORS OF MESOTHELIOMA
        • Exposure to asbestos
        • Smokers
        • Asbestos related diseases
        • Any type of lung disease
        CAUSES OF MESOTHELIOMA
        Mesothelioma is the rare form of cancer caused by an exposure to ASBESTOS.
        WHAT IS ASBESTOS
        Asbestos is a fibrous silicate i.e in its natural form ,A SOFT ROCK.In commercial form it looks like an attic insulation-i.e  A BALL OF THICK FUZZ.
        Because of its certain properties like :
        HEAT AND CHEMICAL RESISTANT,making it useful for home construction material for insulation as fire-retardant.
        Due to its long durability these fibres can be inhaled into the body and will remain for a long period of time and cause a rare form of cancer called MESOTHELIOMA.
        HOW ASBESTOS LOOK LIKE
        In raw form it look like rock fragment and when mixes with other compounds it is used to form building supplies like  insulation,floor tiles,siding,ceiling.
        TYPES OF ASBESTOS
        Each mineral is divided into :SERPENTILE and AMPHIBOLE..
        Serpentile include chrysotile type of asbestos having layered or curly fibers.
        Amphibole include all those forms of asbestos having straight or chain like fibers like amosite,crocidolite.
        In addition to this there are some other forms of asbestos- ANTHOPHYLITE,ACTINOLITE,TREMOLITE
        1)AMOSITE : these are also called as BROWN ASBESTOS mainly brown or gray in colour having straight amosite fibers made up of iron and magnesium
        2)CROCIDOLITE: these are also known to be  BLUE ASBESTOS having blue straight fibers made up of sodium,iron magnesium silicate.this is the most lethal form.
        3)TREMOLITE:mostly found in metamorphic rocks.creamy white or dark green in colour used as an ingradient in talcum powder.
        4)ANTHOPHYLITE: having chain like appearance formed by breakdown of talc in ultramafic rock. not commonly used.
        5)ACTINOLITE: also exist in metamorphic rocks mostly gray white or green in colour having no strong history of industrial or commercial use.
        6)CHRYSOTILE:consist of mineral crystallized in serpentile pattern i.e crystals are formed in sheets.mostly white or greenish in colour. the curly fibers
        are made up of magnesium silicate.
        FROM PAST CENTURY,MILLIONS OF PEOPLE HAVE UNKNOWINGLY BEEN EXPOSED TO ASBESTOS OFTENLY CAUSING A VARIETY OF CANCERS CALLED
        ASBESTOS CANCERS,IN ADDITION TO THIS LUNG CANCER IS ALSO CAUSED DUE TO THIS.
        LUNG CANCER
        In this the tissue cells of lungs and respiratory organs begin to divide abnormally.it is mainly of 2 types:
        small cell and non small cell.
        SYMPTOMS OF LUNG CANCER
        a)PERSISTANT COUGHING
        b)CHEST PAIN
        C)CHANGES IN COLOR,VOLUME AND CONSISTENCY OF SPUTUM
        d)PRESENCE OF BLOOD IN SPUTUM,WEIGHT LOSS,DECREASE IN APPETITE
        e)HEADACHE,FATIGUE
        FORMS OF MESOTHELIOMA
        THESE ARE EPITHELIAL,SARCOMATOID,BIPHASIC
        TYPES OF MESOTHELIOMA
        1)PLEURAL:this is the most common type occurs 75% and mainly affects the lining of lung pleura.
        2)PERITONIAL:mainly affects abdominal peritoneum that covers abdominal cavity and abdominal organs.
        3)PERICARDIAL:occurs in pericardial membrane that covers the heart.
        4)TESTICULAR:affects the lining of testicle i.e tunica vaginalis.
        SYMPTOMS OF MESOTHELIOMA
        THE symptoms commonly occurs between 20-50 years of age.the common symptoms are :
        a)SHORTNESS OF BREATH
        b)CHEST PAIN
        c)FATIGUE
        d)PERSISTANT COUGHING
        e)NIGHT SWEAT/FEVER
        f)UNEXPLAINED WEIGHT LOSS
        THEORIES
        Certain theories should be given in this case:
        Firstly asbestos causes irritation and inflammation of mesothelial cells results in irreversible scarring,cellular damage and cancer.
        Secondly asbestos causes production of free radicals and these molecules damage DNA cause cells to mutate and become cancerous.
        DIAGNOSIS OF MESOTHELIOMA
        This disease is very difficult to diagnose as it is very similar to other diseases and conditions.therefore first step is to take-
        1) CHEST X-RAY
        2) MRI
        3) CT-SCAN
        4) PET-SCANS to examine chest and abdomen
        5)BIOPSY
        Biopsy confirms mesothelioma.in this there is removal of small amount of tissue to be examined.it can be done during a procedure called THORACOSCOPY.
        TREATMENT OF MESOTHELIOMA
        Surgery is most commonly used.It include pleurectomy.in this part of pleura is removed.extra pleural pneumenctomy.In this there is removal of lung,pleura,pericardium and good portion of diaphragm.Incase if patient have associated pleural effusion then pleurodesis i.e fluid can be drained should be done,in some cases radiation therapy i.e high energy beams of radiations is used to shrink tumors and also damage cancer cell DNA so that it will not be able to multiply.

        Sometime radiation therapy should be given along with surgery and chemotherapy this is called as trimodality therapy.

        INCASE OF CHEMOTHERAPY COMBINATION THERAPY SHOULD BE GIVEN.in this ALIMTA along with CISPLATIN should be given………….

        Article publié pour la première fois le 30/09/2016

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        cape asbestos

        What is Asbestos? How It Can Harm You It is a combination of natural silicate minerals and these have desirable physical properties. These are very important minerals due to their physical properties. The inhalation of these asbestos also cause a no of diseases in human beings. Therefore we should use these minerals with care so that we can avoid from problems in future. The inhalation of asbestos may cause the lung cancer, mesothelioma and many other diseases. Therefore we should avoid from these products. In the most of the countries the asbestos products has banned due to their toxic side effects.  Especially the European countries have banned the extraction, processing and manufacture of these harmful products. The asbestos became very popular among the most of the builders and manufacturers due to its physical properties. The most important physical properties include the average tensile strength, resistant to heat and fire and many others. These physical properties are very important so the most of the builders prefer the uses of these products. The asbestos is resistant to heat and this physical property is very important. Most of the builders use the asbestos due to this specific property.

