Antidepressants are mainly used in curing depression. Amitriptyline is also one of the medications used for treating depression, migraines and neuropathic pain. The medication is usually given before going to bed and it helps make patients feel better.
Amitriptyline acts by blocking neurotransmitter reabsorption. The drug is also prescribed to curb chronic pain symptoms. It is very heavy and therefore like every other drug is susceptible to side effects. The side effects of amitriptyline range from very serious to less worrying ones. The adverse effects of this antidepressant drug must cause a patient to panic and it is advisable that the drug is only taken after doctor’s recommendation.
The common and less serious side effects of amitriptyline include a dry mouth, drowsiness, constipation, lightheadedness and dizziness while standing. Dizziness is generally caused by low blood pressure. If symptoms like dizziness show up, then the best thing would be to slowly rise up from your bed while rising up from a sitting or a lying one. Having a dry mouth is also not something to panic for. This can be combated by sucking on ice cubes or sugarless candies. Constipation can be controlled by taking a diet rich in fiber and consuming a lot of fluids.
Other less serious side effects of amitriptyline consist of diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and not feeling hungry. These side effects can be curtailed easily. Blurred visions, nightmares and hallucinations are also some of the side effects and they are normal if they occur within limits. However, when these side effects go to extreme levels, then it becomes mandatory to seek physician’s advice. It rarely happens though because the drugs when they are prescribed by doctors, the benefits outweigh the side effects. Blurred vision and headaches are also quite common. It is recommended that the user must not exert himself or herself too much while under the influence of this drug. If a patient is suffering from diabetes, then he or she might experience erratic changes in blood sugar levels. There are increased risks that the person might fall due to weak muscular coordination and tiredness, also the side effects of amitriptyline. One more major side effect that individuals generally complain about is decreased sexual vigour or difficulty in orgasm.
The serious side effects are palpitations, chest pain, pounding heart rate, pain in arm and shoulders and acute numbness on one side of the body. If seizures occur at an ever-increasing rate, then it is risky. Persistent heart burn and shaking are also some of the side effects. Skin rashes, severe bruising and muscle weakness. At times, there might be some problems regarding urination too. It might become less frequent or sometimes you will not urinate at all. Breast swelling might become one of the prominent side effects in men and women. One last side effect is restless movement in eyes, jaws and tongue.
The situation becomes unbearable when the side effects displayed by this drug get uncontrollable. The serious side effects of amitriptyline require immediate attention and must not be delayed at any cost.
Article publié pour la première fois le 09/07/2011