         

        When the builders use cap asbestos then the fibers of asbestos mix with cement. The cape asbestos operated many factories in UK.  These factories produced a large no of products. As there are many risks associated with the use of these products therefore the cape asbestos closed its factories. There are many types of diseases associated with the use of asbestos. The most important disease is the mesothelioma. The mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops in the cavity of lungs and some doctors suggests that there is no treatment available for this disease. This disease usually leads to death after appearance of symptoms. Similarly the asbestosis is another type of disease caused by asbestos. The asbestosis is characterized by the development of fibrosis in lungs. This fibrosis effect the respiratory ability of the lungs. It usually reduces the respiratory ability of the lungs. Similarly the pleural plaques are also caused by the asbestos. This disease affects the lining of the lungs and creates the lesions on the lining of the lungs. These lesions become harder with the passage of time. There are many other types of disorders related to the use of asbestos products. Therefore the products of the cape asbestos has banned due to their side effects. The mode of action of these asbestos is very important. There is a direct connection between the asbestos and benign. The asbestos powders are microscopic in nature therefore the inhalation of the asbestos microscopic particles may be very dangerous for the workers. After the inhalation of these particles to lungs they transport to pleura. These particles are very harmful for the pleura. The pleuron is a protective layer in the chest cavity. The asbestos powder deposited in the pleural cells. The asbestos powder is very harmful against the pleura cells. Therefore we should avoid from the use of asbestos products so that we can avoid from any problem.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 24/10/2013

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        Treatment of stroke

        Treatment of stroke  Treatment depend on whether the stroke is caused by a blood clot (ischemic) or by bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic) . The damage caused by a stroke often occurs within the first few hours. Faster we receive treatment, lesser damage will occur Treatment focuses on restoring blood flow for an ischemic stroke or controlling bleeding for a hemorrhagic stroke.  Treatment of ischemis stroke depends upon the cause and location of the clot.following treatment should be given  1) usually IV fluids should be given in order to prevent dehydration 2) oxygen should be given so that brain get maximum amount of it. 3) Blood pressure control: . Many different medications can be used to lower the blood pressure including pills, nitroglycerin paste, or IV injections. In case of acute stroke given a clot-dissolving medicine called tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), which can increase chances of survival and recovery. such medicine works with the body's own chemicals and helps to dissolve the blockage in the blood vessel in the brain that may cause stroke. It is the same drug that is often used to treat heart attacks. . At some hospitals, clot-busting drugs are given through a small catheter , through an IV, is threaded up into the neck and into the artery where there is a blockage. This treatment can potentially be used up to 6 hours after onset of stroke symptoms.  Hemorrhagic stroke  If the bleeding is due to a ruptured aneurysm, surgery should be done to repair the aneurysm. Repair may include:  a) Using a metal clip to clamp off the aneurysm to prevent renewed bleeding.  b) Endovascular coil embolization In this we Insert a small coil into the aneurysm to block it off .  c) In some cases, medicines may be given to control blood pressure, brain swelling,blood sugar level , fever, and seizures.  d) If a large amount of bleeding has occurred , surgery should be done in order to remove the clot from the brain and decrease the pressure inside it.  e) Changes in lifestyle will also be an important part of our treatment to reduce the risk of having another stroke:  PREVENTION OF STROKE  1)Smoking should be avoided  2)Alcohol should be limited  3)Weight should be under control  4)Exercise should be done. Walking is very beneficial  5) Eat balanced diet that is low in cholesterol, saturated fats, and salt  6) Treat high cholesterol with diet and exercise and then medication to reduce the risk of stroke  7) increase risk for stroke and may cause the formation of artery- narrowing plaque.  8) In people with certain irregular heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation the use of blood thinners such as warfarian has been shown to reduce the risk of stroke.  9) Diabetes should be under control.  10) Vision problems should be maintained  After a stroke, some people have problems seeing to one side. For example, people with right-sided paralysis may have difficulty seeing to the right. After a stroke some people have problems seeing to one side. For example, people with left-sided paralysis may have difficulty seeing to the left. If the problem is due to a loss of vision, most people learn to adjust by turning their head toward their affected side..

        Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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        Rehabilitation and treatment strategy for stroke

        Stroke patient may experience very difficulties and barriers to recovery of normal activities . These can take the form of impairments directly caused by the stroke. There are number of different approaches to treatment for patients with stroke.

        These include

        * Bobath( or normal movement approach)

        * motor learning (or motor relearning or movement science)approach

        *brunnstrom approach

        * Rood approach

        *proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

        * johnstone technique.

        Beside these techniques there are other general methods by which we can decrease the effects of stroke, these are as under:

        1) Spasticity

        Spasticity referred to as an unusual “tightness” of muscles referred to as an unusual “tightness” of muscles in which there is lack of inhibition from the CNS results in excessive contraction of the muscles, ultimately leading to hyperflexia( increase in reflexes). It can be reduced by neurological physiotherapy. Physiotherapy will use a combination of hands on treatment and exercise therapy to reduce spasticity…

        a) Use of ice to decrease spasm and pain.

        b) Stretching of muscles through range to relieve stiffness in the joint and surrounding tissues.

        c) Exercise to increase muscle strength and functional performance. This may include regular standing and weight bearing.

        d) Activity to improve range of movement.

        e) Correcting and varying joint position during activities.

        f) Hydrotherapy treatment to relieve muscle tension.

        2) Gait disorders

        It has been seen that treadmill training, particularly with partial(30-40%) body weight support may be effective in re-educating the patient in walking after stroke.

        3 )Biofeed back technique

        This provides a patient both auditory or visual feed back relating to movement or postures of their body or limbs. Feed back related to body positions for example weight distribution between the legs during standing or while rising to stand is beneficial.

        4) Foot drop

        Foot drop is inability to raise the foot at ankle joint.AFO”s (ankle foot orthoses) can be prescribed to patients with foot drop following stroke. It may help in maintaining ankle dorsi flexion , reducing spasticity and improves the patterns and safety of gait. Foot drop can also be treated by the use of braces. Exercise therapy to strengthen, that transfer tendons from stronger leg muscle is occasionally performed.

        5) Electrical stimulation

        In this there is bursts of electrical current to a muscle or a peripheral nerve, to create or assist a voluntary muscle contraction. It thus may improve muscle force, strength and function.

        6) Communication skills

        Aphasia an acquired impairment of cognitive system for comprehension and formulating language. symptoms such as communication deficit, affecting communication interaction, notably non-verbal communication occur following right hemisphere stroke. The role of speech and language therapist in aphasia include assessment, differentiation of aphasia from other communication difficulties ,advise and education, counselling and direct intervention

        Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder affecting clarity of speech, voice quality and volume and over all intelligibility. It may be associated with aphasia. Patient with dysarthria refered to the speech and language therapist.

        7) Nutrition and swallowing

        Careful assessment of nutritional status and swallowing impairment should be done. Fluid management and routine use of I/V fluids should be early management in stroke. Advise of dieticians should be sought.

        8) Urinary/faecal Continence

        Anti cholinergic drugs to treat urinary incontinence must be prescribed. Urinary catheter should be used. Indwelling catheter should be used to treat painful urinary retention without delay. once precipitating cause has removed patient care plan should include planned trial without catheter . Regular use of constipating agent and bowel care with enema.

        9) Pain

        Most commonly patient having musculoskeletal pain and involving the hemiplegics shoulder. Central post stroke pain(CPSP) is characterized by partial or that deficit for thermal/or sharpness sensations. Use of hi-lo Transcutaneous electrical stimulation may help patient. Positive relaxation as an adjuvant therapy should be used

        10) Shoulder hemiplegic pain

        This problem contributes to poor upper limb recovery, depression, sleeplessness following stroke. Careful handling of affected upper limb along with consistent supporting positioning strategies should be practiced. Electrical stimulation, physical therapy, ultrasound, strapping and support should be used in the management.

         

        11) Falls

        Falls are the common features of stroke. Therefore treatment include muscle strengthening and balance retraining programme. Withdrawal of psychotropic medication shows benefit in reducing falls.

         

        12) Pressure ulcer

        Pressure ulcers can be prevented by changing the position of the patient regularly, making use of water beds. Positioning of patient is helpful to prevent complications such as contractures, pain, abnormal tone.

         

        13) Depression and emotional liability

        Stroke patient with depression should be offered a use of treatment with anti depressant drug therapy.

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

         

        Article publié pour la première fois le 19/09/2016

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        Causes and Risk factors of Heat Stroke

        Heat stroke sometime also known as sun stroke , which is a spectrum of disorders due to environmental heat exposure. It includes minor conditions such as

        heat cramps,

        heat syncope, and

        heat exhaustion as well as the more severe condition known as

        heat stroke.

                                           Heat stroke is defined as when the body temperature is greater than 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) due to environmental heat exposure  it is different from fever, in which  there is a physiological increase in the temperature set point of the body.Heat stroke is a form of hyperthermia   an abnormally elevated body temperature. heat stroke is a true medical emergency that is often fatal if not properly and promptly treated.  Severe hyperthermia is defined as a body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher.

        classification

        A number of heat illnesses are there which are given as

        • Heat stroke – a body temperature of greater than 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) due to environmental heat exposure with lack of thermo regulation Symptoms include dry skin, rapid, strong pulse and dizziness.
        • Heat exhaustion –  Can be a precursor of heatstroke; the symptoms include heavy sweating, rapid breathing and a fast, weak pulse.
        • heat syncope
        • Heat edema
        • heat cramps–  which mainly include Muscle pains or spasms that happen during heavy exercise in hot weather.
        • Heat rash –  in which there is Skin irritation from excessive sweating.
        • Heat tetany – Usually results from short periods of stress in intense heat. Symptoms may include hyperventilation, respiratory problems, numbness or tingling, or muscle spasms.

                Causes

        The body normally generates heat as a result of metabolism, and is usually able to dissipate the heat by radiation of heat through the skin or by evaporation of sweat. However, in extreme heat, high humidity, or vigorous physical exertion under the sun, the body may not be able to dissipate the heat and the body temperature rises, sometimes up to 106 F (41.1 C) or higher.

        dehydration-. A dehydrated person may not be able to sweat fast enough to dissipate heat, which causes the body temperature to rise.

        Substances that inhibit cooling such as  alcohol, caffeine, stimulants,  medications, and age-related physiological changes predispose to heat stroke. Exertional heat stroke can  occur most commonly  in young people without health problems or medications, most often in athletes and military  people.

                                        Risk factors of heat stroke

        The most  important risk factors  of heat stroke include:

        • infants,
        • the elderly people often associated  with heart diseases  lung diseases, kidney diseases, or who are taking medications that  can cause dehydration and heat stroke
        • athletes,
        • individuals who work outside and physically exert themselves under the sun.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 03/10/2011

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        Amitriptyline Side Effects in Children

        Anybody who intends to go for antitriptyline in order to cure depression must consult a doctor beforehand. Children and adolescents are especially informed that they must seek a doctor’s permission and only and if only the doctor allows, then they must use the drug. The drug, however, must not be given to children under twelve years of age because it could have disastrous reaction on the child’s mental and physical health.

        The drug has same side effects on children as it has on adults but these adverse side effects could be unbearable for young children because of their fragile immune system. The conditions of children who consume antidepressants such as this one have deteriorating health conditions as compared to those children who do not take drugs to cure depression. Recent research has revealed that children who take in this drug have a higher chance of developing psychological disorders. Still today, many researchers are still unsure whether children should be prescribed this drug or not. In most cases they agree that children below eighteen must be treated via other techniques but some others still consider amitriptyline prescription for children if the cure via other means does not seem a possibility.

        The side effects of amitriptyline in children include reduced muscular condition, inability to speak and express properly. It could also cause serious allergic reactions in children. They will often feel dizzy and at times might fall suddenly which could be threatening. Children are delicate and thus their immune system is also weak. The drug has queer reactions on adults. Children could have such reactions too. Photosensitization, jaundice and blood disorders are also possibilities in young children. Less frequent urination and an over active hyperthyroid, resulting in stunted bodily growth are other major side effects of amitriptyline in children. Children may become even more depressive and less responsive or even emotionally detached altogether. Liver dysfunctioning, anemia and constipation are also some of the fatal side effects for children. Their heart pressure might increase to an enormous degree and even their blood sugar levels so as to jeopardize their life altogether. Children might feel extremely weak and pale or on the other hand, they may gain excessive weight.

        Moreover, children who become habitual of taking amitriptyline may grow up to have many sexual disorders. The drug has withdrawal symptoms and the side effects prevail long after discontinuation. The drug user, as he or she grows might experience reduced pleasure, breast enlargement, hormonal imbalance due to the hyperactive thyroid and a deformed body structure, not literally but obliquely. These children might forever remain detached emotionally and also become serious psychotic cases. The drug also results in hair loss at timed due to intense tiredness and weakness. The concentration from studies is affected. The child may not be able to fit into society at all.

        It is also mentioned on the prescription that the drug must be kept away from children. Even a little dosage could be harmful for them. Therefore, it is suggestive of the damages that could be incurred to a child when the drug is consumed.

         

         

        Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011

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        Amitriptyline Side Effects in Men

        With the raid changes taking place in the world, diseases and disorders are on the rise. Depression is one psychological disorder that has taken its toll, engulfing nearly every man around the world. The increasing recession, war on terror and other daily life issues are frustrating people and thus taking them towards depression. Relaxation has vanished into thin air. In order to cure depression, various antidepressant drugs have been introduced. One such drug used to cure this disorder is called amitriptyline.

        Amitriptyline is an antidepressant drug used to treat depression and other chronic pain. It affects the neurotransmitters and in turn helps to cope with the daily surmounting stressors. Amitriptyline is being considered by researchers to check whether the drug has similar effects on both men and women. They are investigating the varying side effects and have not found much difference in its gender response. The drug seems to have the same response on men and women but the only difference that has been found is that men are able to perform better under drug influence then women.

        The major side effects that are specific in males are the premature ejaculation in them. Their sexual displeasure becomes erratic and they tend to respond strangely in theor sexual experiences. Men are recommended to lower their work load while under the drug influence because they might fall or faint due to the weaknesses that the drug induces. Other common side effects found in men are low suicidal tendencies compared to women. They try and successfully regulate their erratic mood swings. Men also tend to feel palpitations, tremors and weak muscular coordination. Their responses might also get delayed or very slow. Other side effects of the drug include mouth dryness and chest pain. Men might also have trouble putting up with the hormonal imbalances due to abrupt changes in the thyroid’s workings. Amitriptyline also causes breast enlargement in men which could cause body deformity in them. Irritation and numbness are also present in them. At times their irritation might increase so much that other family members will have to work a lot on their patience level. Men who consume alcohol and other similar beverages could even experience reduced reactions of the drug for their senses are already dulled. The drug might also incur delirium and other memory related disorders in men. They might stop urinating and could also sometimes in serious cases, have a heart attack. Men are more prone to heart attacks then women.

        The researches have not found many differences in men and women. The drug seems to have almost the same effects on both genders. Though still researches are being done to see if the findings have changed and the result seems to have changed only a slight ignorable percent. Men and women both undergo similar side effects. Side effects of amitriptyline also depend on the strength of the person and also the kind of depression. If depression is chronic or not and if the person is able to cope with it or not. Men are generally able to cope well with the side effects of amitriptyline.

         

        Article publié pour la première fois le 13/09/2016

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        Symptoms of stroke

        Symptoms of stroke
        Symptoms of the stroke typically start suddenly, over seconds to minutes,. The symptoms  depend on the area of the brain affected. The more the area of brain affected, the more  functions that are likely to be lost. Some forms of stroke can cause additional symptoms. For  example, in intracranial hemorrhage, the affected area may compress other structures. Most  forms of stroke are not associated with headache, apart from subarachnoid hemorrhage and  cerebral venous thrombosis and occasionally intracerebral hemorrhage  . If the area of the brain affected contains one of the  these central nervous system pathways— spinothalamic tract  corticospinal tract, and dorsal column (medial lemniscus,  symptoms may include:  1) there will be hemeplegia and weakness of the muscles of face  2) there is feeling of numbness  3) there is decreased in sensation.  4) Firstly there is flaccidity (hypotonicity), replaced by spasticity (hypertonicity), followed by  In most cases, the symptoms affect only one side of  the body i.e. .unilateral . Depending on the part of the brain affected, the defect in the brain  is usually on the opposite side of the body.  Brain stem give rise to 12 cranial nerves, stroke affecting the brain stem and  brain therefore can produce symptoms relating to defect in these cranial nerves:  There is total or partial loss of smell, taste, hearing, or vision.  Ptosis is common i.e.drooping of eyelid and weakness of ocular muscles  There is decreased reflexes: swallow, pupil reactivity to light  decreased sensation and muscle weakness of the face  nystagmus and balance problem is common  altered breathing and heart rate  patient is notable to turn head to one side because of weakness in  sternocleidomastoid muscle  due to weakness in tongue muscles there is difficulty in protruding or move side  If the cerebral cortex is involved following  symptoms can be seen  aphasia (difficulty with verbal expression, auditory comprehension, reading and/or  writing Broca's or Wernicke's area is commonly involved)  dysarthria (difficulty in speech)  apraxia (altered voluntary movements)  visual disturbances  memory deficits due to the involvement of temporal lobe  hemineglect due to the involvement of parietal lobe  disorganized thinking, confusion, hypersexual gestures because there is involvement  anosognosia (persistent denial of the existence of a, usually stroke-related, deficit)  If the cerebellum is involved, the patient may have the following:  difficulty in walking  altered movement coordination  vertigo and or disequilibrium   Associated symptoms  There is loss of consciousness, headache, and vomiting usually occurs more often in  hemorrhagic stroke than in thrombosis because of the increased intracranial pressure from  the leaking blood compressing the brain.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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        Physical Properties of Asbestos

        Physical Properties of Asbestos
        Asbestos is a host of physical properties that make it almost a superstar in the world of industrial chemistry.
        Asbestos fibers(Chrysotile) are extremely thin, the unit fiber having an average diameter of approximately 25 nanometers (nm) (0.025 :m).Asbestos fibers used in most industrial applications consist of aggregates of smaller units (fibrils).Diameters of fiber bundles in bulk industrial samples may be in the millimeter range in some cases;
        Properties of Asbestos:
        • More tensile strength than steel.
        • High thermal stability.
        • Electrical resistance.
        • Non-flammable.
        • Has no detectable smell or taste.
        • They are all solids that do not move through soil and are insoluble in water.
        • Its color will vary according to type, and metallic composition.
        • Flexible so that it can be spun and woven like cotton.
        Engineering Properties of asbestos :
        • Asbestos when added to plaster makes it more resistant to breaking.
        • Asbestos adhering to structural steel insulates it from heat.
        • Asbestos incorporated into textiles makes them less likely to burn.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 22/07/2013

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        Risk factors of stroke

        Risk factors of stroke  Certain factors that increase risk of stroke include…  1) Family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack.  2) Older people  High cholesterol — cholesterol build up fatty deposits (plaque) on blood  vessel walls. The deposits can block blood flow to the brain, causing a stroke. Diet, exercise, and family history affect blood cholesterol levels.  4) high blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke. High BP damage blood vessels called arteries that supply blood to the brain. Stroke is more common in men than women. Blacks are more likely to have strokes than are people of other races.  5) Cigarette smoking  6) Diabetes increases the risk of stroke . Diabetes is a condition that causes blood  to build up too much sugar instead of delivering it to body tissues. High blood sugar tends to  occur with high blood pressure and high cholesterol.  8) Physical inactivity.  9 ) Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, a heart defect, heart  infection, or abnormal heart rhythm. can increase risk for stroke . heart valve defects,  irregular heartbeat (including atrial fibrillation), and enlarged heart chambers, can cause blood clots that may break loose and cause a stroke.  10) Use of birth control pills or hormone therapies that include estrogen.  11) Heavy drinking.  12) Use of drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines.  13) sickle cell disease. This is a blood disorder that is associated with ischemic stroke,. A stroke can happen if sickle cells get stuck in a blood vessel and clog blood flow to the brain.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 01/10/2011

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        Satellite Direct TV

        Watching satellite is something that people would want to do from past to now. Through watching the satellite TV, people would usually be able to understand more about other parts of the world. In other words, you would be able to enjoy many entertainments if you try to watch the satellite TV.

        There are many things that you can do in order to watch the Satellite TV. You can try to use the traditional way of watching satellite TV. But it is more popular for people o use Satellite Direct TV or other new methods for enjoying the programs.

        Compared with the traditional ways, the new methods of watching Satellite Direct TV would contain more benefits.

        First of all, the choice of channels would be more. In other words, you will easily find that there are more channels for you to enjoy. Some of the people have calculated that there could be more than 3500 channels available for you to enjoy anytime when you have the appropriate satellite Direct TV. If you want to choose the best programs, you are advised to use Satellite Direct TV because there would be many choices for you to enjoy.

        Secondly, you can find that the cost of using the Satellite Direct TV to enjoy television programs would be cheaper than the traditional way. You would not need to purchase a lot of hardware products. Instead, you just need to obtain the license and then you would be able to install the relevant software in order to enjoy the programs.

        The resolution of the television programs from the satellite tv programs would be quite high. In the past, there were some questions about the quality of those programs as some people found that the poor quality would hinder them from enjoying the program. But the situation has changed in recent years due to the advancement of information technology and the improvement in the recording technology of television programs. Therefore, you can find that it is easier for people to transfer the signals related to those high quality television programs to audience and audience can therefore enjoy the great programs better.

        Last but not least, you can find that it is convenient for you to set up the channels for watching satellite TV in the new way than in the traditional way. It is because there would not be some antenna that you need to set up for receiving the satellite signals which would be required for the traditional way of broadcasting.

        To conclude, you will love enjoying satellite Direct TV because of the convenience and the attractive offerings. You will find that it is able for you to pay a smaller amount of money than the traditional way but you can enjoy more channels than the traditional way. Therefore, it is definitely wonderful for you to learn more about this kind of TV first and then select the most reliable one to participate. You can find the relevant information in the internet now so you should do your homework.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 21/07/2011

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        Long term effects of whip lash injury

        Long term effects of whip lash injury

        A whiplash injury is a non medical term , commonly seen when the neck is thrown violently forward or backward which occur most often during car accidents. When the body is suddenly slammed backwards,( during car accident) the muscles in the neck, shoulders and back are put into so much impact and pressure that makes the patient available to whiplash injury and due to which there is difficulty in performing their day to day activities. Even in a slow speed car accident there is a good chance that the neck will be thrown forward or backward at a rate of speed or with a force that is outside the range of normal. whiplash injury can be limited to a soft tissue injury, it can also cause much more severe and long lasting effects. The long-term effects of whiplash include neck and shoulder strains, difficulty in movement, and pain when bending the head down. Sometime people also experience back aches, and random headaches. Whiplash also affect certain parts of the brain and affect the memory of the person. many times in whiplash injuries the tendons, ligaments and muscles of the neck are affected. This can cause soreness and stiffness for days or weeks following the accident. In some cases the spine itself is damages in the accident. the spine can suffer damages to the disc material found between the bones. This can result in a herniated disc – often known as a “slipped” disc or “bulging” disc. When a disc bulges out it can push on the tendons and nerves found inn the spinal column. If a disc begins to push on a nerve it can cause sever pain in your arms, hands and fingers, loss of feeling in your fingers, tingling and eventually lose strength in the arm and hand.Strain in the neck and shoulder and limited or no mobility are also most common long term outcome of whiplash.Another long term outcome of whiplash are certain brain injuries in which memory retention will be affected or even get worse.Permanent headaches and backaches are also caused by whiplash, and these conditions can sometimes prevent the person from doing work or certain activities.
        Specific neck exercises can help the person in the treatment of whiplash and can speed up recovery. These neck exercises strengthen the muscles and tissues in the neck and the shoulders. These exercises promote better posture and improved neck muscles. whiplash incidents can also overcome by making some modifications in car seat and overall road safety.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 07/08/2012

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        Left hemispheric stroke

                Left hemispheric stroke

        stroke occurs when blood supply is intrrupted to the brain. This is caused by a blood clot blocking a vessel in our brain, or a torn vessel bleeding into our brain. The left side (hemisphere) of our brain controls the right side of your body. It also controls our speech and language abilities. After a left hemispheric stroke, we may have trouble in  talking, swallowing, or walking. we become more slowly and our memory may be worse than before the stroke. A left-hemisphere stroke often causes paralysis of the right side of the body. This is known as right hemiplegia.

        Causes of left side stroke

        There are mainly two causes of stroke

         1)Ischemic stroke:   this mainly occurs when an artery to our brain gets blocked due to  plaque  in our artery. Plaque happens when fatty deposits and other things build up in an artery. It  can also get a blocked artery from a blood clot also. The clot can break loose from an artery somewhere else and travel to our brainstem. The clot may get stuck in a narrow blood vessel, stopping blood and oxygen from reaching our brain. This is called an ischemic stroke. Most strokes are ischemic strokes.

         2)Hemorrhagic stroke: A blood vessel may break and leak if a clot gets stuck in it, or the vessel wall is weak. Blood then flows out of the vessel and into brain tissue. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke

         Risk factors for left hemisphere stroke

        •  patient may be  55 years old or more than that..
        • Common in  woman  who  use birth control pills, or take  hormone replacement medicine after menopause.
        •  father or mother already had a stroke, or  had a low weight when we were born.
        • There is high blood pressure, or blood vessel or sickle cell disease that is not being treated.
        •  There may be atrial fibrillation, diabetes or other heart or blood vessel conditions.
                     Effects of left hemisphere stroke

                                                 The effects of a left hemisphere stroke may include the following:

        •  There may be right-sided weakness (right hemiparesis) or paralysis (right hemiplegia) and sensory impairment.
        •  Difficulty in  speech and understanding language (aphasia)
        • visual problems are common , including  inability to see the right visual field of each eye (homonymous hemianopsia)
        • impaired ability to do math or to organize, reason, and analyze items
        • behavioral changes such as depression, cautiousness, and hesitancy are common
        • impaired ability to read, write, and learn new information.
        • memory problems are common
                     Treatment of left side stroke

                                           Treatment mainly depends  causes of stroke, and  signs and symptoms of the patient. we  need the following medicines:

        • Cholesterol medicine: This type of medicine is given to  decrease (lower) the amount of cholesterol (fat) in our blood.
        • Other medicines: You may need medicine to  treat diabetes or to prevent seizures. Medicine may be given to keep our blood pressure at a certain level if it is too high or too low.

                                                                            If  stroke was caused by a blood clot, you may also need the following medicines:

        • Thrombolytics: This medicine is given to break  blood clots and help blood flow more easily.
        • Aspirin: This is medicine that may be given to help thin the blood to keep blood clots from forming.
        • Antiplatelets: This medicine is given to prevent formation of blood clots
                                                        Other treatment include
        • Ventilator: A ventilator is a special machine that can breathe for us, if  we cannot breathe  we may have an endotracheal tube (ET tube) in our mouth or nose. A tube called a trach may go into an incision (cut) in the front of our neck. The ET tube or trach is hooked to the ventilator. The ventilator can also give oxygen
        • Surgery:
          • Ventriculostomy: If  there is  too much fluid and swelling around  brain, a tube may be placed through skull to drain the fluid. This tube also checks the pressure in  brain.
          • Craniotomy: If  stroke was caused by bleeding into brain tissue,  surgery  should be done to remove the blood or fix a damaged blood vessel.
              • Carotid endarterectomy: Blocked carotid arteries can cause poor blood flow to our brain. If our carotid arteries are blocked, surgery called carotid endarterectomy may be done. This surgery widens the arteries so that blood can flow through more easily.
              • Blood vessel filter: If we  are at high risk of getting a clot in our leg (DVT) we  may need to have a filter device placed in our blood vessel. This is called an inferior vena cava filter.Go to your rehabilitation sessions:
              •                        Rehabilitation (rehab) is an exercise and activities program. Rehab can help to  return to our usual activities and prevent problems, such as muscle shortening (contractures) and  skin  breakdown (bedsores). Physical therapists may work  to strengthen arms, legs, and hands. They may help relearn or improve how  we walk (gait training). Occupational therapists may teach tthe  new ways to do daily activities, such as getting dressed. A speech therapist may help  in  relearn or improve our ability to talk and swallow
              •                                                   rehab program may include functional electrical stimulation that  help our muscles work better.  weight lifting to increase our strength.  exercises to improve our balance and movement to decrease risk of falling. Stretching exercises, riding a bike, or walking can also help to recove

        Article publié pour la première fois le 21/10/2011

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        Pathophysiology of Stroke

        Pathophysiology of Stroke

        Stroke, a neurologic  disorder due to altered cerebral circulation. It  is the third leading cause of death .  there are many risk factors for stroke include hypertension, family history, and diabetes mellitus. The sub types of stroke are ischemia, infarction, and hemorrhage. Ischemia and infarction are the result of atherosclerotic development of thrombi and emboli. Decreased or absent cerebral circulation causes neuronal cellular injury and death. Intracerebral hemorrhage occurs from rupture of cerebral vessels which is mainly due to hypertension.                               The two major mechanisms which are mainly responsible for brain damagein stroke are,

        1)ischemia

        2)hemorrhage.

        The effects of ischemia are rapid because the brain does not store glucose(the chief energy substrate)

        and is incapable of anaerobic metabolism.A thrombus or an embolus can occlude a cerebral artery and

        cause ischemia in the affected vascular territory. Thrombosis of a vessel can result in artery-to-

        artery embolism.

                                 Normal cerebral blood flow (CBF) is approximately 50-to 60 ml/100g/ Min and varies in
        different parts of the brain. when ischemia occurs, the cerebral auto regulatory mechanisms compensate for a
        reduction in CBF by local vasodilatation, opening the collaterals, and increasing the supply of oxygen and
         glucose from the blood.Formation of microscopic thrombi is responsible for impairment of micro circulation in
        cerebral arterioles and capillaries.Formation of a micro thrombus is triggered by ischemia-induced activation of
         destructive vasoactive enzymes that are released by endothelium, leucocytes, platelets and other neuronal cells.
        At a molecular level,   hypoxic- ischemic neuronal injury is greatly influenced by “overreaction" of certain
          neurotransmitters, primarily glutamate and aspartate. This process called “excitotoxicity”  and is triggered
        by depletion of cellular energy stores.Glutamate, which is normally stored inside the synaptic terminals,
        is cleared from the extracellular space by an energy dependent process.The greatly increased concentration of
        glutamate (and aspartate) in the extracellular space in a depleted energy state results in the opening of
         calcium channels associated with N-methy1-D-asapartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxanole
         propionate (AMPA) receptors. due to Persistent membrane depolarization causes influx of calcium, sodium,and
        chloride ions and efflux of potassium ions. In addition to contributing to mechanical obstruction of
        microcirculation,the leucocytes also activate vasoactive substances such as oxygen free radicals,
        arachidonic acid metabolites (cytokines), and nitric acid.
                                                             The cellular effects of these mediators include
        vasodilatation, vasoconstriction, increased permeability, increased platelets aggregation, increased
        leukocyte adherence to the endothelial wall, and immunoregulation. Morphologically, endothelial cells swell and
        form “microvilli” at the luminal surface of the cell. This results in a reduction in the luminal patency of the
        capillary vessel.Activation of endothelial adhesion molecules promotes leukocyte adherence to the endothelial
         wall, a key process in the initiation of the inflammatory process.
                                           Within an hour of hypoxic- ischemic ,there is a core of infarction
        surrounded by an oligemic zone called the ischemic penumbra (IP).The pathophysiology of IP is closely linked to
        generation of spontaneouswaves of depolarization (SWD). SWD can originate from multiple foci.  Sustained increases of
        synaptic glutamate and extracellular potassium ions are closely associated with the development of SWD.
        Glutamate receptor antagonists that block trans membrane calcium flux and prevent intracellular calcium
        accumulation are known to suppress SWD.  Hypoxic or rapid depolarizations eventually supervene just before
        irreversible neuronal death.The two processes by which injured neurons are known to die are
          a)coagulation necrosis   b) apoptosis.
                          Coagulation necrosis (CN) refers to a process in which individual cells die among living
        neighbor cells without eliciting an inflammatory response.
                         apoptosis is also called “programmed cell death”, because the cells are programmed to
         die in response to certain conditions.
         
          

        Article publié pour la première fois le 10/10/2011

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        physiotherapy in case of spinal cord injuries

        Physiotherapists assist and treat patients with temporary or long-term physical injuries, movement disorders or disability, aiming to achieve the highest possible degree of recovery, activity, participation and quality of life . Physiotherapists are active  in the prevention of illness and injury and in the promotion of health. The initial process of evaluating the consequences of an internal injury in an individual is to ascertain the status of the respiratory system.There are lots of injuries that may affect other parts of the body system apart from the specific area the injury occurred. spinal cord injuries  are the injuries which may occur due to sporting activities or vehicular accidents. If there is a fracture of the lower lumbar, there may not be any direct effect of such injury on the breathing condition of the individual or the arms therefore the patient will readily be in good shape on the trunk and arm area in which normal aerobic activity may be carried out. However, if an injury affects the upper thoracic or the cervical area, it is likely to lead to respiratory impairment of the victim; it could further inhibit the patient’s arm function.

        spinal cord injury results in  unstable spine a case often leads to paraplegia. . The surgeon will work to stabilize the spine with the help of instruments as well as bone grafting. This process allows the victim to begin early rehabilitation without having to wait long for the healing of the spinal fractures. . The earliest management a procedure is to initiate a physiotherapy practice by monitoring the respiratory condition and to ensure that there is always movement of the areas that are unaffected. Also passive movement should be performed on the paralyzed parts of the body in order to improve as well as retain the range of motion of the body that will be necessary for later independent function.

        The physiotherapist will gradually make the patient assume more upright position by making the back of the bad upright. This recovery procedure must be as gradual as possible as quick and sudden getting up can force the blood pressure of the patient to drop suddenly.  As soon the patient learns to control the trunk in sitting as well as in wheel chair transfer, the patient should be taken to spinal cord injury specialist department

        other goals of physiotherapist while treating spinal cord injuries

        • Assessment of the respiratory ability of the patient
        • Teaching the patient the process for taking deep breath in order to fully expand the lungs
        • Making the patient cough to expectorate
        • If there is a paralysis of the lower abdomen, the patient should be encouraged to keep that area stable by stabilizing with arms in order to allow a propulsive cough
        • In cases of severe disability, the session would involve an external support for stability of the patient to aid the exit of air suddenly in coughing
        • Provision for cough assist machine may be used for cough provocation
        • For intensive care situation, there will be need for initial management in which a respiratory physiotherapy practice will also include a respiratory suction

        Article publié pour la première fois le 12/03/2012

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        Mesothelioma Facts

        Mesothelioma Facts

        • Mesothelioma is almost exclusively caused by asbestos exposure.
        • Majority of mesothelioma patients get exposed to asbestos during work(roughly 80%) and few people get exposed to asbestos from family members via clothing, skin and hair.
        • Most of the symptoms occur in last stages and patients gets diagnosed in later stages only. It is very tough to detect this cancer in early stages,but if found in early stages then the cure is possible. USA reports maximum number of Mesothelioma patients. About 2000-3000 patients are reported from USA and about 10000+ from worldwide.
        • The average age of a mesothelioma patient has historically been about 65 years old.
        • Not everyone who is exposed to asbestos will develop an asbestos-related disease.

        Article publié pour la première fois le 20/03/2013

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        Identifying Asbestos in Floor Tiles

         

        Identifying Asbestos in Floor Tiles 

        Asbestos is a natural mineral that has nano fibers that cause lung disease when inhaled. This has led to the banning of asbestos as a construction material since the 1980s. Before this, asbestos was a common material in the construction industry as it has a high heat resistant quality that makes it a perfect material for insulation purposes. Asbestos in floor tiles was very common and also a preferred choice in manufacturing and installation with many vinyl tiles using asbestos as a filler material before they are installed in the floors of many houses.
         Asbestos in floor tiles was also widely favored due to the insulation quality of the material. Due to the risk factor posed by asbestos fibers, you need to identify the material in your home so that you can safely dispose of it and make sure that you and your family are safe from any health hazards that are presented by these fibers. The first place to start is by identifying asbestos in floor tiles. This is not as easy as it sounds and to be able to identify asbestos beyond doubt you need to conduct a test in a specialized laboratory.

        There are however obvious ways to identify asbestos in floor tiles in your house. To be able to identify asbestos in floor tiles, you need to first of all know the types of tiles that have asbestos in them. One of the tiles that will contain asbestos is the asphalt asbestos tiles. The name is the first indicator that the tiles contain asbestos fibers in them. These tiles were very popular in the U.S from 1920s to the 1960s.

        The first production of these tiles saw them come out with dark colors as more asphalt was used than asbestos fibers. They are still found today and if you want to identify asbestos in floor tiles, take a look at your floor tiles and confirm whether they are asphalt asbestos tiles. The second category of tiles that contain asbestos is the vinyl tiles that were featured in the late 1950s.
        These tiles were laid in the same format as asphalt asbestos tiles. They normally feature a black and white color scheme and they are based on vinyl materials and asbestos was used as a filler agent. This asbestos in floor tiles can sometimes become loose and release fibers in the air where they pose a danger to the respiratory system of people within that vicinity.
        Asbestos in floor tiles represents a great health risk to people but when they are intact and in good condition, they are non-friable and do not affect people. However due to wear and tear factors make the asbestos weak to a point where they can be dislodged and released in the air where they become friable. Any material that contains asbestos and can be crushed with normal hand pressure is friable hence very dangerous to the health of humans. Flooring which can be crumbled with normal hand pressure should therefore be treated with suspicion until it is proven to be safe.

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        Achieve Asbestos Control

        How To Achieve Asbestos Control

        Asbestos was commonly used I buildings and homes during the 29th Century, however in the late 70s, it was discovered that people who were exposed to asbestos were susceptible to respiratory problems which included lung cancer and lung plaques. Any building which contained asbestos in its structure since then was demolished and the asbestos material was removed.
        This was a way of asbestos control which is not as effective because particles can escape into the air and contaminate the environment. Today the general rule of asbestos control is to make sure that the asbestos is not disturbed at all when the demolition procedure is being undertaken. Ways that do not disturb the asbestos during its removal have been devised and they are proven methods of safely disposing the contaminant.
        The methods of asbestos control that are be used to reduce the risk of contaminating the surrounding environment and do not require the material to be removed before the building is demolished are the most effective ones.
        One of these asbestos control methods is wetting the asbestos before demolishing the building. This will minimize the quantity of harmful asbestos fibers that are released into the environment and according to the Health and Safety executives a wetting agent such as water will be very useful in containing the asbestos. However, while wetting the asbestos use a light spray of water or a roller as a concentrated and forceful spray will disturb the asbestos particles and result in the facilitating the release of the harmful substance into the atmosphere. These equipments should then be disposed of when you are done with the task.
        Another effective asbestos control method protecting water tanks in buildings with earthen berms. These berms are raised mounds of earth that are located outside the exterior walls of a house and they are susceptible to asbestos control. To protect water tanks from asbestos contamination, protect them with earthen berms when demolishing the building as they cannot be damaged during the demolition exercise and therefore reduce the risk of having asbestos contaminate the surroundings. You can also wrap the asbestos in air tight plastic containers that will ensure the harmful microfibers from the asbestos do not escape into the air. This is a great asbestos control method as once you cover all the areas there is no chance of contamination.
        Tameside Council suggested that asbestos should be wrapped in a double layer of thick, heavy duty plastic materials and then sealed in tape to achieve maximum asbestos control. There are other asbestos control methods that do not necessitate the complete demolition of a house. These methods rely on first identifying where the asbestos is located and the taking precautionary measures to ensure that the asbestos fibers are not released into the air. To be able to do this effectively, you will need to know where the asbestos is located.
        Some of the common places that asbestos was used were fire blankets, garage doors and shed roofs, boilers and innings for walls, ceilings and doors. To be able to effectively control asbestos in these areas, prime the asbestos with alkali resistant primer and then paint over the area with gloss paint, however, do not sand or scrape the area as this will dislodge asbestos fibers. This is a common way of asbestos control that ensures the asbestos does not contaminate your home or office without the need of complete demolition of the house.

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        THE COMMON SYMPTOMS OF MESOTHELIOMA

        THE COMMON SYMPTOMS OF MESOTHELIOMA

        MESOTHELIOMA IS A RARE, BUT POTENTIALLY DEADLY, CANCER THAT AFFECTS THE MESOTHELIUM – A LINING THAT SURROUNDS THE

        LUNGS AND OTHER ORGANS.

        THE DISEASE TYPICALLY STARTS IN THE LUNGS, FROM WHICH IT CAN SPREAD. IT MAY ALSO START IN OTHER ORGANS,

        THOUGH IT IS COMMONLY THOUGHT OF AS A LUNG CANCER, DUE TO THEY WAY IT TARGETS THE LUNGS.

        THE UNDERLYING CAUSE OF MESOTHELIOMA IS ASBESTOS. MOST CASES ARISE IN WORKERS WHO WORK IN ENVIRONMENTS WHERE ASBESTOS IS IN THE AIR.

        THE DISEASE CAN TAKE UP TO 50 YEARS FROM THE TIME ASBESTOS IS INHALED TO MAKE ITS PRESENCE KNOWN, THOUGH THE SYMPTOMS CAN MIMIC OTHER, LESS SERIOUS, CONDITIONS.

        SYMPTOMS OF MESOTHELIOMA

        GENERAL

            GIVEN THAT MESOTHELIOMA CAN ARISE IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY AND THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY, PAIN SYMPTOMS CAN ARISE

        ANYWHERE IN THOSE AREAS IF MESOTHELIOMA IS PRESENT. WITH PLEURAL (LUNG) MESOTHELIOMA, PAIN IN THE LOWER BACK,

        BENEATH THE RIBS AND SIDES OF THE RIBS IS A SYMPTOM OF THE DISEASE. IT OCCURS IN THE STOMACH WHEN THE CANCER IS AFFECTING OTHER ORGANS.

           SWELLING CAN OCCUR IN THE STOMACH, HANDS AND ARMS. IN THE CASE OF ABDOMINAL SWELLING,

        FLUID MAY BE BUILDING UP.

            FEVER AND/OR SWEATING MAY ARISE WITH MESOTHELIOMA, THOUGH IT DOES WITH MANY ILLNESSES.

        HIGH FEVERS SHOULD ALWAYS BE TREATED AS EMERGENCIES. ONLY TESTS CAN TELL IF CANCER IS CAUSING THE FEVER.

            AS WITH MOST, IF NOT ALL, CANCERS, MESOTHELIOMA CAN CAUSE SUFFERERS TO FEEL GENERALLY TIRED. THIS FATIGUE MAY

        BE COUPLED WITH MUSCLE WEAKNESS OR THE TWO SYMPTOMS MAY STAND ALONE. MENTION ANY LOSS OF ENERGY TO A PRIMARY

        CARE PHYSICIAN OR EMERGENCY ROOM DOCTOR.

            WEIGHT LOSS IS A SIGN OF MANY CANCERS, INCLUDING MESOTHELIOMA. WEIGHT LOSS THAT CANNOT BE ATTRIBUTED TO DIETING

        OR KNOWN ILLNESS SHOULD ALWAYS BE MENTIONED TO A DOCTOR. VOMITING IS ALSO A SYMPTOM OF MESOTHELIOMA.

        THEREFORE, IF THE WEIGHT LOSS IS ATTRIBUTED TO VOMITING, ONE SHOULD STILL SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION.

        RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS

            PLEURAL MESOTHELIOMA CAN HAVE DIRE CONSEQUENCES WHEN IT COMES TO BREATHING. ONE SYMPTOM IS SHORTNESS OF

        BREATH. IF BREATHING IS PROBLEMATIC, ONE SHOULD ALWAYS SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION.

            ANOTHER RESPIRATORY SYMPTOM OF MESOTHELIOMA IS A COUGH. UNFORTUNATELY, SYMPTOMS LIKE THIS MAY GO IGNORED

        AS SIGNS OF AGING AND COMMON AILMENTS.

            MESOTHELIOMA CAN CAUSE THROAT AILMENTS AS WELL. HOARSENESS AND DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING MAY ARISE AS A RESULT

        OF THE DISEASE.

        MESOTHELIOMA IS NOT THE ONLY DISEASE CAUSED BY INHALING ASBESTOS. INHALED ASBESTOS MAY ALSO LEAD TO LUNG CANCER

        AND ASBESTOSIS. THE SYMPTOMS OF ALL THESE DISEASES CAN BE SIMILAR — ESPECIALLY IN THE LUNGS. DOCTORS WILL PERFORM IMAGING,

        BLOOD AND/OR TISSUE TESTS TO DETERMINE WHICH DISEASE THE SYMPTOMS REPRESENT, IF ANY.

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